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Using technology to 'co-create' EU policies

17-01-2020

What will European Union (EU) decision-making look like in the next decade and beyond? Is technological progress promoting more transparent, inclusive and participatory decision-making at EU level? Technology has dramatically changed both the number and quality of connections between citizens and public administrations. With technological progress, citizens have gained improved access to public authorities through new digital communication channels. Innovative, tech-based, approaches to policy-making ...

What will European Union (EU) decision-making look like in the next decade and beyond? Is technological progress promoting more transparent, inclusive and participatory decision-making at EU level? Technology has dramatically changed both the number and quality of connections between citizens and public administrations. With technological progress, citizens have gained improved access to public authorities through new digital communication channels. Innovative, tech-based, approaches to policy-making have become the subject of a growing debate between academics and politicians. Theoretical approaches such as ‘CrowdLaw’, ‘Policy-Making 3.0’, ‘liquid’, ‘do-it-yourself’ or ‘technical’ democracy and ‘democratic innovations’ share the positive outlook towards technology; and technology is seen as the medium through which policies can be ‘co-created’ by decision-makers and stakeholders. Co-creation is mutually beneficial. Decision-makers gain legitimacy by incorporating the skills, knowledge and expertise of citizens, who in turn have the opportunity to shape new policies according to their needs and expectations. EU institutions are at the forefront of experimentation with technologically innovative approaches to make decision-making more transparent and accessible to stakeholders. Efforts in modernising EU participatory channels through technology have evolved over time: from redressing criticism on democratic deficits, through fostering digital interactions with stakeholders, up to current attempts at designing policy-making in a friendly and participative manner. While technological innovation holds the promise of making EU policy-making even more participatory, it is not without challenges. To begin with, technology is resource consuming. There are legal challenges associated with both over- and under-regulation of the use of technology in policy-making. Furthermore, technological innovation raises ethical concerns. It may increase inequality, for instance, or infringe personal privacy.

EU policies – Delivering for citizens: The fight against terrorism

28-06-2019

Faced with a growing international terrorist threat, the European Union (EU) is playing an ever more ambitious role in counter-terrorism. Even though primary responsibility for combating crime and ensuring security lies with the Member States, the EU provides cooperation, coordination and (to some extent) harmonisation tools, as well as financial support, to address this borderless phenomenon. Moreover, the assumption that there is a connection between development and stability, as well as between ...

Faced with a growing international terrorist threat, the European Union (EU) is playing an ever more ambitious role in counter-terrorism. Even though primary responsibility for combating crime and ensuring security lies with the Member States, the EU provides cooperation, coordination and (to some extent) harmonisation tools, as well as financial support, to address this borderless phenomenon. Moreover, the assumption that there is a connection between development and stability, as well as between internal and external security, has come to shape EU action beyond its own borders. EU spending in the area of counter-terrorism has increased over the years and is set to grow in the future, to allow for better cooperation between national law enforcement authorities and enhanced support by the EU bodies in charge of security, such as Europol and eu-LISA. Financing for cooperation with third countries has also increased, including through the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace. The many new rules and instruments that have been adopted since 2014 range from harmonising definitions of terrorist offences and sanctions, and sharing information and data, to protecting borders, countering terrorist financing, and regulating firearms. To evaluate the efficiency of the existing tools and identify gaps and possible ways forward, the European Parliament set up a Special Committee on Terrorism (TERR), which delivered its report in November 2018. TERR made extensive recommendations for immediate or longer term actions aiming to prevent terrorism, combat its root causes, protect EU citizens and assist victims in the best possible way. In line with these recommendations, future EU counterterrorism action will most probably focus on addressing existing and new threats, countering radicalisation – including by preventing the spread of terrorist propaganda online – and enhancing the resilience of critical infrastructure. Foreseeable developments also include increased information sharing, with planned interoperability between EU security- and border-related databases, as well as investigation and prosecution of terrorist crimes at EU level, through the proposed extension of the mandate of the recently established European Public Prosecutor's Office. This is an update of an earlier briefing issued in advance of the 2019 European elections.

2019 European elections: National rules

11-04-2019

This infographic contains up-to-date information on key data concerning the forthcoming European elections (to be held in May 2019). In a one-page format, readers will find information on the election day in each country, the voting systems adopted at Member State level, as well as on rules governing eligibility and allocation of seats. The infographic also explains the re-distribution of seats which would take place following the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the EU, now expected to take place ...

This infographic contains up-to-date information on key data concerning the forthcoming European elections (to be held in May 2019). In a one-page format, readers will find information on the election day in each country, the voting systems adopted at Member State level, as well as on rules governing eligibility and allocation of seats. The infographic also explains the re-distribution of seats which would take place following the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the EU, now expected to take place only after the European elections, and the consequent overall reduction in the total number of seats to 705. Further information and clarification is provided on the second page of the infographic.

Protezione degli informatori

10-04-2019

La proposta di una nuova normativa UE riguardante la protezione delle persone che segnalano violazioni del diritto dell'Unione copre un ampio segmento del diritto dell'UE, compreso il riciclaggio, la tassazione delle imprese, la protezione dei dati, la protezione degli interessi finanziari dell'Unione, la sicurezza degli alimenti e dei prodotti, la protezione dell'ambiente e la sicurezza nucleare. Per l'ultima tornata dell'attuale legislatura è prevista una votazione del Parlamento per l'approvazione ...

La proposta di una nuova normativa UE riguardante la protezione delle persone che segnalano violazioni del diritto dell'Unione copre un ampio segmento del diritto dell'UE, compreso il riciclaggio, la tassazione delle imprese, la protezione dei dati, la protezione degli interessi finanziari dell'Unione, la sicurezza degli alimenti e dei prodotti, la protezione dell'ambiente e la sicurezza nucleare. Per l'ultima tornata dell'attuale legislatura è prevista una votazione del Parlamento per l'approvazione di un testo di compromesso sulla proposta.

Rafforzamento della sicurezza delle carte d'identità rilasciate ai cittadini dell'Unione

02-04-2019

Nella tornata di aprile il Parlamento europeo dovrebbe votare una proposta legislativa intesa a rafforzare la sicurezza delle carte d'identità, nonché dei titoli di soggiorno, rilasciati ai cittadini dell'Unione e ai loro familiari. La proposta mira a ridurre l'utilizzo di documenti fraudolenti che potrebbero essere presentati da terroristi e criminali che entrano nel territorio dell'UE da paesi terzi.

Nella tornata di aprile il Parlamento europeo dovrebbe votare una proposta legislativa intesa a rafforzare la sicurezza delle carte d'identità, nonché dei titoli di soggiorno, rilasciati ai cittadini dell'Unione e ai loro familiari. La proposta mira a ridurre l'utilizzo di documenti fraudolenti che potrebbero essere presentati da terroristi e criminali che entrano nel territorio dell'UE da paesi terzi.

The institutional architecture of EU anti-fraud measures: Overview of a network

18-06-2018

In the European Union, several institutions, agencies and other bodies (collectively referred to as 'EU authorities') are concerned with preventing and combating fraud related to the EU budget. These EU authorities, and the activities they carry out – including policy-making, monitoring and operational tasks – make up a multi-layered network in which Member States and international organisations are also included. At the domestic level, national authorities contribute by detecting, prosecuting and ...

In the European Union, several institutions, agencies and other bodies (collectively referred to as 'EU authorities') are concerned with preventing and combating fraud related to the EU budget. These EU authorities, and the activities they carry out – including policy-making, monitoring and operational tasks – make up a multi-layered network in which Member States and international organisations are also included. At the domestic level, national authorities contribute by detecting, prosecuting and reporting fraudulent behaviour in the use of European Union funds to the European Commission. At the same time, a number of international organisations coordinate efforts across countries and legal systems to combat fraud. The present analysis offers an overview of this network, with a focus on the European Union institutional framework.

Protezione degli informatori a livello dell'UE

23-10-2017

In ottobre il Parlamento europeo discuterà una relazione di iniziativa sulle misure legittime per proteggere gli informatori, che si sono rivelati una fonte essenziale per la diffusione di informazioni relative ai pericoli per l'interesse pubblico. La relazione chiede alla Commissione di presentare una proposta legislativa volta a proteggere in maniera efficace gli informatori nell'UE.

In ottobre il Parlamento europeo discuterà una relazione di iniziativa sulle misure legittime per proteggere gli informatori, che si sono rivelati una fonte essenziale per la diffusione di informazioni relative ai pericoli per l'interesse pubblico. La relazione chiede alla Commissione di presentare una proposta legislativa volta a proteggere in maniera efficace gli informatori nell'UE.

Nuclear decommissioning assistance

05-04-2017

Following the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, the EU launched several nuclear decommissioning assistance programmes (NDAP) to help Bulgaria, Lithuania, and Slovakia safely close and dismantle their early Soviet-designed reactors while acceding to the EU. The NDAPs provide financial assistance for decommissioning, dismantling and waste management projects; energy-sector projects aimed at mitigating the consequences of reactor shutdowns; and projects addressing the socio-economic consequences of decommissioning ...

Following the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, the EU launched several nuclear decommissioning assistance programmes (NDAP) to help Bulgaria, Lithuania, and Slovakia safely close and dismantle their early Soviet-designed reactors while acceding to the EU. The NDAPs provide financial assistance for decommissioning, dismantling and waste management projects; energy-sector projects aimed at mitigating the consequences of reactor shutdowns; and projects addressing the socio-economic consequences of decommissioning. The European Commission estimates that between 1999 and 2020, financial support for the NDAP programmes will total approximately €3.8 billion.

Recesso del Regno Unito dall'Unione europea: Questioni giuridiche e procedurali

27-03-2017

Dopo il referendum nel Regno Unito del giugno 2016, il cui esito è stato un voto maggioritario a favore dell'uscita del paese dall'Unione europea, è iniziato un periodo di incertezza sia per il Regno Unito sia per l'UE. Sebbene la procedura di recesso dall'UE sia definita dall'articolo 50 del trattato sull'Unione europea, numerose questioni restano poco chiare a livello pratico, tanto più che non esiste alcun precedente di Stati membri che siano usciti dall'Unione europea. La presente analisi approfondita ...

Dopo il referendum nel Regno Unito del giugno 2016, il cui esito è stato un voto maggioritario a favore dell'uscita del paese dall'Unione europea, è iniziato un periodo di incertezza sia per il Regno Unito sia per l'UE. Sebbene la procedura di recesso dall'UE sia definita dall'articolo 50 del trattato sull'Unione europea, numerose questioni restano poco chiare a livello pratico, tanto più che non esiste alcun precedente di Stati membri che siano usciti dall'Unione europea. La presente analisi approfondita valuta gli aspetti giuridici e procedurali che riguardano il recesso del Regno Unito, concentrando l'attenzione, in particolare, sulla procedura formale di uscita a norma dell'articolo 50 TUE e sui preparativi delle istituzioni dell'UE in vista dei negoziati. Presenta inoltre alcuni modelli possibili per le future relazioni tra l'UE e il Regno Unito nonché i dettagli dei quadri di cooperazione esistenti tra l'UE e i paesi terzi.

Common Agricultural Policy – Pillar I

13-07-2016

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) concerns the pooling of European Union resources spent on agriculture and aimed at protecting the viable production of food, the sustainable management of natural resources and to support rural vitality. It consists of two pillars, the first includes direct payments (i.e. annual payments to farmers to help stabilise farm revenues in the face of volatile market prices and weather conditions) and market measures (to tackle specific market situations and to support ...

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) concerns the pooling of European Union resources spent on agriculture and aimed at protecting the viable production of food, the sustainable management of natural resources and to support rural vitality. It consists of two pillars, the first includes direct payments (i.e. annual payments to farmers to help stabilise farm revenues in the face of volatile market prices and weather conditions) and market measures (to tackle specific market situations and to support trade promotion). The second pillar concerns rural development policy. Nearly 38% of the EU budget is spent on the CAP; for the Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020 the CAP amounts to €408.31 billion, of which €308.72 billion is allocated to the first pillar.

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