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What if CRISPR became a standard breeding technique?

08-04-2020

New genetic technologies allow scientists to drastically accelerate the traditional breeding process, thereby achieving in years what previously took centuries. How will it change the way we produce food?

New genetic technologies allow scientists to drastically accelerate the traditional breeding process, thereby achieving in years what previously took centuries. How will it change the way we produce food?

New plant-breeding techniques: Applicability of EU GMO rules

10-10-2019

New plant genetic modification techniques, referred to as 'gene editing' or 'genome editing', have evolved rapidly in recent years, allowing much faster and more precise results than conventional plant-breeding techniques. They are seen as a promising innovative field for the agri-food industry, offering great technical potential. There is, however, considerable debate as to how these new techniques should be regulated, and whether some or all of them should fall within the scope of EU legislation ...

New plant genetic modification techniques, referred to as 'gene editing' or 'genome editing', have evolved rapidly in recent years, allowing much faster and more precise results than conventional plant-breeding techniques. They are seen as a promising innovative field for the agri-food industry, offering great technical potential. There is, however, considerable debate as to how these new techniques should be regulated, and whether some or all of them should fall within the scope of EU legislation on genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Those who take the view that the new techniques should be exempt from GMO legislation generally argue that the end product is very similar to products generated using conventional breeding techniques, or that similar changes could also occur naturally. Those who consider that the new techniques should fall within the scope of GMO legislation contend that the processes used mean that plants bred using the new techniques are in fact genetically modified. In July 2018, the European Court of Justice gave a judgment ruling that genome-edited organisms fall under the scope of European GMO legislation. While welcomed by some, the judgment has also sparked criticism and calls for the new European Commission to amend EU GMO legislation. This is an updated edition of a 2016 Briefing.

New plant-breeding techniques: Applicability of GM rules

10-05-2016

New plant genetic modification (GM) techniques have evolved rapidly in recent years, allowing much faster and more precise results than conventional plant-breeding techniques. They are seen as a promising new field for the agri-food industry, offering great technical potential. There is, however, considerable debate as to how these new techniques should be regulated and whether some or all of them should fall within the scope of EU legislation on genetically modified organisms (GMOs). There are two ...

New plant genetic modification (GM) techniques have evolved rapidly in recent years, allowing much faster and more precise results than conventional plant-breeding techniques. They are seen as a promising new field for the agri-food industry, offering great technical potential. There is, however, considerable debate as to how these new techniques should be regulated and whether some or all of them should fall within the scope of EU legislation on genetically modified organisms (GMOs). There are two sides to the discussion. Those who take the view that the new techniques should be exempt from GMO legislation generally argue that the end product is very similar to products generated using conventional breeding techniques. Those who consider that the new techniques should fall within the scope of GMO legislation contend that the processes used mean that plants bred using the new techniques are in fact genetically modified. The Commission is currently working on a legal interpretation of the regulatory status of products generated by new plant-breeding techniques, which should be published in the course of 2016. The Commission has highlighted that its legal interpretation is intended to give guidance to national authorities on the scope of GMO legislation, but that it is the sole prerogative of the European Court of Justice to render a final and binding opinion on the interpretation of EU law. The scientific community remains divided over the issue, and various published legal analyses differ, as do the opinions of other stakeholders.

Pflanzenzucht und innovative Landwirtschaft

15-10-2013

Im Rahmen des STOA-Projekts „Technologische Optionen zur Ernährung von 10 Milliarden Menschen“ wird in diesem Bericht untersucht, wie mit landwirtschaftlichen Konzepten, Verfahren und Technologien einschließlich der Pflanzenzucht eine nachhaltige Intensivierung der Pflanzenproduktion mit dem Ziel einer Steigerung der Nahrungsmittelproduktion und –versorgung ermöglicht werden könnte. Ziel der nachhaltigen Intensivierung ist es, mehr Nahrungsmittel auf der gleichen Ackerfläche zu erzeugen und gleichzeitig ...

Im Rahmen des STOA-Projekts „Technologische Optionen zur Ernährung von 10 Milliarden Menschen“ wird in diesem Bericht untersucht, wie mit landwirtschaftlichen Konzepten, Verfahren und Technologien einschließlich der Pflanzenzucht eine nachhaltige Intensivierung der Pflanzenproduktion mit dem Ziel einer Steigerung der Nahrungsmittelproduktion und –versorgung ermöglicht werden könnte. Ziel der nachhaltigen Intensivierung ist es, mehr Nahrungsmittel auf der gleichen Ackerfläche zu erzeugen und gleichzeitig die Folgen für die Umwelt unter sozial und wirtschaftlich vorteilhaften Bedingungen zu verringern. Die Studie beschäftigt sich mit der Landwirtschaft in Entwicklungsländern ebenso wie in Industrieländern (Europa), kleinbäuerlicher und großflächiger Landwirtschaft, extensiven und intensiven landwirtschaftlichen Produktionssystemen, sowie mit Lowtech- und Hightech- Produktionsverfahren. Die Hauptthemen sind: - Verkleinerung von Ertragslücken – nachhaltige Intensivierung und Verbesserung der Feldbewirtschaftung; - Steigerung des Ertragspotenzials – Pflanzenzucht; - Reduktion von Ernteausfällen – Verbesserung der Ernte- und Nachernteverfahren. Für diese Themenbereiche werden Handlungsoptionen ermittelt und erörtert.

Externe Autor

Rolf Meyer (ITAS, Karlsruhe, Germany), Tomas Ratinger (Technology Centre ASCR, Prague, Czech Republic) and Kai Peter Voss-Fels (University of Gieβen, Germany)

The Impact of Biotechnology on Developing Countries

14-02-2013

Modified (GM) crops are increasingly grown in developing countries and can lead to socioeconomic benefits and costs depending on where and how they are adopted. After examining conventional assessments of farm-level indicators such as: yield increase, pesticide costs, farmers' incomes from GM crops, the paper goes on to argue that a variety of structural issues at the national and international level have to be considered in order to obtain a comprehensive picture on the potential which GM crops ...

Modified (GM) crops are increasingly grown in developing countries and can lead to socioeconomic benefits and costs depending on where and how they are adopted. After examining conventional assessments of farm-level indicators such as: yield increase, pesticide costs, farmers' incomes from GM crops, the paper goes on to argue that a variety of structural issues at the national and international level have to be considered in order to obtain a comprehensive picture on the potential which GM crops have to enhance food security in developing countries. Hence, the paper further explores the relationship between GM crops and biodiversity against the backdrop of agro-ecology as a potentially beneficial concept for smallholders in developing countries.

Externe Autor

Timo KAPHENGST (Ecologic Institute, Germany) and Lucy SMITH (Ecologic Institute, Germany)

Anstehende Veranstaltungen

28-09-2020
Seventh meeting of the Joint Parliamentary Scrutiny Group (JPSG) on Europol
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LIBE
29-09-2020
EPRS online Book Talk | Working for Obama and Clinton on Europe [...]
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30-09-2020
EPRS online policy roundtable: Plastics and the circular economy
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