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Postitatud 14-11-2019

Inclusion of migrants in formal education

14-11-2019

Statistics show that students with a migrant background are not as integrated in formal education as other students. Yet the term ‘students with a migrant background’ catches many different individuals. Some of those students may have been born in the country in which they are studying, with their parents or grandparents being the ones to have moved states. Some of the new arrivals are asylum‑seekers or refugees, who may have experienced chronic stress and severe trauma. Some students have chosen ...

Statistics show that students with a migrant background are not as integrated in formal education as other students. Yet the term ‘students with a migrant background’ catches many different individuals. Some of those students may have been born in the country in which they are studying, with their parents or grandparents being the ones to have moved states. Some of the new arrivals are asylum‑seekers or refugees, who may have experienced chronic stress and severe trauma. Some students have chosen to study abroad but, though they come from a different country, they are not considered migrants. This infographic looks at the complex picture behind the statistics, and at how authorities in Member States address the inclusion of migrant students through their policies.

Situation of migrants in Bosnia and Herzegovina

14-11-2019

Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) has become a transit route for migrants heading towards western Europe since early 2018. Around 8 000 migrants are currently present in the country, mainly originating from southern Asia and the Middle East. Reception capacities were expanded in 2018, using EU funds, but remain insufficient. In 2019, BiH has been unable to establish additional locations for temporary reception centres, despite EU funds being available. Access to asylum in BiH is also effectively being ...

Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) has become a transit route for migrants heading towards western Europe since early 2018. Around 8 000 migrants are currently present in the country, mainly originating from southern Asia and the Middle East. Reception capacities were expanded in 2018, using EU funds, but remain insufficient. In 2019, BiH has been unable to establish additional locations for temporary reception centres, despite EU funds being available. Access to asylum in BiH is also effectively being denied to migrants that seek to claim it. Recently, local authorities in the Una-Sana Canton (Bihać), which have been shouldering most of the burden of migration management, have resorted to action such as restricting movement and forcibly transferring migrants to the Vučjak site, which is unsuitable for human occupation on account of severe health and safety risks for its residents. The government of Croatia has meanwhile been accused by some non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and international organisations of pushing migrants back into BiH, in violation of international norms on non-refoulement. Croatia has committed to investigate allegations of mistreatment of migrants and refugees at its external borders. The lack of appropriate policy responses in BiH has led to a humanitarian crisis in the Una-Sana Canton. In the absence of timely and serious preparation, and without better internal coordination among state-level and local authorities, BiH may face an even stronger humanitarian emergency this upcoming winter.

Key features of 2020 Draft Budgetary Plans

12-11-2019

This document compares the key features of the 2020 Draft Budgetary Plans (DBP), as submitted by the Euro Area Member States by mid of October 2019, with the autumn 2019 forecasts by the European Commission (EC) and the key features included in the 2019 Stability Programmes (SP), as submitted by the Euro Area Member States by end of April 2019, with the 2019 spring forecasts by the EC. While blue cells indicate that the Member State is more optimistic than the EC forecast, grey cells indicate that ...

This document compares the key features of the 2020 Draft Budgetary Plans (DBP), as submitted by the Euro Area Member States by mid of October 2019, with the autumn 2019 forecasts by the European Commission (EC) and the key features included in the 2019 Stability Programmes (SP), as submitted by the Euro Area Member States by end of April 2019, with the 2019 spring forecasts by the EC. While blue cells indicate that the Member State is more optimistic than the EC forecast, grey cells indicate that the Member State is less optimistic than the EC forecast. An overview comparing these figures with the required fiscal efforts and the medium-term budgetary objectives (MTO), as included in the latest Council decisions/recommendations, is provided in a separate EGOV document.

Economic Dialogue with the President of the Eurogroup - ECON 18 November 2019

14-11-2019

Mário Centeno, has been invited to his first Economic Dialogue for the current legislative term of the European Parliament. The previous dialogue in the ECON Committee took place on 20 November 2018. During the 8th legislative term, 9 Economic Dialogues with the President of the Eurogroup took place in the ECON Committee. This briefing provides an overview of the ongoing work of the Eurogroup as regards Council recommendations to the Euro Area as a whole, public finances, macro-economic imbalances ...

Mário Centeno, has been invited to his first Economic Dialogue for the current legislative term of the European Parliament. The previous dialogue in the ECON Committee took place on 20 November 2018. During the 8th legislative term, 9 Economic Dialogues with the President of the Eurogroup took place in the ECON Committee. This briefing provides an overview of the ongoing work of the Eurogroup as regards Council recommendations to the Euro Area as a whole, public finances, macro-economic imbalances, ex-post surveillance and the banking union.

La libertad de expresión, una perspectiva de Derecho Comparado - Perú

14-11-2019

Este estudio forma parte de un proyecto más global destinado a sentar las bases para una comparación de la regulación de la libertad de expresión en diferentes ordenamientos jurídicos. Las páginas describen, en lo relativo al Perú, y en relación con el objeto del estudio, la legislación vigente, la jurisprudencia más significativa y el concepto de libertad de expresión con sus límites actuales y futuros, y concluyen con las posibles soluciones frente a los desafíos futuros. Los avances tecnológicos ...

Este estudio forma parte de un proyecto más global destinado a sentar las bases para una comparación de la regulación de la libertad de expresión en diferentes ordenamientos jurídicos. Las páginas describen, en lo relativo al Perú, y en relación con el objeto del estudio, la legislación vigente, la jurisprudencia más significativa y el concepto de libertad de expresión con sus límites actuales y futuros, y concluyen con las posibles soluciones frente a los desafíos futuros. Los avances tecnológicos y las nuevas necesidades demuestran que el estudio de la libertad de expresión tendrá aún ocupadas a muchas generaciones futuras.

Parlamendiväline autor

El autor de este documento es el Sr. Dr. D. Eloy Espinosa-Saldaña Barrera, Magistrado del Tribunal Constitucional de Perú, por encargo de la Unidad Biblioteca de Derecho Comparado, Dirección General de Servicios de Estudios Parlamentarios (DG EPRS) de la Secretaría General del Parlamento Europeo.

Study "International Climate Negotiations - Issues at stake in view of the COP25 UN Climate Change Conference in Madrid

13-11-2019

At the 25th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, delegates will negotiate the further implementation of the Paris Agreement. This study provides an overview of the international framework to address climate change, the stakeholders involved, the status of the negotiations and recent developments that may affect the negotiations. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and ...

At the 25th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, delegates will negotiate the further implementation of the Paris Agreement. This study provides an overview of the international framework to address climate change, the stakeholders involved, the status of the negotiations and recent developments that may affect the negotiations. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

Parlamendiväline autor

Lorenz MOOSMANN, Cristina URRUTIA, Anne SIEMONS, Martin CAMES, Lambert SCHNEIDER (Öko-Institut e.V.)

Postitatud 13-11-2019

Financing EU external action in the new MFF, 2021-2027: Heading 6 'Neighbourhood and the World'

13-11-2019

In May 2018, the European Commission published its proposals for the new multiannual financial framework (MFF), the EU's seven-year budget for the 2021-2027 period, followed by proposals for the MFF's individual sectoral programmes. In the proposals, financing external action is covered under Heading 6, 'Neighbourhood and the World', which replaces the current Heading 4, 'Global Europe'. Taking into account the evolving context both internationally and within the EU, as well as the conclusions of ...

In May 2018, the European Commission published its proposals for the new multiannual financial framework (MFF), the EU's seven-year budget for the 2021-2027 period, followed by proposals for the MFF's individual sectoral programmes. In the proposals, financing external action is covered under Heading 6, 'Neighbourhood and the World', which replaces the current Heading 4, 'Global Europe'. Taking into account the evolving context both internationally and within the EU, as well as the conclusions of the current MFF's mid-term review, the Commission has proposed changes to the EU external action budget in order to make it simpler and more flexible, and to enable the EU to engage more strategically with its partner countries in the future. The proposed Heading 6 comes with increased resources and important structural changes. It envisages merging the majority of the current stand-alone external financing instruments into a single one – the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI) – as well as integrating into it the biggest EU external financing fund – the European Development Fund – currently outside the budget. Another proposed novelty is to set up an off-budget instrument – the European Peace Facility – to fund security and defence-related actions. With these changes, the Commission strives to take into account, among other things, the need for the EU to align its actions with its new and renewed international commitments under the UN 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, the Paris Climate Agreement, the new EU Global Strategy, the European Consensus on Development, the European Neighbourhood Policy, and to make EU added value, relevance and credibility more visible. Negotiations on the 2021-2027 MFF are under way. The final decision is to be taken by the Council, acting by unanimity, with the European Parliament's consent. However, in view of current political realities and the financial implications of the UK's withdrawal from the EU, the adoption of a modern budget for the future remains a challenge that is not limited to Heading 6. Further developments are expected by the end of 2019.

Children's rights in the EU: Marking 30 years of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

13-11-2019

Adopted in 1989, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) was the first international instrument to explicitly recognise children as human beings with innate rights. Ratified by 197 countries, including all EU Member States, it has become the landmark treaty on children's rights, outlining universal standards for the care, treatment, survival, development, protection and participation of all children. The promotion and protection of children's rights is one of the key objectives ...

Adopted in 1989, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) was the first international instrument to explicitly recognise children as human beings with innate rights. Ratified by 197 countries, including all EU Member States, it has become the landmark treaty on children's rights, outlining universal standards for the care, treatment, survival, development, protection and participation of all children. The promotion and protection of children's rights is one of the key objectives embedded in Article 3(3) of the Treaty on European Union (TEU). Moreover, Article 24 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU recognises that children are entitled to 'protection and care as is necessary for their well-being'. The same article recognises that the child's best interests should be the primary consideration for public authorities and private institutions. Over the years, the EU has moved from a sectoral approach towards a more coherent policy approach. Whereas initially, children's rights were developed in relation to specific areas such as the free movement of persons, since 2000 the EU has taken a more coordinated line. This Briefing takes stock of the most recent EU action to address and promote children's rights and looks at the upcoming challenges.

La libertà di espressione, una prospettiva di diritto comparato - Unione europea

13-11-2019

Il presente studio fa parte di un progetto più ampio il cui scopo è quello di analizzare, nella prospettiva del diritto comparato, la libertà di espressione in diversi ordinamenti giuridici. Le pagine descrivono, in relazione all'Unione europea e in relazione all'oggetto dello studio, la legislazione in vigore, la giurisprudenza più significativa e il concetto di libertà di espressione con i suoi limiti attuali e futuri, per concludersi con alcune considerazioni riguardo a possibili soluzioni alle ...

Il presente studio fa parte di un progetto più ampio il cui scopo è quello di analizzare, nella prospettiva del diritto comparato, la libertà di espressione in diversi ordinamenti giuridici. Le pagine descrivono, in relazione all'Unione europea e in relazione all'oggetto dello studio, la legislazione in vigore, la giurisprudenza più significativa e il concetto di libertà di espressione con i suoi limiti attuali e futuri, per concludersi con alcune considerazioni riguardo a possibili soluzioni alle sfide future. Verranno in particolare analizzate le varie forme in cui si articola la libertà di espressione (libertà di opinione, libertà di parola, libertà di comunicare o ricevere informazioni o idee), mettendo in luce la necessità di individuare, da parte delle istituzioni dell’Unione europea, nuove forme di tutela, nel contemperamento dei diversi interessi coinvolti, anche alla luce della rapida evoluzione tecnologica che ha interessato i mezzi di comunicazione e del sempre più diffuso utilizzo dei social media.

Parlamendiväline autor

Questo studio è stato scritto dal Prof. Dr. Vincenzo Salvatore, Università degli Studi dell’Insubria, Varese (Italia), su richiesta della Unità Biblioteca di diritto comparato, Direzione generale dei Servizi di ricerca parlamentare (DG EPRS), Segretariato generale del Parlamento europeo.

Postitatud 12-11-2019

Guidelines for submission and evaluation of applications for the approval of active substances in pesticides

11-11-2019

Active substances are an essential element of pesticides. The approval of active substance occurs at EU level, and guidance documents and guidelines for this procedure exist. They aim to clarify, harmonise and standardise the complex approval process. This study examines the guidance and guidelines which exist for active substance approval; the level of harmonisation among them; the connection to the good laboratory practice (GLP) principles; and provides an overview of the studies which are required ...

Active substances are an essential element of pesticides. The approval of active substance occurs at EU level, and guidance documents and guidelines for this procedure exist. They aim to clarify, harmonise and standardise the complex approval process. This study examines the guidance and guidelines which exist for active substance approval; the level of harmonisation among them; the connection to the good laboratory practice (GLP) principles; and provides an overview of the studies which are required for active substance approval.

Parlamendiväline autor

John NGANGA, Michela BISONNI and Maria CHRISTODOULOU

Eelseisvad üritused

20-11-2019
Europe's Future: Where next for EU institutional Reform?
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EPRS

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