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Foresight ? Contribution to the debate on the future of EU agricultural policy

28-08-2017

Strategic foresight is increasingly being used as a technique to help organisations anticipate and prepare for potential challenges or opportunities. Its application to agricultural and rural development policies is examined in this briefing. A range of relevant foresight studies are identified and examined across a number of elements, covering: the identification of key drivers of change; the nature of the scenarios they present (including the role of technology and precision farming); and food ...

Strategic foresight is increasingly being used as a technique to help organisations anticipate and prepare for potential challenges or opportunities. Its application to agricultural and rural development policies is examined in this briefing. A range of relevant foresight studies are identified and examined across a number of elements, covering: the identification of key drivers of change; the nature of the scenarios they present (including the role of technology and precision farming); and food security as well as the territorial dimensions relating to the future of Europe’s rural areas. These findings are analysed for their implications for future policy-making in respect of EU agriculture and rural development matters. In the field of public policy, there is a growing realisation that the policy process has to address many challenges such as: advancing greater policy integration; identifying and applying the lessons from previous experience of policy implementation; maximising the use of the available evidence base, and considering and adopting a long-term view of the future through forward thinking involving the development of different scenarios. Foresight studies recognise the multi-disciplinary nature of the challenges facing agriculture and the importance of 'interconnected policy-making'. The potential also exists for strategic foresight to be applied at different territorial levels.

Tackling food waste: The EU's contribution to a global issue

29-11-2016

In spite of the availability of food, there is still malnutrition in the world. Food is lost or wasted throughout the supply chain, from initial agricultural production down to final consumers. In developed countries, a significant amount of food is wasted at the consumption stage, meaning that it is discarded even though still suitable for human consumption. In developing countries food is lost mostly at the farmer-producer end of the food supply chain; much less food is wasted at consumer level ...

In spite of the availability of food, there is still malnutrition in the world. Food is lost or wasted throughout the supply chain, from initial agricultural production down to final consumers. In developed countries, a significant amount of food is wasted at the consumption stage, meaning that it is discarded even though still suitable for human consumption. In developing countries food is lost mostly at the farmer-producer end of the food supply chain; much less food is wasted at consumer level. Experts assert that the largest part of food waste in developed countries is produced by households and is linked mainly to urbanisation, changes in the composition of diets, and large-scale mass distribution. Food losses and waste have negative environmental and economic impacts and their existence raises questions for society. Overall, on a per-capita basis, much more food is wasted in the industrialised world than in developing countries. In the EU, food waste has been estimated at some 88 million tonnes, or 173 kg per capita per year. The production and disposal of this food waste leads in turn to the emission of 170 million tonnes of CO2 and consumes 261 million tonnes of resources. The EU is contributing to reducing food waste mainly through its commitment to halve the disposal of edible food in the EU by 2020. Various national initiatives also aim to attain this goal. In June 2016, EU agriculture ministers adopted conclusions in which they pledged to improve data-gathering and awareness-raising on food losses and waste. In addition, they urged the European Commission to remove the legal and practical barriers so that it becomes easier to donate food. This briefing is an update of an earlier one, of January 2014.

EYE 2016 - Hunger games

28-04-2016

Fighting hunger, poverty and disease in the world is far from a utopian game. How can we empower people to create their own sustainable future? Can we bring hunger down in a generation? What does it take to adequately feed the 9 billion people expected to live on our planet in 2050 without destroying the earth? This note has been prepared for the European Youth Event, taking place in Strasbourg in May 2016. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

Fighting hunger, poverty and disease in the world is far from a utopian game. How can we empower people to create their own sustainable future? Can we bring hunger down in a generation? What does it take to adequately feed the 9 billion people expected to live on our planet in 2050 without destroying the earth? This note has been prepared for the European Youth Event, taking place in Strasbourg in May 2016. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

EU biofuels policy: Dealing with indirect land use change

20-01-2015

In 2003, the European Union established a biofuels support policy, primarily with the aim of lowering CO2 emissions in the transport sector. Critics have accused this policy of inducing indirect land use change (ILUC), which triggers an increase in global food prices and in food insecurity for the poor, promotes the creation of large land holdings and the use of available ('marginal') land in developing countries, and not least, boosts carbon emissions. Most research carried out recently suggests ...

In 2003, the European Union established a biofuels support policy, primarily with the aim of lowering CO2 emissions in the transport sector. Critics have accused this policy of inducing indirect land use change (ILUC), which triggers an increase in global food prices and in food insecurity for the poor, promotes the creation of large land holdings and the use of available ('marginal') land in developing countries, and not least, boosts carbon emissions. Most research carried out recently suggests that while concerns regarding food production may have been overstated, those related to ILUC are not, as ILUC can indeed increase the release of CO2 emissions during biofuel production. The biofuels industry argues that it sustains many jobs in European rural areas. In 2012, the European Commission presented a legislative proposal to address some of these concerns while preserving existing investments. It proposed capping conventional biofuels and promoting advanced biofuels. The proposal is expected to go through a second reading in Parliament and the Council in early 2015. Parliament has called for a cap on conventional biofuels, a sub-target for advanced biofuels and the consideration of ILUC factors, while stressing the need for a post-2020 policy. Advanced biofuels are not yet produced on a large scale in the EU. Although in principle they have advantages over conventional biofuels, the technologies are not fully mature, investment is lacking and the sustainability of feedstocks needs to be assessed. The biofuels and farming sectors advocate the continued production of conventional biofuels as a source of jobs and economic activity in rural areas and oppose radical changes in policy. Some NGOs are generally opposed to conventional biofuels and would prefer cautious support measures for advanced biofuels.

Proceedings of the Workshop on "Prevention and Healthy Life"

16-06-2014

This report summarises the presentations and discussions at the Workshop on ‘Prevention and Healthy Life’, held at the European Parliament in Brussels, on Tuesday 4 March 2014. The aim of the workshop was to discuss the main challenges and future perspectives related to the topic of health promotion and disease prevention. The workshop was hosted by MEP Mr Alojz PETERLE (EPP, SL), Co-chair of the Health Working Group within the ENVI Committee.

This report summarises the presentations and discussions at the Workshop on ‘Prevention and Healthy Life’, held at the European Parliament in Brussels, on Tuesday 4 March 2014. The aim of the workshop was to discuss the main challenges and future perspectives related to the topic of health promotion and disease prevention. The workshop was hosted by MEP Mr Alojz PETERLE (EPP, SL), Co-chair of the Health Working Group within the ENVI Committee.

Externe Autor

Michael Hübel (DG Health and Consumers, European Commission), Sabine Rohrmann (Institute of Social and Preventing Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland), Marjan Videnšek (Foundation Zavod Preporod, Slovenia) and Karl Kuhn (European Network for Workplace Health Promotion - ENWHP)

Optionen zur Bekämpfung der Lebensmittelverschwendung

15-10-2013

Die Verringerung der Lebensmittelverschwendung gilt für die Sicherstellung der globalen Ernährungssicherheit als wichtiges Mittel, um begrenzte Ressourcen für andere Verwendungszwecke freizusetzen, Umweltrisiken zu vermindern und finanzielle Verluste zu vermeiden. In ihrem Fahrplan für ein ressourcenschonendes Europa hat sich die Kommission das Ziel gesetzt, die Menge der anfallenden Lebensmittelabfälle bis 2020 zu halbieren. Dieser Studie untersucht die Ansätze zur Vermeidung der Lebensmittelverschwendung ...

Die Verringerung der Lebensmittelverschwendung gilt für die Sicherstellung der globalen Ernährungssicherheit als wichtiges Mittel, um begrenzte Ressourcen für andere Verwendungszwecke freizusetzen, Umweltrisiken zu vermindern und finanzielle Verluste zu vermeiden. In ihrem Fahrplan für ein ressourcenschonendes Europa hat sich die Kommission das Ziel gesetzt, die Menge der anfallenden Lebensmittelabfälle bis 2020 zu halbieren. Dieser Studie untersucht die Ansätze zur Vermeidung der Lebensmittelverschwendung auf der Grundlage einer eingehenden Analyse des Umfangs, der Ursachen und der Abläufe der Lebensmittelverschwendung in der EU-27. Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf Maßnahmen und Instrumenten, die in der Literatur oder in der laufenden Debatte als besonders nützlich und leicht umsetzbar eingeschätzt werden und/oder die sich in der Praxis bereits als effizient erwiesen haben. Dazu gehören unter anderem auch die Verbesserung und die Harmonisierung von Datenbanken, die Festlegung von Zielen für die Verringerung auf nationaler und regionaler Ebene, die Überarbeitung der geltenden Vorschriften über die Lebensmittelkennzeichnung, die Durchführung von Sensibilisierungskampagnen, die Einführung wirtschaftlicher Anreize, die Verbesserung der Arbeitsabläufe sowie die Umsetzung eines integrierten Managements der Lebensmittelversorgungskette bei der Herstellung und im Groß- und Einzelhandel, einschließlich technologischer Innovationen, die zur Verringerung der Lebensmittelverschwendung beitragen können.

Externe Autor

Carmen Priefer (Project Leader), Juliane Jörissen and Klaus-Rainer Bräutigam (ITAS)

G20 Talks: Latest Developments on Food Security

15-07-2013

Around 1 billion people suffer from chronic undernourishment. Food security is a complex phenomenon, and the main priority is contributing to understanding which environmental and specific factors could affect the state of food security and the exposure to price shock in the international food market. The role played by Global Actors (e.g. G8 and G20) is crucial. After briefly outlining the food security global governance system, mentioning the recent initiatives within and outside the G20 framework ...

Around 1 billion people suffer from chronic undernourishment. Food security is a complex phenomenon, and the main priority is contributing to understanding which environmental and specific factors could affect the state of food security and the exposure to price shock in the international food market. The role played by Global Actors (e.g. G8 and G20) is crucial. After briefly outlining the food security global governance system, mentioning the recent initiatives within and outside the G20 framework, we assess the concrete results achieved to improve food security.

Externe Autor

Fabian Capitanio (University of Naples Federico II, Italy)

Note on Food labelling for the EP Information Offices (EPIOs)

15-07-2010

In June 2009 a new European Parliament has been elected for a five year term, which will run from 2009 to 2014. This note, commissioned by the European Parliament DG for Communication, has been produced based on the 'Welcome Package' for newly elected MEPs in the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee (June 2009). The note deals with food labelling current situation, challenges and priorities for the forthcoming legislation. It also assesses food labelling in the context of the implementation ...

In June 2009 a new European Parliament has been elected for a five year term, which will run from 2009 to 2014. This note, commissioned by the European Parliament DG for Communication, has been produced based on the 'Welcome Package' for newly elected MEPs in the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee (June 2009). The note deals with food labelling current situation, challenges and priorities for the forthcoming legislation. It also assesses food labelling in the context of the implementation process in certain Member States. Moreover, a map with upcoming legislative deadlines on food labelling is set out in chapter 5. The final chapter outlines the main studies and publications related to food labelling discussed in the European Parliament during the previous mandate 2004-2009.

Welcome Package on Food Safety

15-07-2009

In June 2009 a new European Parliament has been elected for a five year term, which will run from 2009 to 2014. This study, commissioned by the European Parliament, is part of a 'Welcome Package' for newly elected MEPs in the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee. This Welcome Package proposes a road map for Food Safety legislation in this mandate of the European Parliament (2009-2014). Past legislation is outlined, with a description of legislation currently in the approval process ...

In June 2009 a new European Parliament has been elected for a five year term, which will run from 2009 to 2014. This study, commissioned by the European Parliament, is part of a 'Welcome Package' for newly elected MEPs in the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee. This Welcome Package proposes a road map for Food Safety legislation in this mandate of the European Parliament (2009-2014). Past legislation is outlined, with a description of legislation currently in the approval process. In addition, the report identifies challenges and priorities for the forthcoming legislation. It also indicates some policy areas in the context of the implementation process in certain Member States. Moreover, a number of maps with upcoming legislative deadlines are set out in chapter 5. The final chapter outlines the main studies and publications related to the Food Safety topics discussed in the European Parliament during the previous mandate 2004-2009.

Externe Autor

Antonio Aprea (CO.META)

The World Trade Organisation Negotiations in the Field of Agriculture and Food -Tthe Strategic Positions of the United States and China

15-05-2001

Externe Autor

Alan Matthews and K. Ingersent (Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland)

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