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Publications Catalogue by the Budgetary Affairs Policy Department

Paskutiniai dokumentai

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How EU funds tackle economic divide in the European Union STUDY EN

13-07-2020 PE 654.525 BUDG CONT
Tyrimas
Santrauka : When assessing the benefits Member States (MS) receive from the European Union (EU) budget, they primarily focus on their individual net positions, i.e. the net balance between their national contributions and the transfers received from the EU budget. This ‘juste retour’ thinking is associated with several limitations and problems and completely neglects the benefits accruing to MS beyond the pure financial streams related to the EU budget. MS may enjoy the indirect benefits that are related to the various interventions and policies financed from the EU budget. Benefits may be also created for the EU as a whole in the case of policies coordinated and financed by the EU, replacing or complementing individual un-coordinated action at MS level and thus creating additional added value through making use of synergies. MS also benefit from intra-EU direct investments, intra-EU trade and the EU’s network effects. Therefore, the net position view could be complemented by additional indicators providing a more comprehensive picture of the overall benefits resulting for MS from the EU membership and budget and several reform options within the EU budget could help to overcome the net position view and support a debate focused less on national and more on the common interest of the EU altogether.
Autoriai : Alexandre MATHIS

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - July 2020 EN

03-07-2020 PE 630.250 ITRE BUDG AFET AGRI FEMM CONT
Glaustai
Santrauka : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Nominations for Members of the European Court of Auditors EN

15-06-2020 PE 654.527 BUDG CONT
Glaustai
Santrauka : Short presentation of - Treaty provisions and appointment procedure, - upcoming and recent nominations and - avenues for further research.
Autoriai : Michaela FRANKE

Assigned revenue in the Recovery Plan - The frog that wishes to be as big as the ox? EN

15-06-2020 PE 654.526 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Santrauka : Exception to the budgetary principle of universality, assigned revenues flatten at 10.5 % in last years. The emergency European Recovery Instrument put forward by the Commission amounts to EUR 750 billion. Out of this EUR 750 billion, EUR 500 billion are external assigned revenue. Therefore, more than a third of the EU budget will be considered as assigned revenue in the EU budget. On assigned revenue, the European Parliament is excluded from the decision-making process. Given the size of the amount in question, the budgetary treatment of external assigned revenue should be reassessed.
Autoriai : Alexandre MATHIS

A Just Transition Fund - How the EU budget can best assist in the necessary transition from fossil fuels to sustainable energy EN

15-04-2020 PE 651.444 BUDG CONT
Tyrimas
Santrauka : On 14 January 2020, the European Commission published its proposal for a Just Transition Mechanism, intended to provide support to territories facing serious socioeconomic challenges related to the transition towards climate neutrality. This report provides a comprehensive analysis of how the EU can best ensure a ‘just transition’ in all its territories and for all its citizens with the tools at its disposal. It provides an overview and a critical assessment of the Commission's proposal, and suggests possible amendments based on best practices from other just-transition initiatives.
Autoriai : Bruegel Ms Aliénor CAMERON; Dr Grégory CLAEYS; Ms Catarina MIDŐES; Dr Simone TAGLIAPIETRA

The net operating balances or the "Juste retour" approach EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.760 BUDG CONT
Glaustai
Santrauka : Operating budgetary balances (OBBs) are calculated and published annually by the European Commission as an attempt to document the differences between a Member State’s financial contribution to and its allocated expenditure from the EU budget. OBBs have become a highly politicised concept, with substantial shortcomings. Calculating Operating budgetary balances (OBB) is purely an accounting exercise. This is most convincingly demonstrated by the zero-sum assumption inherent in the Operating budgetary balances concept, as a positive OBB of one country must necessarily be offset by a negative OBB of equal size by another Member State. Evidently, such a perspective stands in sharp contrast with the idea of an EU budget that is not primarily meant as a system of fiscal redistribution, but rather as a means to generate European added value..
Autoriai : Zareh Astryan, Annika Havlik, Friedrich Heinemann, Justus Nover, Marta Pilati

Net operating balances indicator: A distorted indicator of a Member's benefit from the EU budget EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.761 BUDG CONT
Glaustai
Santrauka : Operating budgetary balance (OBB) calculations imply that EU spending is a zero-sum game. This feature is inconsistent with the main argument that EU spending creates European added value. Thus, taking simple net operating balances as an indicator of a Member State’s ‘net benefit’ from the Union’s fiscal activities can lead to misleading results, as demonstrated in the following points of argument.
Autoriai : Zareh Astryan, Annika Havlik, Friedrich Heinemann, Justus Nover

EU membership benefits: Not measured by net operating balances EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.762 BUDG CONT
Glaustai
Santrauka : National operating budgetary balances (OBBs) do not take into account all of the economic and non-monetary benefits that Member States gain from EU membership. In many policy areas with cross-border characteristics and demand for critical mass, common action at the EU level may lead to better results than fragmented national initiatives. Several studies show that the Single Market has increased employment and growth. The effect of the Single Market deepening since 1990 has been quantified by 3.6 million new jobs. Additionally, EU GDP would be 8.7% lower if there had been no Single Market integration. The average EU citizen gains €840 more per year thanks to the Single Market. While all EU citizens benefit from income gains thanks to the Single Market, these effects are higher for Western Europeans in absolute terms. Relative to GDP, gains and losses are more similar.
Autoriai : Marta Pilati, Fabian Zuleeg

How to overcome the "Juste retour" obsession EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.763 BUDG CONT
Glaustai
Santrauka : A net budgetary balance is a highly misleading indicator of the benefits from EU spending and EU membership. Budgetary decisions taken on the basis of this indicator result in poor policies as they are biased towards programmes with monetary backflows into Member States. This ‘juste retour’ mentality is a major obstacle to achieving more European added value through the EU budget. The deeper underlying cause of this misleading and detrimental net balance preoccupation is the high salience and political appeal of backflow policies, with their easily identifiable national and regional beneficiaries. Policies whose European benefits are more dispersed and do not entail payments into Member States do receive less voter and policy support.
Autoriai : Friedrich Heinemann, Marta Pilati, Fabian Zuleeg

"I want my money back": The history of national rebates EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.764 BUDG CONT
Glaustai
Santrauka : This document is a brief overview of the history of the own resources system and its rebates.
Autoriai : Zareh Asatryan, Annika Havlik, Friedrich Heinemann, Justus Nover, Marta Pilati

The benefits of EU membership are not measured by net operating balances EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.145 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Santrauka : National operating budgetary balances (OBBs) do not take into account all of the economic and non-monetary benefits that Member States gain from EU membership. In many policy areas with cross-border characteristics and demand for critical mass, common action at the EU level may lead to better results than fragmented national initiatives. Several studies show that the Single Market has increased employment and growth. The effect of the Single Market deepening since 1990 has been quantified by 3.6 million new jobs. Additionally, EU GDP would be 8.7% lower if there had been no Single Market integration. The average EU citizen gains €840 more per year thanks to the Single Market. While all EU citizens benefit from income gains thanks to the Single Market, these effects are higher for Western Europeans in absolute terms. Relative to GDP, gains and losses are more similar..
Autoriai : Marta Pilati, Fabian Zuleeg

Why net operating balances are a distorted indicator of a Member State's benefit from the EU budget EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.148 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Santrauka : Operating budgetary balance (OBB) calculations imply that EU spending is a zero-sum game. This feature is inconsistent with the main argument that EU spending creates European added value. Thus, taking simple net operating balances as an indicator of a Member State’s ‘net benefit’ from the Union’s fiscal activities can lead to misleading results, as demonstrated in the following points of argument.
Autoriai : Zareh Astryan, Annika Havlik, Friedrich Heinemann, Justus Nover

The net operating balances: Variants, emerging numbers and history EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.183 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Santrauka : Operating budgetary balances (OBBs) are calculated and published annually by the European Commission as an attempt to document the differences between a Member State’s financial contribution to and its allocated expenditure from the EU budget. OBBs have become a highly politicised concept, with substantial shortcomings. Calculating Operating budgetary balances is purely an accounting exercise. This is most convincingly demonstrated by the zero-sum assumption inherent in the Operating budgetary balance concept, as a positive OBB of one country must necessarily be offset by a negative OBB of equal size by another Member State. Evidently, such a perspective stands in sharp contrast with the idea of an EU budget that is not primarily meant as a system of fiscal redistribution, but rather as a means to generate European added value. In addition to the criticisms on the interpretation of Operating budgetary balances, the approach also has serious inherent limitations:.
Autoriai : Zareh Astryan, Annika Havlik, Friedrich Heinemann, Justus Nover, Marta Pilati

Strategies to overcome the "juste retour" perspective on the EU budget EN

19-02-2020 PE 648.186 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Santrauka : A net budgetary balance is a highly misleading indicator of the benefits from EU spending and EU membership. Budgetary decisions taken on the basis of this indicator result in poor policies as they are biased towards programmes with monetary backflows into Member States. This ‘juste retour’ mentality is a major obstacle to achieving more European added value through the EU budget. The deeper underlying cause of this misleading and detrimental net balance preoccupation is the high salience and political appeal of backflow policies, with their easily identifiable national and regional beneficiaries. Policies whose European benefits are more dispersed and do not entail payments into Member States do receive less voter and policy support. This briefing sketches and discusses the options that might correct this detrimental bias.
Autoriai : Giacomo Benedetto, Friedrich Heinemann, Fabian Zuleeg

EU Own Resources EN

15-01-2020 PE 647.459 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Santrauka : This Briefing is a background note for the Committee on Budgets public hearing on “EU Own Resources and Fiscal Policy Harmonisation: Untapped potential for Synergies?” held on 23 January 2020. It describes the very specific structure of the EU revenue which come from three types of own resources, i) traditional own resources, ii) VAT-based own resource and iii) GNI-based own resource. State of play of what has been done to improve own resource is provided. Lastly, fiscal policy harmonisation initiatives in force and proposed are listed.
Autoriai : Alexandre MATHIS

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - December 2019 EN

16-12-2019 PE 630.243 SEDE DROI INTA BUDG AFET AGRI ENVI FEMM CONT
Glaustai
Santrauka : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Commitments made at the hearings of the Commissioners-designate - von der Leyen Commission 2019-2024 EN

25-11-2019 PE 630.241 TRAN PETI ITRE INTA BUDG AFET DEVE EMPL ENVI CONT ECON REGI IMCO PECH CULT AGRI AFCO FEMM JURI LIBE
Glaustai
Santrauka : This document provides links to all Briefings produced by the Policy Departments of the Directorate-General for Internal Policies and of the Directorate-General for External Policies of the European Parliament, with salient points and essential commitments made by the Vice-Presidents and Commissioners-designates at their respective hearings before the European Parliament. For an exhaustive list of all commitments made and positions taken by the candidates, the full verbatim report of each public hearing is available on the dedicated hearings website of the European Parliament, as are the written questions and answers.

Per paskirtųjų Komisijos narių klausymus Parlamente prisiimti įsipareigojimai - Ursulos von der Leyen vadovaujama Komisija, 2019–2024 m.

25-11-2019 PE 629.837 TRAN PETI ITRE INTA BUDG AFET DEVE EMPL ENVI CONT REGI IMCO ECON PECH CULT AGRI AFCO FEMM JURI LIBE
Briefing
Santrauka : Šiame dokumente apibendrinti svarbiausi iškelti klausimai ir pagrindiniai įsipareigojimai, prisiimti paskirtųjų Komisijos pirmininko pavaduotojų ir Komisijos narių per jų klausymus Europos Parlamente. Tai turėtų būti praktiška ir kompaktiška priemonė, padėsianti stebėti būsimos kadencijos Komisijos pastangas ir veiksmus. Dėl visų kandidatų prisiimtų įsipareigojimų ir pozicijų išsamaus sąrašo žr. Europos Parlamento klausymams skirtoje svetainėje pateiktą kiekvieno viešojo klausymo išsamią stenogramą, taip pat klausimus ir atsakymus raštu.

Commitments made at the hearing of Johannes HAHN, Commissioner-designate - Budget and Administration EN

22-11-2019 PE 636.481 BUDG CONT
Briefing
Santrauka : The commissioner-designate, Johannes Hahn, appeared before the European Parliament on 03 October 2019 to answer MEPs’ questions. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: the Multiannual Financial Framework, modernisation and digitalisation of the Commission and the protection of EU financial interests.
Autoriai : Alix DELASNERIE

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - October 2019 EN

21-10-2019 PE 629.838 INTA BUDG CULT ENVI FEMM CONT
Glaustai
Santrauka : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Follow up to the 2009 and 2014 Studies on the Code of Conduct for Commissioners - Improving Effectiveness and Efficiency EN

15-07-2019 PE 636.480 BUDG CONT
Išsami analizė
Santrauka : The European Parliament is very attentive to the issue of transparency and integrity within the EU institutions. In the past, the EP has commissioned two studies to verify the level of effectiveness and efficiency of the Code of Conduct for Commissioners of the European Commission. This in-depth analysis verifies whether the Code of Conduct of 2018 complies with the requests the EP has made in order to guarantee the best performance in terms of transparency and integrity by the EC Commissioners. Most of the EP requests have been satisfied. However, there is still some room for improvement in terms of transparency of the Independent Ethical Committee, the cooling off period for Commissioners and provisions related to the role of the European Ombudsman within the Code. Moreover, the Code of Conduct, being a soft law instrument, could be upgraded to a hard law instrument having a stronger binding force. Finally, the EP could reiterate the study recommendations concerning stricter provisions on the involvement of Commissioners in the national, regional or local politics.
Autoriai : Rita CALATOZZOLO