12

αποτέλεσμα(ατα)

Λέξη (-εις)
Τύπος δημοσίευσης
Τομέας πολιτικής
Συντάκτης
Ημερομηνία

EU competition policy: Key to a fair single market

30-10-2019

Competition policy has been found to make a positive contribution to the EU's economic growth and the EU has one of the most robust competition policy systems in the world. European competition policy encompasses many fields, not least antitrust measures, merger control and State aid. It is enforced by the European Commission, whose decisions can be contested in the Court of Justice of the European Union. Recent policy developments include the antitrust damages system and the framework empowering ...

Competition policy has been found to make a positive contribution to the EU's economic growth and the EU has one of the most robust competition policy systems in the world. European competition policy encompasses many fields, not least antitrust measures, merger control and State aid. It is enforced by the European Commission, whose decisions can be contested in the Court of Justice of the European Union. Recent policy developments include the antitrust damages system and the framework empowering national competition authorities. Topics discussed in this paper include the role of competition policy in the digital era, merger control, instruments such as the leniency programme, commitments and settlements, and the potential impact of current political developments.

Competition Policy and an Internal Energy Market - Study concept and preliminary results

14-04-2017

The study will describe the challenges for competition policy in relation to the internal energy market. It explores the specific topics related to the internal energy market and analyses the competition policy issues arising from the topics. The study will mainly focus on competition policy and its instruments such as anti-trust laws, merger regulation, sector regulation and State aid. Other policy fields fall outside the scope. This presentation of the approach and preliminary results was prepared ...

The study will describe the challenges for competition policy in relation to the internal energy market. It explores the specific topics related to the internal energy market and analyses the competition policy issues arising from the topics. The study will mainly focus on competition policy and its instruments such as anti-trust laws, merger regulation, sector regulation and State aid. Other policy fields fall outside the scope. This presentation of the approach and preliminary results was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Cross-Border Mergers and Divisions, Transfers of Seat: Is there a Need to Legislate?

15-06-2016

The Study analyses whether and to what extent there is a need to legislate with respect to cross-border mergers, cross-border divisions and cross-border transfers of seat (cross-border conversions). Affirming a clear need for such legislation, it is recommended to extend the Cross-Border Mergers Directive into a single Cross-Border Mobility Directive encompassing revised rules on cross-border mergers as well as new rules on cross-border divisions and cross-border transfers of seat for all legal ...

The Study analyses whether and to what extent there is a need to legislate with respect to cross-border mergers, cross-border divisions and cross-border transfers of seat (cross-border conversions). Affirming a clear need for such legislation, it is recommended to extend the Cross-Border Mergers Directive into a single Cross-Border Mobility Directive encompassing revised rules on cross-border mergers as well as new rules on cross-border divisions and cross-border transfers of seat for all legal entities within the meaning of Art. 54 TFEU.

Challenges for Competition Policy in a Digitalised Economy

15-07-2015

This study describes the challenges for competition policy in relation to the digital economy. It explores the specific characteristics of digital economy markets and how these characteristics impact competition policy. The study focusses on competition policy and its instruments such as anti-trust laws, merger regulation, State aid and sector regulation. Neighbouring policy fields such as copyright and data protection are outlined where important but not analysed in detail. This study was prepared ...

This study describes the challenges for competition policy in relation to the digital economy. It explores the specific characteristics of digital economy markets and how these characteristics impact competition policy. The study focusses on competition policy and its instruments such as anti-trust laws, merger regulation, State aid and sector regulation. Neighbouring policy fields such as copyright and data protection are outlined where important but not analysed in detail. This study was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).

EU competition policy: key to a fair Single Market

02-06-2014

The aim of EU competition policy is to safeguard the Single Market by ensuring that enterprises can compete on equal terms. Competition policy encompasses a wide range of areas: antitrust and cartels, merger examination, state aid, the liberalisation of markets and international cooperation. Recent developments include the private antitrust damages actions directive, the recommendation on collective redress and complex modernisation of the state aid rules. Finding effective deterrents to cartels ...

The aim of EU competition policy is to safeguard the Single Market by ensuring that enterprises can compete on equal terms. Competition policy encompasses a wide range of areas: antitrust and cartels, merger examination, state aid, the liberalisation of markets and international cooperation. Recent developments include the private antitrust damages actions directive, the recommendation on collective redress and complex modernisation of the state aid rules. Finding effective deterrents to cartels as well as the appropriate use of settlements, commitments and leniency programmes, remain a challenge.

EU and US competition policies: Similar objectives, different approaches

27-03-2014

Both the EU and the US have well-developed competition policies that aim to prevent and penalise anticompetitive behaviour. Although the EU and US systems share similar aims, there are a number of significant differences. The EU has an administrative system for antitrust enforcement, in which companies are penalised with fines. In contrast, US antitrust enforcement is based on criminal law, with financial and custodial penalties against individuals.

Both the EU and the US have well-developed competition policies that aim to prevent and penalise anticompetitive behaviour. Although the EU and US systems share similar aims, there are a number of significant differences. The EU has an administrative system for antitrust enforcement, in which companies are penalised with fines. In contrast, US antitrust enforcement is based on criminal law, with financial and custodial penalties against individuals.

The Contribution of Competition Policy to Growth and the EU 2020 Strategy

09-10-2013

This study researches the link between competition policy and economic growth. In particular, the authors investigate the contribution from the competition instruments – antitrust, merger control, sector specific measures, liberalisation and State aid – to achieve the goals of the EU 2020 Strategy. The analysis is based on ten case studies of practical application of competition instruments in various sectors, such as energy, postal, telecommunication, transport, manufacturing and financial services ...

This study researches the link between competition policy and economic growth. In particular, the authors investigate the contribution from the competition instruments – antitrust, merger control, sector specific measures, liberalisation and State aid – to achieve the goals of the EU 2020 Strategy. The analysis is based on ten case studies of practical application of competition instruments in various sectors, such as energy, postal, telecommunication, transport, manufacturing and financial services. The authors conclude that competition policy contributes significantly to the EU 2020 Strategy and to economic growth, and the authors make recommendations for improvements of competition policy to further strengthen that contribution.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Katrine ELLERSGAARD NIELSEN, Signe RØLMER, Frederik HARHOFF, Søren ANDERSEN and Henrik BALLEBYE OKHOLM (Copenhagen Economics)

EU competition policy: Antitrust, cartels and merger control measures

07-03-2013

The European Commission enforces the competition rules through its powers of investigation and sanction. Competition cases can be taken to the General Court with appeals heard by the Court of Justice.

The European Commission enforces the competition rules through its powers of investigation and sanction. Competition cases can be taken to the General Court with appeals heard by the Court of Justice.

Administrative Proceedings in the Area of EU Competition Law

15-03-2011

This study provides an overview of administrative proceedings in the area of EU competition law, more in particular, Articles 101 and 102 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and merger control, while focusing on different levels of procedural protection for complainants, interested third parties, and parties subject to investigation. It thereby aims to provide insight as to where – at a practical level – the prevailing procedural provisions provide an effective safeguard for the parties ...

This study provides an overview of administrative proceedings in the area of EU competition law, more in particular, Articles 101 and 102 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and merger control, while focusing on different levels of procedural protection for complainants, interested third parties, and parties subject to investigation. It thereby aims to provide insight as to where – at a practical level – the prevailing procedural provisions provide an effective safeguard for the parties involved and where there is scope for improvement. The study concludes that the current body of procedural safeguards is a rich source of inspiration for any envisaged horizontal legislation concerning administrative procedures.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Hendrik Viaene (Stibbe Brussels, Belgium)

The Information of the Citizen in the EU: Obligations for the Media and the Institutions Concerning the Citizen's Right to Be Fully and Objectively Informed

01-08-2004

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Deirdre Kevin, Thorsten Ader, Oliver Carsten Fueg, Eleftheria Pertzinidou, Max Schoenthal, European Institute for the Media, Düsseldorf.

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