Rúin ó Pharlaimint na hEorpa

The killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul

Women's rights defenders in Saudi Arabia

The European Parliament adopted by 525 votes to 29 with 71 abstentions, a resolution on the situation on women's rights defenders in Saudi Arabia.

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, ALDE, S&D, ECR Greens/EFA, and EFDD groups.

Parliament asked the Saudi authorities to put an end to all forms of harassment, including at judicial level, against human rights defenders in the country, following the arrest on 15 May 2018 of sevenseven women - Loujain al-Hathloul, Aisha al-Mana, Madeha al-Ajroush, Eman al-Nafjan, Aziza al-Youssef, Hessah al-Sheikh, Walaa al-Shubbar - and four men - Ibrahim Fahad Al-Nafjan, Ibrahim al-Modeimigh, Mohammed al-Rabiah and Abdulaziz al-Meshaal - for their women's rights activism, particularly for their campaign against the ban on women driving and in favour of abolishing the male guardianship system.

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The case of Ali Mohammed al-Nimr

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the case of Ali Mohammed al-Nimr.

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, GUE/NGL, Greens/EFA, EFDD, and ENF groups.

Parliament strongly condemned the sentencing of Ali Mohammed al-Nimr to the death penalty. It called on the Saudi Arabian authorities, and in particular His Majesty the King of Saudi Arabia, Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, to halt the execution of Ali Mohammed al-Nimr and to grant a pardon or commute his sentence. Members called on the European External Action Service and the Member States to use all their diplomatic tools and efforts to immediately stop this execution.

They recalled that Ali Mohammed al-Nimr, who was 21 years old and a nephew of a prominent dissident, was sentenced in May 2015 to capital punishment, reportedly by beheading followed by crucifixion, by Saudi Arabia's Supreme Court on criminal charges including sedition, rioting, protesting robbery and belonging to a terror cell. [...]

The case of Raif Badawi, Saudi Arabia

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the case of Mr Raif Badawi, Saudi Arabia.

The text adopted in plenary was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, GUE/NGL, Greens/EFA and EFDD groups.

Parliament recalled that Raif Badawi, a blogger and human rights activist, was charged with apostasy and sentenced by the Criminal Court of Jeddah in May 2014 to 10 years in prison, 1 000 lashes and a fine of SAR 1 million (EUR 228 000) after creating the website 'Free Saudi Liberals Network' for social, political and religious debate which was deemed to be an insult to Islam.

It also recalled that on 9 January 2015, Mr Badawi received his first set of 50 lashes in front of the al-Jafali mosque in Jeddah, resulting in wounds so profound that when he was taken to a prison clinic for a medical check-up, it was found by the doctors that he would not be able to withstand another round of lashes.

Parliament strongly condemned the flogging of Raif Badawi [...]

Saudi Arabia: relations with the EU and role in the Middle East and North Africa

The European Parliament adopted by 546 votes to 32, with 17 abstentions, a resolution on Saudi Arabia, its relations with the EU and its role in the Middle East and North Africa.

Parliament recalled that Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is an influential political, economic and religious actor in the Middle East and the Islamic world, the world´s leading oil producer, and a founder and leading member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and of the G-20 group. It is an important trading partner for the EU. However, the changing political and strategic context in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region necessitates a reassessment of EU-KSA relations.

Parliament stated that KSA needs to ensure the real freedom of religion, particularly regarding public practice and religious minorities, in line with an important role that KSA plays as custodian of the Two Holy Mosques of Islam in Mecca and Medina. [...]