European Parliament timeline : From past to present

  1. Events during the 9th Parliamentary term

    1.    
      :

      Higher turnout in European elections

                   

      Description

      The European elections in May 2019 see about 51% of EU voters go to the polls, the highest turnout in 20 years. The centre-right European People’s Party and centre-left Social Democrats lose seats but remain the two largest groups in Parliament, while other centrist and liberal parties make gains.

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Elections

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 9th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: David-Maria Sassoli ( S&D - IT , mandate: - )
  2. Events during the 8th Parliamentary term

    1.    
      :

      2 events " Copyright for the digital age " and " Parliament votes to ban single-use plastic products "

                   

      Description

      : Copyright for the digital age

      A directive that aims to protect the copyright of content creators such as musicians, performers and journalists and help them negotiate better remuneration deals for the use of their works online is adopted in Parliament. The rules mirror the arrangements on copyright that exist in the offline world and make internet platforms liable for all content uploaded on their websites.

      : Parliament votes to ban single-use plastic products

      MEPs approve an EU ban on disposable plastic items such as plates, cutlery, straws and cotton buds that end up as beach litter or an ever-growing mass of plastics floating in the world’s seas. The products covered by the law constitute about 70% of all marine litter items.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Antonio Tajani ( EPP - IT , mandate: - )
    2.    
      :

      Parliament endorses EU-Japan free trade agreement

                   

      Description

      MEPs give their consent to an economic partnership agreement between the EU and Japan that lifts almost all custom duties between the two sides and creates a trade zone covering a third of global GDP. The deal confirms once more the EU’s commitment to free trade that creates jobs and opportunities for businesses.

      Category:

      • Europe and the world

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Antonio Tajani ( EPP - IT , mandate: - )
    3.    
      :

      Prices of intra-EU phone calls capped

                   

      Description

      New rules capping the prices of phone calls and messages to other EU countries come into effect. The rules follow up on the abolition of roaming charges in Europe and come about after the European Parliament introduces changes in Commission proposals on telecom legislation.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Antonio Tajani ( EPP - IT , mandate: - )
    4.    
      :

      New data protection rules give people more control over personal information

                   

      Description

      The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) takes effect, ensuring a high standard of protection of people’s personal data throughout the EU. The rules aim to protect all Europeans from privacy and data breaches in an increasingly data-driven world, while creating a clearer and more consistent framework for businesses.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Antonio Tajani ( EPP - IT , mandate: - )
    5.    
      :

      NewEUrulesendgeo-blocking

                   

      Description

      Parliament votes to ban restrictions imposed by online shops depending on the nationality or place of connection of internet users. Retailers are obliged to give people access to goods and services on the same terms all over the EU. This is one of many measures undertaken to build a digital single market across Europe. The rules come into force as of 3 December 2018.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Antonio Tajani ( EPP - IT , mandate: - )
    6.    
      :

      End of roaming fees: Travellers across Europe enjoy mobile services at home prices

                   

      Description

      The roaming fees charged by telecom operators on travellers disappear in the EU. This allows people on a short stay in another EU country to enjoy mobile phone calls and data services at the prices they pay at home. Eliminating roaming fees has been a major issue for the European Parliament.

      Category:

      • European Union history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Antonio Tajani ( EPP - IT , mandate: - )
    7.    
      :

      Parliament opens House of European History in Brussels

                   

      Description

      Parliament opens a new museum in Brussels, dedicated to the history of Europe. The House of European History aims to encourage reflection and debate on Europe’s past and present. In addition, it expands Parliament’s offering to visitors, which also comprises the modern and interactive visitors centre, known as Parlamentarium. Smaller versions of the Parlamentarium welcome guests in Strasbourg, Berlin and Ljubljana.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Antonio Tajani ( EPP - IT , mandate: - )
    8.    
      :

      Brexit referendum: UK citizens vote to leave EU

                   

      Description

      UK voters decide to support leaving the European Union in a closely-fought referendum called by UK Prime Minister David Cameron. The outcome of the referendum triggers the resignation of Cameron. His successor Theresa May pledges to take the UK out of the EU and initiates the process on 29 March 2017.

      Category:

      • Europe and the world

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
    9.    
      :

      Terror strikes in Brussels

                   

      Description

      Suicide bombers set off explosions at Brussels Airport and at a metro station in Brussels, killing a total of 32 people.

      Islamic State claims responsibility for the attack. In the months that follow, the group claims credit for more terror attacks in Nice, Berlin, Istanbul and Barcelona. Terrorists alsokill people in Manchester, London, Saint Petersburg, Stockholm and other European cities.

      In response, EU countries agree to strengthen border security, improve cooperation among intelligence services and work to prevent radicalisation.

      Category:

      • Europe and the world

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
    10.    
      :

      Global Climate Change Agreement concluded in Paris

                   

      Description

      A global agreement to cut greenhouse gas emissions worldwide and thus avert a dangerous increase in the average world temperature is concluded in Paris after years of negotiations.

      The European Parliament takes part in the process, as it has an important role to play in adopting subsequent EU legislation.

      In 2017 US President Donald Trump announces the US, the second largest emitter of greenhouse gases after China, will pull out of the agreement, making it more difficult to mitigate climate change.

      Category:

      • European Union history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
    11.    
      :

      Terror attacks in Paris

                   

      Description

      Terrorists stage a series of coordinated attacks at different locations in Paris, opening fire and setting off explosions by detonating suicide vests.

      A total of 130 people die in the attacks, 89 of them at a music concert in the Bataclan theatre, others at restaurants and cafes.

      Islamic State claims responsibility for the attacks carried out by French and Belgian citizens.

      French authorities declare a state of emergency, granting extended powers to security forces, which would continue over the next two years.

      Category:

      • European Union history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
    12.    
      :

      Migration crisis: Europe struggles to cope with influx of migrants and refugees

                   

      Description

      The number of people crossing the Mediterranean to seek asylum in Europe steadily climbs throughout 2014 and 2015 to reach a peak in the second half of 2015.

      More than 2.5 million people apply for asylum in the EU in 2015 and 2016 - many of them fleeing war and violence in countries such as Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq.

      Others are economic migrants looking for a way out of poverty. Greece and Italy receive most of the migrants and struggle to cope with the influx, while disputes arise among EU countries on how to deal with the crisis.

      Reforming the asylum system and strengthening border security emerge as key elements of the EU response.

      Category:

      • Europe and the world

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
    13.    
      :

      Greek Prime Minister Tsipras discusses debt crisis in European Parliament

                   

      Description

      At the height of the debt crisis engulfing Greece, Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras comes to the European Parliament to debate the way out.

      Just days earlier, Greeks voted in a referendum to reject creditors’ conditions for a new bailout.

      Speaking in plenary, Tspiras says Greece had been turned into an “austerity laboratory” but “the experiment was not a success: poverty has soared, and so has public debt"".

      Many MEPs still urge him to engage with creditors and come to an agreement. Several days later, a deal is reached and Greece avoids default.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
    14.    
      :

      Pope Francis calls for Europe of human values in speech to MEPs

                   

      Description

      In a speech in front of MEPs, Pope Francis calls for “building a Europe which revolves not around the economy, but around the sacredness of the human person, around inalienable values”.

      He praises the EU’s commitment to promoting human rights and urges acceptance and assistance to refugees.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
    15.    
      :

      Parliament approves Juncker commission

                   

      Description

      MEPs approve the new European commission after holding hearings to scrutinise the candidate commissioners, leading to Slovenian Alenka Bratušek being replaced and some portfolios being reshuffled. Earlier, the Parliament supported Jean-Claude Juncker as Commission President. The former Luxembourg prime minister had been put forward by EPP prior to the European elections.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history
      • Treaty

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
    16.    
      :

      European Parliament ratifies association agreement with Ukraine

                   

      Description

      An agreement establishing political association and economic integration between the EU and Ukraine gets simultaneous approval from the European Parliament and the Ukrainian parliament in Kiev.

      Conclusion of the agreement was a key demand of demonstrators in Ukraine who ousted the previous government in the country in February 2014.

      Category:

      • European Union history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
    17.    
      :

      2014 European elections

                   

      Description

      The eighth European elections take place in 28 EU countries. The European People’s Party (EPP) retains the largest political group in Parliament, but new parties gain influence. Turnout remains largely at 2009 level.

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Elections

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 8th Parliamentary term
      • 751 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
  3. Events during the 7th Parliamentary term

    1.    
      :

      Parliament marks 25 years of human rights award

                   

      Description

      Parliament celebrates the 25th anniversary of the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought with a conference in Strasbourg bringing together 22 former laureates. Over the years, the prize named after Soviet scientist and dissident Andrei Sakharov has established itself as one of the most prestigious awards for human rights defenders.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 7th Parliamentary term
      • 766 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
    2.    
      :

      European Parliament reaches 1,000,000 fans on Facebook

                   

      Description

      The Parliament's Facebook page reaches one million fans highlighting the role of social media in enabling dialogue between politicians and the public

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 7th Parliamentary term
      • 766 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
    3.    
      :

      Croatia joins the European Union

                   

      Description

      Croatia becomes the 28th member of the EU and newly-elected Croatian MEPs take their seats in the European Parliament

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Enlargement

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 7th Parliamentary term
      • 766 Members
      • 28 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
          • Croatia
      • 24 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
          • Croatian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
    4.    
      :

      The European Union gets Nobel Peace Prize

                   

      Description

      The EU is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo for the contribution of Europeans to peace and reconciliation

      Category:

      • European Union history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 7th Parliamentary term
      • 736 Members
      • 27 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
      • 23 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
    5.    
      :

      Parliament rejects ACTA

                   

      Description

      EP sides with critics of the controversial Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) who argue that some of its texts on Internet piracy may jeopardise citizens' liberties and rejects ACTA

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 7th Parliamentary term
      • 736 Members
      • 27 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
      • 23 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
    6.    
      :

      European Citizens' Initiative enters into force

                   

      Description

      European Citizens' Initiative enters into force - an instrument introduced with the Lisbon Treaty that allows people to directly influence the EU's political agenda.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 7th Parliamentary term
      • 736 Members
      • 27 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
      • 23 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
    7.    
      :

      Bill Gates pleads for long-term commitment to aid

                   

      Description

      US businessman and philanthropist Bill Gates comes to the EP to present the work of his foundation in fighting poverty and disease and to call on the EU to keep its leading role in development aid

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 7th Parliamentary term
      • 736 Members
      • 27 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
      • 23 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
      • President: Martin Schulz ( S&D - DE , mandates: - , - )
    8.    
      :

      European Parliament opens visitor center

                   

      Description

      The Parlamentarium, the European Parliament's new visitor centre in Brussels, opens its doors to the public and quickly becomes a popular tourist attraction

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 7th Parliamentary term
      • 736 Members
      • 27 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
      • 23 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
      • President: Jerzy Buzek ( EPP - PL , mandate: - )
    9.    
      :

      Unrest in Syria ignites civil war

                   

      Description

      Protests against Syria’s government escalate as crackdown attempts by security forces push protesters to take up arms.

      The violence marks the start of a prolonged civil war that would see various armed groups fight for control over parts of the country and interventions from regional and global powers.

      More than five million Syrians are forced to flee the country over the following years, most of them heading for Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan, while hundreds of thousands seek refuge in Europe.

      Category:

      • Europe and the world

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 7th Parliamentary term
      • 736 Members
      • 27 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
      • 23 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
      • President: Jerzy Buzek ( EPP - PL , mandate: - )
    10.    
      :

      Arab Spring: Hope for democracy

                   

      Description

      Protests erupt in Tunisia bringing down the government and marking the beginning of the Arab Spring raising hope for a democratic future for the Arab world

      Category:

      • Europe and the world

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 7th Parliamentary term
      • 736 Members
      • 27 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
      • 23 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
      • President: Jerzy Buzek ( EPP - PL , mandate: - )
    11.    
      :

      Parliament opens US office

                   

      Description

      The European Parliament opens a liaison office in Washington, DC. It is the first office outside the EU and reflects the importance of EU-US relations and the will to strengthen dialogue with the US Congress

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 7th Parliamentary term
      • 736 Members
      • 27 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
      • 23 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
      • President: Jerzy Buzek ( EPP - PL , mandates: - )
    12.    
      :

      EP rejects EU-US agreement over privacy

                   

      Description

      Parliament exercises its newly gained power to approve or strike down international agreements and rejects an agreement on the transfer of data on EU banking transactions, carried out through the SWIFT payment network, to the US, citing privacy concerns. The EU-US deal is subsequently revised and gets the approval of the Parliament

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 7th Parliamentary term
      • 736 Members
      • 27 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
      • 23 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
      • President: Jerzy Buzek ( EPP - PL , mandates: - )
    13.    
      :

      Commissioner nominee replaced after EP hearing

                   

      Description

      The Bulgarian government replaces their candidate in the second Barroso commission, as MEPs raise concerns in a parliamentary hearing over an alleged conflict of interests for the initial nominee Rumiana Jeleva.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 7th Parliamentary term
      • 736 Members
      • 27 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
      • 23 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
      • President: Jerzy Buzek ( EPP - PL , mandates: - )
    14.    
      :

      Lisbon Treaty comes in force

                   

      Description

      The Treaty of Lisbon completes the institutional reform of the EU and makes the Charter of Fundamental rights legally binding. The Parliament is put on an equal decision-making footing with EU governments in all but a few legal areas.

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Treaty

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 7th Parliamentary term
      • 736 Members
      • 27 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
      • 23 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
      • President: Jerzy Buzek ( EPP - PL , mandates: - )
    15.    
      :

      2009 European elections

                   

      Description

      In the seventh European elections voters from 27 countries elect 736 MEPs. The centre-right EPP retains its majority, taking about 36% of the seats, followed by the Socialists and Democrats with 25% and Liberals with 11%.

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Elections

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 7th Parliamentary term
      • 736 Members
      • 27 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
      • 23 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
      • President: Jerzy Buzek ( EPP - PL , mandates: - )
  4. Events during the 6th Parliamentary term

    1.    
      :

      Parliament on Facebook

                   

      Description

      EP launches its Facebook page. Over time, Facebook chats become a popular channel for direct communication between MEPs and people

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 6th Parliamentary term
      • 732 Members
      • 27 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
      • 23 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
      • President: Hans-Gert Pöttering ( EPP-ED - DE , mandates: - )
    2.    
      :

      Hillary Clinton visits European Parliament

                   

      Description

      US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visits the European Parliament and takes part in a lively debate with young people from across Europe

      Category:

      • European Union history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 6th Parliamentary term
      • 732 Members
      • 27 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
      • 23 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
      • President: Hans-Gert Pöttering ( EPP-ED - DE , mandates: - )
    3.    
      :

      European Parliament launches web streaming of committee meetings

                   

      Description

      In order to enhance the transparency of its work and improve public awareness of the law-making process, the European Parliament launches web streaming of committee meetings. Soon all committee meetings are available online both live and on demand after the end of the sitting

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 6th Parliamentary term
      • 732 Members
      • 27 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
      • 23 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
      • President: Hans-Gert Pöttering ( EPP-ED - DE , mandates: - )
    4.    
      :

      European Union grows to 27 member states

                   

      Description

      Bulgaria and Romania join the EU

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Enlargement

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 6th Parliamentary term
      • 732 Members
      • 27 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
          • Bulgaria
          • Romania
      • 23 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
          • Irish
          • Bulgarian
          • Romanian
      • President: Josep Borrell Fontelles ( PES - ES , mandates: - )
    5.    
      :

      Parliament adopts services directive

                   

      Description

      Parliament approves the services directive, which aims to develop the EU's single market in services. MEPs play an essential role in brokering a deal on this controversial subject

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 6th Parliamentary term
      • 732 Members
      • 25 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
      • 20 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
      • President: Josep Borrell Fontelles ( PES - ES , mandates: - )
    6.    
      :

      European Parliament live streaming of plenary sessions

                   

      Description

      The European Parliament provides live streaming of the plenary session for the first time. Over the next few years the Parliament ensures the live streaming of all plenary and committee meetings.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 6th Parliamentary term
      • 732 Members
      • 25 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
      • 20 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
      • President: Josep Borrell Fontelles ( PES - ES , mandates: - )
    7.    
      :

      Suicide attacks in London

                   

      Description

      Coordinated suicide attacks on the London public transport system take the lives of 52, about 700 suffer injuries

      Category:

      • Europe and the world

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 6th Parliamentary term
      • 732 Members
      • 25 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
      • 20 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
      • President: Josep Borrell Fontelles ( PES - ES , mandates: - )
    8.    
      :

      Constitution of Europe fails to get public support

                   

      Description

      The Constitution of Europe, drafted by the Convention and signed by EU heads of state, is rejected in referenda in France and the Netherlands

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 6th Parliamentary term
      • 732 Members
      • 25 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
      • 20 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
      • President: Josep Borrell Fontelles ( PES - ES , mandates: - )
    9.    
      :

      Parliament forces changes in commission line-up

                   

      Description

      During commissioner hearings in the run-up to the vote on the appointment of the new Commission, MEPs raise questions on the suitability of several candidates nominated by member states, notably Italian candidate Rocco Buttiglione. Mr Barroso, already appointed as Commission president, is forced to withdraw the proposal and come up with a revised line up

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 6th Parliamentary term
      • 732 Members
      • 25 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
      • 20 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
      • President: Josep Borrell Fontelles ( PES - ES , mandates: - )
    10.    
      :

      2004 European elections

                   

      Description

      Elections for the European parliament take place in 25 member states. The centre-right EPP-ED win 37% of the 736 seats

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Elections

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 6th Parliamentary term
      • 732 Members
      • 25 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
      • 20 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
      • President: Josep Borrell Fontelles ( PES - ES , mandates: - )
  5. Events during the 5th Parliamentary term

    1.    
      :

      European Union expands to the East

                   

      Description

      Ten countries, mostly from Eastern Europe, join the EU in the largest enlargement so far: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia

      Category:

      • European Union
      • Enlargement

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 5th Parliamentary term
      • 626 Members
      • 25 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
          • Cyprus
          • Czech Republic
          • Estonia
          • Hungary
          • Latvia
          • Lithuania
          • Malta
          • Poland
          • Slovakia
          • Slovenia
      • 20 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
          • Czech
          • Estonian
          • Hungarian
          • Latvian
          • Lithuanian
          • Maltese
          • Polish
          • Slovakian
          • Slovenian
      • President: Pat Cox ( ELDR - IE , mandates: - )
    2.    
      :

      Madrid train bombings

                   

      Description

      Coordinated bombings on four commuter trains kill 191 and wound 1,800 in Madrid, Spain

      Category:

      • Europe and the world

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 5th Parliamentary term
      • 626 Members
      • 15 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
      • 11 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
      • President: Pat Cox ( ELDR - IE , mandates: - )
    3.    
      :

      Treaty of Nice

                   

      Description

      The Treaty of Nice reforms EU institutions to allow for the EU enlargement to Eastern Europe. It further extends the application of codecision

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Treaty

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 5th Parliamentary term
      • 626 Members
      • 15 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
      • 11 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
      • President: Pat Cox ( ELDR - IE , mandates: - )
    4.    
      :

      Convention considers the future of Europe

                   

      Description

      The Convention on the future of Europe meets for the first time in the EP in Brussels. MEPs play an active role in the work of the Convention that produces a draft Constitution for Europe in July 2003

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 5th Parliamentary term
      • 626 Members
      • 15 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
      • 11 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
      • President: Pat Cox ( ELDR - IE , mandates: - )
    5.    
      :

      Euro is launched

                   

      Description

      Euro notes and coins come into circulation - a crucial stage in the construction of an economic and monetary union in Europe

      Category:

      • European Union history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 5th Parliamentary term
      • 626 Members
      • 15 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
      • 11 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
      • President: Nicole Fontaine ( EPP-ED - FR , mandates: - )
    6.    
      :

      Terrorists hit the US

                   

      Description

      Planes hijacked by radical Islamists attack US targets and kill thousands of people in an unprecedented act of terrorism

      Category:

      • Europe and the world

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 5th Parliamentary term
      • 626 Members
      • 15 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
      • 11 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
      • President: Nicole Fontaine ( EPP-ED - FR , mandates: - )
    7.    
      :

      Transparency: Public access to EU documents

                   

      Description

      Parliament and Council sign into law a regulation setting rules for public access to documents of EU institutions

      Category:

      • European Union history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 5th Parliamentary term
      • 626 Members
      • 15 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
      • 11 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
      • President: Nicole Fontaine ( EPP-ED - FR , mandates: - )
    8.    
      :

      Charter of Fundamental Rights

                   

      Description

      The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU is solemnly proclaimed after having been drafted by a European convention with the active involvement of MEPs

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 5th Parliamentary term
      • 626 Members
      • 15 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
      • 11 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
      • President: Nicole Fontaine ( EPP-ED - FR , mandates: - )
    9.    
      :

      1999 European elections

                   

      Description

      Voters from 15 EU countries go to the polls to elect 626 MEPs. The centre-right EPP-ED becomes the largest political group for the first time

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Elections

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 5th Parliamentary term
      • 626 Members
      • 15 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
      • 11 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
      • President: Nicole Fontaine ( EPP-ED - FR , mandates: - )
  6. Events during the 4th Parliamentary term

    1.    
      :

      Asmterdam treaty brings more codecision

                   

      Description

      The Amsterdam treaty simplifies and broadens the application of the codecision lawmaking procedure. Parliament gets the right to approve the Commission president

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Treaty

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 4th Parliamentary term
      • 567 Members
      • 15 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
      • 11 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
      • President: José Maria Gil-Robles ( EPP-ED - ES , mandates: - )
    2.    
      :

      Santer Commission resigns

                   

      Description

      The Commission headed by Jacques Santer resigns following a damning report about the abuse of power by Commissioners requested by the EP, and ahead of a potential plenary vote of no-confidence

      Category:

      • European Union history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 4th Parliamentary term
      • 567 Members
      • 15 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
      • 11 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
      • President: José Maria Gil-Robles ( EPP-ED - ES , mandates: - )
    3.    
      :

      European Parliament launches website

                   

      Description

      Parliament launches its first website. It is available in all 11 EU languages and is arguably the most multilingual website in the world at the time.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 4th Parliamentary term
      • 567 Members
      • 15 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
      • 11 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
      • President: Klaus Hänsch ( PES - DE , mandates: - )
    4.    
      :

      European Parliament looks into handling of mad cow crisis

                   

      Description

      EP sets up a committee of inquiry to investigate the delay in the European response to the "mad cow" crisis. The investigation opens the door to more effective supervision over the work of the Commission and leads to a more ambitious EU public health policy.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 4th Parliamentary term
      • 567 Members
      • 15 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
      • 11 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finnish
          • Swedish
      • President: Klaus Hänsch ( PES - DE , mandates: - )
    5.    
      :

      2 events " Austria, Finland, Sweden join EU " and " Poignant speech of President Mitterrand in European Parliament "

                   

      Description

      : Austria, Finland, Sweden join EU

      Austria, Finland and Sweden join the EU bringing the number of member states to 15.

      : Poignant speech of President Mitterrand in European Parliament

      French president François Mitterrand denounces nationalism and expresses his faith in the European project in a poignant speech before the European Parliament just months before his death.

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Enlargement

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 4th Parliamentary term
      • 567 Members
      • 12 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Austria
          • Finland
          • Sweden
      • 11 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
          • Finish
          • Swedish
      • President: Klaus Hänsch ( PES - DE , mandates: - )
    6.    
      :

      1994 European elections

                   

      Description

      European elections are held for the fourth time. A total of 567 members of the European Parliament from 12 countries are elected with the Socialists forming the largest group (35%) ahead of the centre-right EPP (28%).

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Elections

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 4th Parliamentary term
      • 567 Members
      • 12 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
      • 9 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
      • President: Klaus Hänsch ( PES - DE , mandates: - )
  7. Events during the 3rd Parliamentary term

    1.    
      :

      Maastricht Treaty establishes European Union

                   

      Description

      The Maastricht Treaty paves the way for the creation of the European Union and the euro. It introduces the codecision procedure giving Parliament an equal say with the Council in some areas of legislation and gives Parliament the power to approve the Commission as a whole.

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Treaty

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 3rd Parliamentary term
      • 518 Members
      • 12 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
      • 9 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
      • President: Egon A. Klepsch ( EPP - DE , mandates: - )
    2.    
      :

      Queen Elizabeth II addresses the European Parliament

                   

      Description

      Queen Elizabeth II praises the contribution of the European Parliament to European democracy in a speech to MEPs in Strasbourg. The British monarch highlights the role of European integration in bringing reconciliation and reinforcing political and economic change throughout Europe.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 3rd Parliamentary term
      • 518 Members
      • 12 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
      • 9 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
      • President: Egon A. Klepsch ( EPP - DE , mandates: - )
    3.    
      :

      Break-up of Yugoslavia

                   

      Description

      Slovenia and Croatia declare independence from Yugoslavia. Tensions between the nations that have been part of the collapsing federation lead to violent wars for much of the following decade despite peace-making efforts by Western powers.

      Category:

      • Europe and the world

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 3rd Parliamentary term
      • 518 Members
      • 12 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
      • 9 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
      • President: Enrique Barõn Crespo ( PES - ES , mandates: - )
    4.    
      :

      Parliament welcomes dissidents Havel, Wałęsa

                   

      Description

      The European Parliament receives prominent anti-Communist dissidents and presidents of their countries Vaclav Havel (Czechoslovakia) and Lech Wałęsa (Poland) in a show of support for the European integration of Central and Eastern European countries.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 3rd Parliamentary term
      • 518 Members
      • 12 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
      • 9 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
      • President: Enrique Barõn Crespo ( PES - ES , mandates: - )
    5.    
      :

      Reunification of Germany

                   

      Description

      East Germany is reunified with the Federal Republic of Germany. Parliament welcomes 18 non-voting observers to represent the new German provinces until elections in 1994.

      Category:

      • Europe and the world

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 3rd Parliamentary term
      • 518 Members
      • 12 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
      • 9 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
      • President: Enrique Barõn Crespo ( PES - ES , mandates: - )
    6.    
      :

      Nelson Mandela at the European Parliament

                   

      Description

      Former political prisoner and future president Nelson Mandela delivers a moving speech to the European Parliament about his efforts to transform South Africa into a united, democratic and non-racial country.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 3rd Parliamentary term
      • 518 Members
      • 12 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
      • 9 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
      • President: Enrique Barõn Crespo ( PES - ES , mandates: - )
    7.    
      :

      Fall of the Berlin Wall

                   

      Description

      After weeks of civil unrest, the East German authorities open the crossing of the Berlin Wall in an act that symbolises the end of communist rule in Eastern Europe.

      Category:

      • Europe and the world

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 3rd Parliamentary term
      • 518 Members
      • 12 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
      • 9 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
      • President: Enrique Barõn Crespo ( PES - ES , mandates: - )
    8.    
      :

      Third European elections

                   

      Description

      In the third elections for the European Parliament a total of 518 MEPs from 12 countries are elected. The Socialists get more seats than anyone else (about 35%).

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Elections

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 3rd Parliamentary term
      • 518 Members
      • 12 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
      • 9 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
      • President: Enrique Barõn Crespo ( PES - ES , mandates: - )
  8. Events during the 2nd Parliamentary term

    1.    
      :

      Parliament launches Sakharov Prize

                   

      Description

      The Parliament establishes the annual Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought to honour people and groups from all over the world fighting for human rights.

      South African anti-apartheid activist and future president Nelson Mandela and late Soviet dissident Anatoly Marchenko are the first laureates.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 2nd Parliamentary term
      • 434 Members
      • 12 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
      • 9 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
      • President: Lord Plumb ( ED - UK , mandates: - )
    2.    
      :

      Pope John Paul II visits European Parliament

                   

      Description

      Pope John Paul II makes a speech to MEPs in Strasbourg, voicing support for growing European integration.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 2nd Parliamentary term
      • 434 Members
      • 12 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
      • 9 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
      • President: Lord Plumb ( ED - UK , mandates: - )
    3.    
      :

      Dalai Lama calls for Tibet autonomy in EP speech

                   

      Description

      The Dalai Lama visits the European Parliament and calls for the genuine autonomy of Tibet within the Chinese state.

      His speech becomes known as the Strasbourg Proposal and marks an important stage in the conflict between China and Tibet.

      The Dalai Lama is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 2nd Parliamentary term
      • 434 Members
      • 12 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
      • 9 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
      • President: Lord Plumb ( ED - UK , mandates: - )
    4.    
      :

      Single European Act enters in force

                   

      Description

      The Single European Act formulates the objective of creating a single market by removing barriers and harmonising standards.

      It introduces the cooperation and assent procedures that for the first time give the EP a real say on legislation, and makes the name "European Parliament" official.

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Treaty

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 2nd Parliamentary term
      • 434 Members
      • 12 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
      • 9 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
      • President: Lord Plumb ( ED - UK , mandates: - )
    5.    
      :

      European Parliament President addresses summit for the first time

                   

      Description

      Lord Plumb becomes the first president of the European Parliament to attend a meeting of the leaders of member states. EP presidents have since been able to express the views of the House at the start of summits.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 2nd Parliamentary term
      • 434 Members
      • 12 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
      • 9 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
      • President: Lord Plumb ( ED - UK , mandates: - )
    6.    
      :

      Iberian enlargement

                   

      Description

      Spain and Portugal join in the "Iberian enlargement".

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Enlargement

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 2nd Parliamentary term
      • 434 Members
      • 12 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
          • Spain
          • Portugal
      • 9 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
          • Spanish
          • Portuguese
      • President: Pierre Pflimlin ( EPP - FR , mandates: - )
    7.    
      :

      US President Reagan speaks to the European Parliament

                   

      Description

      US President Ronald Reagan provokes mixed reactions from MEPs with his address in Strasbourg that highlights the need to compete with and restrain the Soviet Union.

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Elections

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 2nd Parliamentary term
      • 434 Members
      • 10 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
      • 7 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
      • President: Pierre Pflimlin ( EPP - FR , mandates: - )
    8.    
      :

      Second European elections

                   

      Description

      European elections take place for the second time. Voters elect 434 members of the European Parliament from 10 countries. Socialists get about 30% of the seats and widen the gap with the centre-right EPP (25%).

      Category:

      • European Union history
      • Elections

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 2nd Parliamentary term
      • 434 Members
      • 10 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
      • 7 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
      • President: Pierre Pflimlin ( EPP - FR , mandates: - )
  9. Events during the 1rt Parliamentary term

    1.    
      :

      European Parliament drafts treaty on European Union

                   

      Description

      The European Parliament adopts a draft treaty on European Union, authored by Italian MEP Altiero Spinelli. The federalist vision in the report inspires future talks on revisions to the founding treaties.

      Category:

      • European Union history

      Meanwhile in the Parliament

      • 1rst Parliamentary term
      • 410 Members
      • 10 Member states
          • Belgium
          • Luxembourg
          • Netherlands
          • France
          • West Germany
          • Italy
          • Denmark
          • Ireland
          • United Kingdom
          • Greece
      • 7 Official languages
          • French
          • Dutch
          • German
          • Italian
          • Danish
          • English
          • Greek
      • President: Simone Veil ( L - FR , mandates: - )
    2.    
      :

      President-in-Office Margareth Thatcher in the European Parliament

                   

      Description

      Margaret Thatcher becomes the first of the presidents in office of the European Council to appear in front of the European Parliament to give an account of the discussions among member state leaders.

      Category:

      • European Parliament history