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Irrigation in EU agriculture

13-12-2019

Irrigation is the provision of water to help crops grow when rainfall is not sufficient. While new farming methods and technologies allow some types of crops to be grown without soil, a certain amount of water is needed to grow any kind of crop. In today's economy, agriculture is one of the sectors that consumes the most water resources. Irrigation is the major cause of water consumption in agriculture. It contributes to increasing crop productivity, but it is also a threat to the preservation of ...

Irrigation is the provision of water to help crops grow when rainfall is not sufficient. While new farming methods and technologies allow some types of crops to be grown without soil, a certain amount of water is needed to grow any kind of crop. In today's economy, agriculture is one of the sectors that consumes the most water resources. Irrigation is the major cause of water consumption in agriculture. It contributes to increasing crop productivity, but it is also a threat to the preservation of water resources. Therefore, the issue of water scarcity requires careful reflection on the trade-off between higher agricultural productivity and the deterioration of water resources. A number of elements determine the amount of irrigation water used in agriculture, from the types of crop and cropping method to the characteristics of the soil and the irrigation technique, to name just a few. Therefore, agriculture itself provides opportunities for better water management and water savings, through both traditional farm practices and new farming technologies. Irrigation has been a feature of European agriculture for thousands of years. Not surprisingly, the majority of irrigated agricultural areas are in the EU’s southern regions, in particular in Spain and Italy. However, there are areas equipped for irrigation elsewhere, especially in the Netherlands. Over 40 % of the EU's water use is on agriculture, and most of the freshwater abstraction is for agricultural use in countries like Greece, Spain, and Cyprus. Prolonged periods of drought in many parts of the Union, the effects of climate change and pollution, as well as competition over use add further pressure on EU waters. Ensuring food security in view of climate change requires improvement in water-management capacity, including making users (farmers) more responsible. In recent times, the environmental performance of sectoral policies, such as in the area of agriculture, is increasingly scrutinised by citizens, stakeholders, and policy-makers. Various EU policy initiatives have been launched to address the challenge of sustainable water use in agriculture, including a more integrated approach to water management, water re-use, research and innovation, and more environmental ambition in the agricultural policy. Better policy coordination between EU policies and actions is seen as key to achieving the sustainable safeguarding of EU waters.

EU-Africa academic cooperation

12-12-2019

EU-Africa academic cooperation is one of the priority of the strategic partnership between both regions. It allows the mobility of students, researchers and academic staff as well as the cooperation between academic institutions from both regions. The cooperation is supported, not least with the EU funds, through the Erasmus+ and Horizon 2020 programmes as well as through the Inter-Africa Mobility Scheme. With the new financial perspective and the new ‘post-Cotonou’ agreement, still in negotiations ...

EU-Africa academic cooperation is one of the priority of the strategic partnership between both regions. It allows the mobility of students, researchers and academic staff as well as the cooperation between academic institutions from both regions. The cooperation is supported, not least with the EU funds, through the Erasmus+ and Horizon 2020 programmes as well as through the Inter-Africa Mobility Scheme. With the new financial perspective and the new ‘post-Cotonou’ agreement, still in negotiations, it is important to ensure the future of the EU-Africa academic cooperation is relevant in scale to the needs and expectations and is focusing on topics important for both regions.

European Network of Public Employment Services: setup, achievements, lessons

02-12-2019

In September 2019, the European Commission issued its proposal for a Decision by the European Parliament and the Council amending Decision No 573/2014/EU on enhanced cooperation between Public Employment Services (PES). This briefing analyses the establishment, the setup and activities of the European PES Network with a view to lessons resulting from the the evaluation and other expert analysis. It has been prepared to support the work of the EMPL Commitee.

In September 2019, the European Commission issued its proposal for a Decision by the European Parliament and the Council amending Decision No 573/2014/EU on enhanced cooperation between Public Employment Services (PES). This briefing analyses the establishment, the setup and activities of the European PES Network with a view to lessons resulting from the the evaluation and other expert analysis. It has been prepared to support the work of the EMPL Commitee.

The European Council in 2018

27-11-2019

Two issues preoccupied the European Council in 2018: Brexit and migration. Whereas Brexit was an issue on which leaders of the EU27 could agree, migration was extremely divisive. Other issues of concern to the European Council included reform of Economic and Monetary Union, relations with the United States, and possible EU enlargement in the Western Balkans.

Two issues preoccupied the European Council in 2018: Brexit and migration. Whereas Brexit was an issue on which leaders of the EU27 could agree, migration was extremely divisive. Other issues of concern to the European Council included reform of Economic and Monetary Union, relations with the United States, and possible EU enlargement in the Western Balkans.

Išorės autorius

Dinan, Desmond

Cultural heritage in EU discourse and in the Horizon 2020 programme

22-11-2019

The EU recognises its Member States' collective cultural heritage both as a European legacy and as a contributor to EU growth and development. That is why, the Horizon 2020 programme was singled out as one of the 'new generation of EU instruments' to safeguard and enhance the EU's cultural heritage. Between 2014 and early 2019, €495 million was invested in Horizon 2020 research actions related to the EU's cultural heritage to achieve this goal, and experts recognise programme’s achievements. The ...

The EU recognises its Member States' collective cultural heritage both as a European legacy and as a contributor to EU growth and development. That is why, the Horizon 2020 programme was singled out as one of the 'new generation of EU instruments' to safeguard and enhance the EU's cultural heritage. Between 2014 and early 2019, €495 million was invested in Horizon 2020 research actions related to the EU's cultural heritage to achieve this goal, and experts recognise programme’s achievements. The new 2021-2027 Horizon Europe programme should continue and enhance its support as well as contribute to keeping the legacy of the 2018 European Year of Cultural Heritage.

Study in Focus "International Climate Negotiations - Issues at stake in view of the COP25 UN Climate Change Conference in Madrid"

15-11-2019

At the 25th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, delegates will negotiate the further implementation of the Paris Agreement. This study in focus provides an overview of the international framework to address climate change, the stakeholders involved, the status of the negotiations and recent developments that may affect the negotiations. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health ...

At the 25th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, delegates will negotiate the further implementation of the Paris Agreement. This study in focus provides an overview of the international framework to address climate change, the stakeholders involved, the status of the negotiations and recent developments that may affect the negotiations. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

Išorės autorius

Lorenz MOOSMANN, Cristina URRUTIA, Anne SIEMONS, Martin CAMES, Lambert SCHNEIDER (Öko-Institut e.V.)

Research for PECH Committee - Seafood industry integration in all EU Member States with a coastline

15-11-2019

This study researched the drivers and mechanisms of both structural and non-structural horizontal and vertical integration in the seafood industry in all Member States with a coastline. The objective of the study was to identify trends among the Member States. The observed trends generally fall into three broad, inter-linked categories: regulatory environment, natural resources and firm performance.

This study researched the drivers and mechanisms of both structural and non-structural horizontal and vertical integration in the seafood industry in all Member States with a coastline. The objective of the study was to identify trends among the Member States. The observed trends generally fall into three broad, inter-linked categories: regulatory environment, natural resources and firm performance.

Išorės autorius

Ward Warmerdam, Barbara Kuepper, Jeroen Walstra, Mara Werkman, Milena Levicharova, Linnea Wikström, Daniel Skerrit, Laura Enthoven, Robin Davies

La libertad de expresión, una perspectiva de Derecho Comparado - Perú

14-11-2019

Este estudio forma parte de un proyecto más global destinado a sentar las bases para una comparación de la regulación de la libertad de expresión en diferentes ordenamientos jurídicos. Las páginas describen, en lo relativo al Perú, y en relación con el objeto del estudio, la legislación vigente, la jurisprudencia más significativa y el concepto de libertad de expresión con sus límites actuales y futuros, y concluyen con las posibles soluciones frente a los desafíos futuros. Los avances tecnológicos ...

Este estudio forma parte de un proyecto más global destinado a sentar las bases para una comparación de la regulación de la libertad de expresión en diferentes ordenamientos jurídicos. Las páginas describen, en lo relativo al Perú, y en relación con el objeto del estudio, la legislación vigente, la jurisprudencia más significativa y el concepto de libertad de expresión con sus límites actuales y futuros, y concluyen con las posibles soluciones frente a los desafíos futuros. Los avances tecnológicos y las nuevas necesidades demuestran que el estudio de la libertad de expresión tendrá aún ocupadas a muchas generaciones futuras.

Išorės autorius

El autor de este documento es el Sr. Dr. D. Eloy Espinosa-Saldaña Barrera, Magistrado del Tribunal Constitucional de Perú, por encargo de la Unidad Biblioteca de Derecho Comparado, Dirección General de Servicios de Estudios Parlamentarios (DG EPRS) de la Secretaría General del Parlamento Europeo.

La libertà di espressione, una prospettiva di diritto comparato - Unione europea

13-11-2019

Il presente studio fa parte di un progetto più ampio il cui scopo è quello di analizzare, nella prospettiva del diritto comparato, la libertà di espressione in diversi ordinamenti giuridici. Le pagine descrivono, in relazione all'Unione europea e in relazione all'oggetto dello studio, la legislazione in vigore, la giurisprudenza più significativa e il concetto di libertà di espressione con i suoi limiti attuali e futuri, per concludersi con alcune considerazioni riguardo a possibili soluzioni alle ...

Il presente studio fa parte di un progetto più ampio il cui scopo è quello di analizzare, nella prospettiva del diritto comparato, la libertà di espressione in diversi ordinamenti giuridici. Le pagine descrivono, in relazione all'Unione europea e in relazione all'oggetto dello studio, la legislazione in vigore, la giurisprudenza più significativa e il concetto di libertà di espressione con i suoi limiti attuali e futuri, per concludersi con alcune considerazioni riguardo a possibili soluzioni alle sfide future. Verranno in particolare analizzate le varie forme in cui si articola la libertà di espressione (libertà di opinione, libertà di parola, libertà di comunicare o ricevere informazioni o idee), mettendo in luce la necessità di individuare, da parte delle istituzioni dell’Unione europea, nuove forme di tutela, nel contemperamento dei diversi interessi coinvolti, anche alla luce della rapida evoluzione tecnologica che ha interessato i mezzi di comunicazione e del sempre più diffuso utilizzo dei social media.

Išorės autorius

Questo studio è stato scritto dal Prof. Dr. Vincenzo Salvatore, Università degli Studi dell’Insubria, Varese (Italia), su richiesta della Unità Biblioteca di diritto comparato, Direzione generale dei Servizi di ricerca parlamentare (DG EPRS), Segretariato generale del Parlamento europeo.

Study "International Climate Negotiations - Issues at stake in view of the COP25 UN Climate Change Conference in Madrid

13-11-2019

At the 25th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, delegates will negotiate the further implementation of the Paris Agreement. This study provides an overview of the international framework to address climate change, the stakeholders involved, the status of the negotiations and recent developments that may affect the negotiations. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and ...

At the 25th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, delegates will negotiate the further implementation of the Paris Agreement. This study provides an overview of the international framework to address climate change, the stakeholders involved, the status of the negotiations and recent developments that may affect the negotiations. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

Išorės autorius

Lorenz MOOSMANN, Cristina URRUTIA, Anne SIEMONS, Martin CAMES, Lambert SCHNEIDER (Öko-Institut e.V.)

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