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Environment action programme: Living well, within the limits of our planet

11-12-2018

The European Union (EU) has been protecting the environment since the early 1970s, under the premise that economic prosperity and environmental protection are interdependent. Successive environment action programmes have set the framework for EU environmental policy. The seventh environment action programme, a binding decision adopted by the European Parliament and Council in 2013, covers the period from 2014 to 2020. Bearing the title 'Living well, within the limits of our planet', it seeks to achieve ...

The European Union (EU) has been protecting the environment since the early 1970s, under the premise that economic prosperity and environmental protection are interdependent. Successive environment action programmes have set the framework for EU environmental policy. The seventh environment action programme, a binding decision adopted by the European Parliament and Council in 2013, covers the period from 2014 to 2020. Bearing the title 'Living well, within the limits of our planet', it seeks to achieve a 2050 vision for sustainability. The seventh environment action programme sets nine priority objectives: three 'thematic' objectives (on natural capital; on a resource-efficient, green and competitive low-carbon economy; and on health and well-being), four 'enabling' objectives (on implementation of EU law; on the knowledge and evidence base; on investments and externalities; and on policy coherence), and two 'horizontal' objectives (on cities; and on the international dimension). The three thematic objectives are linked to a large number of initiatives, legislative acts and international agreements. A 2017 report by the European Environment Agency sums up progress towards meeting the three thematic objectives as follows: on natural capital, the EU is not on track to meet the 2020 objectives; on a resource-efficient, green and competitive low-carbon economy, and on health and well-being, the 2020 outlook is mixed. The European Parliament is supportive of the action programme. In 2018, it urged the Commission and the Member States to step up its implementation. The European Commission is expected to publish its evaluation of the seventh environment action programme by mid-2019, and could subsequently put forward a proposal for an eighth environment action programme.

South Pacific fisheries management measures

23-05-2018

As a contracting party to the South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation (SPRFMO), the European Union must transpose the binding conservation and management measures adopted by this organisation into EU law, so that they become applicable to EU fishing vessels. A provisional agreement of the Parliament and the Council on the first transposition of SPRFMO measures is scheduled for a plenary vote during the May II session.

As a contracting party to the South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation (SPRFMO), the European Union must transpose the binding conservation and management measures adopted by this organisation into EU law, so that they become applicable to EU fishing vessels. A provisional agreement of the Parliament and the Council on the first transposition of SPRFMO measures is scheduled for a plenary vote during the May II session.

China's Arctic policy: How China aligns rights and interests

24-04-2018

Unlike the Arctic states, China has no territorial sovereignty and related sovereign rights to resource extraction and fishing in the Arctic. Faced with very limited rights as a non-Arctic state, China has been eager to design strategies to bridge the widening gap between the legal and institutional constraints in the Arctic and its growing Arctic interests. It has developed a self-defined Arctic identity as a 'near-Arctic state' and sought – and in 2013 gained – observer status in the Arctic Council ...

Unlike the Arctic states, China has no territorial sovereignty and related sovereign rights to resource extraction and fishing in the Arctic. Faced with very limited rights as a non-Arctic state, China has been eager to design strategies to bridge the widening gap between the legal and institutional constraints in the Arctic and its growing Arctic interests. It has developed a self-defined Arctic identity as a 'near-Arctic state' and sought – and in 2013 gained – observer status in the Arctic Council, to prepare the ground for a future expanded foothold in the region. China's first-ever white paper on Arctic policy of 26 January 2018 seeks to justify the country's Arctic ambitions through its history of Arctic research and the challenges and opportunities that rapid climate change in the Arctic present the country. China acknowledges for the first time that its Arctic interests are no longer limited to scientific research but extend to a variety of commercial activities. These are embedded in a new China-led cooperation initiative which aims to build a 'Polar Silk Road' that connects China with Europe via the Arctic and corresponds to one of two new 'blue ocean passages' extending from China's 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, launched in 2013. The white paper stresses China's commitment to upholding the institutional and legal framework for Arctic governance and to respecting the sovereign rights of the Arctic states. On the other hand, it asserts China's right as a non-Arctic state to participate in Arctic affairs under international law. China's Arctic policy suggests a strong desire to push for the internationalisation of the Arctic's regional governance system. The white paper is not a strategy document, and is more interesting for what it omits, such as the national security dimension that is a major driver of China's Arctic ambitions.

Европейска аквакултура

01-01-2018

Европейската аквакултура се намира в застой за разлика от увеличаващия се дял на производството на аквакултури в света. В опит да противодейства на тази тенденция Комисията публикува две съобщения със стратегии за развитието на европейската аквакултура — едното през 2002 r., а второто през 2009 r. Стратегията от 2002 r. не успя да постигне увеличение на производството в Европа, а световната икономическа криза засегна силно пазара и производството на аквакултури. Това доведе до публикуването през ...

Европейската аквакултура се намира в застой за разлика от увеличаващия се дял на производството на аквакултури в света. В опит да противодейства на тази тенденция Комисията публикува две съобщения със стратегии за развитието на европейската аквакултура — едното през 2002 r., а второто през 2009 r. Стратегията от 2002 r. не успя да постигне увеличение на производството в Европа, а световната икономическа криза засегна силно пазара и производството на аквакултури. Това доведе до публикуването през 2013 r. на трето съобщение на Комисията, което е насочено към постигането на устойчивото развитие на сектора на аквакултурите на ЕС и предлага стратегически насоки.

Documentation from the Workshop on Oversight and Resources of Partially and Fully Self-Financed Agencies

15-05-2017

The workshop aimed to address topics concerning fully and partially self-financed agencies related to both BUDG and CONT committees’ competences. With regards of the agencies' resources, the workshop looked into the principles of fee setting, and 5% cut and the redeployment pool vs. the need to provide timely services to industry, which is paying for them. From the point of oversight, items for discussion included the question of discharge procedure for fully self-financed agencies, provisions for ...

The workshop aimed to address topics concerning fully and partially self-financed agencies related to both BUDG and CONT committees’ competences. With regards of the agencies' resources, the workshop looked into the principles of fee setting, and 5% cut and the redeployment pool vs. the need to provide timely services to industry, which is paying for them. From the point of oversight, items for discussion included the question of discharge procedure for fully self-financed agencies, provisions for prevention of conflict of interest in case of the fee collecting agencies, ECA financial audit outsourcing provisions, and the question of carryovers. Points of interest for both BUDG and CONT remain the questions of performance, efficiency and effectiveness, such as indicators for measuring outputs and ways to compare them across the agencies, developing synergies and shared services, and possible grouping or clustering of the agencies.

Външен автор

Mr Silvano PRESA, Deputy Director General, DG BUDG DGA2, European Commission Mr Alberto SPAGNOLLI, Senior Policy Advisor, European Food Safety Authority (EFSA; EFSA chairs the EU Network of Agencies) Prof. Ellen VOS, Leading project partner, The Academic Research Network on Agencification of EU Executive Governance (TARN) Mr Martin EKVAD, President of the Community Plant Variety Office (CPVO) Mr Jean-Michel MASTIO, Deputy Director of Resources and support, Head of Finance and procurement department of the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)

Management of the EU external fishing fleet

26-01-2017

Parliament’s vote on a Commission proposal for a revised system of issuing and managing fishing authorisations is scheduled for the first February plenary session. The revision aims to improve monitoring and transparency of the EU external fishing fleet, regardless of the area and the framework in which it operates.

Parliament’s vote on a Commission proposal for a revised system of issuing and managing fishing authorisations is scheduled for the first February plenary session. The revision aims to improve monitoring and transparency of the EU external fishing fleet, regardless of the area and the framework in which it operates.

Closing the loop: New circular economy package

06-01-2016

Unlike the traditional linear economic model based on a 'take-make-consume-throw away' pattern, a circular economy is based on sharing, leasing, reuse, repair, refurbishment and recycling, in an (almost) closed loop, where products and the materials they contain are highly valued. In practice, it implies reducing waste to a minimum. Moving towards a more circular economy could deliver opportunities including reduced pressures on the environment; enhanced security of supply of raw materials; increased ...

Unlike the traditional linear economic model based on a 'take-make-consume-throw away' pattern, a circular economy is based on sharing, leasing, reuse, repair, refurbishment and recycling, in an (almost) closed loop, where products and the materials they contain are highly valued. In practice, it implies reducing waste to a minimum. Moving towards a more circular economy could deliver opportunities including reduced pressures on the environment; enhanced security of supply of raw materials; increased competitiveness; innovation; growth and jobs. However, the shift also poses challenges such as financing; key economic enablers; skills; consumer behaviour and business models; and multi-level governance. On 2 December 2015, the European Commission presented a new circular economy package. The package contains an action plan for the circular economy, mapping out a series of actions planned for the coming years, as well as four legislative proposals on waste, containing targets for landfill, reuse and recycling, to be met by 2030. The European Parliament advocates specific measures to improve waste management and to promote eco-innovation and resource efficiency. Stakeholders, however, voice diverging views on the proposed circular economy package. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

New circular economy package

30-11-2015

A shift towards a circular economy could deliver environmental and economic benefits, but it would also face a number of barriers and challenges. The European Commission is expected to present new legislative proposals and an action plan on the circular economy at the December I plenary session.

A shift towards a circular economy could deliver environmental and economic benefits, but it would also face a number of barriers and challenges. The European Commission is expected to present new legislative proposals and an action plan on the circular economy at the December I plenary session.

Resource Efficiency Indicators

02-06-2015

This report summarises the presentations and discussions during the Workshop on Resource Efficiency Indicators held on 14 April 2015. There was general agreement that world economic growth will soon be limited by the earth’s carrying capacity. In order to have a system for steering the necessary policy measures a set of resource efficiency indicators is needed. In this indicator set priority should be given to most needed indicators. In addition, footprint type indicators, which take into account ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions during the Workshop on Resource Efficiency Indicators held on 14 April 2015. There was general agreement that world economic growth will soon be limited by the earth’s carrying capacity. In order to have a system for steering the necessary policy measures a set of resource efficiency indicators is needed. In this indicator set priority should be given to most needed indicators. In addition, footprint type indicators, which take into account indirect flows, are needed. The workshop was organised by Policy Department A at the request of the European Parliament's Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.

Външен автор

Hubert Reisinger, Maria Tesar and Brigitte Read

Will Development in East Africa be Fossil-Fuelled?

02-07-2014

East Africa is at a critical turning point in its development trajectory. The discovery of substantial reserves of crude oil (in Kenya and Uganda) and natural gas (in Mozambique and Tanzania) may bring billions of dollars in new revenues to the region. East African countries are currently drafting and implementing legislation, policies and infrastructure in this sector and should begin reaping the benefits of commercial production in the next four to ten years. Yet the experience of other resource-rich ...

East Africa is at a critical turning point in its development trajectory. The discovery of substantial reserves of crude oil (in Kenya and Uganda) and natural gas (in Mozambique and Tanzania) may bring billions of dollars in new revenues to the region. East African countries are currently drafting and implementing legislation, policies and infrastructure in this sector and should begin reaping the benefits of commercial production in the next four to ten years. Yet the experience of other resource-rich countries demonstrates that, without the appropriate safeguards, East Africa may miss the opportunity to use these revenues to promote inclusive growth. Countries in the region risk exacerbating inequality while encouraging corruption and other social and environmental problems. This question has importance well beyond the region's borders. The global energy landscape is rapidly changing, and East Africa's reserves will spur international companies to compete for their share of the profits. As a major trade partner and donor, the European Union should use its position to ensure that extractive industries' activities are transparent and that countries strengthen their institutions and adopt pro-poor economic measures. Although the EU's role in the region is being eroded by emerging actors, the Union still enjoys important leverage, which could be used to help East Africa's transform its abundant natural resources into equitable growth and sustainable development.

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