ThinkTank logo The documents that help shape new EU legislation
Posted on 05-09-2019

Country-Specific Recommendations for 2019 - A comparison of Commission and Council texts (implementing the ‘comply or explain’ principle)

04-09-2019

The table overleaf compares the draft 2019 Country Specific Recommendations (CSRs) proposed by the Commission on 5 June 2019 with the 2019 CSRs adopted by the Council on 9 July 2019. The comparison is provided in order to facilitate the assessment of the "comply or explain" rule stipulated in Article 2-ab(2) of EU Regulation No 1175/2011: "The Council is expected to, as a rule, follow the recommendations and proposals of the Commission or explain its position publicly". The table overleaf provides ...

The table overleaf compares the draft 2019 Country Specific Recommendations (CSRs) proposed by the Commission on 5 June 2019 with the 2019 CSRs adopted by the Council on 9 July 2019. The comparison is provided in order to facilitate the assessment of the "comply or explain" rule stipulated in Article 2-ab(2) of EU Regulation No 1175/2011: "The Council is expected to, as a rule, follow the recommendations and proposals of the Commission or explain its position publicly". The table overleaf provides an overview of all modifications introduced by the Council. When compared against the Commission text, the strikethrough yellow text has been deleted from the Council text, while the green text has been added to the Council text.

Posted on 04-09-2019

CAP strategic planning: Operational perspectives

04-09-2019

For the first time in the history of the common agricultural policy (CAP), it is proposed that interventions available under the CAP's Pillar I (namely agricultural income and market support) and Pillar II (rural development) will be combined in one strategic plan for all CAP expenditure. This paper aims to provide a better understanding and insight into the European Commission's proposal for this new delivery model for the CAP after 2020. Under the Commission's proposal, greater flexibility would ...

For the first time in the history of the common agricultural policy (CAP), it is proposed that interventions available under the CAP's Pillar I (namely agricultural income and market support) and Pillar II (rural development) will be combined in one strategic plan for all CAP expenditure. This paper aims to provide a better understanding and insight into the European Commission's proposal for this new delivery model for the CAP after 2020. Under the Commission's proposal, greater flexibility would be given to Member States to decide on how best to meet general and specific objectives of the CAP. They would be responsible for drawing up a CAP strategic plan, in which they will set targets to be achieved over the subsequent programming period. Though the new delivery model would provide an opportunity for Member States to tailor the instruments and measures of the CAP to address their specific needs, the approach places significant onus on the strategic-planning capacities of Member State administrations. This paper examines a number of operational issues to help inform the ongoing legislative process.

Posted on 31-07-2019

Follow up to the 2009 and 2014 Studies on the Code of Conduct for Commissioners - Improving Effectiveness and Efficiency

15-07-2019

The European Parliament is very attentive to the issue of transparency and integrity within the EU institutions. In the past, the EP has commissioned two studies to verify the level of effectiveness and efficiency of the Code of Conduct for Commissioners of the European Commission. This in-depth analysis verifies whether the Code of Conduct of 2018 complies with the requests the EP has made in order to guarantee the best performance in terms of transparency and integrity by the EC Commissioners. ...

The European Parliament is very attentive to the issue of transparency and integrity within the EU institutions. In the past, the EP has commissioned two studies to verify the level of effectiveness and efficiency of the Code of Conduct for Commissioners of the European Commission. This in-depth analysis verifies whether the Code of Conduct of 2018 complies with the requests the EP has made in order to guarantee the best performance in terms of transparency and integrity by the EC Commissioners. Most of the EP requests have been satisfied. However, there is still some room for improvement in terms of transparency of the Independent Ethical Committee, the cooling off period for Commissioners and provisions related to the role of the European Ombudsman within the Code. Moreover, the Code of Conduct, being a soft law instrument, could be upgraded to a hard law instrument having a stronger binding force. Finally, the EP could reiterate the study recommendations concerning stricter provisions on the involvement of Commissioners in the national, regional or local politics. ince the entry into force of the Financial Perspectives of 2007-2013 one decade ago, the EU’s budget has undergone significant change. In 2009, the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) agreed at Lisbon came into effect. This significantly modified the powers of the European Union’s institutions. The eruption of the global financial crisis in 2008, followed by the crisis particular to the euro area, led to pressure for austerity in the EU’s Member States and put pressure on the EU’s budget itself. This briefing provides a summary of these developments.

Posted on 22-07-2019

The History of the EU Budget

14-06-2019

The budget of the European Union has three pillars: its expenditure, its financing and its audit. This briefing looks at the origins of the budget, its development through multiannual planning and annual budgeting. It does so amid the European Parliament’s changing powers over the budget, and the evolution of its financing and of the audit process. Since the very first European Community in 1952, there has been a tension over budgeting among the European institutions and the Member States, and a ...

The budget of the European Union has three pillars: its expenditure, its financing and its audit. This briefing looks at the origins of the budget, its development through multiannual planning and annual budgeting. It does so amid the European Parliament’s changing powers over the budget, and the evolution of its financing and of the audit process. Since the very first European Community in 1952, there has been a tension over budgeting among the European institutions and the Member States, and a close link between reforms to expenditure and those to the financing.

External author

Dr Giacomo Benedetto

Posted on 18-07-2019

Banking Union: What next?

18-07-2019

This briefing summarises the key areas of possible regulatory initiatives with a view to further completing the Banking Union: (1) EDIS, (2) Further harmonisation of banking law (“single rule book’), (3) Home/host issues, (4) Resolution financing, (5) Further harmonisation of insolvency law, (6) safe assets and regulatory treatment of sovereign exposures and (7) AML supervision. These issues are further explained in additional thematic briefings.

This briefing summarises the key areas of possible regulatory initiatives with a view to further completing the Banking Union: (1) EDIS, (2) Further harmonisation of banking law (“single rule book’), (3) Home/host issues, (4) Resolution financing, (5) Further harmonisation of insolvency law, (6) safe assets and regulatory treatment of sovereign exposures and (7) AML supervision. These issues are further explained in additional thematic briefings.

Posted on 27-06-2019

Integrated Territorial Investments as an Effective Tool of the Cohesion Policy

15-03-2019

This paper assesses Integrated Territorial Investments as an effective tool of Cohesion policy (CP). Based on a review of the experience of designing ITI strategies and implementation experience thus far in 2014-2020, it highlights the key factors facilitating or impeding effectiveness and sets out recommendations for the future.

This paper assesses Integrated Territorial Investments as an effective tool of Cohesion policy (CP). Based on a review of the experience of designing ITI strategies and implementation experience thus far in 2014-2020, it highlights the key factors facilitating or impeding effectiveness and sets out recommendations for the future.

External author

Martin Ferry

Posted on 26-06-2019

European Parliament's Banking Union reports in 2015 - 2018

26-06-2019

This briefing provides an overview of the European Parliament’s expectations and priorities for the banking union as set out in its annual Banking Union reports during the 8th legislative term. The main themes found in these reports over the last 4 years are highlighted in the first section of this briefing, while the second part turns to the ECB Banking Supervisor’s response to the 2017 Banking Union report, the most recent response available, as well as concrete actions expected from the SRB, who ...

This briefing provides an overview of the European Parliament’s expectations and priorities for the banking union as set out in its annual Banking Union reports during the 8th legislative term. The main themes found in these reports over the last 4 years are highlighted in the first section of this briefing, while the second part turns to the ECB Banking Supervisor’s response to the 2017 Banking Union report, the most recent response available, as well as concrete actions expected from the SRB, who as yet have not provided a formal response. The annex of the briefing includes a comparison of the positions taken by the EP in the annual reports in the following policy areas: banking developments and structures; institutional and organisational issues; regulatory issues; completing the banking unions; risk assessment; supervisory issues and priorities; crisis management; and policies related to Anti-Money-Laundering (AML)

Posted on 25-06-2019

A just energy transition, opportunity for EU industries, the role of hydrogen in the future and the example of energy transition in Germany

14-06-2019

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of the workshop on “A just energy transition, opportunity for EU industries, the role of hydrogen in the future and the example of energy transition in Germany”, which was organised for the ITRE Committee and held on 19th February 2019. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) Committee.

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of the workshop on “A just energy transition, opportunity for EU industries, the role of hydrogen in the future and the example of energy transition in Germany”, which was organised for the ITRE Committee and held on 19th February 2019. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) Committee.

External author

Trinomics, B.V.

Posted on 20-06-2019

Workshop on “Strengthening Competitiveness of the Internal Market by Developing the EU Customs Union and its Governance”

15-05-2019

This report summarises the discussion that took place at the workshop on “Strengthening Competitiveness of the Internal Market by Developing the EU Customs Union and its Governance”. The Union Customs Code is a key element of the ongoing actions to modernise EU customs. With the aim of discussing the main challenges related to this topic and the recent proposal of the European Commission to postpone the deadline of 2020, the workshop was hosted by Ms Virginie Rozière, MEP. This document was prepared ...

This report summarises the discussion that took place at the workshop on “Strengthening Competitiveness of the Internal Market by Developing the EU Customs Union and its Governance”. The Union Customs Code is a key element of the ongoing actions to modernise EU customs. With the aim of discussing the main challenges related to this topic and the recent proposal of the European Commission to postpone the deadline of 2020, the workshop was hosted by Ms Virginie Rozière, MEP. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

Posted on 14-06-2019

The historical relationship between artistic activities and technology development

03-05-2019

Understanding the past of art and technology can help us to navigate the present and future. Technology and art have always been linked, and are now more intertwined than ever before. Technology and humanity create and shape each other in profound ways. People are not distinct from the technologies they are surrounded by and use – they are also defined and shaped by them. The present study contributes to our understanding of the cyclic nature of the intertwining of technology and art, focussing on ...

Understanding the past of art and technology can help us to navigate the present and future. Technology and art have always been linked, and are now more intertwined than ever before. Technology and humanity create and shape each other in profound ways. People are not distinct from the technologies they are surrounded by and use – they are also defined and shaped by them. The present study contributes to our understanding of the cyclic nature of the intertwining of technology and art, focussing on pre-digital eras

External author

DG, EPRS

Upcoming events

01-10-2019
Health threats from climate change: Scientific evidence for policy-making
Other event -
EPRS

Infographics

Stay connected

email update imageEmail updates system

You can follow anyone or anything linked to the Parliament using the email updates system, which sends updates directly to your mailbox. This includes the latest news about MEPs, committees, the news services or the Think Tank.

You can access the system from any page on the Parliament website. To sign up and receive notifications on Think Tank, simply submit your email address, select the subject you are interested in, indicate how often you want to be informed (daily, weekly or monthly) and confirm the registration by clicking on the link that will be emailed to you.

RSS imageRSS feeds

Follow all news and updates from the European Parliament website by making use of our RSS feed.

Please click on the link below to configure your RSS feed.

Publications of the Think Tank

The content of all documents contained in the Think Tank website is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work.

The Think Tank is on...