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Commitments made at the hearing of Olivér VÁRHELYI, Commissioner-designate - Neighbourhood and Enlargement

22-11-2019

Commissioner-designate Olivér Várhelyi appeared before the European Parliament on 14 November 2019 to answer questions from MEPs in the Committee on Foreign Affairs (the Committee on International Trade was invited). This document highlights a number of commitments which he made during the hearing. They refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: Western Balkans and Turkey; Eastern Neighbourhood ...

Commissioner-designate Olivér Várhelyi appeared before the European Parliament on 14 November 2019 to answer questions from MEPs in the Committee on Foreign Affairs (the Committee on International Trade was invited). This document highlights a number of commitments which he made during the hearing. They refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: Western Balkans and Turkey; Eastern Neighbourhood; Southern Neighbourhood.

Jižní partneři

01-02-2018

Evropská politika sousedství (EPS) se vztahuje na Alžírsko, Egypt, Izrael, Jordánsko, Libanon, Libyi, Maroko, Palestinu, Sýrii a Tunisko. Skládá se z dvoustranných politik uplatňovaných mezi EU a deseti partnerskými zeměmi, které doplňuje regionální rámec spolupráce – Unie pro Středomoří. EU od roku 2011 v rámci EPS více podporuje demokratickou přeměnu v zemích jižního sousedství, čímž reaguje na povstání, která v těchto zemích proběhla. V roce 2015 provedla další přezkum EPS.

Evropská politika sousedství (EPS) se vztahuje na Alžírsko, Egypt, Izrael, Jordánsko, Libanon, Libyi, Maroko, Palestinu, Sýrii a Tunisko. Skládá se z dvoustranných politik uplatňovaných mezi EU a deseti partnerskými zeměmi, které doplňuje regionální rámec spolupráce – Unie pro Středomoří. EU od roku 2011 v rámci EPS více podporuje demokratickou přeměnu v zemích jižního sousedství, čímž reaguje na povstání, která v těchto zemích proběhla. V roce 2015 provedla další přezkum EPS.

Evropská politika sousedství

01-01-2018

Evropská politika sousedství (EPS) se vztahuje na Alžírsko, Arménii, Ázerbájdžán, Bělorusko, Egypt, Gruzii, Izrael, Jordánsko, Libanon, Libyi, Moldavsko, Maroko, Palestinu, Sýrii, Tunisko a Ukrajinu. Jejím cílem je posílit prosperitu, stabilitu a bezpečnost všech. Je založena na demokracii, právním státu a dodržování lidských práv a jedná se o dvoustrannou politiku mezi EU a každou z partnerských zemí s iniciativami regionální spolupráce: Východní partnerství a Unie pro Středomoří[1].

Evropská politika sousedství (EPS) se vztahuje na Alžírsko, Arménii, Ázerbájdžán, Bělorusko, Egypt, Gruzii, Izrael, Jordánsko, Libanon, Libyi, Moldavsko, Maroko, Palestinu, Sýrii, Tunisko a Ukrajinu. Jejím cílem je posílit prosperitu, stabilitu a bezpečnost všech. Je založena na demokracii, právním státu a dodržování lidských práv a jedná se o dvoustrannou politiku mezi EU a každou z partnerských zemí s iniciativami regionální spolupráce: Východní partnerství a Unie pro Středomoří[1].

Země Perského zálivu, Írán, Irák a Jemen

01-01-2018

EU má s Radou pro spolupráci v Perském zálivu (GCC), což je regionální organizace sdružující Bahrajn, Katar, Kuvajt, Omán, Saúdskou Arábii a Spojené arabské emiráty, a s Jemenem dohodu o spolupráci a s Irákem dohodu o partnerství a spolupráci. V současné době nemá EU žádné smluvní vztahy s Íránem a žádná delegace EU není v Teheránu.

EU má s Radou pro spolupráci v Perském zálivu (GCC), což je regionální organizace sdružující Bahrajn, Katar, Kuvajt, Omán, Saúdskou Arábii a Spojené arabské emiráty, a s Jemenem dohodu o spolupráci a s Irákem dohodu o partnerství a spolupráci. V současné době nemá EU žádné smluvní vztahy s Íránem a žádná delegace EU není v Teheránu.

Rebuilding the Iraqi State: Stabilisation, Governance, and Reconciliation

15-12-2017

The victory over the so-called Islamic State’s territorial rule presents a chance for the Government of Iraq to rebuild its state institutions and re-assert its authority. In this transition, will the Iraqi leadership move past cycles of failure and address the structural problems that perpetuate state weakness and facilitate the emergence of groups like ISIS? To answer this question, this paper analyses the challenges of short-term stabilisation programming with longer-term governance reform at ...

The victory over the so-called Islamic State’s territorial rule presents a chance for the Government of Iraq to rebuild its state institutions and re-assert its authority. In this transition, will the Iraqi leadership move past cycles of failure and address the structural problems that perpetuate state weakness and facilitate the emergence of groups like ISIS? To answer this question, this paper analyses the challenges of short-term stabilisation programming with longer-term governance reform at the local and national levels. It argues that, without establishing representative and responsive state institutions, the processes of reconciliation and integration will be unsuccessful. To conclude, this paper offers policy recommendations on how the EU can support the upcoming state-rebuilding process.

Externí autor

Renad MANSOUR, Research Fellow, Chatham House, United Kingdom

Syria: Stalled Peace Process and Blocked Humanitarian Access

24-11-2016

Amid stalled peace talks and a worsening humanitarian situation, the EU is working alongside the UN Special Envoy for Syria to engage key regional and international players and broker a return to the negotiating table. In parallel, an EU emergency humanitarian initiative for Aleppo has been launched to attempt to break the deadlock over humanitarian access and deliver aid to some of the 275 000 people in Aleppo and 13.5 million people across the country who are in desperate need of assistance.

Amid stalled peace talks and a worsening humanitarian situation, the EU is working alongside the UN Special Envoy for Syria to engage key regional and international players and broker a return to the negotiating table. In parallel, an EU emergency humanitarian initiative for Aleppo has been launched to attempt to break the deadlock over humanitarian access and deliver aid to some of the 275 000 people in Aleppo and 13.5 million people across the country who are in desperate need of assistance.

The Conflict in Yemen: Latest Developments

24-10-2016

The Yemen conflict has deteriorated since 2015 despite repeated rounds of peace negotiations. The most recent round of UN-led Talks ended in August 2016 with no agreement. The conflict is in danger of escalating beyond Yemen’s borders with frequent Houthi incursions into Saudi Arabia, foreign ships being targeted by missiles from Houthi-controlled areas near the Bab el-Mandeb Strait – a major international trade route – and Saudi Arabia and Iran siding with opposite sides in the conflict. The latest ...

The Yemen conflict has deteriorated since 2015 despite repeated rounds of peace negotiations. The most recent round of UN-led Talks ended in August 2016 with no agreement. The conflict is in danger of escalating beyond Yemen’s borders with frequent Houthi incursions into Saudi Arabia, foreign ships being targeted by missiles from Houthi-controlled areas near the Bab el-Mandeb Strait – a major international trade route – and Saudi Arabia and Iran siding with opposite sides in the conflict. The latest 72-hour cease-fire starting 20 October was not renewed when it ended on 22 October. The cease-fire did, however, allow humanitarian aid agencies to step in to start to provide assistance to some of the 21.2 million people across the country who are in need of humanitarian aid. UN OCHA has estimated it needs USD 1.63 billion for its Yemen humanitarian response plan, but it has only received pledges for 47 % of that amount so far. The EU has recently announced a further EUR 40 million for the fund, taking the total EU pledge to EUR 120 million. The European Parliament has called for an EU arms embargo on Saudi Arabia, which is responsible for the majority of the destruction of civilian infrastructure.

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