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Research for REGI Committee - The economic, social and territorial situation in Bulgaria

16-10-2017

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to Bulgaria of a delegation of the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development (REGI) from 29 to 31 October 2017, the region visited being Sofia city and the surrounding Sofia district.

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to Bulgaria of a delegation of the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development (REGI) from 29 to 31 October 2017, the region visited being Sofia city and the surrounding Sofia district.

Nigeria: Political situation

28-01-2016

Following general elections in March 2015, Nigeria experienced its first democratic handover of power. Unlike other elections since the 1999 democratic transition, these elections ran unmarred by suspicions of vote rigging and widespread electoral violence. The elected president, Muhammadu Buhari, won with a promise to crack down on endemic corruption.

Following general elections in March 2015, Nigeria experienced its first democratic handover of power. Unlike other elections since the 1999 democratic transition, these elections ran unmarred by suspicions of vote rigging and widespread electoral violence. The elected president, Muhammadu Buhari, won with a promise to crack down on endemic corruption.

Myanmar/Burma's 2015 elections: Democracy at last?

28-10-2015

Twenty-five years ago, Aung San Suu Kyi's NLD party won an overwhelming electoral victory, only to be denied power by the SLORC junta. The 2015 elections give the party and its leader a second chance to end decades of direct and indirect military rule. In the absence of opinion polls it is impossible to reliably predict the results. While the NLD is widely seen as the likely winner, the incumbent USDP party, closely linked to the former junta, and ethnic parties will probably win substantial minorities ...

Twenty-five years ago, Aung San Suu Kyi's NLD party won an overwhelming electoral victory, only to be denied power by the SLORC junta. The 2015 elections give the party and its leader a second chance to end decades of direct and indirect military rule. In the absence of opinion polls it is impossible to reliably predict the results. While the NLD is widely seen as the likely winner, the incumbent USDP party, closely linked to the former junta, and ethnic parties will probably win substantial minorities. The 2012 by-elections are an encouraging precedent, raising hope that elections in 2015 will be considerably fairer than in 2010. It is however unlikely that they will be completely transparent and credible, among other things due to the large share of the population excluded from voting. With one quarter of parliamentary seats filled by military appointees, the NLD needs to win two thirds of elected seats in order to command an overall majority. Failing this, it will have to form a coalition, possibly with the ethnic parties. On the other hand, with military support, the USDP only needs to win one third of elected seats to stay in power. The newly constituted parliament will then elect a president, who in turn appoints the new government. With Nobel and Sakharov prize-winner Aung San Suu Kyi constitutionally excluded from the presidency, no obvious alternative has emerged. A victory for the opposition would be a major step forward for democracy. However, difficult reforms will still be needed, and a military backlash cannot be completely excluded either, potentially repeating the tragic events of 1990.

Myanmar/Burma: Political parties

22-10-2015

After decades of direct and indirect military rule, Myanmar/Burma's political future now hangs in the balance, with elections on 8 November 2015 offering its best chance of a transition to democracy for many years. The two main parties contesting the election are the incumbent, military-backed USDP, and the opposition party, NLD, led by the charismatic Aung San Suu Kyi.

After decades of direct and indirect military rule, Myanmar/Burma's political future now hangs in the balance, with elections on 8 November 2015 offering its best chance of a transition to democracy for many years. The two main parties contesting the election are the incumbent, military-backed USDP, and the opposition party, NLD, led by the charismatic Aung San Suu Kyi.

COMAGRI delegation to Savoie and Haute-Savoie

15-05-2015

This briefing note is intended for MEPs on the European Parliament's Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development visiting Savoie and Haute-Savoie in July 2015. This document provides an overview of the region, describes its farming and forestry sector and details the implementation of the new post-2014 CAP in France and in the departments of Savoie and Haute-Savoie.

This briefing note is intended for MEPs on the European Parliament's Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development visiting Savoie and Haute-Savoie in July 2015. This document provides an overview of the region, describes its farming and forestry sector and details the implementation of the new post-2014 CAP in France and in the departments of Savoie and Haute-Savoie.

Brazil: Promises of More Change – But in Which Direction?

22-10-2014

On 26 October 2014, almost 142 million voters will elect Brazil's president for the next four years. The elections take place against a backdrop of economic stagnation and widespread discontent with inadequate public services and the political system, highlighted by social protests in 2013. After a decade of economic and social progress, and a parallel rise in the country's global stature, the sustainability of the country's last two decades of achievements is increasingly questioned. Facing these ...

On 26 October 2014, almost 142 million voters will elect Brazil's president for the next four years. The elections take place against a backdrop of economic stagnation and widespread discontent with inadequate public services and the political system, highlighted by social protests in 2013. After a decade of economic and social progress, and a parallel rise in the country's global stature, the sustainability of the country's last two decades of achievements is increasingly questioned. Facing these challenges, all major political forces have advocated 'change' in the run-up to the October elections. There are strong expectations that the government that takes over on 1 January 2015 will initiate a new phase in Brazil's social, economic and political development. The new government will have to address demands to renew the political system and to implement reforms to make the economy more competitive and capable of generating the growth needed to continue improving social conditions.

Hong Kong: one country, two systems?

15-10-2014

China's refusal to allow open nominations for the election of Hong Kong's next chief executive sparked the Umbrella Revolution, with thousands taking to the streets. But with the protests now dissipating, the situation appears to have moved little.

China's refusal to allow open nominations for the election of Hong Kong's next chief executive sparked the Umbrella Revolution, with thousands taking to the streets. But with the protests now dissipating, the situation appears to have moved little.

Economic, Social and Territorial Situation of Ukraine

15-10-2014

This in-depth analysis provides an overview of Ukrainian economic, political and administrative framework. It focuses on the description of the territorial administration system of the country, including its territorial division, the competences of different levels of administration and their financial capacities. This analysis provides also the information about the measures taken by the Ukrainian government, regarding the administrative organisation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea that was ...

This in-depth analysis provides an overview of Ukrainian economic, political and administrative framework. It focuses on the description of the territorial administration system of the country, including its territorial division, the competences of different levels of administration and their financial capacities. This analysis provides also the information about the measures taken by the Ukrainian government, regarding the administrative organisation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea that was illegally annexed by the Russian Federation and certain districts of Donetsk and Luhansk regions that are under the control of pro-Russian separatists.

Comagri Delegation in Bavaria

14-02-2014

This briefing note is intended for MEPs on the European Parliament’s Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development visiting Bavaria in March 2014. The intention of this paper is to set out Bavaria’s position in a national and European context by providing a general overview of the state and a description of its farming and forestry sector, and ending with a look at CAP implementation in Bavaria.

This briefing note is intended for MEPs on the European Parliament’s Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development visiting Bavaria in March 2014. The intention of this paper is to set out Bavaria’s position in a national and European context by providing a general overview of the state and a description of its farming and forestry sector, and ending with a look at CAP implementation in Bavaria.

Economic, Social and Territorial Situation of the Islands of Corsica and Sardinia

14-06-2013

This note provides an overview of general situation of France and Italy, their political, economic and administrative systems, together with a description of European Union support to France and Italy, and their Operational Programmes contained in the National Strategic Reference Frameworks for the period 2007- 2013. Special attention is given to the islands of Corsica and Sardinia, their specific social, economic and territorial characteristic, as well as their cooperation. The note has been prepared ...

This note provides an overview of general situation of France and Italy, their political, economic and administrative systems, together with a description of European Union support to France and Italy, and their Operational Programmes contained in the National Strategic Reference Frameworks for the period 2007- 2013. Special attention is given to the islands of Corsica and Sardinia, their specific social, economic and territorial characteristic, as well as their cooperation. The note has been prepared in the context of the Committee on Regional Development's delegation to Corsica and Sardinia, 15-17 July 2013.

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