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The Unified Patent Court after Brexit

11-03-2020

Great Britain has recently made known that it does not intend to apply the International Agreement on a Unified Patent Court (UPCA).

Great Britain has recently made known that it does not intend to apply the International Agreement on a Unified Patent Court (UPCA).

What if we could fight coronavirus with artificial intelligence?

10-03-2020

Αs coronavirus spreads, raising fears of a worldwide pandemic, international organisations and scientists are using artificial intelligence to track the epidemic in real-time, effectively predict where the virus might appear next and develop effective responses. Its multifaceted applications in the frame of this public health emergency raise questions about the legal and ethical soundness of its implementation.

Αs coronavirus spreads, raising fears of a worldwide pandemic, international organisations and scientists are using artificial intelligence to track the epidemic in real-time, effectively predict where the virus might appear next and develop effective responses. Its multifaceted applications in the frame of this public health emergency raise questions about the legal and ethical soundness of its implementation.

What if internet by satellite were to lead to congestion in orbit?

05-02-2020

American Starlink project aims to bring high speed internet access across the globe by 2021. It’s certainly a mission in the sky! But how will Elon Musk’s plans to deploy this mega constellation of satellites impact on European citizens?

American Starlink project aims to bring high speed internet access across the globe by 2021. It’s certainly a mission in the sky! But how will Elon Musk’s plans to deploy this mega constellation of satellites impact on European citizens?

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - November 2019

26-11-2019

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Geographical indications for non-agricultural products

07-11-2019

This Cost of Non-Europe report seeks to quantify the costs arising from the lack of European Union (EU) legislation protecting Geographical Indications (GIs) for non-agricultural products and to analyse the benefits foregone for citizens, businesses and Member States. The report estimates that introducing EU-wide GI protection for non-agricultural products would have an overall positive effect on trade, employment and rural development. More precisely, after approximately 20 years of implementation ...

This Cost of Non-Europe report seeks to quantify the costs arising from the lack of European Union (EU) legislation protecting Geographical Indications (GIs) for non-agricultural products and to analyse the benefits foregone for citizens, businesses and Member States. The report estimates that introducing EU-wide GI protection for non-agricultural products would have an overall positive effect on trade, employment and rural development. More precisely, after approximately 20 years of implementation, such a protection scheme would yield an overall expected increase in intra-EU trade of about 4.9-6.6 % of current exports (€37.6-50 billion) in the more relevant sectors. Expectations are that regional-level employment would rise by 0.12-0.14 % and that 284 000-338 000 new jobs would be created in the EU as a whole. The expected positive impact on rural development would materialise, among other things, through direct support for locally based high-quality producers, rural economic diversification and local producers' capacity to organise collectively.

How the General Data Protection Regulation changes the rules for scientific research

24-07-2019

The implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) raises a series of challenges for scientific research, especially regarding research that is dependent on data. This study investigates the promises and challenges associated with the implementation of the GDPR in the scientific domain and examines the adequacy of the GDPR exceptions for scientific research in terms of safeguarding scientific freedom and technological progress.

The implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) raises a series of challenges for scientific research, especially regarding research that is dependent on data. This study investigates the promises and challenges associated with the implementation of the GDPR in the scientific domain and examines the adequacy of the GDPR exceptions for scientific research in terms of safeguarding scientific freedom and technological progress.

Externe Autor

DG, EPRS; This study has been conducted by the Health Ethics and Policy Lab, ETH Zurich

Contracts for the supply of digital content and digital services

15-07-2019

The directive on contracts for the supply of digital content and digital services, proposed by the European Commission in 2015, harmonises some private-law aspects of such contracts at EU level for the first time. The directive will not fully harmonise the duration of legal guarantees for digital content and services, but national laws will not be allowed limit it to less than two years. For the first year from delivery, the burden of proof will be on the supplier. Traders will be required to provide ...

The directive on contracts for the supply of digital content and digital services, proposed by the European Commission in 2015, harmonises some private-law aspects of such contracts at EU level for the first time. The directive will not fully harmonise the duration of legal guarantees for digital content and services, but national laws will not be allowed limit it to less than two years. For the first year from delivery, the burden of proof will be on the supplier. Traders will be required to provide necessary updates. The directive will also establish what remedies consumers are entitled to and the order in which they can be used. Although the European Parliament proposed that the directive should cover embedded digital content as well, following negotiations with the Council, the co-legislators agreed that such content will be regulated by the new directive on sale of goods. The directive on contracts for the supply of digital content and digital services was formally signed into law in May 2019 and Member States have to apply its measures from 1 January 2022. Sixth edition of a briefing originally drafted by Rafał Mańko. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. To view previous editions of this briefing, please see: PE 635.601 (March 2019).

Politische Maßnahmen der EU im Interesse der Bürger: Der digitale Wandel

28-06-2019

Durch die digitale Revolution verändert sich die uns vertraute Welt in beispielloser Geschwindigkeit. Durch digitale Technologien hat sich zudem die Art verändert, wie Unternehmen Geschäfte machen und wie wir Kontakte knüpfen, Informationen austauschen oder mit öffentlichen Stellen und Privatunternehmen interagieren. Die Unternehmen und Bürger in Europa brauchen daher einerseits einen geeigneten politischen Rahmen und andererseits die nötigen Kompetenzen und die nötige Infrastruktur, um das enorme ...

Durch die digitale Revolution verändert sich die uns vertraute Welt in beispielloser Geschwindigkeit. Durch digitale Technologien hat sich zudem die Art verändert, wie Unternehmen Geschäfte machen und wie wir Kontakte knüpfen, Informationen austauschen oder mit öffentlichen Stellen und Privatunternehmen interagieren. Die Unternehmen und Bürger in Europa brauchen daher einerseits einen geeigneten politischen Rahmen und andererseits die nötigen Kompetenzen und die nötige Infrastruktur, um das enorme Potenzial der digitalen Wirtschaft ausschöpfen zu können und den digitalen Wandel zu einer Erfolgsgeschichte zu machen. Die Europäische Union spielt bei der Gestaltung der digitalen Wirtschaft mit politikübergreifenden Initiativen eine aktive Rolle. Diese Initiativen reichen von der Förderung von Investitionen über die Reform von EU-Rechtsvorschriften bis hin zu nicht legislativen Maßnahmen für eine bessere Koordinierung zwischen den Mitgliedstaaten und dem Austausch bewährter Verfahren. In der Wahlperiode 2014–2019 gab es eine Reihe von Initiativen in den Bereichen Digitalisierung der Industrie und der öffentlichen Verwaltung, Investitionen in digitale Infrastrukturen und Dienste, Forschungsprogramme, Cybersicherheit, elektronischer Handel, Urheberrecht und Datenschutzvorschriften. Die EU-Bürger sind sich mehr und mehr bewusst, dass digitale Technologien eine wichtige Rolle in ihrem täglichen Leben spielen. In einer Umfrage aus dem Jahr 2017 erklärten zwei Drittel der EU-Bürger, dass diese Technologien positive Auswirkungen auf die Gesellschaft, die Wirtschaft und ihr eigenes Leben haben. Dadurch stellen sich jedoch auch neue Herausforderungen. Die Mehrheit der Befragten war der Ansicht, dass die EU, die Behörden der Mitgliedstaaten und die Unternehmen Maßnahmen ergreifen müssen, um den Auswirkungen dieser Technologien Rechnung zu tragen. Die Europäische Union will den digitalen Wandel in den kommenden Jahren stärker unterstützen, wie der jüngste Vorschlag für das Programm „Digitales Europa“ (für den Zeitraum 2021–2027) zeigt. Dabei handelt es sich um das erste Förderprogramm, das allein der Unterstützung des digitalen Wandels in der EU gewidmet ist. Zweifellos werden vonseiten der EU weitere Maßnahmen benötigt, insbesondere zur Erhöhung der Investitionen in Infrastruktur, zur Förderung der Innovation, zur Unterstützung der „Digital Champions“ und zur Förderung der Digitalisierung in Unternehmen. Ebenso sollen die vorhandene digitale Kluft verringert und noch bestehende Hindernisse auf dem digitalen Binnenmarkt abgebaut werden, und es soll für einen angemessenen Rechtsrahmen in den Bereichen Hochleistungsrechentechnik und Daten, künstliche Intelligenz und Cybersicherheit gesorgt werden. Das Europäische Parlament ist als Legislativorgan stark an der Gestaltung des politischen Rahmens beteiligt, mit dem dazu beigetragen wird, dass Bürger und Unternehmen das Potenzial der digitalen Technologien voll ausschöpfen können. Dies ist die aktualisierte Fassung eines Briefings, das vor der Europawahl 2019 veröffentlicht wurde.

What if policy anticipated advances in science and technology?

26-06-2019

What if blockchain revolutionised voting? What if your emotions were tracked to spy on you? And what if we genetically engineered an entire species? Science and policy are intricately connected. Via monthly 'What if' publications, the Scientific Foresight Unit (STOA; part of the European Parliamentary Research Service) draws Members of the European Parliament's attention to new scientific and technological developments relevant for policy-making. The unit also provides administrative support to the ...

What if blockchain revolutionised voting? What if your emotions were tracked to spy on you? And what if we genetically engineered an entire species? Science and policy are intricately connected. Via monthly 'What if' publications, the Scientific Foresight Unit (STOA; part of the European Parliamentary Research Service) draws Members of the European Parliament's attention to new scientific and technological developments relevant for policy-making. The unit also provides administrative support to the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA), which brings together 25 Members from nine different parliamentary committees who share a strong interest in science and technology in the context of policy-making.

Copyright in the digital single market

14-06-2019

The European Commission presented a legislative package for the modernisation of the EU copyright rules, including a new directive on copyright in the digital single market, on 14 September 2016. Stakeholders and academics were strongly divided on the proposal. In February 2019, after more than two years of protracted negotiations, the co-legislators agreed on a new set of copyright rules, including two controversial provisions: 1) the creation of a new right that will allow press publishers to claim ...

The European Commission presented a legislative package for the modernisation of the EU copyright rules, including a new directive on copyright in the digital single market, on 14 September 2016. Stakeholders and academics were strongly divided on the proposal. In February 2019, after more than two years of protracted negotiations, the co-legislators agreed on a new set of copyright rules, including two controversial provisions: 1) the creation of a new right that will allow press publishers to claim remuneration for the online use of their publications (Article 15), and 2) the imposition of content monitoring measures on online platforms such as YouTube, which seeks to resolve the 'value gap' and help rights-holders to better monetise and control the distribution of their content online (Article 17). Furthermore, in addition to the mandatory exception for text and data mining for research purposes proposed by the Commission in its proposal, the co legislators agreed to enshrine in EU law another mandatory exception for general text and data mining (Article 4) in order to contribute to the development of data analytics and artificial intelligence. The European Parliament (in plenary) and the Council approved the compromise text in March 2019 and in April 2019 respectively. The directive was published on 15 May 2019 in the Official Journal of the European Union, and all Member States must transpose the new rules into their national law by June 2021. Fifth edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

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