13

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Road transport: Driving, breaks, rest times and tachographs

20-04-2020

The Driving Time and Tachograph Regulations were adopted to improve drivers' working conditions and road safety, as well as to enhance compliance with the rules, and competition between road operators. In the context of the European Commission's 2017 'Europe on the move' package, the current proposal aims to remedy the shortcomings of these regulations, on which a broad consensus has emerged: lack of clarity, non-uniform implementation, insufficient enforcement and a need for strengthened cooperation ...

The Driving Time and Tachograph Regulations were adopted to improve drivers' working conditions and road safety, as well as to enhance compliance with the rules, and competition between road operators. In the context of the European Commission's 2017 'Europe on the move' package, the current proposal aims to remedy the shortcomings of these regulations, on which a broad consensus has emerged: lack of clarity, non-uniform implementation, insufficient enforcement and a need for strengthened cooperation between Member States and authorities. In June 2018, Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) adopted its report. After further debate and procedural developments, Parliament adopted its first-reading position on 4 April 2019. The Council, on its side, reached a general approach on the proposal in December 2018, under the Austrian Presidency. After four negotiating rounds, the Council and Parliament reached a provisional agreement on the proposal on 12 December 2019, which was approved by Coreper on 20 December, by a narrow majority, and by the TRAN committee on 21 January 2020. The Council adopted its first-reading position on 7 April, meaning the agreed text will now return to the Parliament for final adoption at second reading. This would put an end to three years of debate on a complex and controversial proposal. Fifth edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

The Social Protection of Workers in the Platform Economy

07-12-2017

This study investigates the social protection of workers in the platform economy at the request of the European Parliament’s Employment and Social Affairs Committee. The report reviews literature and previous research on the platform economy with the aims of defining it and developing a typology for understanding its nature. It discusses the growth and drivers of the platform economy, as well as benefits and challenges for workers, reporting findings from 50 interviews conducted with expert stakeholders ...

This study investigates the social protection of workers in the platform economy at the request of the European Parliament’s Employment and Social Affairs Committee. The report reviews literature and previous research on the platform economy with the aims of defining it and developing a typology for understanding its nature. It discusses the growth and drivers of the platform economy, as well as benefits and challenges for workers, reporting findings from 50 interviews conducted with expert stakeholders in eight European countries and from an original survey of 1,200 platform workers. It dissects the different normative layers that need to be considered when looking at the challenges of social protection of platform workers from a legal perspective. Finally, the report draws conclusions and makes recommendations concerning arrangements for the provision of social protection for workers in this growing sector of the economy.

Externí autor

Chris FORDE, Mark STUART, Simon JOYCE, Liz OLIVER, Danat VALIZADE, Gabriella ALBERTI, Kate HARDY, Vera TRAPPMANN, Charles UMNEY, Calum CARSON, Centre for Employment Relations Innovation and Change (CERIC), University of Leeds, UK; Justyna KATJA, Gabriela YORDANOVA

Temporary contracts, precarious employment, employees’ fundamental rights and EU employment law

15-11-2017

This study, commissioned by the the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Petitions, was prepared to assess the nature and extent of employment precariousness in the framework of EU’s fundamental rights and EU employment law. The analysis focuses on two broad areas, namely atypical forms of employment and franchising. The report identifies a number of ‘protective gaps’ at various levels of regulation and puts forward ...

This study, commissioned by the the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Petitions, was prepared to assess the nature and extent of employment precariousness in the framework of EU’s fundamental rights and EU employment law. The analysis focuses on two broad areas, namely atypical forms of employment and franchising. The report identifies a number of ‘protective gaps’ at various levels of regulation and puts forward policy recommendations that are informed by the need to adopt holistic and comprehensive action for addressing what emerges as a constantly moving target.

Externí autor

Aristea KOUKIADAKI, Senior Lecturer in Employment Law, Work and Equalities Institute, University of Manchester, UK Ioannis KATSAROUMPAS, Lecturer in Employment Law, University of Sussex, UK

Enhancement of social legislation in road transport II (Working time and enforcement of Regulation 561/2006)

15-05-2017

Directives 2002/15 and 2006/22 lay down rules on the working time of professional drivers, breaks, and enforcement of Regulation 561/2006 on the harmonisation of certain social legislation relating to road transport. Various sources show that there are currently several challenges linked with the implementation of social legislation in road transport in the Member States. These challenges include diverging enforcement practice across the various EU Member States, a lack of clarity in the legislation ...

Directives 2002/15 and 2006/22 lay down rules on the working time of professional drivers, breaks, and enforcement of Regulation 561/2006 on the harmonisation of certain social legislation relating to road transport. Various sources show that there are currently several challenges linked with the implementation of social legislation in road transport in the Member States. These challenges include diverging enforcement practice across the various EU Member States, a lack of clarity in the legislation, the broad discretion left to Member States, and various exemptions allowed by the legislation. These challenges are affecting harmonisation in the field of road transport; they have an impact on legal certainty and are hindering the fulfilment of the legislation's objectives. The European Parliament has noted these issues and has called for them to be resolved. Similarly, the European Economic and Social Committee has recommended updating the current legislation, while representatives of various stakeholder groups have called for amendments in this field. Last, but not least, the European Commission itself has expressed its willingness to revise these directives as part of the enhancement of social legislation in road transport. It is expected that the European Commission will submit a proposal in the second quarter of 2017.

Employment and working conditions in EU civil aviation

15-04-2016

Aviation is a strategically important sector of the EU economy, contributing €110 billion directly and €300 billion indirectly to EU GDP, and employing around 1.9 million persons directly. If impacts on other industries such as tourism are taken into account, then it can be said that aviation supports up to 9 million jobs. These jobs are not evenly spread across the EU: three quarters of air transport employment is centred in Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Spain, Italy and the Netherlands. ...

Aviation is a strategically important sector of the EU economy, contributing €110 billion directly and €300 billion indirectly to EU GDP, and employing around 1.9 million persons directly. If impacts on other industries such as tourism are taken into account, then it can be said that aviation supports up to 9 million jobs. These jobs are not evenly spread across the EU: three quarters of air transport employment is centred in Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Spain, Italy and the Netherlands. Since the EU liberalised the aviation market in the early 1990s, the industry has gone through notable changes which have also had an impact on employment and working conditions. For instance, outsourcing has increased; some workers have had to operate from airline bases where they do not live; income has become more variable; many have been laid off and those remaining in work have had to increase their productivity. Furthermore, next to full-time permanent contracts, atypical forms of employment such as agency work, self-employment, zero-hour contracts and pay-to-fly schemes have increasingly been used, especially for younger staff and new entrants to the workforce. Persons employed under such schemes often have more precarious working conditions and are generally less likely to be unionised. EU institutions have repeatedly examined working conditions in civil aviation. Some Members of the European Parliament, as well as of the European Economic and Social Committee, have expressed concerns about the use of atypical forms of employment and multiplication of airlines' home bases. Although the aviation strategy that the European Commission published at the end of 2015 deals with working conditions, it did not present any new legislative initiative on this issue.

Differences in Men's and Women's Work, Care and Leisure Time

15-03-2016

The economic crisis has profoundly affected the labour market and private life of men and women. This study examines the interrelation of policies with the ways women and men allocate time to paid work, care and leisure and the gendered outcomes produced in different socio-economic and cultural settings. It shows that policies are powerful tools which contribute to a better work-life balance and transform gender roles in accordance to the targets of EU2020 strategy and EU28 commitment to gender equality ...

The economic crisis has profoundly affected the labour market and private life of men and women. This study examines the interrelation of policies with the ways women and men allocate time to paid work, care and leisure and the gendered outcomes produced in different socio-economic and cultural settings. It shows that policies are powerful tools which contribute to a better work-life balance and transform gender roles in accordance to the targets of EU2020 strategy and EU28 commitment to gender equality.

Externí autor

Konstantina DAVAKI (Department of Social Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science, the UK)

Employment Conditions in the International Road Haulage Sector

16-03-2015

This document, provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Employment and Social Affaffairs Committee, analyses trends in the employment conditions of drivers in this sector. In particular, it aims to review whether the current regulatory framework including the Posting of Workers Directive is achieving the desired balance between market integration and social protection of workers, and what steps can be taken to ensure this balance in the future.

This document, provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Employment and Social Affaffairs Committee, analyses trends in the employment conditions of drivers in this sector. In particular, it aims to review whether the current regulatory framework including the Posting of Workers Directive is achieving the desired balance between market integration and social protection of workers, and what steps can be taken to ensure this balance in the future.

Externí autor

Andrea BROUGHTON (Institute for Employment Studies), Maurizio CURTARELLI (ECORYS), Christine BERTRAM (ECORYS), Anna FOHRBECK (Institute for Employment Studies), Robin HINKS (Institute for Employment Studies) and Arianna TASSINARI (Institute for Employment Studies)

Sociální a pracovní podmínky řidičů zajišťujících silniční přepravu zboží

15-04-2013

Studie přináší analýzu sociálních a pracovních podmínek řidičů z povolání činných v odvětví silniční nákladní dopravy. Soustředí se na základní sociální otázky, jež se objevují v tomto segmentu dopravy a mezi které patří doby řízení a doby odpočinku nebo praktické aspekty, jež přímo ovlivňují kvalitu života řidičů, např. systémy zaměstnávání a výše příjmů. Po celkové analýze právního rámce, která zahrnuje příslušné právní předpisy EU týkající se sociálního rozměru silniční nákladní dopravy, následuje ...

Studie přináší analýzu sociálních a pracovních podmínek řidičů z povolání činných v odvětví silniční nákladní dopravy. Soustředí se na základní sociální otázky, jež se objevují v tomto segmentu dopravy a mezi které patří doby řízení a doby odpočinku nebo praktické aspekty, jež přímo ovlivňují kvalitu života řidičů, např. systémy zaměstnávání a výše příjmů. Po celkové analýze právního rámce, která zahrnuje příslušné právní předpisy EU týkající se sociálního rozměru silniční nákladní dopravy, následuje zpráva o zjištěních, která přinesly konzultace zúčastněných stran a řidičů.

Externí autor

TRT Trasporti e Territorio Srl - Alessio Sitran, Enrico Pastori

Social and Working Conditions in the Transport Sector of the European Union

15-10-2009

This study provides an overview of social and working conditions in five main transport sectors: road, railways, air, maritime and inland waterways. After a brief presentation of the economic, social and legislative framework for each sector, the study addresses specific issues such as wages and wage/pension schemes, working time, social dialogue etc. for each sector. The study then highlights the main problems/challenges for each sector and makes recommendations for further studies and legislation ...

This study provides an overview of social and working conditions in five main transport sectors: road, railways, air, maritime and inland waterways. After a brief presentation of the economic, social and legislative framework for each sector, the study addresses specific issues such as wages and wage/pension schemes, working time, social dialogue etc. for each sector. The study then highlights the main problems/challenges for each sector and makes recommendations for further studies and legislation/political discussion at EU level.

Externí autor

Giorgia Aresu, Diego Artuso, Elisabetta Martone, Micaela Celio and Claudio Ricciolio (all from PricewaterhouseCoopers Advisory Srl Italy) Patrizia Ordine (scientific review)

Impact Assessment of Certain Aspects of the Working Time Directive

09-07-2007

Externí autor

Terence Hogarth Simonas Vileikis Ramboll Management Norregade 7A DK-1165 Copenhagen K

Chystané akce

03-06-2020
EPRS online Book Talk | One of Them: From Albert Square to Parliament Square
Další akce -
EPRS
11-06-2020
CONT Public Hearing: Implementation of EU funds
Slyšení -
CONT
15-06-2020
EPRS online Book Talk | A Certain Idea of France: The life of Charles de Gaulle
Další akce -
EPRS

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