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The European Union and Holocaust remembrance

23-01-2020

The term Holocaust refers to the mass murder of 6 million European Jews, Roma and other persecuted groups, whom the Nazi regime and its collaborators sought to annihilate. The expropriation, state-sponsored discrimination and persecution of the Jews by the Nazi regime began in 1933, followed by pogroms and their mass incarceration in concentration camps. Ultimately, this policy was extended to all Nazi-controlled European territories and countries during World War II, culminating in mass summary ...

The term Holocaust refers to the mass murder of 6 million European Jews, Roma and other persecuted groups, whom the Nazi regime and its collaborators sought to annihilate. The expropriation, state-sponsored discrimination and persecution of the Jews by the Nazi regime began in 1933, followed by pogroms and their mass incarceration in concentration camps. Ultimately, this policy was extended to all Nazi-controlled European territories and countries during World War II, culminating in mass summary executions ('Holocaust by Bullets') and extermination in death camps. The perpetrators were prosecuted at the Nuremberg trials in 1945-1946; however, the tribunal preferred to indict them on charges of crimes against humanity rather than genocide. It was not until 2005, on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz that a United Nations resolution designated 27 January the day for international commemoration of the Holocaust, to be known as 'International Holocaust Remembrance Day'. In the European Union, numerous programmes seek to preserve the memory of these tragic events in the history of the continent. Since 1995, the European Parliament has adopted resolutions drawing attention to the obligation to remember not only through commemorations but also through education. In November 2018, the EU became a permanent international partner of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA). This is a further updated version of a briefing from January 2018.

International Migrants Day – 18 December

15-12-2017

Each year, 18 December is observed as International Migrants Day. Nominated by the United Nations General Assembly on 4 December 2000 in response to increasing migration in the world, the day aims to draw attention to the human rights of migrants, and highlight their contribution to our societies.

Each year, 18 December is observed as International Migrants Day. Nominated by the United Nations General Assembly on 4 December 2000 in response to increasing migration in the world, the day aims to draw attention to the human rights of migrants, and highlight their contribution to our societies.

The European Union at 60 [What Think Tanks are Thinking]

07-04-2017

Heads of State or Government of the EU-27 marked the 60th anniversary of the European Union's founding Treaty of Rome on 25 March 2017, with pledges to seek closer unity, improve internal and external security, boost economic growth and employment, reduce social inequalities and bolster the bloc's global role. Their Rome Declaration outlines principles to help re-launch the Union after its recent economic and migration crises, last year's Brexit vote, and the shock effect of Donald Trump's election ...

Heads of State or Government of the EU-27 marked the 60th anniversary of the European Union's founding Treaty of Rome on 25 March 2017, with pledges to seek closer unity, improve internal and external security, boost economic growth and employment, reduce social inequalities and bolster the bloc's global role. Their Rome Declaration outlines principles to help re-launch the Union after its recent economic and migration crises, last year's Brexit vote, and the shock effect of Donald Trump's election as US President. This note offers links to recent commentaries, studies and reports from major international think tanks on the state of the EU and possible reforms.

European Historical Memory: Policies, Challenges and Perspectives

15-04-2015

This note seeks to provide some reflections on the challenges, current policies and possible future prospects of 'historical memory' in a European context. Based on acknowledging the complex nature of collective memories in general and shared European historical remembrance in particular, including their susceptibility to political instrumentalisation, it is argued that a critical 'culture of remembering' needs to be developed. Such a culture requires increased efforts for nation states to come to ...

This note seeks to provide some reflections on the challenges, current policies and possible future prospects of 'historical memory' in a European context. Based on acknowledging the complex nature of collective memories in general and shared European historical remembrance in particular, including their susceptibility to political instrumentalisation, it is argued that a critical 'culture of remembering' needs to be developed. Such a culture requires increased efforts for nation states to come to terms with their own respective pasts in an unbiased way, yet at the same time embracing common European principles and values. In this context, the vital role of education as a tool to create an informed historical consciousness is emphasised, which provides the basis for dealing confidently not only with Europe’s past, but also present and future.

Centenario del genocidio armenio: mejorando las relaciones entre Turquía y Armenia

10-04-2015

Cada 24 de abril se conmemora el genocidio armenio. La deportación de los armenios otomanos en 1915, hace ya un siglo, constituye una de las cuestiones más importantes y controvertidas en las relaciones entre Turquía y Armenia. Cientos de miles de armenios fueron trasladados en condiciones extremadamente duras. El número de víctimas mortales fue elevado y las causas subyacentes siguen siendo objeto de gran controversia en la actualidad. ¿Cómo pueden estos dos países comunicarse de manera efectiva ...

Cada 24 de abril se conmemora el genocidio armenio. La deportación de los armenios otomanos en 1915, hace ya un siglo, constituye una de las cuestiones más importantes y controvertidas en las relaciones entre Turquía y Armenia. Cientos de miles de armenios fueron trasladados en condiciones extremadamente duras. El número de víctimas mortales fue elevado y las causas subyacentes siguen siendo objeto de gran controversia en la actualidad. ¿Cómo pueden estos dos países comunicarse de manera efectiva, cooperar entre sí y mostrarse confianza mutua después de cien años?

Altiero Spinelli - European Federalist

15-10-2007

The papers presented here were submitted for a symposium organised by the Committee on Constitutional Affairs in September 2007. They were reprinted at the occasion of a commemoration of Spinelli's 100th anniversary which took place in the European Parliament on 5 March 2009, in cooperation with the Lazio region.

The papers presented here were submitted for a symposium organised by the Committee on Constitutional Affairs in September 2007. They were reprinted at the occasion of a commemoration of Spinelli's 100th anniversary which took place in the European Parliament on 5 March 2009, in cooperation with the Lazio region.

Autor externo

Lucio Levi, Richard Corbett, Ortensio Zecchino, Roland Bieber, John Pinder, Paolo Ponzano, Jean-Louis Quermonne, Philippe de Schoutheete

Lessons Learned from Impact Study and National Experiences : Towards a Full Committee on Human Rights - Addendum to Study "The Impact of the Resolutions and Other Activities of the European Parliament in the Field of Human Rights Outside the European Union"

22-03-2007

It is an addendum to the study commissioned by the European Parliament to the European Inter-University Centre for Human Rights and Democratisation (EIUC, Venice) entitled “Beyond activism - the impact of the resolutions and other activities of the European Parliament in the field of human rights outside the European Union” (November 2006). It aims at providing input to the on-going reflection on the possibility of upgrading the EP Sub-Committee on Human Rights into a full Committee on Human Rights ...

It is an addendum to the study commissioned by the European Parliament to the European Inter-University Centre for Human Rights and Democratisation (EIUC, Venice) entitled “Beyond activism - the impact of the resolutions and other activities of the European Parliament in the field of human rights outside the European Union” (November 2006). It aims at providing input to the on-going reflection on the possibility of upgrading the EP Sub-Committee on Human Rights into a full Committee on Human Rights. See in the attachment also the long and short version of the study "The Impact of the Resolutions and Other Activities of the European Parliament in the Field of Human Rights Outside the European Union" !

Autor externo

European Inter-University Centre for Human Rights and Democratisation (EIUC), Venice

Gaetano MARTINO. Diez anos en el Parlamento europeo (1957-1967). Un hombre de ciencia al servicio de Europa.

01-01-2001

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