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Disinformation and Science: Report of an investigation into gullibility of false science news in central European countries EN

04-09-2020 PE 653.300 ITRE
Проучване
Резюме : The main aim of this report is to present and discuss the results of a survey concerning perspectives on fake news among undergraduate university students in central and eastern Europe. The survey was carried out in spring 2020 during the coronavirus pandemic, using an online questionnaire. Misinformation is always troubling, especially in science. Scientists feel distressed when public understanding diverges from the truth. Intentional disinformation (fake news), however, is not always the cause of misinformation. The report discusses the causes related to social trust and types of media consumption. The sample of the study consisted of several hundred bachelors or masters students from each participating country. Half of the students were recruited from social sciences areas of study and the other half of the sample were recruited from natural sciences areas. The method of approaching the students was online questioning. One university was chosen from each participating country, and the link to the questionnaire was sent by that university's administration to the students. The response to the questionnaire was naturally anonymous and voluntary.

COVID-19: List of the measures taken in relation to the ITRE remit May-June 2020 EN

13-07-2020 PE 652.726 ITRE
Briefing
Резюме : This briefing summarises the recent measures taken by the European Commission on matters within the remit of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy in response to the urgent and ongoing COVID-19 crisis, while referencing relevant parts of the resolution of the European Parliament of 15 May 2020 on the new multiannual financial framework, own resources and the recovery plan.
Автори : MATTEO CIUCCI, Frederic GOUARDERES

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - July 2020 EN

03-07-2020 PE 630.250 ITRE BUDG AFET AGRI FEMM CONT
Накратко
Резюме : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Covid-19 Newsletter 2: Exit strategy EN

03-07-2020 PE 652.710 ITRE ECON IMCO EMPL ENVI
Briefing
Резюме : As EU Member States embark on a cautious de-confinement path, the economy slides into recession and the question of the proportionality of public health-related measures and their economic consequences is increasingly present in the public debate. As long as a vaccine (or an effective treatment) for the Covid-19 disease is not found and deployed, post-Covid-19 societies will have to coexist with the virus, and find an equilibrium between the social constraints resulting from health protecting measures and the need to mitigate as much as possible a huge economic shock, which if not addressed adequately, could have unpredictable social and political consequences. The Covid-19 crisis has shown above all the importance of joint European action. Although public health is primarily the competence of the Member States, the European Parliament has called on the Commission and the Member States to act together and to rise to the challenge and ensure that the Union emerges stronger from this crisis. In particular, a differentiated but coordinated post-lockdown approach in the EU should be ensured, in order to avoid a resurgence of the virus. The present Covid-19 Newsletter focuses on the de-confinement strategies and EU measures to support the economic recovery. An update of ongoing Covid-19 related expertise work for the ECON, EMPL, ENVI, ITRE and IMCO committees is provided at the end of this document.
Автори : AOIFE KENNEDY, Zsuzsanna LAKY, Adolfo BARBERA DEL ROSAL, MATTEO CIUCCI, Christina RATCLIFF, Dirk VERBEKEN

Energy-intensive industries EN

01-07-2020 PE 652.717 ITRE
Проучване
Резюме : Energy-intensive industries need to reach climate neutrality by 2050. This study describes the technologies available for the decarbonisation of the iron and steel, chemicals, refining and cement industries as well as the existing financial instruments. Technology and policy roadmaps are presented to help shape the Green Deal and enhance the transition to a climate neutral European industry.
Автори : JSander de BRUYN, Chris JONGSMA, Bettina KAMPMAN, Benjamin GÖRLACH and Jan-Erik THIE

Opportunities of Artificial Intelligence EN

15-06-2020 PE 652.713 ITRE
Проучване
Резюме : This study focuses on presenting the technological, impact and regulatory state of play in the EU, as compared to key competitor countries. This study also highlights industrial areas in which AI will bring significant socioeconomic benefits, before presenting a methodology for scrutinising the fitness of the EU policy and regulatory framework in the context of AI.
Автори : James EAGER, Mark WHITTLE, Jan SMIT, Giorgio CACCIAGUERRA, Eugénie LALE-DEMOZ

National COVID-19 contact tracing apps EN

15-05-2020 PE 652.711 ITRE
Briefing
Резюме : While the coordination of cross-border interoperable COVID-19 contact tracing apps is a competence of the European Commission, their development is a national competence. This short briefing summarises the current efforts towards, functionalities of and technical decisions on the development of national COVID-19 apps, with a focus on the ongoing centralised vs. decentralised approach and the interoperability of different apps across Europe. All Member States and the Commission consider the interoperability of the apps and backend servers to be essential for the effective tracing of cross-border infection chains, especially for cross-border workers and neighbouring countries. Ultimately, this effort will support the gradual lifting of border controls within the EU and the restoration of the single market’s integrity.
Автори : MATTEO CIUCCI, Frederic GOUARDERES

COVID-19: List of the measures taken in relation to the ITRE remit - March-April 2020 EN

12-05-2020 PE 648.804 ITRE
Briefing
Резюме : This briefing summarises the recent measures taken by the European Commission on matters within the remit of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy in response to the urgent and ongoing COVID-19 crisis, while referencing relevant parts of the resolution of the European Parliament of 17 April 2020 on EU coordinated action to combat the COVID-19 pandemic and its consequences.
Автори : MATTEO CIUCCI, Frederic GOUARDERES

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - May 2020 EN

11-05-2020 PE 630.248 ITRE ECON REGI BUDG IMCO EMPL ENVI LIBE DROI
Накратко
Резюме : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Covid-19 Newsletter 1 EN

22-04-2020 PE 648.794 ITRE ECON IMCO EMPL ENVI
Briefing
Резюме : In its resolution of 17 April 2020, the European Parliament called on the Commission and the Member States to act together and to ensure that the European Union will emerge stronger from the COVID-19 crisis. This newsletter on COVID-19 aims to keep the ECON, EMPL, ENVI, ITRE and IMCO committees updated about the main EU recent developments and responses to the current crisis.

The White Paper on Artificial Intelligence EN

02-04-2020 PE 648.773 ITRE
Briefing
Резюме : On 19 February 2020, the EU Commission’s published the white paper 'Artificial Intelligence - A European approach to excellence and trust', together with the report 'The safety and liability aspects of AI' and the communication 'A European strategy for data', as part of a wide package on Artificial Intelligence. This briefing summarizes the main aspects of the white paper on Artificial Intelligence, which is currently undergoing a public consultation process open until 31 May 2020.
Автори : MATTEO CIUCCI, Frederic GOUARDERES

SME focus - Long term strategy for the European industrial future EN

19-03-2020 PE 648.776 ITRE
Проучване
Резюме : This study focuses on the role of SMEs in Europe’s long-term industrial strategy. It introduces the recent SMEs and digital strategies, together with the European Green Deal. The author recommends the rigorous application of the Think Small First principle in impact assessments for legislation and policy evaluations, the development of different strategies for different SMEs segments, arguing in favour of an SME policy, which mirrors the digital and green twin transition. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE).
Автори : Stephanus Johannes SMIT, Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services LLP

Europe - the Global Centre for Excellent Research EN

12-03-2020 PE 648.772 ITRE
Накратко
Резюме : This paper summarises the study that analyses the EU’s potential to be a global centre of excellence for research as a driver of its future growth in a complex global science and technology (S&T) landscape, and how EU public resources, most notably its research and innovation Framework Programmes, can contribute to this.
Автори : Reinhilde Veugelers, Michael Baltensperger

Commitments made at the hearings of the Commissioners-designate - von der Leyen Commission 2019-2024 EN

25-11-2019 PE 630.241 TRAN PETI ITRE INTA BUDG AFET DEVE EMPL ENVI CONT ECON REGI IMCO PECH CULT AGRI AFCO FEMM JURI LIBE
Накратко
Резюме : This document provides links to all Briefings produced by the Policy Departments of the Directorate-General for Internal Policies and of the Directorate-General for External Policies of the European Parliament, with salient points and essential commitments made by the Vice-Presidents and Commissioners-designates at their respective hearings before the European Parliament. For an exhaustive list of all commitments made and positions taken by the candidates, the full verbatim report of each public hearing is available on the dedicated hearings website of the European Parliament, as are the written questions and answers.

Ангажименти, поети по време на изслушванията на кандидатите за членове на Комисията - Комисия „Фон дер Лайен“, 2019 – 2024 г.

25-11-2019 PE 629.837 TRAN PETI ITRE INTA BUDG AFET DEVE EMPL ENVI CONT REGI IMCO ECON PECH CULT AGRI AFCO FEMM JURI LIBE
Briefing
Резюме : Настоящият документ е компилация от открояващи се аспекти и основни ангажименти, поети от кандидатите за заместник-председатели и за членове на Комисията по време на съответните им изслушвания пред Европейския парламент. Той има за цел да ви предостави практически и кратък инструмент за проследяване на усилията и действията на бъдещата Комисия. За изчерпателен списък на всички поети ангажименти и позиции на кандидатите на разположение на специалния уебсайт за изслушванията на Европейския парламент са пълният стенографски протокол, както и въпросите с искане за писмен отговор и техните отговори.

Commitments made at the hearing of Kadri SIMSON, Commissioner-designate - Energy EN

22-11-2019 PE 638.435 ITRE
Briefing
Резюме : The commissioner-designate, Kadri Simson, appeared before the European Parliament on 03 October 2019 to answer questions from MEPs’ in the Committees on Industry, Research and Energy. During the hearing, she made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to her portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to her by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: - Safe, secure and sustainable energy; - Empowering people and regions.
Автори : Francesca BELTRAME, Frederic GOUARDERES

Commitments made at the hearing of Mariya GABRIEL, Commissioner-designate - Innovation and Youth EN

22-11-2019 PE 638.438 ITRE CULT
Briefing
Резюме : The commissioner-designate, Mariya Gabriel, appeared before the European Parliament on 30 September 2019 to answer questions from MEPs’ in the Committees on Industry, Research and Energy and on Culture and Education. During the hearing, Ms Gabriel made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to her portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to her by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: - Education, research and innovation; and - Culture, youth and sport.
Автори : Katarzyna Anna ISKRA, Frederic GOUARDERES, PIERRE MARIE HERIARD

Commitments made at the hearing of Thierry BRETON, Commissioner-designate - Internal Market EN

22-11-2019 PE 642.340 ITRE IMCO
Briefing
Резюме : The commissioner-designate, Thierry Breton, appeared before the European Parliament on 14 November 2019 to answer questions put by MEPs from the Committees on Industry, research and energy and Internal market and consumer protection. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: - The digital economy and society; - A future-ready European industry and single market; and - Defence industry and space.
Автори : Mariusz MACIEJEWSKI, Frederic GOUARDERES