11

result(s)

Word(s)
Publication type
Policy area
Author
Keyword
Date

Electric road vehicles in the European Union: Trends, impacts and policies

03-04-2019

Technological advances and societal changes have triggered a drastic evolution in mobility. Alongside other trends, such as digitalisation, autonomous driving and shared mobility, electric mobility is also gaining momentum. Electric mobility could help the EU to achieve its goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution, noise and dependence on oil. However, the extent of this help will depend on a number of factors, such as the share of electric vehicles in the overall vehicle fleet and ...

Technological advances and societal changes have triggered a drastic evolution in mobility. Alongside other trends, such as digitalisation, autonomous driving and shared mobility, electric mobility is also gaining momentum. Electric mobility could help the EU to achieve its goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution, noise and dependence on oil. However, the extent of this help will depend on a number of factors, such as the share of electric vehicles in the overall vehicle fleet and how environmentally friendly electric vehicles can remain throughout their life cycle. Global sales of new electric road vehicles have been growing significantly in recent years, largely driven by the mass expansion of this mode of transport in China. Despite its rapid growth, the EU market for such vehicles is still small, and largely dependent on support policies. Most electric road vehicles are concentrated in a few northern and western Member States, although southern and eastern ones have recently recorded the biggest sales growth. Over the years, the EU has taken various actions to support electric mobility. For instance, EU-level measures have been encouraging the use of renewable electricity and smart charging; helping to develop and standardise charging infrastructure; and supporting research on batteries. Local, regional and national-level incentives (such as the introduction of lower taxes or the provision of free public parking for electric vehicles) are also promoting electric mobility. Countries that offer generous incentives and good charging infrastructure typically have a bigger market share for electric road vehicles.

Revision of the 'Eurovignette' directive

26-09-2017

The IA contains a wealth of information, data and research, both internal and external, but some parts of the complex analysis lack clarity and coherence. The extensive quantitative estimations are not always comparable in structure and thus difficult to relate to each other. The potential contribution of the options to the reduction of CO2 emissions and to the REFIT exercise remains vague, as well as their impact on SMEs. The IA concludes that higher revenues, better road quality and considerable ...

The IA contains a wealth of information, data and research, both internal and external, but some parts of the complex analysis lack clarity and coherence. The extensive quantitative estimations are not always comparable in structure and thus difficult to relate to each other. The potential contribution of the options to the reduction of CO2 emissions and to the REFIT exercise remains vague, as well as their impact on SMEs. The IA concludes that higher revenues, better road quality and considerable environmental and social benefits would compensate for the regulatory and compliance costs of the initiatives. At the same time, it acknowledges that under all options the impacts of the proposals are uncertain because the introduction of tolls remains voluntary and subject to national policy orientations.

Updated product rules for recreational boats

03-10-2013

The EU has some 6 million motor boats, sailing boats and personal watercraft (jet skis) used for sports and leisure, i.e. non-commercial purposes. The European Commission has proposed to update the Directive which sets out the requirements for such craft to be put on the EU market. In particular it would further tighten environmental requirements and enhance measures to ensure compliance.

The EU has some 6 million motor boats, sailing boats and personal watercraft (jet skis) used for sports and leisure, i.e. non-commercial purposes. The European Commission has proposed to update the Directive which sets out the requirements for such craft to be put on the EU market. In particular it would further tighten environmental requirements and enhance measures to ensure compliance.

New rules on EU airport noise restrictions

05-02-2013

Air traffic demand is expected to continue growing. However, noise –particularly around airports – may have significant impact on citizens' health. In parallel to proposed measures for increasing airport capacity, the European Commission has tabled a proposal for a Regulation aimed at revising the rules on restricting operations at an EU airport because of noise.

Air traffic demand is expected to continue growing. However, noise –particularly around airports – may have significant impact on citizens' health. In parallel to proposed measures for increasing airport capacity, the European Commission has tabled a proposal for a Regulation aimed at revising the rules on restricting operations at an EU airport because of noise.

Towards A Comprehensive Noise Strategy

15-11-2012

The study reviews the latest evidence on the health effects of environmental noise. It also provides an overview of the current EU regulatory framework on noise (Environmental Noise Directive and legislation on noise sources), assessing its effectiveness and identifying ways for future improvement. Recommendations are put forward for the development of a more comprehensive noise strategy.

The study reviews the latest evidence on the health effects of environmental noise. It also provides an overview of the current EU regulatory framework on noise (Environmental Noise Directive and legislation on noise sources), assessing its effectiveness and identifying ways for future improvement. Recommendations are put forward for the development of a more comprehensive noise strategy.

External author

Monica Guarinoni, Catherine Ganzleben, Enda Murphy and Karolina Jurkiewicz (Milieu Ltd., Brussels, Belgium)

The Calculation of External Costs in the Transport Sector - A comparative analysis of recent studies in the light of the Commission's 'Greening Transport Package'

16-02-2009

The internalisation of external costs in the transport sector is one of the most challenging issues that European transport policy will have to deal with in the coming years. The study provides a concise overview of the most important and most recent studies on external costs, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of the various approaches, and analysing the current work of the Commission's Directorate for Transport, the IMPACT Handbook on estimation of external costs in the transport sector ...

The internalisation of external costs in the transport sector is one of the most challenging issues that European transport policy will have to deal with in the coming years. The study provides a concise overview of the most important and most recent studies on external costs, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of the various approaches, and analysing the current work of the Commission's Directorate for Transport, the IMPACT Handbook on estimation of external costs in the transport sector and the Greening Transport Package.

External author

Angelo Martino, Silvia Maffii, Alessio Sitran and Maurizia Giglio (TRT Trasporti e Territorio Srl)

The Environmental and Health Impact of Aviation

01-03-2001

This report summarises policy options and provides background information relevant to the impact of aviation on the environment and on human health. The report focuses on the impacts judged to be most significant and has been carried out through a combination of literature survey (reviewed literature and available grey literature), interviews with individuals from key European organisations involved in aviation, environment, or aviation medicine, and internet research. The impacts surveyed are aircraft ...

This report summarises policy options and provides background information relevant to the impact of aviation on the environment and on human health. The report focuses on the impacts judged to be most significant and has been carried out through a combination of literature survey (reviewed literature and available grey literature), interviews with individuals from key European organisations involved in aviation, environment, or aviation medicine, and internet research. The impacts surveyed are aircraft noise, aircraft engine emissions (especially their impact on climate), resource use, and human health impacts from cosmic radiation, cabin air quality (pathogens, volatile organic compounds), and deep vein thrombosis. Policy options are identified where appropriate and the background information required to understand the options is provided and notes on broader issues are included. The key issues currently relate to (1) the next round of agreements on aircraft noise ("chapter 4 aircraft"), (2) the steps to be taken to include aviation in the steps to stabilise emissions of carbon dioxide (because of their role in climate change), and (3) concerns about passenger health. Of these, the noise agreements are closest to being finalised, the climate change concerns are important but are further from agreement, and the current consensus is that there is little evidence to justify serious concern over passenger health although airlines could improve their practices. The report includes an extensive list of sources which can be consulted for further information.

External author

Nicolas Cottis (ICF Environnement and Peter Morrell, Cranfield University, UK)

The European Parliament and the Environment Policy of the European Union

01-07-1999

This working document provides an indication of the challenges the European Union continues to confront as well as the progressive policy responses the European Parliament has been able to make. The purpose of this publication is to provide all those who work with EU legislation with a concise overview of environment policy up to April 1999.

This working document provides an indication of the challenges the European Union continues to confront as well as the progressive policy responses the European Parliament has been able to make. The purpose of this publication is to provide all those who work with EU legislation with a concise overview of environment policy up to April 1999.

External author

Vincent P. Bantz, Marinella Castellucci, Francisco Flores Albacete, Robert Schuman Scholars

The European Parliament and the Environment Policy of the European Union

01-07-1997

This document - an updated version of W14, published in 1995 - describes the different environment policies of the European Union and Parliament's contributions.

This document - an updated version of W14, published in 1995 - describes the different environment policies of the European Union and Parliament's contributions.

The European Parliament and the Environment Policy of the European Union

01-07-1995

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