Nótaí faisnéise

Stop extremist violence in northern Mozambique

The Chair of the European Parliament Delegation to the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly, Carlos Zorrinho (S&D, PT) expresses his serious concerns over the continuously deteriorating security and humanitarian situation in the Northern Province of Mozambique, Cabo Delgado.

Violence has escalated, including reported killings. In the past three month, some 50.000 inhabitants of the province have been displaced. It seems that the extremist and militant Islamic group locally known as "Al Shabaab", whose goal is to establish an Islamist caliphate, is responsible for this alarming high level of violence.

In order to prevent further escalations, Carlos Zorrinho calls upon the Mozambican authorities to take effective and decisive action and to protect the citizens of Cabo Delgado. The main priority of the government must be to bring all those suspected of criminal responsibility to justice in fair trials. As a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Mozambique should exploit possible options for cross-border cooperation. SADC's organ on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation (OPDS), with a multinational fighting unit for tackling serious counter-insurgency situations, could be an important element for managing and condemning this conflict in the short term.

In the long term, an integrated and coordinated approach will be necessary. This includes the promotion of democracy, human rights, effective local governance and the effective restoration of the rule of law.

Carlos Zorrinho insists that socio-economic conditions fostering instability and violent extremism need to be addressed as well. He stresses that the European Union is ready to support Mozambique in the necessary economic and political governance reforms.

Background:

Since 2017, an Islamist group is responsible for violent attacks, killings and displacements of civilians in particular in the northern province Cabo Delgado of Mozambique. It commits coordinated and simultaneous attacks against civilians and government institutions. Hundreds of people have been killed since then, while according to UN sources more than 210.000, most of them women and children, have had to flee their homes.

ACP-EU Post-Cotonou: A Joint Parliamentary Assembly is non-negotiable

European Parliament insists that the future institutional framework must still include an ACP-EU joint parliamentary dimension.

The negotiations on a new partnership agreement between the European Union and African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries are entering the final stages. In line with the Sustainable Development Goals, the new agreement should be people-focused and this requires a strengthened parliamentary dimension with the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly (JPA) at its centre, say Tomas Tobé (EPP, SE), Chair of the European Parliament's Committee on Development, and the two JPA Co-Presidents Carlos Zorrinho (S&D, PT) and Faumuina Liuga (Samoa).

They stress that both the ACP negotiating mandate and the European Parliament position on the future agreement underline the essential role to be played by the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly. The resolution adopted in November 2019 by the European Parliament stresses that the institutional framework should include an ACP-EU JPA and clearly states that that this is "non-negotiable in terms of the European Parliament giving its consent to the future agreement".

They underline that the relations between the ACP countries and the European Union are strong and play a fundamental role in the multilateral global system and in advancing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. A new partnership agreement must address common challenges and be inclusive. A government-only driven partnership would not represent the interests of the ACP and European peoples affected by the agreement. It would be a step backwards in the ACP-EU relations and lack essential parliamentary scrutiny. It would send the wrong message that parliaments do not have a say on the future of the citizens and governments can just ignore them putting at risk the democratic accountability of the agreement and therefore the future of the ACP-EU partnership.

There are key global issues to be tackled in the new agreement, from climate change to migration, to promoting growth as well as human rights, peace and stability, some of which still require intense negotiations between the two parties. A strengthened involvement of the parliaments is crucial, as democratic oversight is more needed than ever in order to build a strong and balanced partnership.

Joint Statement of Co-Presidents of the ACP-EU JPA on urgent global actions C–19

Joint Statement of the Co-Presidents of the ACP - EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly on urgent global actions in response to Covid - 19 Pandemic

The Co-Presidents of the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly, Mr Carlos Zorrinho and Mr Faumina Liuga, express their concern of the impact COVID-19 pandemic has to the socio - economic situation of the Members of the Organisation of African Caribbean and Pacific States.

They note that despite the fact that Members of the OACPS have valuable experience in containing outbreaks, and that most countries have already taken decisive action to mitigate the spread of the virus, ACP's emergency health response capacity must be enhanced by providing immediate support to its public health systems.

They acknowledge that the restrictive measures taken to limit and curb the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic have led to a cessation of economic activities and a domino effect that has had a direct or indirect impact on populations, businesses, and public services. In this regard, they call for the mobilization of financial resources in order to revive economic growth, job opportunities and sustainable development. They urge for an immediate moratorium on all bilateral and multilateral debt payments, both public and private, until the pandemic has passed.

The Co-Presidents welcome the G20's decision to suspend debt payments and call for a deployment of a big-scale economic stimulus package to the Members of the OACPS in order to give them the fiscal space needed to devote more public health resources to fighting the virus, while mitigating its economic and social consequences.

In particular they urge the World Bank, the IMF, the African Development Bank, the New Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, Caribbean Development Bank and other regional institutions to use all available instruments and to revisit their loan access policies and quota limitations so that low income countries can fully benefit from their support. In order to provide additional liquidity for the procurement of basic commodities and essential medical supplies, they call on the IMF to decide immediately on the allocation of special drawing rights. They also ask that all of OACPS's development partners ring-fence their development aid budgets.

They also strongly support the 23 March UN Secretary-General's call for a global truce in the world's conflict zones in order to protect vulnerable civilians from the fallout of the coronavirus pandemic.

Furthermore, they reiterate and support the UN Secretary-General's call for an ambitious humanitarian initiative for developing countries, based on the Covid-19 Global Humanitarian Response Plan, to deliver vital food and logistical supplies to communities most affected by lockdowns, social distancing and high contamination rates, including refugees, migrants and internally displaced persons.

COVID-19: MEPs call for solidarity with developing countries

The African, Caribbean, Pacific Group of States and the European Union (ACP-EU) must work in solidarity to tackle the health and socio-economic impact of the COVID-19 crisis.

In a joint statement, the Chairs of the European Parliament's Committee on Development, Tomas Tobé (EPP, SE), and of the Delegation to the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly, Carlos Zorrinho (S&D, PT) express their solidarity with the families of the victims and those affected by the coronavirus.

They call on the ACP Group of States and the European Union to prove their solidarity by working hand in hand to tackle the health and socio-economic impact of the crisis. As a global crisis requires a global response. Only by joining forces and cooperating across borders and continents will the virus be defeated and its consequences contained. The substantial extension of international cooperation among scientists, economists, policy-makers and humanitarian and development actors must continue to be one of the key measures.

They call on the European Union and its Member States to assist ACP countries, in particular those most impacted and those whose populations are the most vulnerable and whose economies and health systems are the most fragile.

Building urgent response capacity and suspending debt payments


As a first step, the EU should step up its humanitarian and development response in order to assist countries in tackling the immediate health challenges, notably in terms of strengthening preparedness and building urgent response capacity. In preparing its external response, the EU should also integrate the numerous lessons learned from the Ebola crisis.

The Chairs insist on the need to address the economic and social impact in partner countries. They also refer to the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) call to suspend debt payments by poor countries with a GNI less than $ 1.175 per capita (IDA countries), if they make such a request, and call on the European Union and the G20 States to support this call

Finally, the Chairs call on the international community to work closely together to form a global response. In this context, they particularly welcome the USD 2 billion appeal for a United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan and call for substantial contributions from the EU and the ACP Group of States.