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Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - November 2018

12-11-2018

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

A renewed partnership with the countries of Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific

17-04-2018

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the above-mentioned impact assessment (IA), which originally accompanied the joint communication on a renewed partnership with the countries of Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific, published on 22 November 2016. Subsequently, on 12 December 2017, the Commission adopted a recommendation for a Council decision authorising the opening of negotiations with the countries of the Cotonou Agreement, which was referred to ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the above-mentioned impact assessment (IA), which originally accompanied the joint communication on a renewed partnership with the countries of Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific, published on 22 November 2016. Subsequently, on 12 December 2017, the Commission adopted a recommendation for a Council decision authorising the opening of negotiations with the countries of the Cotonou Agreement, which was referred to Parliament's Committee on Foreign Affairs (AFET). The Commission considers the analysis and conclusions of the impact assessment conducted in 2016 for the joint communication to be valid for the December 2017 recommendation for the opening of negotiations, which are to begin officially before 1 September 2018.

Denouncing the EU-Comoros fisheries agreement

06-03-2018

Following the listing of the Comoros as a non-cooperating country in fighting illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, the Commission has initiated the termination of the EU-Comoros fisheries agreement. Parliament’s consent, requested for this first ever denunciation of a fisheries agreement on grounds of IUU fishing, will be subject to a plenary vote planned for the March plenary session.

Following the listing of the Comoros as a non-cooperating country in fighting illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, the Commission has initiated the termination of the EU-Comoros fisheries agreement. Parliament’s consent, requested for this first ever denunciation of a fisheries agreement on grounds of IUU fishing, will be subject to a plenary vote planned for the March plenary session.

Střední Asie

01-01-2018

Strategie Evropské unie pro Střední Asii vznikla v roce 2007 a naposledy byla pozměněna v roce 2015. Klade si za cíl dosáhnout stability a prosperity, přičemž podporuje otevřenou společnost, právní stát, demokratizaci a spolupráci v oblasti energetické bezpečnosti a diverzifikace energetických zdrojů. Evropský parlament zdůrazňuje význam lidských práv, řádné správy věcí veřejných a sociálního rozvoje. Země v tomto regionu se značně liší co do míry rozvoje a demokratizace a tomu EU též přizpůsobuje ...

Strategie Evropské unie pro Střední Asii vznikla v roce 2007 a naposledy byla pozměněna v roce 2015. Klade si za cíl dosáhnout stability a prosperity, přičemž podporuje otevřenou společnost, právní stát, demokratizaci a spolupráci v oblasti energetické bezpečnosti a diverzifikace energetických zdrojů. Evropský parlament zdůrazňuje význam lidských práv, řádné správy věcí veřejných a sociálního rozvoje. Země v tomto regionu se značně liší co do míry rozvoje a demokratizace a tomu EU též přizpůsobuje svůj přístup. Návrh nové strategie je očekáván v polovině roku 2019.

Země Perského zálivu, Írán, Irák a Jemen

01-01-2018

EU má s Radou pro spolupráci v Perském zálivu (GCC), což je regionální organizace sdružující Bahrajn, Katar, Kuvajt, Omán, Saúdskou Arábii a Spojené arabské emiráty, a s Jemenem dohodu o spolupráci a s Irákem dohodu o partnerství a spolupráci. V současné době nemá EU žádné smluvní vztahy s Íránem, je si však vědoma velkého potenciálu širších vztahů s touto zemí.

EU má s Radou pro spolupráci v Perském zálivu (GCC), což je regionální organizace sdružující Bahrajn, Katar, Kuvajt, Omán, Saúdskou Arábii a Spojené arabské emiráty, a s Jemenem dohodu o spolupráci a s Irákem dohodu o partnerství a spolupráci. V současné době nemá EU žádné smluvní vztahy s Íránem, je si však vědoma velkého potenciálu širších vztahů s touto zemí.

Jihovýchodní Asie

01-01-2018

EU utváří pevné vazby se zeměmi jihovýchodní Asie a podporuje regionální integraci se zeměmi Sdružení národů jihovýchodní Asie (ASEAN). EU je silným ekonomickým aktérem v jihovýchodní Asii a významným poskytovatelem rozvojové pomoci na podporu budování institucí, demokracie, řádné správy a lidských práv.

EU utváří pevné vazby se zeměmi jihovýchodní Asie a podporuje regionální integraci se zeměmi Sdružení národů jihovýchodní Asie (ASEAN). EU je silným ekonomickým aktérem v jihovýchodní Asii a významným poskytovatelem rozvojové pomoci na podporu budování institucí, demokracie, řádné správy a lidských práv.

EU–Kazakhstan Partnership Agreement

05-12-2017

In December 2017, the European Parliament is due to vote on whether to give consent to an Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement with Kazakhstan, which would replace a 1995 agreement.

In December 2017, the European Parliament is due to vote on whether to give consent to an Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement with Kazakhstan, which would replace a 1995 agreement.

EU relations with Armenia and Azerbaijan

30-10-2017

The EU is currently reshaping its relationship with Armenia and Azerbaijan through new agreements for which the negotiations ended (Armenia) or started (Azerbaijan) in February 2017. After Yerevan’s decision to join the EAEU (thereby renouncing to sign an AA/DCFTA), the initialling of the CEPA provides a new impetus to EU-Armenia relations. It highlights Armenia’s lingering interest in developing closer ties with the EU and provides a vivid illustration of the EU’s readiness to respond to EaP countries ...

The EU is currently reshaping its relationship with Armenia and Azerbaijan through new agreements for which the negotiations ended (Armenia) or started (Azerbaijan) in February 2017. After Yerevan’s decision to join the EAEU (thereby renouncing to sign an AA/DCFTA), the initialling of the CEPA provides a new impetus to EU-Armenia relations. It highlights Armenia’s lingering interest in developing closer ties with the EU and provides a vivid illustration of the EU’s readiness to respond to EaP countries’ specific needs and circumstances. The CEPA is also a clear indication that the EU has not engaged in a zero-sum game with Russia and is willing to exploit any opportunity to further its links with EaP countries. The launch of negotiations on a new EU-Azerbaijan agreement – in spite of serious political and human rights problems in the country – results from several intertwined factors, including the EU’s energy security needs and Baku’s increasing bargaining power. At this stage, Azerbaijan is interested only in forms of cooperation that are not challenging the political status quo. However, the decline in both world oil prices and domestic oil production in this country is creating bargaining opportunities for the EU in what promises to be a difficult negotiation.

Externí autor

Leila ALIEVA, Senior Common Room Member at St. Antony’s College, University of Oxford Laure DELCOUR Research Fellow, Fondation Maison des sciences de l’homme (FMSH); Hrant KOSTANYAN, Researcher, Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS)

International Agreements in Progress: Economic Partnership Agreement with the Southern African Development Community (SADC)

13-09-2017

In line with the objective of the Cotonou Agreement to establish a World Trade Organization-compatible trade regime with ACP countries, in 2002 the EU started negotiations on free trade agreements with different ACP regional configurations. One of these is the SADC EPA Group – of southern African countries, including South Africa. The negotiations were long but the final outcome is a compromise that has been accepted by all parties, with the exception of Angola which did not endorse the Economic ...

In line with the objective of the Cotonou Agreement to establish a World Trade Organization-compatible trade regime with ACP countries, in 2002 the EU started negotiations on free trade agreements with different ACP regional configurations. One of these is the SADC EPA Group – of southern African countries, including South Africa. The negotiations were long but the final outcome is a compromise that has been accepted by all parties, with the exception of Angola which did not endorse the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA), but has an option to join in the future. The Agreement establishes an asymmetric free trade area, taking into account the disparities in the level of development between the EU and its African partners, which can shield sensitive products from EU competition. It emphasises sustainable development as an overarching objective, includes important safeguards in order to protect sensitive sectors from sudden surges in trade, and gives African countries the possibility to preserve their policy space in order to industrialise. The Agreement was signed in June 2016 and entered into provisional application on 10 October 2016, after being ratified by five of the six African countries and the European Parliament. It is now in the process of ratification by EU national parliaments. Second edition. The ‘International Agreements in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the process, from initial discussions through to ratification. To view earlier editions of this briefing, please see: PE 586.661, 7 September 2016.

EU-Cuba relations: a new chapter begins

18-07-2017

The Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement (PDCA) between the EU and Cuba, endorsed by the European Parliament (EP) on 5 July 2017, opens a new phase in EU-Cuba relations. Until now Cuba was the only country in Latin America without a cooperation or political dialogue agreement with the EU. The PDCA creates a framework for political dialogue and closer bilateral cooperation, including in trade. The parts of the agreement (mostly related to cooperation and trade issues) that fall within EU competence ...

The Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement (PDCA) between the EU and Cuba, endorsed by the European Parliament (EP) on 5 July 2017, opens a new phase in EU-Cuba relations. Until now Cuba was the only country in Latin America without a cooperation or political dialogue agreement with the EU. The PDCA creates a framework for political dialogue and closer bilateral cooperation, including in trade. The parts of the agreement (mostly related to cooperation and trade issues) that fall within EU competence can already be applied provisionally, but the agreement will only enter into force in full after it has been ratified in all the EU Member States. Since negotiations on the PDCA began in 2014, Cuba’s relations with the EU and individual Member States have intensified considerably. For the EU, the PDCA is a tool for supporting a process of change and modernisation in Cuba, while for Cuba it represents the ‘normalisation’ of the relationship with an important economic and trade partner and helps it to diversify its external relations. Parliament will focus, in monitoring the implementation of the PDCA, on two areas of particular concern to the EP: human rights and civil liberties on Cuba, and the role of Cuban civil society.

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