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Artificial intelligence in transport: Current and future developments, opportunities and challenges

27-03-2019

Artificial intelligence is changing the transport sector. From helping cars, trains, ships and aeroplanes to function autonomously, to making traffic flows smoother, it is already applied in numerous transport fields. Beyond making our lives easier, it can help to make all transport modes safer, cleaner, smarter and more efficient. Artificial intelligence-led autonomous transport could for instance help to reduce the human errors that are involved in many traffic accidents. However, with these opportunities ...

Artificial intelligence is changing the transport sector. From helping cars, trains, ships and aeroplanes to function autonomously, to making traffic flows smoother, it is already applied in numerous transport fields. Beyond making our lives easier, it can help to make all transport modes safer, cleaner, smarter and more efficient. Artificial intelligence-led autonomous transport could for instance help to reduce the human errors that are involved in many traffic accidents. However, with these opportunities come real challenges, including unintended consequences and misuse such as cyber-attacks and biased decisions about transport. There are also ramifications for employment, and ethical questions regarding liability for the decisions taken by artificial intelligence in the place of humans. The EU is taking steps to adapt its regulatory framework to these developments, so that it supports innovation while at the same time ensuring respect for fundamental values and rights. The measures already taken include general strategies on artificial intelligence and rules that support the technologies enabling the application of artificial intelligence in transport. In addition, the EU provides financial support, in particular for research.

Silniční doprava: dopravní a bezpečnostní předpisy

01-11-2017

Evropská unie si stanovila cíl, jímž je během období 2010–2020 vytvořit evropský prostor bezpečnosti silničního provozu. Pravomoc v této oblasti přísluší zejména členským státům. Opatření EU se proto týkají technického stavu vozidel, přepravy nebezpečných věcí a bezpečnosti dopravních sítí.

Evropská unie si stanovila cíl, jímž je během období 2010–2020 vytvořit evropský prostor bezpečnosti silničního provozu. Pravomoc v této oblasti přísluší zejména členským státům. Opatření EU se proto týkají technického stavu vozidel, přepravy nebezpečných věcí a bezpečnosti dopravních sítí.

EU strategy on cooperative intelligent transport systems

31-08-2017

Digital technologies, and systems based on them, are being rapidly introduced in transport all over the world. Cooperative intelligent transport systems (C-ITS) in road transport are part of this development, and one element in a wider drive towards vehicle automation. These systems use technologies allowing road vehicles to communicate with other vehicles or road users and roadside infrastructure. By increasing the quality and reliability of information, C-ITS can improve road safety and traffic ...

Digital technologies, and systems based on them, are being rapidly introduced in transport all over the world. Cooperative intelligent transport systems (C-ITS) in road transport are part of this development, and one element in a wider drive towards vehicle automation. These systems use technologies allowing road vehicles to communicate with other vehicles or road users and roadside infrastructure. By increasing the quality and reliability of information, C-ITS can improve road safety and traffic efficiency as well as reduce energy consumption and emissions from transport, provided that cyber security and data protection are ensured. The European Commission has put forward a strategy outlining the path towards commercial deployment of C-ITS in the EU by 2019, seeking to avoid market fragmentation and maintain EU competitiveness. The main steps proposed are to adopt a legal framework for providing investors with legal certainty, to make EU funding available for projects, and to continue cooperation with EU stakeholders and international partners. The strategy addresses key issues such as data protection and cyber-security, systems interoperability and technical specifications. In the meantime, several ongoing pilot projects are consolidating the experience to be shared. The European Parliament, a long-time supporter of C-ITS and defender of personal data protection, is preparing a report on the strategy.

Dalších deset technologií, které by mohly změnit naše životy

14-07-2017

V roce 2015 generální ředitelství Evropského parlamentu pro parlamentní výzkumné služby (GŘ EPRS) otevřelo novou cestu svou publikací „Deset technologií, které by mohly změnit naše životy – možné dopady a důsledky politik“, ve které každá kapitola zdůrazňuje určitou technologii, její přísliby a možné negativní důsledky a úlohu, kterou by Evropský parlament mohl a měl hrát při utváření tohoto rozvoje. Tato nová studie na tuto práci navazuje a předkládá dalších deset technologií, které budou stále ...

V roce 2015 generální ředitelství Evropského parlamentu pro parlamentní výzkumné služby (GŘ EPRS) otevřelo novou cestu svou publikací „Deset technologií, které by mohly změnit naše životy – možné dopady a důsledky politik“, ve které každá kapitola zdůrazňuje určitou technologii, její přísliby a možné negativní důsledky a úlohu, kterou by Evropský parlament mohl a měl hrát při utváření tohoto rozvoje. Tato nová studie na tuto práci navazuje a předkládá dalších deset technologií, které budou stále více vyžadovat pozornost tvůrců politik. Témata současné studie byla vybrána tak, aby odrážela širokou škálu témat, na která se skupina Hodnocení vědecko-technických možností (STOA) Evropského parlamentu rozhodla zaměřit během osmého volebního období Parlamentu (2014–2019). Cílem této publikace je nejen upozornit na těchto deset konkrétních technologií, ale také podpořit úvahy o dalším technologickém rozvoji, který dosud může být v rané fázi, ale jenž by podobně mohl mít silný dopad na naše životy v blízké budoucnosti nebo z dlouhodobějšího hlediska.

Towards low-emission EU mobility

21-03-2017

While EU transport systems provide the mobility European society needs, they also create severe environmental pressures and are responsible for a quarter of EU greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Transport activity is expected to grow still further and become the largest source of EU GHG emissions after 2030. Meanwhile, the EU has joined global efforts to limit climate change and pledged to reduce its CO2 emissions significantly. In line with this commitment, it has set out to transform itself into a ...

While EU transport systems provide the mobility European society needs, they also create severe environmental pressures and are responsible for a quarter of EU greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Transport activity is expected to grow still further and become the largest source of EU GHG emissions after 2030. Meanwhile, the EU has joined global efforts to limit climate change and pledged to reduce its CO2 emissions significantly. In line with this commitment, it has set out to transform itself into a low-carbon economy. This implies a systemic change towards low-emission mobility, which in turn requires modern and clean transport without compromising European mobility and competitiveness. The European Commission has put forward a comprehensive strategy for low-emission mobility to accelerate the transformation, focusing on three main areas. Firstly, it seeks to improve transport-system efficiency by employing digital technologies, smart road charging and promoting multimodality. Secondly, it encourages the deployment of low-emission alternative energy for transport, such as electricity and advanced biofuels. And thirdly, it outlines measures for moving towards zero-emission vehicles. In addition, several horizontal initiatives seek to provide coherence between transport and other policy areas and create an environment enabling new digital technologies, research and innovation, energy, investment, and skills. While reactions to the strategy have mainly been positive, stakeholders also stressed the need for a technology-neutral approach, taking the whole emission cycle and the need for a level playing field between transport modes into account.

Research for TRAN Committee – Self-Piloted Cars: The Future of Road Transport?

15-03-2016

The study provides an analysis of the development of automated vehicles inside and outside the EU, including both the technologies which are already on the market and those under testing and research. The EU is giving increasing attention to automated and connected vehicles as they could have huge impacts on road safety, travel behaviour and urban development. The study reports on state of the art key research projects and large scale testing in this area and discusses future pathways and potential ...

The study provides an analysis of the development of automated vehicles inside and outside the EU, including both the technologies which are already on the market and those under testing and research. The EU is giving increasing attention to automated and connected vehicles as they could have huge impacts on road safety, travel behaviour and urban development. The study reports on state of the art key research projects and large scale testing in this area and discusses future pathways and potential impacts of increasing vehicle automation. It concludes with recommendations on aspects that should be considered when shaping policies to sustain the research and development, and bringing to market, of highly automated and connected vehicles.

Externí autor

Roberta Frisoni, Andrea Dall’Oglio, Craig Nelson, James Long, Christoph Vollath, Davide Ranghetti and Sarah McMinimy

Research for TRAN Committee - Logistics in the TEN-T Corridors

14-03-2016

This note assesses the status of logistics and the way to achieve a performing multi-modal transport system on the TEN-T core network by making use of/improving existing policy instruments. It shows that interoperability of railways and multi-modal terminals are crucial issues along the nine corridors of the core network.

This note assesses the status of logistics and the way to achieve a performing multi-modal transport system on the TEN-T core network by making use of/improving existing policy instruments. It shows that interoperability of railways and multi-modal terminals are crucial issues along the nine corridors of the core network.

Externí autor

Wolfgang Schade, Werner Rothengatter and Simon Mader

Sustainable urban mobility gaining ground

02-03-2016

Cities are home to more than 70% of the EU population and generate about 85% of its GDP. As urban mobility relies heavily on conventionally fuelled private cars, cities suffocate from traffic congestion and pollution. Furthermore, urban CO2 emissions account for about 23% of the EU total and reducing them is key for meeting the EU's emissions reduction targets – in the spotlight since the United Nations COP21 Paris climate conference. The sustainable mobility concept addresses urban issues as a whole ...

Cities are home to more than 70% of the EU population and generate about 85% of its GDP. As urban mobility relies heavily on conventionally fuelled private cars, cities suffocate from traffic congestion and pollution. Furthermore, urban CO2 emissions account for about 23% of the EU total and reducing them is key for meeting the EU's emissions reduction targets – in the spotlight since the United Nations COP21 Paris climate conference. The sustainable mobility concept addresses urban issues as a whole, promoting a shift towards greener transport, to make cities more liveable. This is an updated version of the text PE 572.788, prepared for the December 2015 plenary.

Research for TRAN Committee - The World is Changing. Transport Too.

15-01-2016

The (more and more urban) European population is growing and ageing. Mobile information and communication technologies are developing rapidly. Global competition and the fight against climate change are pressing. These developments all have an impact on transport as a whole. As this paper shows, mobility needs and patterns evolve; new transport services/systems emerge; transportation technologies aim to become more 'environmentally-efficient'. This transformation challenges the existing transport ...

The (more and more urban) European population is growing and ageing. Mobile information and communication technologies are developing rapidly. Global competition and the fight against climate change are pressing. These developments all have an impact on transport as a whole. As this paper shows, mobility needs and patterns evolve; new transport services/systems emerge; transportation technologies aim to become more 'environmentally-efficient'. This transformation challenges the existing transport sector's structure and governance and calls for major changes in the regulatory framework.

Externí autor

Greg Marsden, Peter Atkinson, Julian Burkinshaw, Holly Edwards, Ian Jones, Karen Lucas, Giulio Mattioli, Kate Palmer, Louise Reardon, Zia Wadud, Tony Whiteing, Magda Cepeda, Janine Morley, Weert Canzler, Andreas Knie, Matthias Finger, Nadia Bert and David Kupfer

Automated vehicles in the EU

07-01-2016

Automated vehicle technologies allow the transfer of driving functions from a human driver to a computer. Automation, and in particular digitalisation, of driving will change road transport in a way which is viewed as a revolution in the field of mobility. As human error is the main reason for road traffic accidents, driving which is automatically controlled by a computer is expected to make future road transport safer and more secure. It has also the potential to be more environmentally friendly ...

Automated vehicle technologies allow the transfer of driving functions from a human driver to a computer. Automation, and in particular digitalisation, of driving will change road transport in a way which is viewed as a revolution in the field of mobility. As human error is the main reason for road traffic accidents, driving which is automatically controlled by a computer is expected to make future road transport safer and more secure. It has also the potential to be more environmentally friendly, efficient and accessible. Worldwide, automobile manufacturers and technology firms are working on driving system innovation. Agreement by all stakeholders on the desired deployment of the new technologies will provide developers with the certainty they need for investments. For an effective communication between the technological and political spheres, categorisation and terminology are being developed which define different levels of vehicle automation. Motor vehicles are highly complex systems which need advanced technical and legal standards in terms of road safety requirements. The technical requirements as well as international traffic rules are agreed at United Nations level and are currently in the process of being assessed with a view to the increasing automation of vehicles. The European Union and its Member States participate in international working groups which are revising the regulations as prerequisites for the deployment of automated vehicles. Furthermore the European Union is funding research on automated road transport as a priority in the Horizon 2020 Transport Research programme. Some key elements of the discussions on political and technical aspects are the questions of how data protection and cyber security can be secured and liability issues can be solved.

Chystané akce

28-10-2020
Climate Change and Health
Seminář -
ENVI
28-10-2020
Public Hearing "Women and digitalisation"
Slyšení -
FEMM AIDA
28-10-2020
Worskhop on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Seminář -
PETI

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