99

Ergebnis(se)

Wort/Wörter
Art der Veröffentlichung
Politikbereich
Verfasser
Schlagwortliste
Datum

Solvency Support Instrument

06-10-2020

In May 2020, the European Commission adopted a proposal on a Solvency Support Instrument. The aim is to support otherwise viable companies in the Union that face solvency difficulties as a result of the coronavirus crisis, and to mitigate possible distortions to the single market and its level playing field. Such distortions are to be expected given the differing degree to which the Member States are affected and the likely unevenness of their responses, which may depend on their fiscal capacity ...

In May 2020, the European Commission adopted a proposal on a Solvency Support Instrument. The aim is to support otherwise viable companies in the Union that face solvency difficulties as a result of the coronavirus crisis, and to mitigate possible distortions to the single market and its level playing field. Such distortions are to be expected given the differing degree to which the Member States are affected and the likely unevenness of their responses, which may depend on their fiscal capacity and level of debt. The Commission proposes to increase the guarantee provided to the European Investment Bank under the European Fund for Strategic Investments and to use it to support financial intermediaries, which will then select companies eligible for solvency help. At the European Council meeting in July 2020, EU Heads of State or Government did not take up the idea of the solvency support instrument. Both the European Parliament and Commission President, Ursula von der Leyen, have expressed regret at this. Continuing the examination of the proposal in Parliament, the co-rapporteurs have published a draft report in which they propose to widen the scope of eligible companies and ensure fair geographical distribution.

The future of tertiary education in Europe

28-09-2020

This analysis focuses on six challenges facing tertiary education in the EU: the need to maintain relevance to current and future aspirations, the impact of digital and disruptive technologies, the way it collaborates with business, global and intra-EU collaboration, quality assurance, financing and barriers to inclusion. It also looks at trends in two of the largest higher education systems outside the European Higher Education Area, those in the United States and China. This provides the backdrop ...

This analysis focuses on six challenges facing tertiary education in the EU: the need to maintain relevance to current and future aspirations, the impact of digital and disruptive technologies, the way it collaborates with business, global and intra-EU collaboration, quality assurance, financing and barriers to inclusion. It also looks at trends in two of the largest higher education systems outside the European Higher Education Area, those in the United States and China. This provides the backdrop to discuss how the next Multiannual Financial Framework, which is currently under negotiation, will put tools at the EU's disposal to exert some influence on the future trajectory of tertiary education, as well as the European Parliament's role in these negotiations.

Disruption by technology: Impacts on politics, economics and society

21-09-2020

Technological development has long been considered as a disruptive force, provoking change at many levels, from the routine daily activities of individuals to dramatic competition between global superpowers. This analysis examines disruption caused by technologies in a series of key areas of politics, economics and society. It focuses on seven fields: the economic system, the military and defence, democratic debates and the 'infosphere', social norms, values and identities, international relations ...

Technological development has long been considered as a disruptive force, provoking change at many levels, from the routine daily activities of individuals to dramatic competition between global superpowers. This analysis examines disruption caused by technologies in a series of key areas of politics, economics and society. It focuses on seven fields: the economic system, the military and defence, democratic debates and the 'infosphere', social norms, values and identities, international relations, and the legal and regulatory system. It also presents surveillance as an example of how technological disruption across these domains can converge to propel other phenomena. The key disruptive force of 2020 is non-technological, namely coronavirus. The pandemic is used here as an opportunity to examine how technological disruption interacts with other forms of disruption.

Single market and the pandemic: Impacts, EU action and recovery

18-06-2020

The coronavirus crisis caused an asymmetric shock to both supply and demand in the EU, inflicting unprecedented economic harm: the deep recession in 2020 is likely to be followed by a fragile recovery in 2021. The downside risks are high and there is a strong possibility of further deterioration. European economies are highly integrated: about two-thirds of the EU's total trade in goods takes place on the single market, through its tightly knit network of supply chains, financial connections and ...

The coronavirus crisis caused an asymmetric shock to both supply and demand in the EU, inflicting unprecedented economic harm: the deep recession in 2020 is likely to be followed by a fragile recovery in 2021. The downside risks are high and there is a strong possibility of further deterioration. European economies are highly integrated: about two-thirds of the EU's total trade in goods takes place on the single market, through its tightly knit network of supply chains, financial connections and trade relationships. However, the pandemic has severely impacted the free movement of persons, goods and services in the EU, on which the market is based. While the depth of the economic downturn and the strength of recovery vary across EU Member States, many of those that were hardest hit by the pandemic happen to have the least policy space to respond to it. Left unaddressed, an uneven recovery across the EU risks creating divergences, fragmentation and permanent damage to the single market, which will have a negative impact on the EU's recovery as a whole. The EU has acted on many fronts since the onset of the crisis. Initially, it provided first-response measures – such as the suspension of State aid rules and a roadmap for lifting containment measures – designed to address multiple emergencies in the single market and the EU economy. It has also developed a comprehensive longer-term response to enable economic recovery and repair the damage inflicted by the crisis, while at the same time protecting and deepening the single market and rendering it more autonomous. The EU will offer large-scale asymmetric support and financial support, that will be distributed through existing and novel instruments. Some experts warn that the proposed recovery plan, while a step in the right direction, may be financially insufficient and too slow to disburse. The European Parliament has asked for a major recovery package worth €2 trillion.

Digital taxation: State of play and way forward

19-03-2020

The digitalisation of the economy and society poses new tax policy challenges. One of the main questions is how to correctly capture value and tax businesses characterised by a reliance on intangible assets, no or insignificant physical presence in the tax jurisdictions where commercial activities are carried out (scale without mass), and a considerable user role in value creation. Current tax rules are struggling to cope with the emerging realities of these new economic models. The European Union ...

The digitalisation of the economy and society poses new tax policy challenges. One of the main questions is how to correctly capture value and tax businesses characterised by a reliance on intangible assets, no or insignificant physical presence in the tax jurisdictions where commercial activities are carried out (scale without mass), and a considerable user role in value creation. Current tax rules are struggling to cope with the emerging realities of these new economic models. The European Union (EU) and other international bodies have been discussing these issues for some time. In March 2018, the EU introduced a 'fair taxation of the digital economy' package. It contained proposals for an interim and long-term digital tax. The European Parliament supported both proposals, widening their scope and coverage and backing integration of digital tax into the proposed Council framework on corporate taxation. However, there was no immediate political agreement in the Council. As finding a global solution at Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) level or a coordinated EU approach was not yet feasible, some Member States started implementing or designing national digital taxes. As an indication of difficulties around this issue, the introduction of these taxes in France heightened trade tensions between the EU and the United States of America, with the latter favouring a 'voluntary' tax system – a position which may prevent a global agreement. Over the last few years, the OECD has nevertheless made progress on developing a global solution and proposed a two-pillar system: while the first pillar (unified approach) would grant new taxation rights and review the current profit allocation and business location-taxation rules, the second (GloBE) aims to mitigate risks stemming from the practices of profit-shifting to jurisdictions where they can be subjected to no, or very low, taxation. The EU is committed to supporting the OECD's work, but if no solution is found by the end of 2020, it will again make a proposal for its own digital tax.

Jahresbericht über die EU-Wettbewerbspolitik

04-03-2020

Während der März-I-Tagung wird das Europäische Parlament voraussichtlich den Jahresbericht über die EU-Wettbewerbspolitik (2019) erörtern, der vom Ausschuss für Wirtschaft und Währung angenommen wurde. In dem Bericht werden die zunehmende Bedeutung der internationalen Dimension der Wettbewerbspolitik in einer globalisierten Welt und die Herausforderungen hervorgehoben, die sich aus der Digitalisierung der Wirtschaft ergeben. Es wird ferner auf die Fragen im Zusammenhang mit der Wirksamkeit der wettbewerbspolitischen ...

Während der März-I-Tagung wird das Europäische Parlament voraussichtlich den Jahresbericht über die EU-Wettbewerbspolitik (2019) erörtern, der vom Ausschuss für Wirtschaft und Währung angenommen wurde. In dem Bericht werden die zunehmende Bedeutung der internationalen Dimension der Wettbewerbspolitik in einer globalisierten Welt und die Herausforderungen hervorgehoben, die sich aus der Digitalisierung der Wirtschaft ergeben. Es wird ferner auf die Fragen im Zusammenhang mit der Wirksamkeit der wettbewerbspolitischen Instrumente sowie auf die Frage hingewiesen, wie mithilfe dieser Instrumente der europäische Grüne Deal unterstützt werden kann.

Is data the new oil? Competition issues in the digital economy

08-01-2020

The global debate on the extent to which current competition policy rules are sufficient to deal with the fast-moving digital economy has never been more pertinent. An important part of this debate concerns the market power of large high-tech companies that dominate many online markets. The main factors behind these developments are economies of scale and scope, network externalities, and the rising economic significance of data, which are a highly valuable commodity in an online economy. While being ...

The global debate on the extent to which current competition policy rules are sufficient to deal with the fast-moving digital economy has never been more pertinent. An important part of this debate concerns the market power of large high-tech companies that dominate many online markets. The main factors behind these developments are economies of scale and scope, network externalities, and the rising economic significance of data, which are a highly valuable commodity in an online economy. While being indispensable to the development of potential game changers – such as artificial intelligence – data are also a crucial input to many online services, production processes, and logistics – making it a critical element in the value chain of many different industries. Data-dependent markets are also characterised by a high level of concentration and, according to many experts, high entry barriers relating to access to and ownership of data – which make it difficult to challenge the incumbent companies. On the other hand, the large players are generally considered to be very productive and innovative. Some studies, however, show that the diffusion of know-how and innovation between the market leaders and the rest of the economy may be affecting competiveness in general. One possible way to correct these shortcomings is to regulate the sharing of data. While the risks of policy-making in this field are generally well-known and centre around the need to protect privacy – particularly where personal data are involved – and to prevent the collusive aspects of data sharing, there is currently no global model to follow. The European Union has taken multiple initiatives to unlock data markets through modern, user-centred laws such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the regulation on the reuse of public sector information. The global thinking seems to gradually favour more prudent oversight of the market, considering its economic heft.

Die Industriepolitik der EU am Scheideweg: Derzeitiger Stand, Herausforderungen und weitere Schritte

02-12-2019

Die Industrie spielt für das Wirtschafts- und Wachstumsmodell der EU eine zentrale Rolle. Sie befindet sich heute jedoch am Scheideweg, da sie durch neue disruptive Kräfte stark beeinflusst wird, die von der Entstehung neuer Technologien bis hin zu Verschiebungen des weltwirtschaftlichen Kräfteverhältnisses und sich verändernden geopolitischen Gegebenheiten reichen. Bei der Bewältigung dieser Herausforderungen stellen sich komplexe Probleme, z. B. das Erfordernis, die Offen-heit von Markt und Handel ...

Die Industrie spielt für das Wirtschafts- und Wachstumsmodell der EU eine zentrale Rolle. Sie befindet sich heute jedoch am Scheideweg, da sie durch neue disruptive Kräfte stark beeinflusst wird, die von der Entstehung neuer Technologien bis hin zu Verschiebungen des weltwirtschaftlichen Kräfteverhältnisses und sich verändernden geopolitischen Gegebenheiten reichen. Bei der Bewältigung dieser Herausforderungen stellen sich komplexe Probleme, z. B. das Erfordernis, die Offen-heit von Markt und Handel zu erhalten und gleichzeitig die Industrie vor unlauterem Wettbewerb zu schützen, oder die Notwendigkeit, eine umweltfreundlichere und stärker nachhaltige Industrie unter Wahrung ihrer globalen Wettbewerbsfähigkeit zu fördern. Auch die strategische Positionierung der EU muss überdacht und von einem defensiven auf einen offensiven Kurs umgestellt werden. Diese Entwicklungen haben eine rege Debatte über die Notwendigkeit einer erneuerten, durchsetzungsfähigeren, umfassenderen und stärker abgestimmten Industriepolitik auf EU-Ebene ausgelöst. In diesem Dokument werden der derzeitige Stand und die Herausforderungen der EU dargestellt und die Debatte über die wichtigsten politischen Optionen für die Zukunft analysiert.

EU-Wettbewerbspolitik: Schlüssel für einen fairen Binnenmarkt

30-10-2019

Es hat sich herausgestellt, dass die Wettbewerbspolitik einen positiven Beitrag zum Wirtschaftswachstum in der EU leistet, wobei die EU über eines der robustesten wettbewerbspolitischen Regelwerke weltweit verfügt. Die europäische Wettbewerbspolitik erstreckt sich auf viele Bereiche, nicht zuletzt kartellrechtliche Maßnah¬men, Fusionskontrolle und staatliche Beihilfen. Sie wird von der Europäischen Kommission durchgesetzt, deren Entscheidungen vor dem Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union angefochten ...

Es hat sich herausgestellt, dass die Wettbewerbspolitik einen positiven Beitrag zum Wirtschaftswachstum in der EU leistet, wobei die EU über eines der robustesten wettbewerbspolitischen Regelwerke weltweit verfügt. Die europäische Wettbewerbspolitik erstreckt sich auf viele Bereiche, nicht zuletzt kartellrechtliche Maßnah¬men, Fusionskontrolle und staatliche Beihilfen. Sie wird von der Europäischen Kommission durchgesetzt, deren Entscheidungen vor dem Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union angefochten werden können. Zu den Entwick¬lun¬gen in der Wettbewerbspolitik in jüngster Zeit zäh¬len die Rege¬lung über kartellrechtliche Schadens¬ersatz¬¬klagen und der Rahmen zur Stärkung der Wett¬bewerbs¬behörden der Mitgliedstaaten. Folgende The¬men wer¬den in diesem Papier erörtert: die Rolle der Wett¬bewerbs¬politik im digitalen Zeitalter, die Fusions¬kontrol¬le, Instrumente wie das Kronzeugenprogramm, Verpflichtungen und Vergleiche sowie die potenziellen Auswirkungen der aktuellen politischen Entwicklungen.

A decade on from the financial crisis: Key data

17-10-2019

The financial crisis began with the collapse of Lehman Brothers, starting a worldwide chain reaction. The EU economy contracted for five consecutive quarters, with growth returning only in the second half of 2009. Stimulatory and fiscal actions by national governments and the EU, and the Eurosystem's loose monetary policy, helped achieve recovery. It was short-lived, however, as in 2010 a sovereign debt crisis resulted from a loss of financial market confidence, with soaring public debt. Yields on ...

The financial crisis began with the collapse of Lehman Brothers, starting a worldwide chain reaction. The EU economy contracted for five consecutive quarters, with growth returning only in the second half of 2009. Stimulatory and fiscal actions by national governments and the EU, and the Eurosystem's loose monetary policy, helped achieve recovery. It was short-lived, however, as in 2010 a sovereign debt crisis resulted from a loss of financial market confidence, with soaring public debt. Yields on government bonds, particularly in the periphery countries, rose dramatically. Ad hoc rescue devices, such as the European Financial Stabilisation Mechanism, brought the situation under control, later supported by the pledge of European Central Bank President Mario Draghi to do 'whatever it takes' to save the euro. The acute phase of the crisis ended in 2014, followed by a period of extremely low inflation and weak growth. To boost inflation, facilitate bank lending and stimulate the economy, the Eurosystem relied increasingly on quantitative easing. While 2017 was the EU's best year since the crises, with economic performance returning to pre-crisis levels, recent data suggest that the momentum is weakening, both in and outside the EU.

Anstehende Veranstaltungen

26-10-2020
European Gender Equality Week - October 26-29, 2020
Andere Veranstaltung -
FEMM
26-10-2020
Joint LIBE - FEMM Hearing on Trafficking in human beings
Anhörung -
LIBE FEMM
26-10-2020
Joint LIBE - FEMM Hearing on Trafficking in human beings
Anhörung -
FEMM

Partner