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States of emergency in response to the coronavirus crisis: Situation in certain Member States III

17-06-2020

The spread of the coronavirus pandemic has prompted countries to take extensive and far-reaching measures to tackle the consequences of the outbreak. Apart from curbing the spread of the disease, these measures have also posed legal and economic challenges, significantly affecting people's lives. Due to the nature of the virus, citizens' rights and freedoms have been curtailed, inter alia affecting their freedom of movement and assembly, as well as the right to conduct economic activities. Whilst ...

The spread of the coronavirus pandemic has prompted countries to take extensive and far-reaching measures to tackle the consequences of the outbreak. Apart from curbing the spread of the disease, these measures have also posed legal and economic challenges, significantly affecting people's lives. Due to the nature of the virus, citizens' rights and freedoms have been curtailed, inter alia affecting their freedom of movement and assembly, as well as the right to conduct economic activities. Whilst the measures are currently being relaxed, there is debate in some Member States over whether the measures were justified and proportionate. Some Member States resorted to declaring a 'state of emergency', whilst others did not, either because they have no such mechanism in their constitutional framework or because they chose a different path, giving special powers to certain institutions or using and modifying existing legislation. In either case, democratic scrutiny over the situation has been highly important, making parliamentary oversight crucial to ensure the rule of law and respect for fundamental democratic principles. This briefing covers the following countries: Croatia, Denmark, Finland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Sweden. It focuses on three key aspects: i) the constitutional framework of the state of emergency or legitimation of the emergency legislation; ii) the specific measures adopted; and iii) the extent of parliamentary oversight exercised on the adopted measures. This briefing is the third in a series aimed at providing a comparative overview of Member States' institutional responses to the coronavirus crisis. The first in the series gives an overview of the responses in Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland and Spain, while the second covers Austria, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Malta, Romania and Slovenia.

Unaccompanied migrant children in Greece: New relocation scheme

15-05-2020

In response to increased migratory pressure in Greece along the EU's external border with Turkey in recent months, and following the Greek government's request for support under Article 78(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), the European Commission has launched a new relocation scheme to speed up the relocation of unaccompanied minors from the Greek islands to other EU Member States. Commissioner for Home Affairs Ylva Johansson, who has been entrusted with taking this ...

In response to increased migratory pressure in Greece along the EU's external border with Turkey in recent months, and following the Greek government's request for support under Article 78(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), the European Commission has launched a new relocation scheme to speed up the relocation of unaccompanied minors from the Greek islands to other EU Member States. Commissioner for Home Affairs Ylva Johansson, who has been entrusted with taking this process forward, will also work in coordination with the Greek government and stakeholders to find sustainable ways to ensure that unaccompanied minors staying in the first-line reception and identification centres ('hotspots') on the Greek islands receive the care and protection they are entitled to. Regardless of a child's reasons for migrating, their situation or status, they all are first and foremost children and have rights as such. Unaccompanied children or children who have been separated from their parents along the way, are, moreover, entitled to special protection under international human rights and European Union asylum law. All too often, however, their rights and needs are neglected. Human rights organisations have repeatedly denounced the precarious and difficult conditions in which unaccompanied minors are living in the Greek hotspots. The proposed relocation initiative is urgently needed. However, the ongoing political and academic debate also shows a clear need for more structural solutions, in the form of more solidarity and responsibility-sharing among EU Member States, and a coordinated, child rights-based approach to addressing the many protection gaps unaccompanied children face when arriving in Europe.

Children's rights in the EU: Marking 30 years of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

13-11-2019

Adopted in 1989, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) was the first international instrument to explicitly recognise children as human beings with innate rights. Ratified by 197 countries, including all EU Member States, it has become the landmark treaty on children's rights, outlining universal standards for the care, treatment, survival, development, protection and participation of all children. The promotion and protection of children's rights is one of the key objectives ...

Adopted in 1989, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) was the first international instrument to explicitly recognise children as human beings with innate rights. Ratified by 197 countries, including all EU Member States, it has become the landmark treaty on children's rights, outlining universal standards for the care, treatment, survival, development, protection and participation of all children. The promotion and protection of children's rights is one of the key objectives embedded in Article 3(3) of the Treaty on European Union (TEU). Moreover, Article 24 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU recognises that children are entitled to 'protection and care as is necessary for their well-being'. The same article recognises that the child's best interests should be the primary consideration for public authorities and private institutions. Over the years, the EU has moved from a sectoral approach towards a more coherent policy approach. Whereas initially, children's rights were developed in relation to specific areas such as the free movement of persons, since 2000 the EU has taken a more coordinated line. This Briefing takes stock of the most recent EU action to address and promote children's rights and looks at the upcoming challenges.

Vereinfachung der Annahme öffentlicher Urkunden

02-06-2016

Im Juni wird das Europäische Parlament die vertagte Abstimmung über den Vorschlag für eine Verordnung zur Förderung der Freizügigkeit von Bürgern und Unternehmen durch die Vereinfachung der Anforderungen für die Vorlage bestimmter öffentlicher Urkunden anderer Mitgliedstaaten durchführen. Der Vorschlag – eine der zentralen Initiativen, die die Kommission während des Europäischen Jahres der Bürgerinnen und Bürger 2013 vorlegte – soll auch zu der politischen Agenda der Europäischen Union „Justiz im ...

Im Juni wird das Europäische Parlament die vertagte Abstimmung über den Vorschlag für eine Verordnung zur Förderung der Freizügigkeit von Bürgern und Unternehmen durch die Vereinfachung der Anforderungen für die Vorlage bestimmter öffentlicher Urkunden anderer Mitgliedstaaten durchführen. Der Vorschlag – eine der zentralen Initiativen, die die Kommission während des Europäischen Jahres der Bürgerinnen und Bürger 2013 vorlegte – soll auch zu der politischen Agenda der Europäischen Union „Justiz im Dienste des Wachstums“ beitragen.

Neue Vorschriften für Europol

02-05-2016

Im Mai soll im Europäischen Parlament über den Kompromisstext für eine überarbeitete Verordnung über die Agentur der Europäischen Union für die Zusammenarbeit auf dem Gebiet der Strafverfolgung (Europol) abgestimmt werden; der Text zielt darauf ab, die Befugnisse der Agentur im Bereich der Bekämpfung von Terrorismus und schwerer und organisierter Kriminalität zu stärken und gleichzeitig deren Rechenschaftspflicht gegenüber dem Europäischen Parlament sowie den einzelstaatlichen Parlamenten zu erhöhen ...

Im Mai soll im Europäischen Parlament über den Kompromisstext für eine überarbeitete Verordnung über die Agentur der Europäischen Union für die Zusammenarbeit auf dem Gebiet der Strafverfolgung (Europol) abgestimmt werden; der Text zielt darauf ab, die Befugnisse der Agentur im Bereich der Bekämpfung von Terrorismus und schwerer und organisierter Kriminalität zu stärken und gleichzeitig deren Rechenschaftspflicht gegenüber dem Europäischen Parlament sowie den einzelstaatlichen Parlamenten zu erhöhen und klare Regeln für den Austausch und den Schutz von Daten zu formulieren.