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The Potential of Electricity Demand Response

15-09-2017

This report summarises the presentations and discussions made during a workshop on ‘The Potential of Electricity Demand Response’ organised on 30 May 2017 by Policy Department A for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE). The aim of the workshop was to highlight the role and potential of electricity demand response in achieving the EU energy and climate policy targets, to illustrate the current experiences and progress towards deployment of demand response across the EU and to identify ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions made during a workshop on ‘The Potential of Electricity Demand Response’ organised on 30 May 2017 by Policy Department A for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE). The aim of the workshop was to highlight the role and potential of electricity demand response in achieving the EU energy and climate policy targets, to illustrate the current experiences and progress towards deployment of demand response across the EU and to identify and evaluate possible legislative and regulatory initiatives to optimally deploy the potential. The presentations and proceedings of this workshop should support the ITRE members in their evaluation of the related legislative proposals in the “Clean Energy for All Europeans package”.

Външен автор

Luc VAN NUFFEL, Jessica YEARWOOD

Energy Security and Integration

27-04-2016

The above studies and debate indicate that there is no single solution to increasing energy security and integration. However, it is clear that increased cooperation and coordination on a European level is needed to enhance energy independence, particularly in view of the differences between Member States in relation to their degree of energy dependency. The current proposal only covers gas supply and not electricity supply, making it more difficult to assess to what extent the proposal will enhance ...

The above studies and debate indicate that there is no single solution to increasing energy security and integration. However, it is clear that increased cooperation and coordination on a European level is needed to enhance energy independence, particularly in view of the differences between Member States in relation to their degree of energy dependency. The current proposal only covers gas supply and not electricity supply, making it more difficult to assess to what extent the proposal will enhance energy security overall. While the proposal strengthens the oversight role of the European Commission, it is not clear whether the increased information requirements would contribute to a more transparent and therefore more competitive market. Taking into account the global developments is also important. LNG demand in Asia, as well as conflicts in the Middle East, will have an effect on available resources and on energy security. This increases the importance of linking EU energy policy with EU external relations as called for by Parliament. Overall, a variety of initiatives are needed, together with careful consideration of the consequences of these choices, and a recognition that EU energy dependency will continue for some time.

Low oil prices and the fight against ISIL/Da’esh

09-03-2016

The price of oil has fallen significantly since June 2014, from a peak of US$115 per barrel (bl) then to US$26 per barrel in January 2016, although it has somewhat recovered recently. This can partly be explained by weaker demand, robust supply growth and the expanding coverage of mandatory energy effciency provisions worldwide. These changes come at a time of major turmoil in parts of the Middle East. Iraq – with the world’s fifth largest oil reserves – is engaged in the fight against ISIL/Da’esh ...

The price of oil has fallen significantly since June 2014, from a peak of US$115 per barrel (bl) then to US$26 per barrel in January 2016, although it has somewhat recovered recently. This can partly be explained by weaker demand, robust supply growth and the expanding coverage of mandatory energy effciency provisions worldwide. These changes come at a time of major turmoil in parts of the Middle East. Iraq – with the world’s fifth largest oil reserves – is engaged in the fight against ISIL/Da’esh which controls some of Iraq’s oil fields. Syria – with a national budget largely dependent on oil revenues – is torn apart by civil war. Iran, on the other hand, is returning to international oil markets as a result of the gradual removal of sanctions against it, in line with the agreement on its nuclear programme.

Energy supply in the EU28

24-06-2014

The EU is highly dependent on energy imports, as less than half of its energy consumption is covered by domestic production. The remainder – some 53% - needs to be imported from abroad, with Russia topping the ranks as supplier of gas, oil and coal.This infographic looks at the Member States' domestic energy production, their dependency rate on external supplies, and their net imports. It also provides a picture of the diversification in foreign energy suppliers.

The EU is highly dependent on energy imports, as less than half of its energy consumption is covered by domestic production. The remainder – some 53% - needs to be imported from abroad, with Russia topping the ranks as supplier of gas, oil and coal.This infographic looks at the Member States' domestic energy production, their dependency rate on external supplies, and their net imports. It also provides a picture of the diversification in foreign energy suppliers.

The Shale Gas 'Revolution' in the United States: Global Implications, Options for the EU

13-05-2013

In recent years, the United States’ natural gas industry has undergone a significant transformation, dubbed a 'revolution': extraction rates have soared thanks to new technologies. The shale gas boom is having an unprecedented affect on the US energy market, and this, in turn, has important implications for the rest of the world, notably the Middle East and Russia. While the shale gas 'revolution' has spurred a debate on environmental consequences and sustainability within the US, other countries ...

In recent years, the United States’ natural gas industry has undergone a significant transformation, dubbed a 'revolution': extraction rates have soared thanks to new technologies. The shale gas boom is having an unprecedented affect on the US energy market, and this, in turn, has important implications for the rest of the world, notably the Middle East and Russia. While the shale gas 'revolution' has spurred a debate on environmental consequences and sustainability within the US, other countries — including countries as diverse as Canada and China — have, in different ways, aimed to replicate the US boom. In the EU, a shale gas 'revolution' appears relatively unlikely, at least for the moment, given Europe’s less favourable geological conditions and its wary public. Nevertheless, some EU Member States rich in shale gas, such as Poland and the United Kingdom, are actively promoting shale gas exploration activities to diversify their energy mix, reduce energy dependency and enhance energy security. Other countries, such as France and Bulgaria, have for the moment chosen to privilege environmental constraints and have implemented bans. The remaining Member States seem to have adopted a 'wait-and-see' attitude. For all these states, however, the EU has an important role to play in ensuring a balanced common approach and encouraging the sustainable development of this industry while ensuring an adequate environmental protection. A recent Commission green paper on shale gas is a good initial step, although this should be followed with concrete action.

Solar energy development in Morocco

08-05-2013

As the largest energy importer in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), Morocco has tried to diversify its energy mix and ensure its energy security through increasing the share of renewable energy resources (RES) in this mix. EU-Morocco cooperation in the RES field – in solar energy, in particular – provides both partners with advantages and constitutes a potentially unifying project for the Euro-Med area.

As the largest energy importer in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), Morocco has tried to diversify its energy mix and ensure its energy security through increasing the share of renewable energy resources (RES) in this mix. EU-Morocco cooperation in the RES field – in solar energy, in particular – provides both partners with advantages and constitutes a potentially unifying project for the Euro-Med area.

Proceedings of the Workshop on the "Energy Roadmap 2050 : EU External Policies for Future Energy Security"

04-12-2012

The workshop “Energy Roadmap 2050: EU External policies for future energy security”, organised by the Policy Department of DG External Policies for the Committee on Foreign Affairs (AFET), took place on November 5th, 2012 in the European Parliament. It aimed at facilitating an exchange of views about the energetic context and the future perspectives of the global market and European energy security. The participants discussed the parameters of the international energetic scene: the rise of shale ...

The workshop “Energy Roadmap 2050: EU External policies for future energy security”, organised by the Policy Department of DG External Policies for the Committee on Foreign Affairs (AFET), took place on November 5th, 2012 in the European Parliament. It aimed at facilitating an exchange of views about the energetic context and the future perspectives of the global market and European energy security. The participants discussed the parameters of the international energetic scene: the rise of shale gas exploitation and its economic, ecological and geopolitical impacts; the development of the European internal market rules; the future negotiations on climate change. The EU’s energetic future was obviously the main topic and was treated through the analysis of the three pillars of energy policy: security of supply, competitive market conditions and sustainability. The accent was put on the consequences of the US’s growing independency on oil and gas due to the exploitation of shale gas deposits. This recent development is likely to have huge mid-term repercussions on global oil, coal and gas prices and to widen the competitiveness gap between the US and Europe. The climate change issue and the possibility to create the conditions for a new international agreement were discussed, as well as the future perspectives of renewable energy development. The proficiency of the European Trading Scheme and the research on energy efficiency and carbon capture storage technology were debated. The speakers also insisted on the fact that the full implementation of internal market rules would have a crucial influence on the construction process of the European energy policy. They pointed out the need to strengthen and extend these norms through the development of the European Energy Community Treaty. Regarding the European energy security, the partnership with Russia, the main supplier of many EU member states, was stressed by the speakers, even though one of the main objecti

Външен автор

Alan RILEY (CITY LAW SCHOOL, CITY UNIVERSITY, LONDON, UK) , Bastien ALEX (IRIS, FRANCE) , Danièle RAUSCHER (IRIS, FRANCE)

Effect of Smart Metering on Electricity Prices

15-02-2012

Large-scale smart meter rollout is expected to take place in most of Europe by the year 2020. Thanks to bi-directional communication between consumer and producer, this technology allows a better monitoring of energy consumption and the introduction of flexible energy tariffs, which are better suited to fluctuating renewable energy production. However, a number of issues have also been raised in relation to smart meters; particularly in relation to data privacy and the risk of an increase in electricity ...

Large-scale smart meter rollout is expected to take place in most of Europe by the year 2020. Thanks to bi-directional communication between consumer and producer, this technology allows a better monitoring of energy consumption and the introduction of flexible energy tariffs, which are better suited to fluctuating renewable energy production. However, a number of issues have also been raised in relation to smart meters; particularly in relation to data privacy and the risk of an increase in electricity prices due to high investment costs passed on to the consumer. It will be fundamental for policy makers to ensure that costs and benefits related to the rollout will accrue fairly to each stakeholder, while ensuring protection of the weaker members of society.

Външен автор

M. Altmann, P. Schmidt, H. Landinger and J. Michalski (Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik - LBST) , A. Brenninkmeijer, I. Buscke and P. Trucco (HINICIO) , J. Barquín

Future Energy Systems in Europe

15-10-2009

The European energy sector faces critical challenges in the future. In order to shed light on different pathways towards achieving these goals a number of energy scenarios for the EU27 have been developed within this project. The focus of the scenario building procedure is on the overall energy system, showing how the different elements of the European energy systems interact with each other, and how different combinations of technology choices and policies lead to different overall results. The ...

The European energy sector faces critical challenges in the future. In order to shed light on different pathways towards achieving these goals a number of energy scenarios for the EU27 have been developed within this project. The focus of the scenario building procedure is on the overall energy system, showing how the different elements of the European energy systems interact with each other, and how different combinations of technology choices and policies lead to different overall results. The project explores two essentially different developments of the European energy systems through a so-called Small-tech scenario and a Big-tech scenario. Both scenarios aim at achieving two concrete goals for 2030: reducing CO2 emissions by 50 per cent compared to the 1990 level, and reducing oil consumption by 50 per cent compared to the present level. Among the project recommendations are saving energy (as being less expensive than producing energy), stimulate the development of district heating and district cooling grids to facilitate the utilization of waste heat, large-scale integration of variable renewable energy sources, strengthening and coordinating the European electricity infrastructure, three levels of transformation needed in the transport sector (fuel efficiency, introduction of electric vehicles and modal-change, new resources (the sustainable European biomass for energy purposes, municipal waste). A continued effort is also required to researching and developing technologies (wave and solar power, Carbon Capture and Storage and safe nuclear power).

Външен автор

Anders Kofoed-Wiuff and Alexandros Filippidis (Ea Energy Analyses, Copenhagen, Denmark) ; Kenneth Karlsson and Sara Moro (Risoe National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, Denmark)

using sustainable and renewable energies in the context of the structural policy 2007-2013

25-06-2007

This study analyses the role of sustainable and renewable energies in the 2000-2006 Structural Funds programming period, by focusing on the different Member States’ Operational Programmes and on examples of good practice. It also reports the main measures relating to sustainable and renewable energies presented in the National Strategic Reference Frameworks and describes a series of proposals intended to increase the use of Structural Funds to promote sustainable and renewable energies in the context ...

This study analyses the role of sustainable and renewable energies in the 2000-2006 Structural Funds programming period, by focusing on the different Member States’ Operational Programmes and on examples of good practice. It also reports the main measures relating to sustainable and renewable energies presented in the National Strategic Reference Frameworks and describes a series of proposals intended to increase the use of Structural Funds to promote sustainable and renewable energies in the context of the 2007-2013 period.

Външен автор

Gruppo Soges; Eurofocus; ERAC

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