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Commitments made at the hearing of Virginijus SINKEVIČIUS, Commissioner-designate - Environment, Oceans and Fisheries

22-11-2019

The commissioner-designate, Virginijus Sinkevičius, appeared before the European Parliament on 3 October 2019 to answer questions put by MEPs from the Committees on ENVI and PECH. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including conserving Europe’s natural environment and prosperous and sustainable ...

The commissioner-designate, Virginijus Sinkevičius, appeared before the European Parliament on 3 October 2019 to answer questions put by MEPs from the Committees on ENVI and PECH. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including conserving Europe’s natural environment and prosperous and sustainable fishing and a thriving blue economy.

Research for PECH Committee - Seafood industry integration in all EU Member States with a coastline

15-11-2019

This study researched the drivers and mechanisms of both structural and non-structural horizontal and vertical integration in the seafood industry in all Member States with a coastline. The objective of the study was to identify trends among the Member States. The observed trends generally fall into three broad, inter-linked categories: regulatory environment, natural resources and firm performance.

This study researched the drivers and mechanisms of both structural and non-structural horizontal and vertical integration in the seafood industry in all Member States with a coastline. The objective of the study was to identify trends among the Member States. The observed trends generally fall into three broad, inter-linked categories: regulatory environment, natural resources and firm performance.

Externe Autor

Ward Warmerdam, Barbara Kuepper, Jeroen Walstra, Mara Werkman, Milena Levicharova, Linnea Wikström, Daniel Skerrit, Laura Enthoven, Robin Davies

Revising the fisheries control system

07-11-2019

On 30 May 2018, the European Commission issued a proposal to revise the fisheries control system by modernising and simplifying the monitoring of fisheries activities, improving the enforcement and updating a control system that was conceived before the 2013 CFP reform. The revision centres on the amendment of the Control Regulation 1224/2009. The proposal introduces requirements for more complete fisheries data, including an electronic tracking system for all fishing vessels, fully digitised reporting ...

On 30 May 2018, the European Commission issued a proposal to revise the fisheries control system by modernising and simplifying the monitoring of fisheries activities, improving the enforcement and updating a control system that was conceived before the 2013 CFP reform. The revision centres on the amendment of the Control Regulation 1224/2009. The proposal introduces requirements for more complete fisheries data, including an electronic tracking system for all fishing vessels, fully digitised reporting of catches with electronic logbooks and landing declarations applicable to all vessels, and catch-declaration rules for recreational fisheries. It improves traceability through digitalised identification and declaration along the supply chain for all fishery and aquaculture products, whether from EU fisheries or imported. The enforcement rules are thoroughly revised, with a common list of activities defined as serious infringements and corresponding sanctions, as well as a strengthened point system. The proposal also revises the mandate of the European Fisheries Control Agency (EFCA), to fully align its objectives with the CFP and to upgrade its inspection powers, and Regulation 1005/2008 on illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, to introduce a digital catch certification scheme for imported fishery products.

Studie für PECH — EU-Fischereipolitik – aktuelle Entwicklungen und künftige Herausforderungen

07-11-2019

Dieses Dokument ist die Zusammenfassung der Studie „EU fisheries policy - latest developments and future challenges“. Die umfassende Studie in englischer Sprache kann unter folgendem Link abgerufen werden: http://bit.ly/2k6rVSX

Dieses Dokument ist die Zusammenfassung der Studie „EU fisheries policy - latest developments and future challenges“. Die umfassende Studie in englischer Sprache kann unter folgendem Link abgerufen werden: http://bit.ly/2k6rVSX

Externe Autor

AZTI: Martín ARANDA, Raúl PRELLEZO, Marina SANTURTÚN; DTU Aqua: Clara ULRICH; Université de Brest: Bertrand LE GALLIC; FishFix: Lisa BORGES; SAKANA Consultants: Sébastien METZ.

Ocean governance and blue growth: Challenges, opportunities and policy responses

04-11-2019

Oceans cover more than two thirds of the earth and are a vital element of life on our planet. Not only are they a primary source of food, they are also central to the carbon cycle; they regulate the climate and produce most of the oxygen in the air we breathe. They also play an important socio-economic role. The 'blue economy', covering traditional sectors such as fisheries, extraction of oil and gas, maritime transport and coastal tourism, as well as new, fast-growing industries such as offshore ...

Oceans cover more than two thirds of the earth and are a vital element of life on our planet. Not only are they a primary source of food, they are also central to the carbon cycle; they regulate the climate and produce most of the oxygen in the air we breathe. They also play an important socio-economic role. The 'blue economy', covering traditional sectors such as fisheries, extraction of oil and gas, maritime transport and coastal tourism, as well as new, fast-growing industries such as offshore wind, ocean energy and blue biotechnology, shows great potential for further economic growth, employment creation and innovation. At the same time, oceans face pressures, mainly associated with the over-exploitation of resources, pollution and the effects of climate change. In recent years, ocean pollution from plastics has received more attention from the public and has been high on policy-makers' agendas. At global level, the European Union is an active player in protecting oceans and shaping ocean governance. It has made progress by taking measures in a series of areas: maritime security, marine pollution, sustainable blue economy, climate change, marine protection, and sustainable fisheries; by working towards the United Nations 2030 Agenda sustainable development goal on oceans; and by taking part in negotiations on a new international legally binding instrument on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction. In encouraging the blue economy, the EU also recognises the environmental responsibilities that go along with it. Healthy, clean oceans guarantee the long-term capacity to sustain such economic activities, while a natural decline threatens the ecosystem of the planet as a whole and ultimately, the well-being of our societies. The conservation of marine biological resources under the common fisheries policy, EU action under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and the establishment of marine protected areas are key EU policies when it comes to protecting the marine environment. They are complemented by recent environmental legislation such as the Directive on single-use plastics to reduce marine litter. This briefing updates an earlier edition published for the High-level conference on oceans held by the European Parliament on 19 March 2019.

Hearings of the Commissioners-designate: Virginijus Sinkevičius - Environment, Oceans and Fisheries

26-09-2019

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication ...

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication skills'. At the end of the hearings process, Parliament votes on the proposed Commission as a bloc, and under the Treaties may only reject the entire College of Commissioners, rather than individual candidates. The Briefing provides an overview of key issues in the portfolio areas, as well as Parliament's activity in the last term in that field. It also includes a brief introduction to the candidate.

Overhauling fisheries technical measures

26-08-2019

Technical measures in fisheries govern the different fishing practices that can be used to catch fish, as well as the areas and seasons for fishing. Aimed at limiting unwanted catches and the impact of fishing on marine ecosystems, EU technical measures have developed over time into a notoriously complicated regulatory structure, which came to be seen as a plethora of ineffective rules under rigid governance. The European Parliament and Council have adopted a new legislative framework that changes ...

Technical measures in fisheries govern the different fishing practices that can be used to catch fish, as well as the areas and seasons for fishing. Aimed at limiting unwanted catches and the impact of fishing on marine ecosystems, EU technical measures have developed over time into a notoriously complicated regulatory structure, which came to be seen as a plethora of ineffective rules under rigid governance. The European Parliament and Council have adopted a new legislative framework that changes the governance structure of technical measures. The new regulation is designed to simplify the previous system, to increase its flexibility through a regionalised approach adapted to the specificities of each EU sea basin, and to optimise the contribution of the technical measures to the objectives of the common fisheries policy. The text also provides for a total ban on electric pulse trawl fishing from 1 July 2021, with the possibility for Member States to immediately prohibit or restrict this type of fishing in their coastal waters. Fourth edition of a briefing originally drafted by Jean Weissenberger. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. To view earlier editions of this briefing, please see: PE 637.926, from April 2019.

Multiannual plan for demersal fisheries in the western Mediterranean

19-07-2019

The European Parliament and Council have adopted a new multiannual plan for the western Mediterranean fisheries exploiting several stocks of fish and crustaceans living close to the sea bottom (i.e. 'demersal fisheries'). Most of these stocks have long been overfished and are now in an alarming state. The new plan aims to reverse this trend and ensure that fishing activities are environmentally sustainable, and capable of securing economic and social benefits. It concerns fishing fleets from Italy ...

The European Parliament and Council have adopted a new multiannual plan for the western Mediterranean fisheries exploiting several stocks of fish and crustaceans living close to the sea bottom (i.e. 'demersal fisheries'). Most of these stocks have long been overfished and are now in an alarming state. The new plan aims to reverse this trend and ensure that fishing activities are environmentally sustainable, and capable of securing economic and social benefits. It concerns fishing fleets from Italy, Spain and France, totalling almost 10 900 vessels. The new regulation introduces a fishing-effort regime for all trawlers operating in the region, under which the Council will set each year, on the basis of scientific advice, the maximum number of fishing days for each fleet category by Member State. In addition, the plan restricts trawlers from operating in waters shallower than 100 m located within 6 nautical miles of the coast, for three months per year, to reserve the coastal zone for more selective fishing gear. The plan also establishes regional cooperation among the Member States concerned, with a view to developing provisions on the obligation to land all catches and on the conservation of resources through technical measures.

Politische Maßnahmen der EU im Interesse der Bürger: Fischerei

28-06-2019

Die Europäische Union ist allein verantwortlich für die Erhaltung ihrer maritimen Fischbestände und deren Bewirtschaftung im Rahmen der Gemeinsamen Fischereipolitik (GFP). Die 1983 eingeführte und seitdem alle zehn Jahre reformierte GFP hat große Fortschritte gemacht. Der derzeitige Rahmen, der sich aus der GFP-Reform von 2013 ergibt, soll sicherstellen, dass die EU-Fischerei nachhaltig ist – ökologisch, wirtschaftlich und sozial. Die GFP verfügt über ein eigenes Finanzinstrument – den Europäischen ...

Die Europäische Union ist allein verantwortlich für die Erhaltung ihrer maritimen Fischbestände und deren Bewirtschaftung im Rahmen der Gemeinsamen Fischereipolitik (GFP). Die 1983 eingeführte und seitdem alle zehn Jahre reformierte GFP hat große Fortschritte gemacht. Der derzeitige Rahmen, der sich aus der GFP-Reform von 2013 ergibt, soll sicherstellen, dass die EU-Fischerei nachhaltig ist – ökologisch, wirtschaftlich und sozial. Die GFP verfügt über ein eigenes Finanzinstrument – den Europäischen Meeres- und Fischereifonds (EMFF) – mit einem Budget von 6,4 Mrd. EUR für den Zeitraum 2014–2020. Mit der Reform von 2013 wurde das Ziel vorgegeben, die Nutzung aller Bestände bis 2020 auf einem nachhaltigen Niveau zu erreichen, und es wurden mehrere wichtige Instrumente zur Unterstützung bei der Verfolgung dieses Ziels bereitgestellt. So ist insbesondere die Verabschiedung von Mehrjahresplänen vorrangig geworden, um eine langfristige Bewirtschaftung der Bestände zu gewährleisten. Eine Verpflichtung zur Anlandung aller Fänge wurde geschaffen, um die Praxis der Rückwürfe von Fischen ins Meer zu beenden. Mit der Reform wurde auch eine Regionalisierung der Entscheidungsfindung eingeführt, mit der Möglichkeit, auf der Grundlage gemeinsamer Empfehlungen der betroffenen Mitgliedstaaten Erhaltungsmaßnahmen zu ergreifen. Mit der Umsetzung der reformierten GFP als Hauptmerkmal der Wahlperiode 2014–2019 ist die legislative Arbeit in mehreren wichtigen Themenbereichen vorangekommen. Es wurden eine Reihe von Mehrjahresplänen verabschiedet, von denen vier für die Fischerei in der Ost- und Nordsee, in den westlichen Gewässern sowie im westlichen Mittelmeer nun in Kraft sind. Die Anlandeverpflichtung wurde wie geplant von 2015 bis 2019 schrittweise eingeführt. Die EU hat einen aktualisierten Rahmen für die Erhebung von Fischereidaten zur Unterstützung von Verwaltungsentscheidungen sowie ein neues System von Fangerlaubnissen angenommen und die Überwachung von EU-Schiffen, die außerhalb der EU-Gewässer fischen, verbessert. Die Tätigkeiten der EU erstreckten sich auch auf verschiedene Aspekte der außenpolitischen Dimension der GFP, wie den Abschluss von Fischereiabkommen mit Drittländern und die Beteiligung an der internationalen fischereipolitischen Entscheidungsfindung. In Zukunft werden weitere Fortschritte in Fragen wie der Annahme von Mehrjahresplänen und der Überarbeitung des Fischereikontrollsystems erwartet. Der EMFF wird im Rahmen des nächsten EU-Mehrjahreshaushaltsplans für 2021–2027 verlängert. Auf der Agenda steht auch eine Bestandsaufnahme der Fortschritte bei der Umsetzung der jüngsten Reform und der Erreichung ihrer Ziele im Hinblick auf die künftigen Entwicklungen der GFP. Dies ist die aktualisierte Fassung eines Briefings, das vor der Wahl zum Europäischen Parlament 2019 veröffentlicht wurde.

Port reception facilities for ship waste: Collecting waste from ships in ports

07-06-2019

Marine litter and pollution put the marine environment at risk. While a great proportion of marine litter originates from land-based sources, limiting waste discharges from ships also plays an essential role in efforts to preserve marine and coastal ecosystems. Based on international law, EU legislation requires vessels to bring the waste they generate on voyages to waste-reception facilities in port, and obliges EU ports to provide such facilities to ships using the port. Despite these developments ...

Marine litter and pollution put the marine environment at risk. While a great proportion of marine litter originates from land-based sources, limiting waste discharges from ships also plays an essential role in efforts to preserve marine and coastal ecosystems. Based on international law, EU legislation requires vessels to bring the waste they generate on voyages to waste-reception facilities in port, and obliges EU ports to provide such facilities to ships using the port. Despite these developments, discharges at sea continue. In January 2018, the European Commission put forward a new legislative proposal seeking to improve the collection of ship waste while ensuring efficient maritime transport operations in ports. Interinstitutional negotiations concluded on 13 December 2018. The final text was adopted by the Parliament on 13 March 2019 and then by the Council on 29 March. The Directive was then signed on 17 April by the presidents of the two institutions and will be published in the Official Journal shortly.

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