13

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Mediterranean fisheries management measures

20-03-2019

As a contracting party to the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM), the European Union is bound to adopt its conservation and management measures in EU law, so that they become applicable to EU fishing vessels. The European Parliament is expected to vote on a Commission proposal on the transposition of new GFCM measures, that go beyond the existing regulations, during the March II plenary session.

As a contracting party to the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM), the European Union is bound to adopt its conservation and management measures in EU law, so that they become applicable to EU fishing vessels. The European Parliament is expected to vote on a Commission proposal on the transposition of new GFCM measures, that go beyond the existing regulations, during the March II plenary session.

Russia-Ukraine conflict flares up in the Azov Sea

29-11-2018

Russia's attacks on and seizure of three Ukrainian naval vessels off the Crimean peninsula have reignited looming tensions in the Sea of Azov. This is the most serious confrontation between Ukraine and Russia since 2014, sparking concern over further military escalation ahead of key Ukrainian elections. On 27 November 2018, Ukraine's Parliament (Verkhovna Rada) voted to declare martial law. The EU has condemned Russia's use of force.

Russia's attacks on and seizure of three Ukrainian naval vessels off the Crimean peninsula have reignited looming tensions in the Sea of Azov. This is the most serious confrontation between Ukraine and Russia since 2014, sparking concern over further military escalation ahead of key Ukrainian elections. On 27 November 2018, Ukraine's Parliament (Verkhovna Rada) voted to declare martial law. The EU has condemned Russia's use of force.

Mediterranean fisheries management measures: Transposition into EU law

26-06-2018

All Member States bordering the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, together with the European Union, participate in the management of fisheries in this area, in cooperation with several third countries, in the framework of the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM). As a contracting party to the GFCM, the EU is bound to adopt its recommendations. The European Commission therefore proposes to transpose a number of new GFCM measures that go beyond the existing regulation, into EU law ...

All Member States bordering the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, together with the European Union, participate in the management of fisheries in this area, in cooperation with several third countries, in the framework of the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM). As a contracting party to the GFCM, the EU is bound to adopt its recommendations. The European Commission therefore proposes to transpose a number of new GFCM measures that go beyond the existing regulation, into EU law.

Bringing Mediterranean and Black Sea fishing rules into EU law

05-01-2015

The EU has made a series of commitments in recent years in its capacity as a contracting party to the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean, an international forum for cooperation on the sustainable management and exploitation of living marine resources. The elements of those commitments which are not already part of EU law need now to be translated into EU legislation.

The EU has made a series of commitments in recent years in its capacity as a contracting party to the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean, an international forum for cooperation on the sustainable management and exploitation of living marine resources. The elements of those commitments which are not already part of EU law need now to be translated into EU legislation.

The EU's Black Sea Policy: Where Do We Stand?

13-09-2013

In January 2011 the European Parliament adopted a resolution calling for the European Commission and the then-soon-to-be-launched European External Action Service to prepare an EU strategy for the Black Sea region. This initiative was meant to dovetail with other EU basin-focused strategies in Europe. Given that the EU's Black Sea Synergy, the ad hoc policy in place since 2007, was being implemented at a slow pace, the Parliament's request was also intended to amplify the EU’s political presence ...

In January 2011 the European Parliament adopted a resolution calling for the European Commission and the then-soon-to-be-launched European External Action Service to prepare an EU strategy for the Black Sea region. This initiative was meant to dovetail with other EU basin-focused strategies in Europe. Given that the EU's Black Sea Synergy, the ad hoc policy in place since 2007, was being implemented at a slow pace, the Parliament's request was also intended to amplify the EU’s political presence in the region. Today, less than a year before the end of the legislature, the EU Black Sea strategy has still not been drafted. Are the Commission and EEAS simply ignoring Parliament’s political advice? In fact, the reasons for the impasse are multiple, stemming from the complications of the Black Sea region as well as the EU's organisational choices. Ultimately, however, these reasons matter less than the outcome. The EU's Black Sea policy – by definition an inclusive policy – should be advanced under one label or another, as it is neither a threat nor a complement to the Eastern Partnership. Both policies should be developed in parallel. And before the EU advances to a new stage, it should first implement those measures it has promised, but yet to realise.

Fisheries Cooperation in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea

15-11-2012

Cooperation in semi-enclosed seas is a mandate for States that are party to UNCLOS. There is a long tradition of regional cooperation in these waters with what can be considered to be pioneering instruments. At the same time, the complex political, social and economic circumstances are one of the difficulties for reaching a consensus in regional governance. This document investigates the issues that have a bearing on regional cooperation and the possibility of using bilateralism-based mechanisms. ...

Cooperation in semi-enclosed seas is a mandate for States that are party to UNCLOS. There is a long tradition of regional cooperation in these waters with what can be considered to be pioneering instruments. At the same time, the complex political, social and economic circumstances are one of the difficulties for reaching a consensus in regional governance. This document investigates the issues that have a bearing on regional cooperation and the possibility of using bilateralism-based mechanisms.

Ekstern forfatter

Juan Luis SUÁREZ DE VIVERO (University of Seville, Spain) , technical team : David FLORIDO DEL CORRAL, Inmaculada MARTÍNEZ ALBA, Juan Manuel MARTÍN JIMÉNEZ and Gabriel OROZCO FRUTOS (University of Seville, Spain)

The Role of GFCM in Regional Fisheries Management

15-10-2012

The GFCM integrates cooperative efforts by 23 countries in seeking to optimize fish harvesting. The attendance at some meetings of subsidiary bodies is low, and few formal stock assessments have resulted, despite useful binding recommendations made, largely on a precautionary basis. The SAC needs to focus on fewer topics and their follow-through. A further priority is on the use of statistical analysis of biomass and effort trends, and defining reference points that measure exploitation rate. Restrictions ...

The GFCM integrates cooperative efforts by 23 countries in seeking to optimize fish harvesting. The attendance at some meetings of subsidiary bodies is low, and few formal stock assessments have resulted, despite useful binding recommendations made, largely on a precautionary basis. The SAC needs to focus on fewer topics and their follow-through. A further priority is on the use of statistical analysis of biomass and effort trends, and defining reference points that measure exploitation rate. Restrictions on trawling to protect spawning stocks in rocky areas (refugia) are suggested.

Ekstern forfatter

John F. CADDY (Private consultant)

Fisheries in the Black Sea

15-12-2010

This paper is a review of the fisheries sector in the Black Sea region, and presents the main marine resources and the evolution of the Black Sea fisheries, as well as fisheries management and regional cooperation issues. The Black Sea has undergone major environmental changes, and a dramatic resource crisis occurred around 1990. Fisheries have been one of the drivers for these changes, but have also been affected by them. The combined effect of this crisis and the deteriorating economic conditions ...

This paper is a review of the fisheries sector in the Black Sea region, and presents the main marine resources and the evolution of the Black Sea fisheries, as well as fisheries management and regional cooperation issues. The Black Sea has undergone major environmental changes, and a dramatic resource crisis occurred around 1990. Fisheries have been one of the drivers for these changes, but have also been affected by them. The combined effect of this crisis and the deteriorating economic conditions in the former communist states after 1989 reshaped the Black Sea fisheries.

Security and Energy Security in the Black Sea Region

27-09-2010

The briefing note examines security and energy security issues around the Black Sea from a regional perspective and assesses the potential of Black Sea cooperation to increase security in the region. It identifies several drivers for change in the Black Sea security environment, including the radical change in relations between Russia and Ukraine under Viktor Yanukovych’s presidency, the new Turkish foreign policy, a more active phase in all of the formerly-dubbed ‘frozen’ conflicts, a renewed focus ...

The briefing note examines security and energy security issues around the Black Sea from a regional perspective and assesses the potential of Black Sea cooperation to increase security in the region. It identifies several drivers for change in the Black Sea security environment, including the radical change in relations between Russia and Ukraine under Viktor Yanukovych’s presidency, the new Turkish foreign policy, a more active phase in all of the formerly-dubbed ‘frozen’ conflicts, a renewed focus on naval balance and maritime security and the race for control over the south-eastern route of gas supply into Europe. Threats are grouped into three kinds: those related to competition among the great powers in the region, the potential flashpoints which could at any time trigger a major crisis and the transnational threats and risks that are of concern to all the Black Sea countries (e.g. terrorism, state failure, organised crime). Regional cooperation can contribute towards containing these threats and risks and transforming the security environment around the Black Sea. The European Union can and should play a more active role in shaping this environment. The fact that the context is fluid and evolving opens up many opportunities for EU initiatives in security issues. For instance, an EUled initiative for breaking the isolation of the populations of non-recognised territories could contribute to a better regional environment; greater engagement with Russia and Turkey on Black Sea security issues could be further enhanced, and finally, the EU should make an effort to pursue its diversification of gas supply without contributing to tensions in the region.

Ekstern forfatter

Arnaud DUBIEN, Director of Research, , IRIS, Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques / Jordi VAQUER I FANÉS, Director, CIDOB, the Barcelona Centre for International Affairs

Jurisdictional waters in the Mediterranean and Black Seas

15-12-2009

Due to their geographical features, maritime jurisdictions in the Mediterranean and Black Seas are particularly complex. The number of states and their relative positions create new boundaries that impact on coastal states’ and third countries’ access to use of the living resources. This study describes and analyses the jurisdictional structure of these two basins and the possible impacts on fishing activity.

Due to their geographical features, maritime jurisdictions in the Mediterranean and Black Seas are particularly complex. The number of states and their relative positions create new boundaries that impact on coastal states’ and third countries’ access to use of the living resources. This study describes and analyses the jurisdictional structure of these two basins and the possible impacts on fishing activity.

Ekstern forfatter

Prof. Juan Luis Suárez de Vivero - TECHNICAL TEAM: Mrs Inmaculada Martínez Alba, Mr Juan Manuel Martín Jiménez, Mrs Concepción Jiménez Sánchez

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