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ECB non-standard-policies and collateral constraints

16-07-2018

Collateral constitutes an indispensable lubricant for the financial system. Government bonds constitute the most important source of collateral, for use in inter-bank and repo transactions. But, the vast bond buying program of the ECB in the context of the Public Sector Purchase Programme has not led to any collateral scarcity. Banks still hold very large amounts of sovereign bonds and they have ample other collateral should they want to borrow more from the ECB for ‘standard’ monetary policy operations ...

Collateral constitutes an indispensable lubricant for the financial system. Government bonds constitute the most important source of collateral, for use in inter-bank and repo transactions. But, the vast bond buying program of the ECB in the context of the Public Sector Purchase Programme has not led to any collateral scarcity. Banks still hold very large amounts of sovereign bonds and they have ample other collateral should they want to borrow more from the ECB for ‘standard’ monetary policy operations. Banks tend to use less liquid assets as collateral with the ECB, but this does not mean necessarily more risk for the ECB for which liquidity is not important. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Externe Autor

Daniel GROS, Willem Pieter de Groen (CEPS)

Die Europäische Investitionsbank

01-02-2018

Die Europäische Investitionsbank (EIB) unterstützt die Ziele der Europäischen Union durch die Bereitstellung von langfristigen Projektfinanzierungen, Garantien und Beratung. Sie unterstützt sowohl Projekte innerhalb als auch außerhalb der EU. Ihre Anteilseigner sind die Mitgliedstaaten der EU. Die EIB ist Hauptanteilseigner des Europäischen Investitionsfonds (EIF) und bildet mit ihm zusammen die EIB-Gruppe. Im Rahmen der von der Kommission vorgeschlagenen Investitionsoffensive für Europa ist die ...

Die Europäische Investitionsbank (EIB) unterstützt die Ziele der Europäischen Union durch die Bereitstellung von langfristigen Projektfinanzierungen, Garantien und Beratung. Sie unterstützt sowohl Projekte innerhalb als auch außerhalb der EU. Ihre Anteilseigner sind die Mitgliedstaaten der EU. Die EIB ist Hauptanteilseigner des Europäischen Investitionsfonds (EIF) und bildet mit ihm zusammen die EIB-Gruppe. Im Rahmen der von der Kommission vorgeschlagenen Investitionsoffensive für Europa ist die EIB Bestandteil einer übergreifenden Strategie, mit der die große Investitionslücke geschlossen werden soll, indem man Investoren einen Teil des Projekten innewohnenden Risikos abnimmt.

The Economic Dimension of Sport

15-09-2015

The economic dimension of sport in the European Union was calculated by developing a Multi-Regional Sport Satellite Account for the former 27 Member States. It turned out that the sport industry creates about 1.76% of Gross value added and 2.12% of employment within the European Union. Thus, sport is labour intensive, generating a disproportionately high amount of employment. Strengths, weaknesses, growth potentials, as well as national similarities and differences were analysed too.

The economic dimension of sport in the European Union was calculated by developing a Multi-Regional Sport Satellite Account for the former 27 Member States. It turned out that the sport industry creates about 1.76% of Gross value added and 2.12% of employment within the European Union. Thus, sport is labour intensive, generating a disproportionately high amount of employment. Strengths, weaknesses, growth potentials, as well as national similarities and differences were analysed too.

Externe Autor

Anna Kleissner and Günther Grohall (SportsEconAustria)

UNCTAD's World Investment Report 2014: Investing in the Sustainable Development Goals

04-12-2014

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are set to replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) after 2015. In its 2014 World Investment Report, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) assesses the developing countries' needs for financing in SDG-sensitive sectors over the period 2015 to 2030. UNCTAD points to a financing gap of US$2.5 trillion per year and suggests reflecting on policies to raise the share of private-sector participation in order to narrow that gap.

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are set to replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) after 2015. In its 2014 World Investment Report, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) assesses the developing countries' needs for financing in SDG-sensitive sectors over the period 2015 to 2030. UNCTAD points to a financing gap of US$2.5 trillion per year and suggests reflecting on policies to raise the share of private-sector participation in order to narrow that gap.

The Role of Non-EU NHRIs in the Implementation of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights

24-10-2012

This study has been commissioned by the European Parliament as an input to the discussion on the role of the National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) in the implementation of the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, in particular in Eastern Partnership countries. The study examines the scope of the national institutions’ mandates under the Paris Principles to address human rights and business concerns and provides an overview of the best practices from around the world ...

This study has been commissioned by the European Parliament as an input to the discussion on the role of the National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) in the implementation of the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, in particular in Eastern Partnership countries. The study examines the scope of the national institutions’ mandates under the Paris Principles to address human rights and business concerns and provides an overview of the best practices from around the world. The analysis of individual NHRIs’ mandates is focused on NHRIs from non-EU Eastern Partnership countries and complemented with an overview of the role the EU has already played and could play in the future, in providing support to the NHRIs. Since the calls on Belarus so far have failed to result in the establishment of such an institution in this country, the study focuses only on Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. In this context, the study makes recommendations as to how the EU could support the NHRIs in their task to advance the understanding of and respect for human rights as they relate to business.

Externe Autor

Beata FARACIK (University of Exeter, UK , Allerhand Institute, Human Rights and Business Programme, Poland)

Finanzinstrumente in COSME und Horizont 2020

16-04-2012

In dem Workshop wurden Themen über die Vorschläge der Europäischen Kommission (EK) zum Aufbau von COSME und Horizont 2020 behandelt und die wichtigsten Aspekte näher beleuchtet. Diese beiden Initiativen unterstützen in den kommenden Jahren die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit und die Innovation in Europa, unter anderem durch die Einführung eigener Finanzinstrumente.

In dem Workshop wurden Themen über die Vorschläge der Europäischen Kommission (EK) zum Aufbau von COSME und Horizont 2020 behandelt und die wichtigsten Aspekte näher beleuchtet. Diese beiden Initiativen unterstützen in den kommenden Jahren die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit und die Innovation in Europa, unter anderem durch die Einführung eigener Finanzinstrumente.

The Nordic Crisis

16-11-2009

A workshop on the "Nordic Crisis - Lessons from the Nordic Countries in the Early 1990s for the Present Crisis" was held in the European Parliament in Brussels on 30 November 2009. This document contains the programme and presentations of that workshop.

A workshop on the "Nordic Crisis - Lessons from the Nordic Countries in the Early 1990s for the Present Crisis" was held in the European Parliament in Brussels on 30 November 2009. This document contains the programme and presentations of that workshop.

Externe Autor

Jaakko Kiander (Labour Institute for Economic Research, and University of Helsinki), Lars Nyberg (Deputy Governor, Riksbank, Swedish Central Bank) and Lars Jonung (Professor, Research Adviser, DG ECFIN, European Commission)

Factual Study on the Follow-up of Pilot Projects and Preparatory Actions

15-04-2009

This study examines budgetary resources for Pilot Projects (PPs) and Preparatory Actions (PAs) in 2000-2008 and the outcome of PPs and PAs that have come to an end in this period. While the activities of the majority of PPs that ended during this period were continued in some form, 40% of them were nevertheless abandoned; the activities of only 16% of PAs were abandoned.

This study examines budgetary resources for Pilot Projects (PPs) and Preparatory Actions (PAs) in 2000-2008 and the outcome of PPs and PAs that have come to an end in this period. While the activities of the majority of PPs that ended during this period were continued in some form, 40% of them were nevertheless abandoned; the activities of only 16% of PAs were abandoned.

Banking Rescue Measures in EU Member States - Compilation of Briefing Papers

15-01-2009

Compilation of briefing papers analyzing "Banking Rescue Measures" in EU Member States by ECON's panel of financial services experts.

Compilation of briefing papers analyzing "Banking Rescue Measures" in EU Member States by ECON's panel of financial services experts.

Externe Autor

Didier Davydoff ; Christos Vl. Gortsos ; Hungarian Institute for Training of Bankers ; Marco Lamandini ; Richard Pratt ; Anne Sibert ; Jane Welch

The Small Business Act for Europe - New Ideas to Boost SMEs

03-11-2008

Executive summary The Small Business Act for Europe was adopted by the European Commission in June 2008. It is an initiative by the European Commission to address the needs of Europe's small and medium-sized businesses, consisting of a set of 10 principles to guide the conception and implementation of policies at EU and Member State level. The aim of this study is to present the European Parliament with new ideas, food for thought and critical perspective for the Members of the ITRE Committee on ...

Executive summary The Small Business Act for Europe was adopted by the European Commission in June 2008. It is an initiative by the European Commission to address the needs of Europe's small and medium-sized businesses, consisting of a set of 10 principles to guide the conception and implementation of policies at EU and Member State level. The aim of this study is to present the European Parliament with new ideas, food for thought and critical perspective for the Members of the ITRE Committee on the Small Business Act for Europe and the work leading to it, such as the Impact Assessment carried out in advance. The focus is put on three policy areas: • Cutting red tape and bureaucracy for SMEs • Improving access to finance for SMEs • SME participation in EU programmes. [...]

Externe Autor

Janne Sylvest and Benita Kidmose Rytz (Ramboll Management, Copenhagen, Denmark)

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