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EU industrial policy at the crossroads: Current state of affairs, challenges and way forward

02-12-2019

Industry plays a pivotal role in the EU's economy and growth model. Today, however, it stands at the crossroads, heavily affected by new disruptive forces, ranging from the rise of new technologies to shifts in global economic power and evolving geopolitical circumstances. Addressing these challenges raises a number of critical dilemmas, such as the need to pursue openness of markets and trade while protecting industry from unfair competition, or the need to promote greener and more sustainable industry ...

Industry plays a pivotal role in the EU's economy and growth model. Today, however, it stands at the crossroads, heavily affected by new disruptive forces, ranging from the rise of new technologies to shifts in global economic power and evolving geopolitical circumstances. Addressing these challenges raises a number of critical dilemmas, such as the need to pursue openness of markets and trade while protecting industry from unfair competition, or the need to promote greener and more sustainable industry while maintaining its global competitiveness. It also prompts a reconsideration of the EU's strategic positioning from a defensive to an offensive policy stance. These developments have triggered a lively debate on the need for a renewed, more assertive, comprehensive and coordinated industrial policy at EU level. This paper reviews the current state of affairs and key challenges facing the EU and provides an analysis of the main policy options going forward.

Impediments to resolvability of Banks

29-11-2019

This paper gives an overview of the seven aspects of resolvability defined in 2019 by the Single Resolution Board, and then assesses progress in two key areas, based on evidence gathered from public disclosures made by the 20 largest euro-area banks. The largest banks have made good progress in raising bail-in capital. Changes to banks’ legal and operational structures that will facilitate resolution will take more time. Greater transparency would make it easier to achieve the policy objective of ...

This paper gives an overview of the seven aspects of resolvability defined in 2019 by the Single Resolution Board, and then assesses progress in two key areas, based on evidence gathered from public disclosures made by the 20 largest euro-area banks. The largest banks have made good progress in raising bail-in capital. Changes to banks’ legal and operational structures that will facilitate resolution will take more time. Greater transparency would make it easier to achieve the policy objective of making banks resolvable.This document was provided by the Economic Governance Support Unit at the request of the ECON Committee.

Autor extern

Alexander Lehmann

Implementation of the Stability and Growth Pact (November 2019)

28-11-2019

This document gives an overview of key developments under the preventive and corrective arms of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) on the basis of (1) the latest Council decisions and recommendations in the framework of the SGP; (2) the latest European Commission (COM) economic forecast; and (3) the latest COM Opinions on the Draft Budgetary Plans (DBPs) of euro area Member States. The document is regularly updated.

This document gives an overview of key developments under the preventive and corrective arms of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) on the basis of (1) the latest Council decisions and recommendations in the framework of the SGP; (2) the latest European Commission (COM) economic forecast; and (3) the latest COM Opinions on the Draft Budgetary Plans (DBPs) of euro area Member States. The document is regularly updated.

Information package on the post 2020 CAP reform

28-11-2019

This information package is prepared by the Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies for the hearing of 4 December 2019 organised by the European Parliament’s Agricultural and Rural Development Committee (AGRI Committee). The main purpose of the paper is to facilitate the legislative work of MEPs relating to the on-going CAP reform.

This information package is prepared by the Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies for the hearing of 4 December 2019 organised by the European Parliament’s Agricultural and Rural Development Committee (AGRI Committee). The main purpose of the paper is to facilitate the legislative work of MEPs relating to the on-going CAP reform.

The EU poultry meat and egg sector: Main features, challenges and prospects

26-11-2019

While the EU chicken-meat and egg sector shows some diversity in terms of farm and flock size, yield and types of farming within and between European countries, it is known to be one of the most intensive farming systems in the EU, with farms numbering hundreds of thousands of birds. This paper aims to provide an overview of the sector's structure in the EU and of the relevant legislation and policy instruments – from CAP support to farmers, and trade and marketing standards, to legislation with ...

While the EU chicken-meat and egg sector shows some diversity in terms of farm and flock size, yield and types of farming within and between European countries, it is known to be one of the most intensive farming systems in the EU, with farms numbering hundreds of thousands of birds. This paper aims to provide an overview of the sector's structure in the EU and of the relevant legislation and policy instruments – from CAP support to farmers, and trade and marketing standards, to legislation with relevance to food safety, animal health and welfare, and environmental protection. The analysis focuses on the main issues affecting the sector, a number of which are linked to the large-scale and intensive methods of production widely used. Attention is also given to the outlook for the sector and international trade aspects, as the EU is one of the top four chicken-meat producers in the world. Attention is also given to the European Parliament's recent resolution on animal welfare, antimicrobial use and the environmental impact of industrial broiler farming. This paper is one in an EPRS series focusing on the EU's various agricultural sectors.

Impediments to resolvability of banks?

21-11-2019

The feasibility and credibility of bank resolutions depends, among others, on whether the impediments to resolvability are addressed or removed. Based on the limited public information available, this paper assesses the current state of the identification and removal of impediments to the resolvability of banks under the remit of the Single Resolution Board (SRB). The main findings suggest that the inclusion of the impediments assessment is taking the SRB more time than originally foreseen, there ...

The feasibility and credibility of bank resolutions depends, among others, on whether the impediments to resolvability are addressed or removed. Based on the limited public information available, this paper assesses the current state of the identification and removal of impediments to the resolvability of banks under the remit of the Single Resolution Board (SRB). The main findings suggest that the inclusion of the impediments assessment is taking the SRB more time than originally foreseen, there is a greater dependence on banks to address or remove impediments and that the non-resolvable banks are not notified to the EBA.

Autor extern

W.P. DE GROEN

CETA implementation: SMEs and regions in focus

18-11-2019

The majority of provisions of the EU-Canada Comprehensive Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) have been implemented since 21 September 2017, with the agreement’s provisional application pending full ratification. The aim of this EPRS analysis is to chart the state of play of CETA's ratification procedures, its key objectives, remaining controversies, and the initial results stemming from two years of provisional application, with a focus on regions and small and medium-sized enterprises ...

The majority of provisions of the EU-Canada Comprehensive Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) have been implemented since 21 September 2017, with the agreement’s provisional application pending full ratification. The aim of this EPRS analysis is to chart the state of play of CETA's ratification procedures, its key objectives, remaining controversies, and the initial results stemming from two years of provisional application, with a focus on regions and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It is important to note that it is too early to evaluate the economic and social impacts of CETA. That will be the remit of the ex-post evaluation usually carried out by the European Commission five years after the start of provisonal application. By providing an overview of the early results of CETA implementation two years in, this analysis seeks to inform forthcoming deliberations on both CETA itself and other free trade agreements between the EU and various partner countries.

The Urgent Need for a Review of the ECB's Monetary Policy Strategy: Towards an Institutional Review

15-11-2019

It has been sixteen years since the European Central Bank has undertaken a review of its monetary policy. In the intervening time, the world – and the economic challenges facing the ECB – have changed immensely. This paper argues that a review is overdue but that it should not be limited to policies; instead, an institutional review is needed. This would consist of a backward-looking assessment of outcomes versus mandates, coupled with a forward-looking scenario planning exercise. This document was ...

It has been sixteen years since the European Central Bank has undertaken a review of its monetary policy. In the intervening time, the world – and the economic challenges facing the ECB – have changed immensely. This paper argues that a review is overdue but that it should not be limited to policies; instead, an institutional review is needed. This would consist of a backward-looking assessment of outcomes versus mandates, coupled with a forward-looking scenario planning exercise. This document was provided by Policy Department A for the European Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Autor extern

Christopher A. HARTWELL

Priorities for Review of the ECB’s Monetary Policy Strategy

15-11-2019

Lower neutral rates of interest have eroded the policy space necessary to fight recessions. Against this backdrop, several central banks are re-assessing how their strategy and tools can be refined to best achieve their goals. The ECB should be no exception. Its strategy review should focus on redefining the inflation objective and on developing contingency plans for using its statutory authority creatively to achieve its mandate. This document was provided by Policy Department A for the European ...

Lower neutral rates of interest have eroded the policy space necessary to fight recessions. Against this backdrop, several central banks are re-assessing how their strategy and tools can be refined to best achieve their goals. The ECB should be no exception. Its strategy review should focus on redefining the inflation objective and on developing contingency plans for using its statutory authority creatively to achieve its mandate. This document was provided by Policy Department A for the European Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Autor extern

Jérémie COHEN-SETTON, Christopher G. COLLINS, Joseph E. GAGNON

Recommendations for the ECB’s Monetary Policy Strategy Review

15-11-2019

A review into monetary policy strategy, tools, and communications is underway at the Federal Reserve. The ECB’s new President has signalled support for a review of this sort for the Eurosystem. This paper considers five areas where a review of ECB monetary policy strategy could focus and makes recommendations in relation to each area. The five areas are price stability, the monetary pillar, liquidity provision, balance sheet risk and communications. Most importantly, it is recommended that the ECB ...

A review into monetary policy strategy, tools, and communications is underway at the Federal Reserve. The ECB’s new President has signalled support for a review of this sort for the Eurosystem. This paper considers five areas where a review of ECB monetary policy strategy could focus and makes recommendations in relation to each area. The five areas are price stability, the monetary pillar, liquidity provision, balance sheet risk and communications. Most importantly, it is recommended that the ECB adopt a 2 percent average inflation rate as its definition of price stability and remove the monetary pillar from its official monetary policy strategy. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Autor extern

Professor Karl WHELAN

Evenimente viitoare

10-12-2019
EU institutional dynamics: Ten years after the Lisbon Treaty
Alt eveniment -
EPRS
11-12-2019
Take-aways from 2019 and outlook for 2020: What Think Tanks are Thinking
Alt eveniment -
EPRS

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