23

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Date

Les politiques de l’Union – Au service des citoyens: La lutte contre le chômage

28-06-2019

L’Union européenne a commencé à lutter contre le chômage dès le début des années 50, en promouvant depuis lors un niveau d’emploi élevé. Avec la crise financière et économique de 2008 et l’augmentation des taux de chômage qui s’en est suivie dans l’ensemble des États membres de l’Union, la lutte contre le chômage a été placée en tête des priorités européennes. Dans sa stratégie «Europe 2020», la Commission européenne s’est fixé l’objectif de parvenir à un taux d’emploi de 75 % de la population âgée ...

L’Union européenne a commencé à lutter contre le chômage dès le début des années 50, en promouvant depuis lors un niveau d’emploi élevé. Avec la crise financière et économique de 2008 et l’augmentation des taux de chômage qui s’en est suivie dans l’ensemble des États membres de l’Union, la lutte contre le chômage a été placée en tête des priorités européennes. Dans sa stratégie «Europe 2020», la Commission européenne s’est fixé l’objectif de parvenir à un taux d’emploi de 75 % de la population âgée de 20 à 64 ans d’ici 2020. Les conditions du marché du travail de l’Union se sont considérablement améliorées ces dernières années et la plupart des indicateurs du marché du travail progressent de façon régulière. Depuis la mi-2013, le taux de chômage ne cesse de diminuer, et l’Union européenne est revenue à son niveau d’avant la crise (6,5 % en février 2019). Malgré la reprise de la croissance économique et son incidence positive sur le marché du travail, l’Union européenne doit encore faire face à des défis en matière de chômage, notamment en ce qui concerne les disparités entre les États membres, le chômage des jeunes et le chômage de longue durée. Depuis 2014, l’Union déploie des efforts dans un certain nombre de domaines, y compris pour aider les jeunes à entrer sur le marché du travail, pour lutter contre le chômage de longue durée, améliorer les compétences et faciliter la mobilité des travailleurs au sein de l’Union. L’amélioration des indicateurs du marché du travail se reflète dans la meilleure appréciation qu’ont les citoyens de la contribution de l’Union à la lutte contre le chômage, mais il existe toujours une très forte demande en vue d’une intervention encore plus poussée de l’Union dans ce domaine d’action (76 % des citoyens de l’Union). À l’avenir, une nouvelle législation ou une législation mise à jour sur l’emploi pourrait moderniser le travail afin de contribuer à l’adapter au monde numérique, de soutenir des transitions durables du chômage vers l’emploi et entre deux emplois, d’accroître la mobilité des travailleurs et d’instaurer une coordination plus étroite entre les politiques économiques et sociales. La présente note d’information est une révision d’un document publié avant les élections européennes de 2019.

Reform of the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund

11-01-2019

The European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF) was created in 2006 to finance active labour market policies targeting workers who have lost their jobs because of trade adjustment. The fund was subsequently modified in 2009 to cover major structural changes triggered by the economic and financial crisis. The rules of the EGF are laid down in EU Regulation (EU) No 1309/2013, which stipulates that the fund will continue to be financed until 31 December 2020. In May 2018, the European Commission submitted ...

The European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF) was created in 2006 to finance active labour market policies targeting workers who have lost their jobs because of trade adjustment. The fund was subsequently modified in 2009 to cover major structural changes triggered by the economic and financial crisis. The rules of the EGF are laid down in EU Regulation (EU) No 1309/2013, which stipulates that the fund will continue to be financed until 31 December 2020. In May 2018, the European Commission submitted a proposal to reform the EGF and maintain it as a special instrument outside the MFF ceiling. The proposal introduces modifications to the eligibility criteria, the co-financing rules and the mobilisation procedure. The report was voted in the EMPL committee on 27 November 2018, and the report is due to be debated in plenary in January 2019, with a view to finalising Parliament's position for trilogue negotiations. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

European Social Fund Plus and European Globalisation Adjustment Fund

08-10-2018

The Commission proposes to establish a European Social Plus (ESF+) by merging different funds and programmes, and a strengthened European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF). These proposals would contribute to implement the European Pillar of Social Rights and enhance social Europe. The impact assessment report (IA) concerning the proposals explains the challenges of funding and the defined objectives of the proposals. In relation to the proposed measures, risks and mitigating measures have also ...

The Commission proposes to establish a European Social Plus (ESF+) by merging different funds and programmes, and a strengthened European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF). These proposals would contribute to implement the European Pillar of Social Rights and enhance social Europe. The impact assessment report (IA) concerning the proposals explains the challenges of funding and the defined objectives of the proposals. In relation to the proposed measures, risks and mitigating measures have also been discussed. It can be noted that the IA essentially concentrates in providing a thorough assessment of the selected measures, rather than discussing possible alternatives and comparing and assessing them. In addition, it would have benefited the analysis, if the link with the specific objectives had been elaborated more, as the description of social impacts is quite limited, and health impacts are not discussed although the Health Programme is merged into the ESF+. It would have been useful to have further explanation on the merger of the Health Programme into the ESF+ and its expected synergy impacts. A more detailed description would have been welcome concerning the results of the targeted stakeholder consultations.

Challenges for EU cohesion policy: Issues in the forthcoming post-2020 reform

16-02-2018

The departure of the United Kingdom from the EU will have a significant impact on the EU budget. The next Multiannual Financial Framework, to be presented in May 2018, could make fewer resources available for cohesion policy in the post-2020 period. At this critical juncture, the discussion amongst policy-makers on the future priorities of cohesion policy is now heating up. Among the topics widely debated are the need to make cohesion funds simpler and more flexible for beneficiaries to use, while ...

The departure of the United Kingdom from the EU will have a significant impact on the EU budget. The next Multiannual Financial Framework, to be presented in May 2018, could make fewer resources available for cohesion policy in the post-2020 period. At this critical juncture, the discussion amongst policy-makers on the future priorities of cohesion policy is now heating up. Among the topics widely debated are the need to make cohesion funds simpler and more flexible for beneficiaries to use, while also strengthening the contribution of cohesion policy to the EU's economic governance and increasing its added value. One point of the debate relates to the way cohesion policy addresses new or growing challenges such as migration, environment and digitalisation. Yet another includes finding the most efficient form of support for beneficiaries: should it be grants, financial instruments, or possibly a mix of all of these? Other specific matters raised relate to the urban dimension in cohesion policy and the impact that the policy can have upon growth, jobs and innovation in rural areas, regions lagging behind, as well as regions with special geographical characteristics. Last but not least, the relationship between cohesion policy and the European Fund for Strategic Investment is much debated. The European Commission (EC) has published a number of white papers on the future of the EU that provide further ideas for reflection on the priorities of the Union. These reflections also have repercussions for cohesion policy. In addition, the 7th EC Report on Economic, Social and Territorial Cohesion also provides insights into the direction cohesion policy is likely to take. This briefing is an update of an earlier edition, published in September 2017, PE 608.722.

Politique sociale et de l’emploi: principes généraux

01-01-2018

L’intégration européenne a produit d’importantes évolutions en matière sociale au fil du temps. Le dernier exemple en date est la proclamation du socle européen des droits sociaux, qui réaffirme l’engagement de l’Union à assurer de meilleures conditions de vie et de travail dans toute l’Europe.

L’intégration européenne a produit d’importantes évolutions en matière sociale au fil du temps. Le dernier exemple en date est la proclamation du socle européen des droits sociaux, qui réaffirme l’engagement de l’Union à assurer de meilleures conditions de vie et de travail dans toute l’Europe.

Policy measures to respond to trade adjustment costs

24-11-2017

Trade liberalisation is generally expected to bring net welfare gains to the domestic economy by reallocating resources to more productive firms or to industries with a comparative advantage. However, these gains are not always distributed evenly and can involve transitional costs for certain firms and workers. Trade adjustment measures are designed to compensate for these costs. The literature proposes mainly active labour policies (including training and other measures for re-employment) for dealing ...

Trade liberalisation is generally expected to bring net welfare gains to the domestic economy by reallocating resources to more productive firms or to industries with a comparative advantage. However, these gains are not always distributed evenly and can involve transitional costs for certain firms and workers. Trade adjustment measures are designed to compensate for these costs. The literature proposes mainly active labour policies (including training and other measures for re-employment) for dealing with these adjustments. Other policies, such as passive labour policies (unemployment benefits), credit financing, housing policies, etc., can also play a role. The EU's main instrument is the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF), which focuses on active labour policies. In the USA, trade adjustment assistance includes assistance for workers as well as firms and farmers. Assessments of these measures have shown some positive results. In both the EU and the USA, the effectiveness of the measures was found to be greater the higher the educational level of workers or, in the case of measures targeting firms, the higher the growth of the industry's market. This would suggest that structural policies (such as education) play a key role. The EGF has tended to target redundancies from big multinational or national champions, and its co-financing rules are less favourable than other funds, leading to uneven use of the fund by Member States and different views with respect to the reforms needed. The Commission is planning to propose improvements to the EGF in the near future. This briefing may be read together with the 2016 European Implementation Assessment on the EGF for the EMPL Committee, and the recent study on Interactions between trade, investment and trends in EU industry: EU regions and international trade.

Challenges for EU cohesion policy: Issues in the forthcoming post-2020 reform

29-09-2017

The debate on the shape of the post-2020 cohesion policy is well under way. Stakeholders have identified a number of principal issues or questions in this regard, relating to the operation of the policy itself as well as its impact and relationship with other EU polices and with the wider goals and objectives of the Union. One issue debated is how cohesion policy can best contribute to the twin objectives of competitiveness and cohesion. Finding the most efficient form of support is another important ...

The debate on the shape of the post-2020 cohesion policy is well under way. Stakeholders have identified a number of principal issues or questions in this regard, relating to the operation of the policy itself as well as its impact and relationship with other EU polices and with the wider goals and objectives of the Union. One issue debated is how cohesion policy can best contribute to the twin objectives of competitiveness and cohesion. Finding the most efficient form of support is another important point of discussion: should it be grants, repayable assistance, financial instruments, or possibly a mix of all of these along with further thematic concentration? In addition, the way that cohesion policy addresses new or growing challenges such as migration has been raised. Simplification of the policy for beneficiaries, flexibility, the importance of achieving better governance, and the contribution of cohesion policy to the EU's economic governance are all widely debated. Other specific matters raised relate to the urban dimension in cohesion policy and the impact that the policy can have upon growth, jobs and innovation in sparsely populated areas, regions lagging behind and regions with special geographical characteristics. The departure of the United Kingdom from the EU will have a significant impact on the EU budget and consequently on the financial envelope for cohesion policy. Finally, the European Commission (EC) has published a number of white papers on the future of the EU that provide further ideas for reflection on the overall functioning and priorities of the Union. These reflections also have repercussions for cohesion policy. This briefing is an update of an earlier edition, published in February 2017.

Reflection paper on harnessing globalisation

08-09-2017

Globalisation is nothing new; it is centuries old and has always contributed significantly to boosting growth and creating employment. It goes beyond the mere circulation of commercial goods, and more recently services, as it is a way to exchange ideas, spur discovery and innovation, and increase competitiveness. However, for some, globalisation is synonymous with unfair trade practices, job losses and the offshoring of firms, and there has recently been a backlash, culminating in the failure of ...

Globalisation is nothing new; it is centuries old and has always contributed significantly to boosting growth and creating employment. It goes beyond the mere circulation of commercial goods, and more recently services, as it is a way to exchange ideas, spur discovery and innovation, and increase competitiveness. However, for some, globalisation is synonymous with unfair trade practices, job losses and the offshoring of firms, and there has recently been a backlash, culminating in the failure of multilateral trade agreements. Calls for protectionism are all the while growing louder. As part of its wider exercise to modernise the EU, which is now centred on the white paper on the future of Europe, the Commission published a reflection paper on harnessing globalisation in May 2017. The paper identifies both an acceleration and a transformation of globalisation, making it unescapable, and the Commission therefore strongly supports keeping markets open. Nevertheless, it also advocates shaping globalisation in order to spread core European values, such as human rights. The EU's external response should be based on international cooperation, economic diplomacy and ensuring a level playing field. The policy areas covered would range from trade to environment, and from sustainable development to investment. In parallel, the EU's internal response would aim to increase resilience through improved sharing of the benefits of globalisation, and promoting European industry's long-term competitiveness. Reinforcement of the internal market and using the European Semester for improved coordination of economic policies is also advocated in connection with harnessing globalisation, as is targeted support for regions. This briefing is one of a series on the European Commission's reflection papers following up the March 2017 White Paper on the Future of Europe.

Assessment of the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund from a Gender Equality Perspective

15-07-2016

The study was requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality and commissioned, overseen and published by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs. This assessment aims at investigating gender differences across EGF interventions. By adopting gender budgeting principles, the analysis shows that there are at least four factors resulting in different treatment of men and women in the implementation of the fund: a more frequent implementation ...

The study was requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality and commissioned, overseen and published by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs. This assessment aims at investigating gender differences across EGF interventions. By adopting gender budgeting principles, the analysis shows that there are at least four factors resulting in different treatment of men and women in the implementation of the fund: a more frequent implementation of the EGF in male-dominated sectors based on the fact that the impact of the crisis by sectors is not gender neutral, the size of the firms involved in the interventions, and the prevailing productive structure by sectors. Apart from a general analysis, the study includes also detailed analyses of EGF cases in seven Member States.

Auteur externe

Silvia Sansonetti (Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini, Italy)

Les effets de la mondialisation: Gagnants et perdants en Europe et aux États-Unis

04-07-2016

La mondialisation rapproche-t-elle les conditions de vie ou creuse-t-elle les inégalités ? Les économistes débattent depuis longtemps la question de savoir quel est l'impact du libre-échange sur la constitution de gagnants et de perdants. Ouvrant les marchés, la mondialisation tend à réduire les situations monopolistiques tandis que les consommateurs bénéficient de l’ouverture des marchés et de l'accroissement de la concurrence. Mais le processus de mondialisation engendre pour certains des pertes ...

La mondialisation rapproche-t-elle les conditions de vie ou creuse-t-elle les inégalités ? Les économistes débattent depuis longtemps la question de savoir quel est l'impact du libre-échange sur la constitution de gagnants et de perdants. Ouvrant les marchés, la mondialisation tend à réduire les situations monopolistiques tandis que les consommateurs bénéficient de l’ouverture des marchés et de l'accroissement de la concurrence. Mais le processus de mondialisation engendre pour certains des pertes ou, du moins, des gains nets inférieurs à ceux des autres. Les inégalités économiques peuvent alors s’en trouver accentuées. D’enjeu économique et social, la question des gagnants et des perdants de la mondialisation est, aujourd’hui, devenue un enjeu politique majeur aux États-Unis et en Europe.

Evénements à venir

22-01-2020
Understanding EU policy on data protection: State-of-play and future challenges
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