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How the EU budget is spent: Euratom research and training programme

03-04-2019

The Euratom research and training programme is an important tool that implements the European Union's nuclear policy. Its main aim is to enhance the role of the European Union as a global leader in nuclear research, while efficiently managing its nuclear market.

The Euratom research and training programme is an important tool that implements the European Union's nuclear policy. Its main aim is to enhance the role of the European Union as a global leader in nuclear research, while efficiently managing its nuclear market.

The Global Action Climate Summit (GCAS), San Francisco, 12-14 September 2018

16-08-2018

The briefing is for the ENVI Committee delegation to the 2018 Global Climate Action Summit, which will take place in San Francisco from the 12th until the 14th of September. The Summit will enable a range of different stakeholders (i.e. state and local governments, business and citizens) to publicize the climate actions currently being implemented ‘on the ground’ to help inspire further efforts to support and build upon the commitments pledged in the Paris Agreement.

The briefing is for the ENVI Committee delegation to the 2018 Global Climate Action Summit, which will take place in San Francisco from the 12th until the 14th of September. The Summit will enable a range of different stakeholders (i.e. state and local governments, business and citizens) to publicize the climate actions currently being implemented ‘on the ground’ to help inspire further efforts to support and build upon the commitments pledged in the Paris Agreement.

Externe Autor

Sean Healy

THE IMPACT OF BREXIT ON THE EU ENERGY SYSTEM

15-11-2017

This study provided by Policy Department A at the request of the European Parliament’s Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) shows that the energy-system related impact of Brexit on EU citizens and companies will be limited. The EU will be able to complete its market, achieve its climate and energy targets and maintain supply security. It appears likely (although not guaranteed) that the UK will continue to maintain sensible environmental policies and safeguard the rights of EU companies ...

This study provided by Policy Department A at the request of the European Parliament’s Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) shows that the energy-system related impact of Brexit on EU citizens and companies will be limited. The EU will be able to complete its market, achieve its climate and energy targets and maintain supply security. It appears likely (although not guaranteed) that the UK will continue to maintain sensible environmental policies and safeguard the rights of EU companies in the UK. However, special attention on the impact of Brexit on the Irish energy system is warranted.

Externe Autor

Gustav FREDRIKSSON, Alexander ROTH Simone TAGLIAPIETRA, Georg ZACHMANN

Implementing the Aarhus Convention: Access to justice in environmental matters

11-10-2017

The Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters is an international agreement that gives the public a number of rights with regard to the environment. It consists of three pillars, one of them covering the right of access to justice in cases of non-compliance with environmental law. Implementation of the convention's provisions on access to justice have been the focus of two recent documents, one published by the ...

The Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters is an international agreement that gives the public a number of rights with regard to the environment. It consists of three pillars, one of them covering the right of access to justice in cases of non-compliance with environmental law. Implementation of the convention's provisions on access to justice have been the focus of two recent documents, one published by the European Commission and the other by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Aarhus Convention Compliance Committee. While the European Commission examines the implementation of the convention provisions in the Member States, the UNECE Committee takes a critical look at implementation at EU level. Both papers point to shortcomings, in particular with regard to the right of non-governmental organisations to be heard in court. Regarding implementation at Member State level, the Commission has launched a dialogue procedure with each Member State concerned. When it comes to implementation at EU level, the convention's Meeting of the Parties in September 2017 postponed its decision on the findings of the Aarhus Convention Compliance Committee in respect of the EU to its next meeting in 2021.

European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) - Structures and tools

08-09-2017

Euratom was created in 1957 to further European integration and tackle energy shortages through the peaceful use of nuclear power. It has the same members as the European Union and is governed by the Commission and Council, operating under the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice. Euratom regulates the European civil nuclear industry, which produces almost 30 % of energy in the EU. Euratom's work safeguards nuclear materials and technology, facilitates investment, research and development ...

Euratom was created in 1957 to further European integration and tackle energy shortages through the peaceful use of nuclear power. It has the same members as the European Union and is governed by the Commission and Council, operating under the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice. Euratom regulates the European civil nuclear industry, which produces almost 30 % of energy in the EU. Euratom's work safeguards nuclear materials and technology, facilitates investment, research and development, and ensures equal access to nuclear supplies, as well as the correct disposal of nuclear waste and the safety of operations. Its main instruments are the Euratom Supply Agency, and its research and nuclear safeguard activities. Notably, Euratom is involved in developing atomic fusion technology which has the potential of delivering abundant sustainable energy in the future. In March 2017, the United Kingdom officially notified the EU of its intention to withdraw from the Union and the Euratom Community. In the context of the negotiations which commenced in June 2017, the Commission has published a position paper outlining the main principles of the EU position concerning Euratom. Possible impacts on both Euratom and the UK nuclear industry are yet to be determined.

Vertrag über die Nichtverbreitung von Kernwaffen (NVV): Sachstand

11-04-2016

Kernwaffen haben trotz gegenteiliger Hoffnungen erneut Einzug in die strategische Planung von Kernwaffenstaaten gehalten. Mit dem Abbau der weltweiten Kernwaffenbestände gehen Investitionen in modernere Kernwaffen und Trägersysteme einher, die sich von den Abrüstungszusagen der Kernwaffenstaaten nach dem Vertrag über die Nichtverbreitung von Kernwaffen (NVV) entfernen und die Vertragsgrundlagen infrage stellen. Das Risiko der Schwächung der Bedeutung und Glaubwürdigkeit des NVV steigt zudem durch ...

Kernwaffen haben trotz gegenteiliger Hoffnungen erneut Einzug in die strategische Planung von Kernwaffenstaaten gehalten. Mit dem Abbau der weltweiten Kernwaffenbestände gehen Investitionen in modernere Kernwaffen und Trägersysteme einher, die sich von den Abrüstungszusagen der Kernwaffenstaaten nach dem Vertrag über die Nichtverbreitung von Kernwaffen (NVV) entfernen und die Vertragsgrundlagen infrage stellen. Das Risiko der Schwächung der Bedeutung und Glaubwürdigkeit des NVV steigt zudem durch die Kernwaffenstaaten außerhalb des NVV, die keinen internationalen Nichtverbreitungs- und Abrüstungsverpflichtungen unterliegen. Die NVV-Überprüfungskonferenz 2015 drehte sich um die reale Umsetzung ihrer Pflichten nach dem NVV durch die Vertragsstaaten und die enormen zukünftigen Herausforderungen. Auch wenn am Ende der Konferenz kein Konsens über das Schlussdokument erzielt wurde, wird erachtet, dass die steigende Beipflichtung zur Initiative zu den humanitären Folgen von Kernwaffen den beteiligten Staaten einen möglichen Weg nach vorn eröffnen und erheblichen Schwung in die Erreichung des NVV-Ziels der vollständigen nuklearen Abrüstung bringen könnte.

Nuclear deal with Iran

04-09-2015

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) agreed on 14 July 2015 concludes the long process of negotiations concerning Iran's nuclear programme. A political understanding by the parties concerned, it aims to ensure that Iran's nuclear programme will be exclusively peaceful, in exchange for termination of restrictive measures against Iran. The deal received a generally positive reaction in Europe and Asia but mixed reception in the US and the region.

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) agreed on 14 July 2015 concludes the long process of negotiations concerning Iran's nuclear programme. A political understanding by the parties concerned, it aims to ensure that Iran's nuclear programme will be exclusively peaceful, in exchange for termination of restrictive measures against Iran. The deal received a generally positive reaction in Europe and Asia but mixed reception in the US and the region.

EU Energy Governance for the Future

05-02-2015

This in-depth analysis, provided by the Policy Department A at the request of the Industry, Research and Energy Committee (ITRE) aims to explain key features of energy governance in the European Union related to the ITRE Committee’s mandate. This analysis assesses governance in terms of transparency and accountability, effectiveness and coherence.

This in-depth analysis, provided by the Policy Department A at the request of the Industry, Research and Energy Committee (ITRE) aims to explain key features of energy governance in the European Union related to the ITRE Committee’s mandate. This analysis assesses governance in terms of transparency and accountability, effectiveness and coherence.

Externe Autor

Stephan SLINGERLAND, Jessica YEARWOOD, Mariya GANCHEVA and Koen RADEMAEKERS (Triple E Consulting)

Energy supply in the EU28

24-06-2014

The EU is highly dependent on energy imports, as less than half of its energy consumption is covered by domestic production. The remainder – some 53% - needs to be imported from abroad, with Russia topping the ranks as supplier of gas, oil and coal.This infographic looks at the Member States' domestic energy production, their dependency rate on external supplies, and their net imports. It also provides a picture of the diversification in foreign energy suppliers.

The EU is highly dependent on energy imports, as less than half of its energy consumption is covered by domestic production. The remainder – some 53% - needs to be imported from abroad, with Russia topping the ranks as supplier of gas, oil and coal.This infographic looks at the Member States' domestic energy production, their dependency rate on external supplies, and their net imports. It also provides a picture of the diversification in foreign energy suppliers.

After a Landslide Victory, Japan's LDP Returns to Power

18-12-2012

The Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) is returning to power after three years. The results signal a sharp rejection of the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), which has governed only since 2009. These were the first general elections held since Japan's 2011 'triple disaster'. After 54 years of almost unbroken rule, Japan's LDP government was ousted in 2009. Successive DPJ governments were unable to keep their campaign promises. Frequently shifting governments have not overcome Japan's prolonged political ...

The Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) is returning to power after three years. The results signal a sharp rejection of the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), which has governed only since 2009. These were the first general elections held since Japan's 2011 'triple disaster'. After 54 years of almost unbroken rule, Japan's LDP government was ousted in 2009. Successive DPJ governments were unable to keep their campaign promises. Frequently shifting governments have not overcome Japan's prolonged political and economic problems. Although 12 parties campaigned, the real competition was between the LDP, the DPJ and the JRP, with a few additional parties playing a minor role. Small parties could play a role in the coalition government. The stagnant economy, nuclear power and regional relations were the most pressing campaign issues. How to boost the economic growth while controlling the public debt and maintaining public support will be a challenge for any government. Giving up nuclear energy will be costly for Japanese national economy, although this is the preference of most Japanese citizens. Territorial disputes must be treated gently so as not to disrupt Japan's international trade. Reviving the economy will be Shinzo Abe's priority. International relations are likely to shift, with Abe seeking to avoid antagonising China. Relations with other Asian nations are also likely to develop.

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