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The impact of algorithms for online content filtering or moderation - Upload filters EN

15-09-2020 PE 657.101 JURI
Resumo : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, addresses automated filtering of online content. The report introduces automated filtering as an aspect of moderation of user-generated materials. It presents the filtering technologies that are currently deployed to address different kinds of media, such as text, images, or videos. It discusses the main critical issues under the present legal framework and makes proposals for regulation in the context of a future EU Digital Services Act.
Autores : Prof. Giovanni Sartor and Dr. Andrea Loreggia

Artificial Intelligence and Civil Liability EN

14-07-2020 PE 621.926 JURI
Resumo : This study – commissioned by the Policy Department C at the request of the Committee on Legal Affairs – analyses the notion of AI-technologies and the applicable legal framework for civil liability. It demonstrates how technology regulation should be technology-specific, and presents a Risk Management Approach, where the party who is best capable of controlling and managing a technology-related risk is held strictly liable, as a single entry point for litigation. It then applies such approach to four case-studies, to elaborate recommendations.
Autores : Andrea BERTOLINI, Ph.D., LL.M. (Yale) Assistant Professor of Private Law, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna (Pisa) Director of the Jean Monnet - European Centre of Excellence on the Regulation of Robotics and AI (EURA)

Environmental liability of companies EN

15-05-2020 PE 651.698 JURI
Resumo : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, aims at gaining deeper insights into the environmental liability of companies in the European Union. It analyses the role of companies within the Environmental Liability Directive (ELD) and pays attention to potential hurdles that may limit the possibility to hold companies liable for environmental harm. Various remedies to the limited liability of the corporation are discussed and suggestions are formulated to improve access to justice for victims of environmental harm. Specific attention is paid to a balanced regime of mandatory solvency guarantees to support the ELD liabilities of companies.
Autores : Prof. Dr. Michael G. Faure, Professor of comparative and international environmental law, at Maastricht University and Professor of comparative private law and economics, at Erasmus School of Law in Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Country-Specific Recommendations for 2018 and 2019: A tabular comparison and an overview of implementation EN

21-04-2020 PE 624.443 JURI
Resumo : This study presents the 2018 and 2019 Country-Specific Recommendations as adopted by the Council and their implementation based on the assessment by the European Commission in its Country Reports of 27 February 2019, 05 June 2019 and 26 February 2020. This study was provided by the Economic Governance Support Unit (EGOV).

Handbook on the incompatibilities and immunity of the Members of the European Parliament EN

16-03-2020 PE 621.936 JURI
Resumo : Upon request by the Committee on Legal Affairs, this handbook, provided by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, summarises, in its first part, the EU legal framework on the incompatibilities and immunity of Members of the European Parliament. Based on national reports, the second part of the handbook gives an overview, for each EU Member State, of the relevant national provisions on the composition of national governments and parliaments as well as those on national parliamentary immunities. This handbook will be updated regularly based on information received; please hold as reference the date of edition.
Autores : Roberta PANIZZA, Eeva PAVY

The Unified Patent Court after Brexit EN

11-03-2020 PE 649.575 JURI
Em síntese
Resumo : Great Britain has recently made known that it does not intend to apply the International Agreement on a Unified Patent Court (UPCA).
Autores : Udo BUX

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - November 2019 EN

26-11-2019 PE 630.242 INTA BUDG AGRI JURI ECON
Em síntese
Resumo : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Commitments made at the hearings of the Commissioners-designate - von der Leyen Commission 2019-2024 EN

Em síntese
Resumo : This document provides links to all Briefings produced by the Policy Departments of the Directorate-General for Internal Policies and of the Directorate-General for External Policies of the European Parliament, with salient points and essential commitments made by the Vice-Presidents and Commissioners-designates at their respective hearings before the European Parliament. For an exhaustive list of all commitments made and positions taken by the candidates, the full verbatim report of each public hearing is available on the dedicated hearings website of the European Parliament, as are the written questions and answers.

Compromissos assumidos nas audições dos Comissários indigitados - Comissão Von der Leyen, 2019-2024

Resumo : O presente documento é uma compilação de argumentos importantes e compromissos fundamentais formulados pelos vice-presidentes e Comissários indigitados nas suas audições perante o Parlamento Europeu. Destina-se a proporcionar ao leitor uma ferramenta prática e concisa para acompanhar os esforços e as ações da futura Comissão. Para obter uma lista exaustiva de todos os compromissos e posições assumidos pelos candidatos, deve consultar-se o relato integral de cada audição pública, bem como as perguntas e respostas escritas, disponíveis no sítio Web especifico das audições do Parlamento Europeu.

Commitments made at the hearing of Maroš ŠEFČOVIČ, Vice-President-designate - Interinstitutional Relations and Foresight EN

22-11-2019 PE 621.918 AFCO JURI
Resumo : This briefing includes a series of quotes, which make reference to the oral commitments made during the hearing of Vice-President-designate for Interinstitutional Relations and Foresight Maroš Šefčovič.
Autores : Giorgio Mussa, Roberta PANIZZA

Commitments made at the hearing of Didier REYNDERS, Commissioner-designate - Justice EN

22-11-2019 PE 621.923 JURI LIBE
Resumo : The commissioner-designate, Didier Reynders, appeared before the European Parliament on 02 October 2019 to answer questions from MEPs in the Committees on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, the Committee on Legal Affairs and the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: Upholding the rule of law; and Justice and consumer protection.
Autores : Udo BUX, Ottavio MARZOCCHI

EU Patent and Brexit EN

05-11-2019 PE 596.800 JURI
Análise aprofundada
Resumo : This In-depth Analysis resumes the possible scenarios concerning several Intellectual Property provisions of EU and international law in the event of a withdrawal of the United Kingdom with or without a proper withdrawal agreement. It tries to clarify the question how Brexit may affect the entry into force of the new European Patent with Unitary effect (EPUE), especially, if the Unified Patent Court Agreement (UPCA) can enter into force, even in case the UK has withdrawn from the EU. What would be the necessary steps to be taken by the EU in order to ensure the functioning of the future European Unitary patent and in case the UPC Agreement would have to be revised because of Brexit.
Autores : Udo BUX