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Research for REGI Committee - State aid and Cohesion Policy

05-03-2018

European Union funding co-managed by Member State authorities is considered to be a state resource that may only be granted in conformity with the rules on state aid. Compliance with both state aid and Structural Funds’ rules appears to be problematic, hence this study identifies the relevant issues in the interface between these two sets of rules and makes proposals to facilitate compliance.

European Union funding co-managed by Member State authorities is considered to be a state resource that may only be granted in conformity with the rules on state aid. Compliance with both state aid and Structural Funds’ rules appears to be problematic, hence this study identifies the relevant issues in the interface between these two sets of rules and makes proposals to facilitate compliance.

Externe Autor

Professor Phedon Nicolaides PN Advisory Services Eijsderbosch 15 6228 SE Maastricht The Netherlands

New priorities for EU–Africa cooperation

16-11-2017

As the EU and Africa prepare to redefine their priorities for cooperation under the framework of the Africa-EU Joint Strategy adopted ten years ago, the focus is on the need to invest in youth. The issue has become prominent against the background of demographic growth in Africa and increasing irregular migration from the continent to Europe. The European Parliament has outlined its recommendations, ahead of the EU-Africa summit scheduled for the end of November. This is an updated version of an ...

As the EU and Africa prepare to redefine their priorities for cooperation under the framework of the Africa-EU Joint Strategy adopted ten years ago, the focus is on the need to invest in youth. The issue has become prominent against the background of demographic growth in Africa and increasing irregular migration from the continent to Europe. The European Parliament has outlined its recommendations, ahead of the EU-Africa summit scheduled for the end of November. This is an updated version of an 'at a glance' note published prior to the November I plenary session - PE 608.801.

Neue Schwerpunkte für die Zusammenarbeit EU-Afrika

08-11-2017

Da sich die EU und Afrika anschicken, ihre Schwerpunkte für die Zusammenarbeit im Rahmen der vor zehn Jahren angenommenen Gemeinsamen Strategie EU-Afrika neu festzulegen, wird das Europäische Parlament während der ersten Plenartagung im November eine Entschließung erörtern, in der es seinen Standpunkt hierzu vor dem für Ende November geplanten EU-Afrika-Gipfel darlegt. Im Mittelpunkt dieses Gipfeltreffens wird die Notwendigkeit stehen, in die Jugend zu investieren. Dieses Problem hat vor dem Hintergrund ...

Da sich die EU und Afrika anschicken, ihre Schwerpunkte für die Zusammenarbeit im Rahmen der vor zehn Jahren angenommenen Gemeinsamen Strategie EU-Afrika neu festzulegen, wird das Europäische Parlament während der ersten Plenartagung im November eine Entschließung erörtern, in der es seinen Standpunkt hierzu vor dem für Ende November geplanten EU-Afrika-Gipfel darlegt. Im Mittelpunkt dieses Gipfeltreffens wird die Notwendigkeit stehen, in die Jugend zu investieren. Dieses Problem hat vor dem Hintergrund des Bevölkerungswachstums in Afrika und der zunehmenden irregulären Migration von diesem Kontinent nach Europa an Bedeutung gewonnen.

European Fund for Sustainable Development (EFSD)

29-06-2017

Subject to external migratory pressure, driven by conflict, instability and poverty in its neighbourhood, the EU is adapting its policy framework to address the challenges of the protracted crisis. In July, the European Parliament will vote on the proposed EFSD (accorded priority treatment under the Joint Declaration on the EU's legislative process). The EFSD aims at using EU grants and guarantees to leverage public and private investment, to tackle the root causes of migration in the European Neighbourhood ...

Subject to external migratory pressure, driven by conflict, instability and poverty in its neighbourhood, the EU is adapting its policy framework to address the challenges of the protracted crisis. In July, the European Parliament will vote on the proposed EFSD (accorded priority treatment under the Joint Declaration on the EU's legislative process). The EFSD aims at using EU grants and guarantees to leverage public and private investment, to tackle the root causes of migration in the European Neighbourhood and Africa, and achieve the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Financial technology (FinTech): Prospects and challenges for the EU

17-03-2017

FinTech, the abbreviation for financial technology, is a broad term. It is mainly used to refer to firms that use technology-based systems either to provide financial services and products directly, or to try to make the financial system more efficient. Examples include robotic trading, cashless payments, crowdfunding platforms, robo-advice, and virtual currencies. The value of global FinTech investment in 2015 grew by 75 % to US$22.3 billion. Corporates, venture capital and private equity firms ...

FinTech, the abbreviation for financial technology, is a broad term. It is mainly used to refer to firms that use technology-based systems either to provide financial services and products directly, or to try to make the financial system more efficient. Examples include robotic trading, cashless payments, crowdfunding platforms, robo-advice, and virtual currencies. The value of global FinTech investment in 2015 grew by 75 % to US$22.3 billion. Corporates, venture capital and private equity firms have invested more than US$50 billion in almost 2 500 global FinTech start-ups since 2010. The rapidly growing FinTech sector has its rewards and challenges (e.g. data and consumer protection issues, risk of exacerbating financial volatility and cybercrime) and is increasingly attracting political attention. The European Commission set up a Financial Technology Task Force (FTTF), and the European Parliament’s Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee (ECON) presented its draft report on FinTech in January 2017. At G20 level, the Financial Stability Board (FSB) will present its study scrutinising FinTech in July 2017. Due to the broad scope of FinTech, regulators can face a dilemma: rule-based regulatory frameworks set out compliance obligations clearly, but these are often expensive from a start-up perspective and could be an obstacle to innovation and job creation; principle-based regulation is more flexible, but could create some uncertainty as to what exactly is expected in terms of compliance.

EYE 2016 – Fresh money: What would you do with €300 billion?

28-04-2016

Investment in the EU has dropped by 15% compared to its 2007 pre-crisis peak, and has yet to recover. Less investment slows the pace of recovery and can potentially hurt growth and competitiveness. The Investment Plan for Europe, launched 18 months ago, aims to reverse this trend and put Europe back on track, mobilising €300 billion and creating around a million jobs. XXXXXXXX Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

Investment in the EU has dropped by 15% compared to its 2007 pre-crisis peak, and has yet to recover. Less investment slows the pace of recovery and can potentially hurt growth and competitiveness. The Investment Plan for Europe, launched 18 months ago, aims to reverse this trend and put Europe back on track, mobilising €300 billion and creating around a million jobs. XXXXXXXX Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

Breitbandinfrastruktur: Förderung der digitalen Wirtschaft in der Europäischen Union

01-09-2015

Breitband bezieht sich auf Internetverbindungen, die in hoher Geschwindigkeit Informationen übermitteln können und sich zu diesem Zweck unterschiedlicher drahtgebundener oder drahtloser Technologien bedienen. Einem schnellen Zugang kommt für die Entwicklung einer digitalen Wirtschaft und der Europäischen Union hohe Bedeutung zu. Wirtschaftswissenschaftler vertreten die Auffassung, dass der Breitbandausbau zu mehr Beschäftigung und Wirtschaftswachstum führt. Herkömmliche Breitbandnetze stehen praktisch ...

Breitband bezieht sich auf Internetverbindungen, die in hoher Geschwindigkeit Informationen übermitteln können und sich zu diesem Zweck unterschiedlicher drahtgebundener oder drahtloser Technologien bedienen. Einem schnellen Zugang kommt für die Entwicklung einer digitalen Wirtschaft und der Europäischen Union hohe Bedeutung zu. Wirtschaftswissenschaftler vertreten die Auffassung, dass der Breitbandausbau zu mehr Beschäftigung und Wirtschaftswachstum führt. Herkömmliche Breitbandnetze stehen praktisch allen Bürgerinnern und Bürgern in der Europäischen Union zur Verfügung, aber wenn die Ziele für eine flächendeckende Bereitstellung und Nutzung schneller und ultraschneller Breitbanddienste bis 2020 erreicht werden sollen, sind weitere Fortschritte erforderlich. Politische Entscheidungsträger können mithilfe einer breiten Palette an Strategien, unter anderem die Festlegung von Zielen und digitalen Strategien, Regelungsrahmen für die Telekommunikation und Vorschriften für staatliche Beihilfen, Einfluss auf den Breitbandausbau nehmen. Parallel zu den Anstrengungen der Behörden in den Mitgliedstaaten können auf EU-Ebene öffentliche Mittel bereitgestellt werden, um den Aufbau einer Breitbandinfrastruktur in Gebieten wie ländlichen Gemeinden zu fördern, in denen die Bevölkerungsdichte zur Rechtfertigung ausschließlich privatwirtschaftlicher Investitionen womöglich nicht ausreicht.

'Make in India' for more 'made in India'

21-01-2015

Doing business in India today is much more difficult than elsewhere, but the government wants to change this. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched the 'Make in India' initiative to attract investors and make India a global manufacturing hub.

Doing business in India today is much more difficult than elsewhere, but the government wants to change this. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched the 'Make in India' initiative to attract investors and make India a global manufacturing hub.

The €315 billion Investment Plan for Europe

10-12-2014

The economic and financial crisis led to a 14% reduction in investment in the EU from the pre-crisis peak of 2007 (€2 606 billion in 2013, compared to €3 039 billion in 2007, in 2013 prices), despite a pressing need for more investment. The European Commission believes that this is due to uncertainty regarding potential growth leading to excessive risk aversion among many investors. It sees the solution in using public funds to encourage the private sector to invest more.

The economic and financial crisis led to a 14% reduction in investment in the EU from the pre-crisis peak of 2007 (€2 606 billion in 2013, compared to €3 039 billion in 2007, in 2013 prices), despite a pressing need for more investment. The European Commission believes that this is due to uncertainty regarding potential growth leading to excessive risk aversion among many investors. It sees the solution in using public funds to encourage the private sector to invest more.

Financing for Development Post-2015: Improving the Contribution of Private Finance

09-04-2014

This overview of financing for developing countries finds that government spending is the largest domestic resource, domestic private investment is also growing, outflows of private financial resources are very large, real net financial private flows are overstated, and ODA is the largest flow to least developed countries. Global public finance cannot be directly substituted by private finance, as it pays for public goods, is more predictable and counter-cyclical, and can be targeted at the poorest ...

This overview of financing for developing countries finds that government spending is the largest domestic resource, domestic private investment is also growing, outflows of private financial resources are very large, real net financial private flows are overstated, and ODA is the largest flow to least developed countries. Global public finance cannot be directly substituted by private finance, as it pays for public goods, is more predictable and counter-cyclical, and can be targeted at the poorest countries. Global private finance mainly goes to higher income countries and has difficultly targeting MSMEs or paying for public services. Leveraging private finance has faced many problems including in proving additionality, intransparency and lack of ownership, and poor evidence of development impact. Instead, we should focus on how international public flows can reduce barriers to private sector investment through investing in essential services, and how the EU can alter policies including by reforming investment treaties, curbing illicit financial flows, supporting fair debt workout mechanisms and developing responsible financing standards.

Externe Autor

Jesse GRIFFITHS (Eurodad, Belgium), Matthew MARTIN 'Development Finance International, the UK), Javier PEREIRA (A&J Communication Development Consultants, Belgium) and Tim STRAWSON (Development Initiatives, the UK)

Anstehende Veranstaltungen

21-01-2020
Outlook for the MENA Region: What future for stabilisation and reconstruction?
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