951

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Domaine politique
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Outlook for the meetings of EU leaders on 12-13 December 2019

09-12-2019

The main issues on the agenda of the European Council are climate change and the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF). EU leaders will also address the idea of a Conference on the Future of Europe, with the aim of developing a joint position of Member States on the initiative. In addition, the European Council (Article 50) meeting is expected to discuss the result of the general election in the UK (taking place on 12 December) and the likely consequences for the Brexit process, as well as preparations ...

The main issues on the agenda of the European Council are climate change and the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF). EU leaders will also address the idea of a Conference on the Future of Europe, with the aim of developing a joint position of Member States on the initiative. In addition, the European Council (Article 50) meeting is expected to discuss the result of the general election in the UK (taking place on 12 December) and the likely consequences for the Brexit process, as well as preparations for the negotiations on future EU-UK relations. Finally, the Euro Summit will concentrate on the revision of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) Treaty, the budgetary instrument for convergence and competitiveness (BICC), and technical work on the strengthening of the banking union.

Pacte vert pour l’Europe

06-12-2019

Le pacte vert pour l’Europe est un programme présenté dans les orientations politiques d’Ursula von der Leyen, nouvelle présidente de la Commission européenne. Il vise à faire de l’Europe le premier continent à atteindre la neutralité climatique d’ici 2050, tout en favorisant la compétitivité de l’industrie européenne et en garantissant une transition équitable pour les régions et les travailleurs touchés par ses effets. Il met également l’accent sur la préservation de l’environnement naturel et ...

Le pacte vert pour l’Europe est un programme présenté dans les orientations politiques d’Ursula von der Leyen, nouvelle présidente de la Commission européenne. Il vise à faire de l’Europe le premier continent à atteindre la neutralité climatique d’ici 2050, tout en favorisant la compétitivité de l’industrie européenne et en garantissant une transition équitable pour les régions et les travailleurs touchés par ses effets. Il met également l’accent sur la préservation de l’environnement naturel et de la biodiversité de l’Europe, sur une stratégie «de la ferme à l’assiette» pour l’alimentation durable et sur un nouveau plan d’action en faveur de l’économie circulaire. Frans Timmerman, vice-président exécutif, sera chargé de diriger et de coordonner les travaux du pacte vert pour l’Europe. Une communication de la Commission sur le sujet est prévue pour le 11 décembre, en amont de la prochaine réunion du Conseil européen, le jour suivant. Le Parlement européen a prévu un débat sur le pacte vert pour l’Europe à l’occasion d’une séance plénière extraordinaire, le 11 décembre 2019.

Climate change [What Think Tanks are thinking]

05-12-2019

Government officials from across the world are currently engaged in the 2019 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP25, focussing on how to implement the 2015 Paris Agreement on reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The conference, which runs from 2 to 13 December 2019, was moved at short notice to Madrid in Spain, to avoid the social unrest in Chile. Meanwhile, the new President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, is preparing a set of new climate and environmental ...

Government officials from across the world are currently engaged in the 2019 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP25, focussing on how to implement the 2015 Paris Agreement on reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The conference, which runs from 2 to 13 December 2019, was moved at short notice to Madrid in Spain, to avoid the social unrest in Chile. Meanwhile, the new President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, is preparing a set of new climate and environmental initiatives, as part of the European Green Deal. This note brings together commentaries, analyses and studies by major international think tanks and research institutes on climate talks and wider issues relating to climate change.

The European Council under the Lisbon Treaty: How has the institution evolved since 2009?

04-12-2019

On 1 December 2009, with the coming into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, the European Council became a formal EU institution. Ten years later, the European Council is seen by many as representing the centre of gravity of the EU's institutional framework. However, was this development purely the result of the changes to the Treaties made with Lisbon or did it happen naturally over time? This study analyses both the formal changes brought about by the Lisbon Treaty and the incremental evolution resulting ...

On 1 December 2009, with the coming into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, the European Council became a formal EU institution. Ten years later, the European Council is seen by many as representing the centre of gravity of the EU's institutional framework. However, was this development purely the result of the changes to the Treaties made with Lisbon or did it happen naturally over time? This study analyses both the formal changes brought about by the Lisbon Treaty and the incremental evolution resulting from the institution's day-to-day practice, including the European Council's behaviour during the various crises of the last decade. It outlines the responsibilities envisaged for the European Council in the Treaty and the informal roles it has taken on over time. It explores the extent to which the Lisbon Treaty changed the functioning of the European Council, and how EU leaders themselves tried to optimise the working methods of their institution. Special attention is to the new position of full-time European Council President and the way in which the first two incumbents have interpreted their office. The analysis concludes that, while the EU’s various crises strongly contributed to the rise of the European Council, the Lisbon Treaty united two previously separate dimensions – the political and the legal, formally adding new competences to the role already performed by the EU Heads of State or Government. Many of these competences have yet to be fully exploited and represent a rich seam of unused Treaty potential for the future.

Amazon wildfire crisis: Need for an international response

29-11-2019

The Amazon rainforest, which is the largest ecosystem of its kind on Earth and is shared by eight South American countries as well as an EU outermost region, was ravaged by fires coinciding with last summer’s dry season. However, most of these fires are set intentionally and are linked to increased human activities in the area, such as the expansion of agriculture and cattle farming, illegal logging, mining and fuel extraction. Although a recurrent phenomenon that has been going on for decades, some ...

The Amazon rainforest, which is the largest ecosystem of its kind on Earth and is shared by eight South American countries as well as an EU outermost region, was ravaged by fires coinciding with last summer’s dry season. However, most of these fires are set intentionally and are linked to increased human activities in the area, such as the expansion of agriculture and cattle farming, illegal logging, mining and fuel extraction. Although a recurrent phenomenon that has been going on for decades, some governments' recent policies appear to have contributed to the increase in the surface area burnt in 2019, in particular in Brazil and Bolivia. Worldwide media coverage of the fires, and international and domestic protests against these policies have nevertheless finally led to some initiatives to seriously tackle the fires, both at national and international level – such as the Leticia Pact for Amazonia. Finding a viable long-term solution to end deforestation and achieve sustainable development in the region, requires that the underlying causes are addressed and further action is taken at both national and international levels. The EU is making, and can increase, its contribution by cooperating with the affected countries and by leveraging the future EU-Mercosur Association Agreement to help systematic law enforcement action against deforestation. In addition, as the environmental commitments made at the 2015 Conference of Parties (COP21) in Paris will have to be renewed in 2020, COP25 in December 2019 could help reach new commitments on forests.

Information package on the post 2020 CAP reform

28-11-2019

This information package is prepared by the Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies for the hearing of 4 December 2019 organised by the European Parliament’s Agricultural and Rural Development Committee (AGRI Committee). The main purpose of the paper is to facilitate the legislative work of MEPs relating to the on-going CAP reform.

This information package is prepared by the Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies for the hearing of 4 December 2019 organised by the European Parliament’s Agricultural and Rural Development Committee (AGRI Committee). The main purpose of the paper is to facilitate the legislative work of MEPs relating to the on-going CAP reform.

What if hydrogen could help decarbonise transport?

22-11-2019

Cheap hydrogen produced with excess electricity from fluctuating renewable energy sources such as wind could help fuel-cell technology to break into the mainstream. This could at the same time further boost the competitiveness of wind and solar energy production

Cheap hydrogen produced with excess electricity from fluctuating renewable energy sources such as wind could help fuel-cell technology to break into the mainstream. This could at the same time further boost the competitiveness of wind and solar energy production

COP25 climate change conference in Madrid

22-11-2019

The COP25 climate change conference will be held in Madrid, Spain, from 2 to 13 December 2019, under the presidency of the Chilean government. It will focus on completing the rules for the implementation of the Paris Agreement and address a range of other issues. In advance of COP25, the European Parliament has tabled questions to the European Commission and the Council. The Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety has tabled a motion for a resolution on COP25, to be voted during the ...

The COP25 climate change conference will be held in Madrid, Spain, from 2 to 13 December 2019, under the presidency of the Chilean government. It will focus on completing the rules for the implementation of the Paris Agreement and address a range of other issues. In advance of COP25, the European Parliament has tabled questions to the European Commission and the Council. The Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety has tabled a motion for a resolution on COP25, to be voted during the November II plenary session.

Commitments made at the hearing of Janez LENARČIČ, Commissioner-designate - Crisis Management

22-11-2019

The commissioner-designate, Janez Lenarčič, appeared before the European Parliament on 02 October 2019 to answer questions from MEPs in the Committee on Development, in association with the Committee on Environment. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: European Civil Protection ...

The commissioner-designate, Janez Lenarčič, appeared before the European Parliament on 02 October 2019 to answer questions from MEPs in the Committee on Development, in association with the Committee on Environment. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid.

Commitments made at the hearing of Virginijus SINKEVIČIUS, Commissioner-designate - Environment, Oceans and Fisheries

22-11-2019

The commissioner-designate, Virginijus Sinkevičius, appeared before the European Parliament on 3 October 2019 to answer questions put by MEPs from the Committees on ENVI and PECH. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including conserving Europe’s natural environment and prosperous and sustainable ...

The commissioner-designate, Virginijus Sinkevičius, appeared before the European Parliament on 3 October 2019 to answer questions put by MEPs from the Committees on ENVI and PECH. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including conserving Europe’s natural environment and prosperous and sustainable fishing and a thriving blue economy.

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