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Research for AGRI Committee - The CAP support beyond 2020 - Assessing the future structure of direct payments and the rural development interventions in the light of the EU agricultural and environmental challenges

15-10-2018

This study provides an assessment of the structure and type of interventions as proposed by the European Commission on the CAP beyond 2020 (Title III of the proposal COM(2018) 392). All Direct Payment and Rural development interventions have been examined in the context of the main agricultural and environmental challenges the EU faces. A set of recommendation is made for the improvement of specific instruments and to address policy priorities and level playing field concerns.

This study provides an assessment of the structure and type of interventions as proposed by the European Commission on the CAP beyond 2020 (Title III of the proposal COM(2018) 392). All Direct Payment and Rural development interventions have been examined in the context of the main agricultural and environmental challenges the EU faces. A set of recommendation is made for the improvement of specific instruments and to address policy priorities and level playing field concerns.

Externí autor

R.A. Jongeneel; H. Silvis; K. Poppe - Wageningen UR

'Omnibus regulation' – Agricultural provisions

06-12-2017

The proposed 'omnibus regulation' to amend EU financial rules represents the first occasion that changes to the basic regulations of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) have been formally proposed since the 2013 reform. These changes represent policy choices involving a fine-tuning and simplification of the CAP. Parliament is due to vote on the proposal during the December plenary session.

The proposed 'omnibus regulation' to amend EU financial rules represents the first occasion that changes to the basic regulations of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) have been formally proposed since the 2013 reform. These changes represent policy choices involving a fine-tuning and simplification of the CAP. Parliament is due to vote on the proposal during the December plenary session.

Research for AGRI Committee - Young farmers - Policy implementation after the 2013 CAP reform

16-10-2017

This report provides information regarding the state of implementation of the current CAP young farmers’ mechanism. The different implementation styles of the Members States are described and the currently implemented policy tools are evaluated. Based on the secondary analysis and case studies, several policy recommendations are formulated, aimed at improving the existing support scheme and assisting young farmers to deal with the major barriers to entering agriculture.

This report provides information regarding the state of implementation of the current CAP young farmers’ mechanism. The different implementation styles of the Members States are described and the currently implemented policy tools are evaluated. Based on the secondary analysis and case studies, several policy recommendations are formulated, aimed at improving the existing support scheme and assisting young farmers to deal with the major barriers to entering agriculture.

Externí autor

Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Czech Republic: Lukáš Zagata, Jiří Hrabák, Michal Lošťák, Miroslava Bavorová Technology Centre of the Czech Academy of Science: Tomáš Ratinger The James Hutton Institute, Scotland UK: Lee-Ann Sutherland, Annie McKee

Rural poverty in the European Union

13-03-2017

In 2015, 119 million European citizens, representing almost a quarter of the EU population, were at risk of poverty and social exclusion. Statistics show that the average poverty rate is slightly higher in rural areas, with very contrasting situations across the Union as some countries display a huge poverty gap between rural and urban areas. Rural poverty, which appears to be less documented than urban poverty, is linked to the specific disadvantages of rural areas. These include an unfavourable ...

In 2015, 119 million European citizens, representing almost a quarter of the EU population, were at risk of poverty and social exclusion. Statistics show that the average poverty rate is slightly higher in rural areas, with very contrasting situations across the Union as some countries display a huge poverty gap between rural and urban areas. Rural poverty, which appears to be less documented than urban poverty, is linked to the specific disadvantages of rural areas. These include an unfavourable demographic situation, a weaker labour market, limited access to education and also remoteness and rural isolation. The latter is associated with a lack of basic services such as healthcare and social services, and with increased costs for inhabitants on account of travel distances. These factors are considered to be the main drivers of rural poverty. Through their interaction, they can generate a spiral of decline in which poverty can become entrenched. While the fight against poverty and social exclusion lies primarily within the remit of the Member States and their regions, this issue is at the heart of the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. Several EU funds and policies can contribute to alleviating poverty, in particular the current EU rural development policy which, for the first time, includes a priority relating to the promotion of social inclusion, poverty reduction and economic development in rural areas. Within this policy, Member States and regions can use EU funding to implement measures that, although not directly targeting poverty reduction, may help tackle those drivers of poverty in many ways, such as fostering job creation, improving services, developing infrastructure for information and communications technologies (ICT), and enhancing access to education. In this regard, local strategies such as the Leader method are particularly suited to supporting disadvantaged groups.

Common Agricultural Policy 2014-2020: Direct payments - A reference note

20-12-2016

This document aims to explain the principles and rules of the direct payments system in the context of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) for 2014-2020. Indeed, direct payments are the backbone of the CAP and they take the largest share of the CAP budget, more than 70 % of the €408.31 billion budget or about €42 billion each year. In Europe, more than 7.3 million farmers are beneficiaries of direct payments, and they manage more than 170 million hectares of agricultural land. In terms of farm income ...

This document aims to explain the principles and rules of the direct payments system in the context of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) for 2014-2020. Indeed, direct payments are the backbone of the CAP and they take the largest share of the CAP budget, more than 70 % of the €408.31 billion budget or about €42 billion each year. In Europe, more than 7.3 million farmers are beneficiaries of direct payments, and they manage more than 170 million hectares of agricultural land. In terms of farm income, direct payments represent, at the EU level, more than 25 % of the gross value added of EU agriculture and in some Member States more than 50 %.

Supporting young farmers in the EU

15-06-2015

The European Union farming sector faces a demographic challenge – a shortage of young farmers – that undermines its long-term sustainability. Many socio-economic factors, such as reduced access to land and credit, and lack of rural infrastructure, drive young people away from a career in agriculture. The EU therefore provides various forms of support and incentives to facilitate young people's entry in the farming business, most notably in the framework of the reformed Common Agricultural Policy ...

The European Union farming sector faces a demographic challenge – a shortage of young farmers – that undermines its long-term sustainability. Many socio-economic factors, such as reduced access to land and credit, and lack of rural infrastructure, drive young people away from a career in agriculture. The EU therefore provides various forms of support and incentives to facilitate young people's entry in the farming business, most notably in the framework of the reformed Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) 2014-2020, which introduced new or strengthened measures to encourage them to set up in farming. Under the first pillar of the CAP, young farmers receive a 25% supplement to the direct aid allocated to their farm, for a period of five years, as part of the 'Young Farmer Scheme' which Member States are obliged to implement. Under the second pillar, they have access to support co-financed under the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD): a start-up grant and various economic, environmental, development and innovation measures which Member States can choose to include in their national Rural Development Programmes. During the CAP reform negotiations, the European Parliament was instrumental in the adoption of important measures for young farmers. More recently, in the context of CAP implementation at national and regional level, the Council and the Parliament have called for stronger support to help young people overcome economic and market barriers to enter farming. At the end of March 2015, the European Commission and the European Investment Bank, which have been jointly developing financial instruments for the agricultural sector, presented a new model instrument designed to ease access to credit for agricultural producers, including young farmers.

Young Farmers in the European Union

28-03-2013

This document explores some of the major trends of the agricultural sector and its role in the economy of the European Union in comparison with other major actors in the world. In particular, it focuses on the position of young farmers in the EU. It looks at some of the indicators established in the Common Monitoring and Evaluation Framework, which provides a single framework covering all rural development interventions by the EU during the period 2007-2013. It also covers the economic development ...

This document explores some of the major trends of the agricultural sector and its role in the economy of the European Union in comparison with other major actors in the world. In particular, it focuses on the position of young farmers in the EU. It looks at some of the indicators established in the Common Monitoring and Evaluation Framework, which provides a single framework covering all rural development interventions by the EU during the period 2007-2013. It also covers the economic development of the agricultural sector, and the educational attainment and age structure of the agricultural labour force. It pays particular attention to the decline in young farmers, despite existing measures of support.

EU measures to encourage and support new entrants

14-09-2012

The weak number of new entrants into farming in the EU-27 is determined by certain economic and social factors that characterise Union agriculture. The CAP envisages a series of measures to counter this situation, which have been only scantly effective. The new model introduced by the Commission constitutes an insufficient solution to the problem and needs to be redefined if it is to effectively attract new entrants, not only to farming but to any other activity in the countryside. That entails drawing ...

The weak number of new entrants into farming in the EU-27 is determined by certain economic and social factors that characterise Union agriculture. The CAP envisages a series of measures to counter this situation, which have been only scantly effective. The new model introduced by the Commission constitutes an insufficient solution to the problem and needs to be redefined if it is to effectively attract new entrants, not only to farming but to any other activity in the countryside. That entails drawing a distinction between agrifood and agri-environmental policies on the one hand and territorial rural policies on the other, to develop a new Rural Policy Framework for the EU.

Externí autor

Jesús G. REGIDOR and Beatriz Sánchez Reyes (for statistical assistance) (Autonomous University of Madrid)

How to Improve the Role of Young Farmers in the European Agricultural Economy?

15-11-2010

This study analysed the situation of the EU young farmers in relation to their share of total agricultural holders and land use as well as their participation in national and European support programmes. In many regions, the overall synergy between preferred priority policy objectives and age structures in agriculture is weak. The study also reviewed the obstacles facing both potential entrants into agriculture sector and young farmers, especially those starting-up in business, and proposed possible ...

This study analysed the situation of the EU young farmers in relation to their share of total agricultural holders and land use as well as their participation in national and European support programmes. In many regions, the overall synergy between preferred priority policy objectives and age structures in agriculture is weak. The study also reviewed the obstacles facing both potential entrants into agriculture sector and young farmers, especially those starting-up in business, and proposed possible solutions for overcoming those barriers.

Externí autor

Aldona ZAWOJSKA (Department of Economics and Economic Policy, Warsaw University of Life Sciences)

How to Promote the Role of Youth in Rural Areas of Europe?

15-11-2010

This report provides an overview of the situation of young people in rural areas of the EU. Young people’s social inclusion is multi-dimensional, and often characterised by individualisation. The report offers an assessment of the effect of rural development policies on young people’s integration into rural social and economic life. In short, most rural policy ignores young people, and most youth policies neglect the rural dimension. Finally, the report suggests some possible ways to improve youth ...

This report provides an overview of the situation of young people in rural areas of the EU. Young people’s social inclusion is multi-dimensional, and often characterised by individualisation. The report offers an assessment of the effect of rural development policies on young people’s integration into rural social and economic life. In short, most rural policy ignores young people, and most youth policies neglect the rural dimension. Finally, the report suggests some possible ways to improve youth integration in EU rural areas in the context of policy reforms post-2013.

Externí autor

Mark SHUCKSMITH (Newcastle University, UK)

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