Az Európai Parlament állásfoglalásai

Situation of the Uyghurs in China (China Cables) (19 December 2019)

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the situation of the Uyghurs in China (China Cables). The text adopted in plenary was tabled as a joint resolution by the EPP, S&D, Renew, Greens/EFA and ECR groups.

Since President Xi Jinping assumed power in March 2013, the human rights situation in China has continued to deteriorate. The situation in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, where more than 10 million Muslim Uyghurs and ethnic Kazakhs live, has rapidly deteriorated in the last few years. The Chinese authorities are conducting an increasingly intense campaign of mass internment, intrusive digital surveillance. political indoctrination and forced cultural assimilation.

There is reliable information to suggest that Uyghurs and other primarily Muslim ethnic minorities in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region have been subjected to arbitrary detention, torture, egregious restrictions on religious practice and culture.

Situation in Hong Kong (18 July 2019)

The European Parliament adopted the resolution on the situation in Hong Kong.

The text adopted in plenary had been tabled as a joint resolution by the EPP, S&D, Renew, Greens/EFA and ECR groups.

Members called for the EU, its Member States and the international community to work towards the imposition of appropriate export control mechanisms to deny China, and in particular Hong Kong, access to technologies used to violate basic rights.

Parliament also urged the systematic reform to implement direct elections for the position of Chief Executive and to the Legislative Council, as enshrined in the Basic Law, and called for agreement on an electoral system that is overall democratic, fair, open and transparent and that it grants the people of the HKSAR the right to elect candidates and to stand for election in the selection process for all leadership positions.

China, notably the situation of religious and ethnic minorities (18 April 2019)

The European Parliament adopted by 505 votes to 18 with 47 abstentions, a resolution on China, notably the situation of religious and ethnic minorities

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, and Greens/EFA groups.

Parliament expressed its deep concern about the increasingly repressive regime that many religious and ethnic minorities, in particular Uyghurs and Kazakhs, Tibetans and Christians face, and called on the Chinese Government to immediately end the practice of arbitrary detentions of members of the Uyghur and Kazakh minority and Tibetans, to close all camps and detention centres and to release the detained persons immediately and unconditionally.

Security threats_Chinese technological presence in the EU (12 March 2019)

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on security threats connected with the rising Chinese technological presence in the EU and possible action on the EU level to reduce them.

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ALDE, and Greens/EFA groups.

Parliament expressed deep concern about the recent allegations that 5G equipment developed by Chinese companies may have embedded backdoors that would allow manufacturers and authorities to have unauthorised access to private and personal data and telecommunications from the EU. It was equally concerned about the potential presence of major vulnerabilities in the 5G equipment developed by these manufacturers if they were to be installed when rolling out 5G networks in the coming years.

The cases of human rights activists (18 January 2018)

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the cases of the human rights activists Wu Gan, Xie Yang, Lee Ming-che and Tashi Wangchuk, and the Tibetan monk Choekyi. The text adopted in plenary was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, Greens/EFA and EFDD groups.

The respect for universal human rights, democracy and the rule of law should remain at the centre of the long-standing relationship between the EU and China. Parliament reminded China of its responsibilities as a global power and called on the Beijing authorities to ensure in all circumstances respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights instruments signed or ratified by China.

Annual report on the implementation of the CFSP (13 December 2017)

The European Parliament adopted by 408 votes to 132 with 102 abstentions a resolution on the annual report on the implementation of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP).

Convinced that no single Member State is capable of responding to current issues on its own, Members stressed that common EU action is the most effective way of safeguarding Europe's interests, defending its values, engage in a wider world as an influential global actor, as well as to protect its citizens and Member States from growing threats to their security, including in a global digital sphere.

Parliament recalled the EUs commitment to develop a Common Foreign and Security Policy guided by the values of democracy, the rule of law, the universality and indivisibility of human rights and fundamental freedoms, and compliance with the UN Charter and international law. The EUs external policies should be consistent with each other and with other policies with an external dimension.

Hong Kong, 20 years after handover (13 December 2017)

The European Parliament adopted by 443 votes to 95, with 84 abstentions, a resolution on a European Parliament recommendation to the Council, the Commission and the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy on Hong Kong, 20 years after handover.

The recommendations on Hong Kong mark the 20th anniversary of Hong Kong handover from the United Kingdom to China on 1 July 1997. Members recalled that the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration guaranteed, and the 1990 Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) stipulates that Hong Kong will maintain the autonomy and independence of the executive, legislature and judiciary for 50 years after the handover of sovereignty.

The EU is Hong Kongs second largest trading partner after mainland China. Hong Kong is the EUs 14th largest trading partner in goods and a key partner for trade in services.

The cases of Nobel laureate Liu Xiaobo and Lee Ming-che (6 July 2017)

The text adopted in plenary was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, Greens/EFA and EFDD groups.

Members recalled that Liu Xiaobo, a Chinese writer and human rights activist, was imprisoned for inciting subversion of state power after contributing to the drafting of the manifesto known as Charter 08. Members also noted that Lee Ming-che, a Taiwanese pro-democracy activist, went missing on 19 March 2017 after travelling from Macau into Zhuhai in Chinas Guangdong province. He was detained on suspicion of engaging in activities that endanger national security.

Members called on the Chinese Government to release, immediately and unconditionally, the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize winner Liu Xiaobo and his wife Liu Xia from house arrest and to release Lee Ming-che immediately.

China’s market economy status (12 May 2016)

The European Parliament adopted by 546 votes to 28, with 77 abstentions, a resolution on China's market economy status.

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE and Greens/EFA groups.

Parliament stressed that China is not a market economy and that the five criteria established by the EU to define market economies have not yet been fulfilled. It is convinced that, until China meets all five EU criteria required to qualify as a market economy, the EU should use a non-standard methodology in anti-dumping and anti-subsidy investigations into Chinese imports in determining price comparability, in accordance with China's Accession Protocol which provide room for the application of a non-standard methodology.

The Commission is called upon to make a proposal in line with this principle.

The case of the missing book publishers in Hong Kong (4 February 2016)

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the case of the missing book publishers in Hong Kong.

The text adopted in plenary was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ALDE, ECR, Greens/EFA and EFDD groups.

Members recalled that five booksellers (Lui Bo, Gui Minhai, Zhang Zhiping, Lin Rongji and Lee Po), four of them resident in Hong Kong and one non-resident, associated with the publishing house Mighty Current and its bookstore, who sold literary works critical of Beijing, have gone missing under mysterious circumstances. There have been persuasive media allegations, and concerns on the part of lawmakers, human rights organisations and numerous civilians, that the five booksellers were abducted by China's mainland authorities.

Expressing its grave concern, Parliament called for the immediate publication of detailed information on the whereabouts and well-being of Lee Po and Gui Minhai, and calls for their immediate safe release and for them to be given the right of communication.

EU priorities for the UN Human Rights Council sessions in 2017 (16 March 2017)

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on EU priorities for the UN Human Rights Council sessions in 2017. The text adopted in plenary was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE and Greens/EFA groups.

UN Human Rights Council: recalling the need for the respect of human rights to be mainstreamed in all EU policy areas, Parliament recalled the EUs commitment to continue to support and defend its integrity, independence and functioning. The EU should engage actively and consistently with UN human rights mechanisms.

Members encouraged all states to take to act on the Universal Periodic Review recommendations and to overcome concrete steps shortcomings by putting in place an implementation and follow-up mechanism, including the establishment of national plans of action and national coordination mechanisms.

Cases of the Larung Gar Tibetan Buddhist Academy and Ilham Tohti (15 December 2016)

Parliament urged China to stop the Larung Gar demolition and respect freedom of religion urging dialogue with the local community and religious leaders.

The sentencing of 10 Tibetans to prison terms for celebrating Dalai Lama's 80th birthday was deplored.

Members were deeply concerned by deteriorating human rights in Tibet and the increasingly repressive regime faced by minorities in China, particularly Tibetans and Uighurs, and called on China to resume dialogue with Tibetan representatives.

Members were also concerned about China's adoption of the security laws package and its impact on minorities especially the counter-terrorism law- which could penalise peaceful expression of Tibetan culture and religion. China was urged to guarantee fair and safe environment for NGOs and human rights defenders to operate freely.

Parliament strongly condemned Tohti's life sentence, and called for immediate and unconditional release.

The case of Gui Minhai, jailed publisher in China (24 November 2016)

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the case of Gui Minhai, jailed publisher in China.

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, Greens/EFA, GUE/NGL and EFDD groups.

Members recalled that Gui Minhai, a book publisher and shareholder of the publishing house and of a bookstore selling literary works critical of Beijing, disappeared in Pattaya, Thailand, on 17 October 2015 without trace. Gui Minhai is a Swedish citizen of Chinese origin and therefore an EU citizen.

Members also recalled that he has been under arrest for more than a year, incommunicado, and his whereabouts are unknown. They urged the relevant authorities in Thailand, China and Hong Kong to clarify the circumstances of the disappearances and stressed that the independence of book editors, journalists and bloggers must be safeguarded.

Mass arbitrary detention of Uyghurs and Kazakhs (4 October 2018)

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on mass arbitrary detention of Uyghurs and Kazakhs in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, Greens/EFA, and EFDD groups.

Parliament called on the Chinese Government to end the mass arbitrary detention of members of the Uyghur and Kazakh minorities, to close all camps and detention centres and to release detained persons immediately and unconditionally. It noted that the situation in Xinjiang, which is home to around 11 million Uyghurs and ethnic Kazakhs, has rapidly deteriorated in recent years, as absolute control of Xinjiang has been elevated to a top priority, while further challenges are posed by periodic terrorist attacks allegedly connected to Xinjiang, by Uyghurs. Members called on the Chinese authorities to allow free, unhindered access for journalists and international observers to Xinjiang province.

State of EU-China relations (12 September 2018)

The European Parliament adopted by 530 votes to 53 with 55 abstentions, a resolution on the state of EU-China relations.

Members asserted that the EU-China Comprehensive Strategic Partnership is one of the most important for the EU, and is founded on a shared commitment to openness and working together as part of a rules-based international system. However, they were concerned that the increase in China's global economic and political weight over the past decade has put these shared commitments to the test. Members referred to Europe's much greater collective bargaining power with China, and urged that Europe defend its democracies so as to better face up to China's systematic efforts to influence its politicians and civil society.

North Korea (21 January 2016)

The European Parliament adopted by 65 votes to 2, with 10 abstentions, a resolution on North Korea.

The text adopted in plenary was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, Greens/EFA and EFDD groups.

Parliament as an unnecessary and dangerous provocation as well as a violation strongly condemned the fourth nuclear test of 6 January 2016 of the relevant UN Security Council resolutions and a serious threat to peace and stability in the Korean Peninsula and the North East Asian region. It called supported meaningful and following the recent nuclear test to be decided upon by the international effective sanctions community.

EU-China relations (16 December 2015)

The European Parliament adopted by 554 votes to 50, with 99 abstentions, a resolution on EU-China relations.

Parliament noted that 2015 marks the 40th anniversary of diplomatic relations between the EU and China. The EU-China Strategic Partnership is of key importance to relations between the EU and China and to finding mutual answers to a range of global concerns. EU-China Strategic Partnership and Cooperation: Parliament welcomed the 40th anniversary of diplomatic relations between the EU and China as a source of inspiration to strengthen the Strategic Partnership, and to speed up the ongoing negotiations for a new Partnership and Cooperation Agreement based on trust, transparency and respect for human rights.