5

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Date

Transparency of lobbying at EU level

01-12-2015

Lobbying has become an increasingly prominent issue in the European Union (EU) political and institutional debate over the past 20 years, with many comparing Brussels to Washington DC in this regard. The principal reason for this phenomenon is almost certainly the growing role of the EU as a policy-maker. As the EU institutions have expanded their regulatory competence in areas such as environmental law, the single market and consumer protection, and policy proposals have become more complex, they ...

Lobbying has become an increasingly prominent issue in the European Union (EU) political and institutional debate over the past 20 years, with many comparing Brussels to Washington DC in this regard. The principal reason for this phenomenon is almost certainly the growing role of the EU as a policy-maker. As the EU institutions have expanded their regulatory competence in areas such as environmental law, the single market and consumer protection, and policy proposals have become more complex, they have increasingly come to rely on technical expertise to draft legislation, provided by outside interest groups among others. In parallel, criticism of the balance of interests represented through lobbying in EU decision-making has grown. Concerns relate to the lack of official (and reliable) estimates of the number and type of interest groups, the amount of money spent on lobbying, and possible conflicts of interest. It is difficult to calculate the cost of opaque (or under-regulated) lobbying, either in monetary terms or in loss of confidence in EU institutions, but it may be argued that regulation of lobbying could have an impact in both these regards. Efforts to improve transparency of lobbying at EU level are on-going. A revised European Transparency Register was launched in January 2015, and the European Commission has published a roadmap for the adoption of a mandatory register, whilst the Council of the EU launched discussions on initial steps towards joining the transparency register already established by the Commission and Parliament.

Institutional and Constitutional Aspects of Special Interest Representation

15-06-2015

The European Parliament is lobbied by growing numbers of special interests; their activity is greater in Committees dealing with issues on integration & regulation, and procedures under OLP, CNS and INI. Significantly, the density and diversity of accredited interests across committees mirrors patterns observed in registered groups across Commission DGs. Based on a survey of MEPs the report notes variation in the activity of interest groups across the policy cycle while influential groups are considered ...

The European Parliament is lobbied by growing numbers of special interests; their activity is greater in Committees dealing with issues on integration & regulation, and procedures under OLP, CNS and INI. Significantly, the density and diversity of accredited interests across committees mirrors patterns observed in registered groups across Commission DGs. Based on a survey of MEPs the report notes variation in the activity of interest groups across the policy cycle while influential groups are considered those that provide a mix of European level technical and political expertise; overall the Transparency Register is considered to improve the behaviour of interest representatives.

External author

David Coen and Alexander Katsaitis (School of Public Policy, University College London, the UK)

Street Artists in Europe

05-03-2007

The study’s main objective is to analyse the situation of street artists in Europe, taking into account as much as possible all 27 Member countries. The study evaluates the importance of street arts and the characteristics of this artistic sector. The analysis is based on aesthetic and social research, enriched with surveys and interviews on the economic, political and cultural context of street arts, considering the multidisciplinary nature of the art forms, their social and urban involvement as ...

The study’s main objective is to analyse the situation of street artists in Europe, taking into account as much as possible all 27 Member countries. The study evaluates the importance of street arts and the characteristics of this artistic sector. The analysis is based on aesthetic and social research, enriched with surveys and interviews on the economic, political and cultural context of street arts, considering the multidisciplinary nature of the art forms, their social and urban involvement as well as its public

External author

Yohann Floch Hors Les Murs, France

Lobbying in the European Union: Current Rules and Practices

01-04-2003

This working document provides a photography of the current state of affairs in EU lobbying, addressing questions such as the number of organisations involved, their main strategies and working methods; this description is based on an analysis of recent academic work on lobbying and special interest representation. Moreover, the paper gives an overview of current rules and practices concerning lobbying in the parliamentary institutions of the Member States, based on research done with the help of ...

This working document provides a photography of the current state of affairs in EU lobbying, addressing questions such as the number of organisations involved, their main strategies and working methods; this description is based on an analysis of recent academic work on lobbying and special interest representation. Moreover, the paper gives an overview of current rules and practices concerning lobbying in the parliamentary institutions of the Member States, based on research done with the help of the Parliamentary Documentation Centre of the European Parliament.

Comparative Study of the Role of Professional Associations in the Implementation of Community Law

14-03-2003

The study sets out, in practical terms, the role of professional associations in the application of Community law. It examines their general characteristics, the nature of their powers, their relationship with their members and their responsibilities for the creation and implementation of ethical rules. It also analyses the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Communities.

The study sets out, in practical terms, the role of professional associations in the application of Community law. It examines their general characteristics, the nature of their powers, their relationship with their members and their responsibilities for the creation and implementation of ethical rules. It also analyses the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Communities.

External author

Jacques Pertek (Fondation pour les Etudes Européennes)

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