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Commitments made at the hearing of Margrethe VESTAGER, Executive Vice-President-designate - Europe Fit for Digital Age

22-11-2019

The commissioner-designate, Margrethe Vestager, appeared before the European Parliament on 8 October 2019 to answer questions from MEPs in the Committees on Industry, Research and Energy, Internal Market and Consumer Protection and Economic and Monetary Affairs. During the hearing, she made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to her portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to her by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European ...

The commissioner-designate, Margrethe Vestager, appeared before the European Parliament on 8 October 2019 to answer questions from MEPs in the Committees on Industry, Research and Energy, Internal Market and Consumer Protection and Economic and Monetary Affairs. During the hearing, she made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to her portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to her by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission and include a Europe fit for the digital age and competition.

EU Patent and Brexit

05-11-2019

This In-depth Analysis resumes the possible scenarios concerning several Intellectual Property provisions of EU and international law in the event of a withdrawal of the United Kingdom with or without a proper withdrawal agreement. It tries to clarify the question how Brexit may affect the entry into force of the new European Patent with Unitary effect (EPUE), especially, if the Unified Patent Court Agreement (UPCA) can enter into force, even in case the UK has withdrawn from the EU. What would be ...

This In-depth Analysis resumes the possible scenarios concerning several Intellectual Property provisions of EU and international law in the event of a withdrawal of the United Kingdom with or without a proper withdrawal agreement. It tries to clarify the question how Brexit may affect the entry into force of the new European Patent with Unitary effect (EPUE), especially, if the Unified Patent Court Agreement (UPCA) can enter into force, even in case the UK has withdrawn from the EU. What would be the necessary steps to be taken by the EU in order to ensure the functioning of the future European Unitary patent and in case the UPC Agreement would have to be revised because of Brexit.

Empowering national competition authorities (NCAs)

18-02-2019

Since 2003, national competition authorities (NCAs) have boosted the enforcement of EU competition and antitrust rules significantly. However, each year losses of €181-320 billion accrue because of undiscovered cartels, which increase prices by between 17 % and 30 % on average. In March 2017, the Commission proposed a new directive to ensure that all NCAs have effective investigation and decision-making tools, could impose deterrent fines, and have well-designed leniency programmes and enough resources ...

Since 2003, national competition authorities (NCAs) have boosted the enforcement of EU competition and antitrust rules significantly. However, each year losses of €181-320 billion accrue because of undiscovered cartels, which increase prices by between 17 % and 30 % on average. In March 2017, the Commission proposed a new directive to ensure that all NCAs have effective investigation and decision-making tools, could impose deterrent fines, and have well-designed leniency programmes and enough resources to enforce EU competition rules independently. On 30 May 2018, Parliament and Council reached an agreement on the proposal in trilogue. It increases the independence, resources and powers of NCAs and envisages more harmonisation of the national leniency programmes and reduced burdens on undertakings. Parliament adopted the text on 14 November 2018, the final act was signed on 11 December 2018. Third edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Aufbau wirtschaftsrechtlicher Kompetenz in den Mitgliedstaaten

14-09-2018

Die vorliegende Studie wurde vom Rechtsausschuss des Europäischen Parlaments (JURI) angefordert und von der Fachabteilung für Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments in Auftrag gegeben. Sie beleuchtet grenzüberschreitende Handelsverträge und deren Handhabung in Theorie und Praxis. In der Studie werden der rechtliche Rahmen beschrieben, in dem sich Handelsverträge bewegen, und die gängige unternehmerische Praxis in Bezug auf die Rechtswahl und die Wahl des Gerichtsstandorts ...

Die vorliegende Studie wurde vom Rechtsausschuss des Europäischen Parlaments (JURI) angefordert und von der Fachabteilung für Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments in Auftrag gegeben. Sie beleuchtet grenzüberschreitende Handelsverträge und deren Handhabung in Theorie und Praxis. In der Studie werden der rechtliche Rahmen beschrieben, in dem sich Handelsverträge bewegen, und die gängige unternehmerische Praxis in Bezug auf die Rechtswahl und die Wahl des Gerichtsstandorts untersucht. Aus der Studie geht hervor, dass die Rechtsordnungen und Gerichte einiger Staaten beliebter sind als andere, und in ihr wird vorgeschlagen, ein Bündel von Maßnahmen zu ergreifen, durch die sich die Beilegung internationaler Streitigkeiten in der EU verbessern lässt. So wird unter anderem vorgeschlagen, ein beschleunigtes Verfahren für grenzüberschreitende Handelsfälle einzuführen und in jedem Mitgliedstaat spezielle Gerichte oder Kammern für grenzüberschreitende Handelsfragen einzurichten. Darüber hinaus enthält die Studie den Vorschlag, ein Europäisches Handelsgericht einzurichten.

Externe Autor

Prof. Dr. Giesela Ruhl

Research for AGRI Committee – New competition rules for the agri-food chain in the CAP post 2020

14-09-2018

In connection with the next reform of the CAP post 2020, the Commission has proposed a new Regulation (COM(2018)394 of 1 June 2018) on the common market organisation, amending Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of 13 December 2013 (amended by Regulation (EU) No 2017/2393 of 13 December 2017). This draft regulation does not, however, cover questions on the relationship between the CAP and competition; the proposal does not contain any provisions concerning the responsibilities of professional and interbranch ...

In connection with the next reform of the CAP post 2020, the Commission has proposed a new Regulation (COM(2018)394 of 1 June 2018) on the common market organisation, amending Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of 13 December 2013 (amended by Regulation (EU) No 2017/2393 of 13 December 2017). This draft regulation does not, however, cover questions on the relationship between the CAP and competition; the proposal does not contain any provisions concerning the responsibilities of professional and interbranch organisations and the possible conditions of their submission to competition rules. The recent Omnibus Regulation (EU) No 2017/2393 has made changes to the legal framework for the application of competition rules to the agreements and practices of farmers and their associations. However, this new legislative framework is not yet entirely consistent and, in the light of the Court of Justice judgment handed down on 14 November 2017 in the Endive case, the progress ought to be consolidated and clarified in order to guarantee the real effectiveness of these provisions and greater legal certainty for operators. This study analyses the development of the relationship between the CAP and the competition rules and highlights the need to take corrective action with respect to current farming legislation to ensure that the CAP has primacy over the competition rules and the implementation of the objectives set out in Article 39 of the Treaty.

Externe Autor

C. Del Cont; A. Iannarelli

State Aid and EU funding: are they compatible?

16-04-2018

State aid involves the transfer of state resources. These are resources which are controlled by public authorities. EU funds which are granted directly to undertakings without coming under the control of a public authority of a Member State cannot be considered to be state resources. However, EU funds channelled through managing authorities become state resources and can constitute state aid if all the other criteria of Article 107(1) TFEU are satisfied.

State aid involves the transfer of state resources. These are resources which are controlled by public authorities. EU funds which are granted directly to undertakings without coming under the control of a public authority of a Member State cannot be considered to be state resources. However, EU funds channelled through managing authorities become state resources and can constitute state aid if all the other criteria of Article 107(1) TFEU are satisfied.

Externe Autor

Professor Phedon Nicolaides

Interoperabilität der Informationssysteme im Bereich Justiz und Inneres

12-04-2018

In dieser Studie, die von der Fachabteilung für Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments auf Ersuchen des Ausschusses für bürgerliche Freiheiten, Justiz und Inneres (LIBE-Ausschuss) des Europäischen Parlaments in Auftrag gegeben wurde, werden hauptsächlich die Vorschläge der Kommission vom Dezember 2017 für eine Verordnung zur Errichtung eines Rahmens für die Interoperabilität zwischen EU-Informationssystemen für Justiz und Inneres bewertet. Zunächst werden in ...

In dieser Studie, die von der Fachabteilung für Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments auf Ersuchen des Ausschusses für bürgerliche Freiheiten, Justiz und Inneres (LIBE-Ausschuss) des Europäischen Parlaments in Auftrag gegeben wurde, werden hauptsächlich die Vorschläge der Kommission vom Dezember 2017 für eine Verordnung zur Errichtung eines Rahmens für die Interoperabilität zwischen EU-Informationssystemen für Justiz und Inneres bewertet. Zunächst werden in der Studie die Beziehungen zwischen den Informationssystemen bei der aktuellen und der vorgeschlagenen Umsetzung analysiert. Anschließend werden zentrale Elemente in den Vorschlägen der Kommission bewertet, darunter auch der verwendete Interoperabilitätsbegriff, die Problembeschreibung, die Ziele und die vorgeschlagenen Lösungen sowie die Umsetzung und die Folgen für die Grundrechte und die Datensicherheit.

Externe Autor

Mirja GUTHEIL Quentin LIGER James EAGER Yemi OVIOSU Daniel BOGDANOVIC

Research for REGI Committee - State aid and Cohesion Policy

05-03-2018

European Union funding co-managed by Member State authorities is considered to be a state resource that may only be granted in conformity with the rules on state aid. Compliance with both state aid and Structural Funds’ rules appears to be problematic, hence this study identifies the relevant issues in the interface between these two sets of rules and makes proposals to facilitate compliance.

European Union funding co-managed by Member State authorities is considered to be a state resource that may only be granted in conformity with the rules on state aid. Compliance with both state aid and Structural Funds’ rules appears to be problematic, hence this study identifies the relevant issues in the interface between these two sets of rules and makes proposals to facilitate compliance.

Externe Autor

Professor Phedon Nicolaides PN Advisory Services Eijsderbosch 15 6228 SE Maastricht The Netherlands

The Exception for Text and Data Mining (TDM) in the Proposed Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market - Technical Aspects

15-02-2018

In an increasingly data-driven and information-rich socio-economic context, the potential of predictive text and data mining (TDM, sometimes also referred to as text and data analysis) lies in particular in facilitating the processing, recombining, and extraction of further knowledge from large amounts of data and text, thus allowing the identification of patterns and associations between seemingly unrelated pieces of information. To place things in context, according to an IBM marketing study, ...

In an increasingly data-driven and information-rich socio-economic context, the potential of predictive text and data mining (TDM, sometimes also referred to as text and data analysis) lies in particular in facilitating the processing, recombining, and extraction of further knowledge from large amounts of data and text, thus allowing the identification of patterns and associations between seemingly unrelated pieces of information. To place things in context, according to an IBM marketing study, 90 percent of the data in the world today has been created in the last two years alone. Every day, 2.5 quintillion bytes of data are created, and it is expected that such growth rate will continue at an even faster pace in the future. In this sense, the analogy made with the physical universe appears apt: it is expected that by 2020 the digital universe – which consists of data created and copied annually and is doubling in size every two years – will contain nearly as many digital bits as there are stars in the universe.

Externe Autor

Rosati Eleonora

The Exception for Text and Data Mining (TDM) in the Proposed Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market - Legal Aspects

15-02-2018

This in-depth analysis, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Legal Affairs (JURI-Committee), is a contribution to the workshop on "Text and data mining" held on 22 February 2018 in Brussels. It provides an analysis of the Commission’s Proposal (which introduces in Article 3 a mandatory exception to copyright allowing to carry out text and data mining of protected works), assesses its positive ...

This in-depth analysis, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Legal Affairs (JURI-Committee), is a contribution to the workshop on "Text and data mining" held on 22 February 2018 in Brussels. It provides an analysis of the Commission’s Proposal (which introduces in Article 3 a mandatory exception to copyright allowing to carry out text and data mining of protected works), assesses its positive and negative impacts and provides some suggestions for possible improvements. Advantages of introducing an “open clause” on top of an enumerated list of exceptions to address some of the related problems are also reviewed.

Externe Autor

Christophe GEIGER, Giancarlo FROSIO and Oleksandr BULAYENKO

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