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European SMEs and International Trade

23-02-2012

According to the Europe 2020 flagship Communication on an Integrated Industrial Policy and the review of the Small Business Act, supporting the internationalization process of the European SMEs is crucial to promote EU competitiveness. Recent data shows that 85% of new jobs, in the EU, between 2002 and 2010 were created by SMEs. However, a very small percentage of SMEs is active beyond the Single Market, notwithstanding rapidly growing market opportunities abroad. The two key questions in the Workshop ...

According to the Europe 2020 flagship Communication on an Integrated Industrial Policy and the review of the Small Business Act, supporting the internationalization process of the European SMEs is crucial to promote EU competitiveness. Recent data shows that 85% of new jobs, in the EU, between 2002 and 2010 were created by SMEs. However, a very small percentage of SMEs is active beyond the Single Market, notwithstanding rapidly growing market opportunities abroad. The two key questions in the Workshop were : (1) what are the best policies supporting SMEs in accessing third markets and (2) is a better coordination between national and EU-level initiatives needed, and if so, how to accomplish this. The INTA Committee had requested the organization of the Workshop in order to explore proposals for implementing new strategies to improve the internationalization process.

Външен автор

ANTOLDI Fabio (Catholic University of Milan, Italy), SASS Magdolna (ICEG European Centre, Hungary) and SMALLBONE David (Kingston University London, United Kingdom)

SMEs and International Trade

29-10-2008

Executive summary Recent empirical evidence on the international activities of European firms shows that efficiency gains from exporting seem to accrue only to medium and large exporters, due to the presence of relevant fixed costs in the exporting activity. The surveyed policies on the status of SMEs in international trade practices have shown that fixed costs are likely to persist in the future, due to the increasing complexity of international trade operations, and the lack of a systematic policy ...

Executive summary Recent empirical evidence on the international activities of European firms shows that efficiency gains from exporting seem to accrue only to medium and large exporters, due to the presence of relevant fixed costs in the exporting activity. The surveyed policies on the status of SMEs in international trade practices have shown that fixed costs are likely to persist in the future, due to the increasing complexity of international trade operations, and the lack of a systematic policy related to SMEs within the multilateral negotiating framework. Even within a regional approach to economic integration (regionalism), the existence of significant costs of implementation in the rules of origin act as an important obstacle for the access of SMEs to the integrating area. Some proposals specifically related to SMEs start being discussed in international fora (specific provisions for SMEs within FTAs, or a special clause on SMEs needs within the WTO negotiations), but practical actions are still lacking. The same discussed changes to provisions on geographical indications of products or public procurement do not seem to be specifically centred on the needs of SMEs, and thus are not likely to significantly foster their involvement in international trade activities. In the absence of policies aimed at a systemic reduction of fixed costs for SMEs within the working of international markets, Governments have been trying to reduce the fixed costs of their international involvement via a number of export promotion policies. However, the results of these policy actions are not clear-cut, with the surveyed evidence pointing to mixed results obtained in terms of effective support for the internationalization of SMEs. [...]

Външен автор

Carlo Altomonte

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