Laws of Malta Act XVI of 2003 provided for the first-ever holding of elections of Members to the European Parliament. These were held on Saturday 12 June 2004.
The Electoral Commission published a new European Union Electoral Register after it drew the attention of EU citizens resident in Malta and of Maltese nationals residing in EU member countries that they could apply to be listed in this register to eventually be able to vote in Malta to elect five members to the European Parliament. Again, the voting system applied was by Single Transferable Vote and most of the regulations were similar to the ones used in general elections. In fact, Section 21 states that the conduct of elections and the counting of votes shall apply according to the provisions in the General Elections Act. A basic difference was that the Maltese Islands were considered as one electoral district.
For the June 2004 MEPs Election twenty-seven candidates contested the five seats. While 5 persons stood as independent candidates, the other 22 contested under the names of 7 parties. A second election for MEPs was held on the same lines on Saturday 6th June, 2009. This time there were thirty-four candidates running for the five seats. None stood under the "independent" banner and in fact the candidates ran under the following parties or movements: Alleanza Liberali (1 candidate), Alpha Liberal Democratic Party (1), Alternattiva Demokratika - The Green Party (2), Azzjoni Nazzjonali (3), Imperium Europa (2), K.U.L. Ewropa (1), Libertas Malta (1), Partit Laburista (12), Partit Nazzjonalista (10) and Partit tal-Ajkla (1).