10

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Piracy and armed robbery off the coast of Africa: EU and global impact

19-03-2019

African maritime security is affected by a wide range of illegal activities. This paper focuses on maritime piracy and armed robbery at sea, examining the legal aspects and societal implications of these forms of violence. Maritime piracy and armed robbery off Africa's coasts also pose a threat to the European Union's security and economy. Since 2008, the European Union has been implementing a maritime security strategy by means of separate regional strategies in the Gulf of Aden and in the Gulf ...

African maritime security is affected by a wide range of illegal activities. This paper focuses on maritime piracy and armed robbery at sea, examining the legal aspects and societal implications of these forms of violence. Maritime piracy and armed robbery off Africa's coasts also pose a threat to the European Union's security and economy. Since 2008, the European Union has been implementing a maritime security strategy by means of separate regional strategies in the Gulf of Aden and in the Gulf of Guinea.

A maritime strategy for Africa

13-07-2017

Harnessing the oceans' resources in a sustainable manner is the 'new frontier of the African renaissance', according to the African Union (AU). This 'blue growth' will only materialise if the oceans' health and security at sea are restored. For this purpose, the AU has designed an ambitious maritime strategy, but disagreements among the African states are hampering its realisation. The EU could support this strategy, provided cooperation goes beyond security and migration aspects.

Harnessing the oceans' resources in a sustainable manner is the 'new frontier of the African renaissance', according to the African Union (AU). This 'blue growth' will only materialise if the oceans' health and security at sea are restored. For this purpose, the AU has designed an ambitious maritime strategy, but disagreements among the African states are hampering its realisation. The EU could support this strategy, provided cooperation goes beyond security and migration aspects.

Nigeria: Security situation

28-01-2016

As a security actor, Nigeria provides a contrasting picture. While the country has asserted its role as a major security player in western Africa and on the African continent, where it has taken part in numerous peace operations; at home, its security forces have had difficulty tackling multiple internal security threats, including terrorism, sectarian conflicts and local insurgencies.

As a security actor, Nigeria provides a contrasting picture. While the country has asserted its role as a major security player in western Africa and on the African continent, where it has taken part in numerous peace operations; at home, its security forces have had difficulty tackling multiple internal security threats, including terrorism, sectarian conflicts and local insurgencies.

La pesca en la Reunión

15-09-2015

Las regiones ultraperiféricas europeas, entre las que figura la Reunión, son importantes proveedoras de pescado y marisco para los europeos. Sin embargo, la pesca desempeña un papel primordial en la economía de las regiones insulares. Debido a su ubicación y a la escasa variedad de actividades en las que pueden mantener una ventaja competitiva, estos alejados territorios se enfrentan a dificultades específicas en lo que respecta a su desarrollo económico. Se espera que la reciente modificación de ...

Las regiones ultraperiféricas europeas, entre las que figura la Reunión, son importantes proveedoras de pescado y marisco para los europeos. Sin embargo, la pesca desempeña un papel primordial en la economía de las regiones insulares. Debido a su ubicación y a la escasa variedad de actividades en las que pueden mantener una ventaja competitiva, estos alejados territorios se enfrentan a dificultades específicas en lo que respecta a su desarrollo económico. Se espera que la reciente modificación de la política pesquera de la UE y el régimen de compensación nacional previsto para las regiones ultraperiféricas logren salvar estas dificultades y fomentar una mayor integración en el mercado único. La pregunta que cabe formular es si estas medidas satisfarán las necesidades de los isleños.

East Africa: Competing Dynamics in a Rapidly Changing Region

17-01-2014

The violence that has engulfed South Sudan since mid-December 2013 and the neighbouring countries' reactions to the bloodshed largely reflect the dynamics underlying the East African region. Whilst many countries in the region enjoy abundant natural resources (including oil) and / or have recorded strong economic growth, they have failed to bring about structural transformations or to spur sustainable development. Among the many obstacles preventing East Africa from fulfilling its full potential, ...

The violence that has engulfed South Sudan since mid-December 2013 and the neighbouring countries' reactions to the bloodshed largely reflect the dynamics underlying the East African region. Whilst many countries in the region enjoy abundant natural resources (including oil) and / or have recorded strong economic growth, they have failed to bring about structural transformations or to spur sustainable development. Among the many obstacles preventing East Africa from fulfilling its full potential, two of the most important are poor governance and armed conflict – both evident in South Sudan, as well as Sudan, Eritrea and Somalia. Given the cross-border nature of economic, social and political dynamics in East Africa, advancing regional integration is necessary to promote political stability and socioeconomic development. Investing in regional infrastructure projects is one of the priorities of the 11th European Development Fund (EDF) for 2014-2020. The EU should also continue to engage with regional organisations to foster economic and political cooperation in various areas, including peace and security, when these can play an important role. The mediation of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in South Sudan is a strong example of the need to involve regional actors in finding a comprehensive and lasting solution to armed conflict.

The maritime dimension of the EU's CSDP

05-09-2013

As piracy off Africa has become a global security issue, the need for the European Union (EU) to protect its interests at sea through a maritime dimension to its Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) has also been recognised.

As piracy off Africa has become a global security issue, the need for the European Union (EU) to protect its interests at sea through a maritime dimension to its Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) has also been recognised.

The Maritime Dimension of CSDP: Geostrategic Maritime Challenges and their Implications for the European Union

29-01-2013

The global maritime security environment is in the midst of an important transformation, driven by a simultaneous intensification of global maritime flows, the growing interconnectedness of maritime regions, the diffusion of maritime power to emerging powers, and the rise of a number of maritime non-state actors. These changes are having a profound impact on the maritime security environment of the EU and its member states and require an upgrading of the maritime dimension of the EU’s Common Security ...

The global maritime security environment is in the midst of an important transformation, driven by a simultaneous intensification of global maritime flows, the growing interconnectedness of maritime regions, the diffusion of maritime power to emerging powers, and the rise of a number of maritime non-state actors. These changes are having a profound impact on the maritime security environment of the EU and its member states and require an upgrading of the maritime dimension of the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). This study analysis the impact that the changing maritime security context is having on the EU’s maritime neighbourhood and along the EU’s sea lines of communications (SLOCs) and takes stock of the EU’s existing policies and instruments in the maritime security domain. Based on this analysis, the study suggests that the EU requires a comprehensive maritime security strategy that creates synergies between the EU’s Integrated Maritime Policy and the maritime dimension of CSDP and that focuses more comprehensively on the security and management of global maritime flows and sea-based activities in the global maritime commons.

Autor externo

Timo BEHR, Jyrki KALLIO, Mika AALTOLA, Charly SALONIUS-PASTERNAK, Maija SALONEN (Finnish Intitute of International Affairs, Finland) , Erik BRATTBERG (Swedish Intitute of International Affairs, Sweden) , Andreas RASPOTNIK (Trans European Policy Studies Association, Belgium)

Assessing the EU’s Approach to Security Sector Reform (SSR)

23-01-2013

SSR activities are key for stabilizing fragile and post-conflict states through their emphasis on training, institutional reform and governance. The EU has engaged in aspects of SSR for the past decade through its CFSP/CSDP as well as development and enlargement policies. The recently launched CSDP missions in the Horn of Africa take place in a new institutional context, and address European security concerns in a fragile but geopolitically important region. The EU’s engagement with SSR in general ...

SSR activities are key for stabilizing fragile and post-conflict states through their emphasis on training, institutional reform and governance. The EU has engaged in aspects of SSR for the past decade through its CFSP/CSDP as well as development and enlargement policies. The recently launched CSDP missions in the Horn of Africa take place in a new institutional context, and address European security concerns in a fragile but geopolitically important region. The EU’s engagement with SSR in general and the Horn of Africa in particular shows the difficulties in simultaneously pursuing dual objectives of stability and institution-building and in adopting and coordinating long- and short-term approaches to the problems facing the region. To do justice to the holistic conception of SSR and its emphasis on accountability and democratic oversight, the training of security forces and capacity building needs to be framed in a long-term approach that aims for sustainable structural change. The creation of the EEAS has given the EU the right tools – but a continued emphasis on policy coordination is necessary to address old and new, institutional and operational, challenges so as to attain a comprehensive approach to SSR. The input and continued commitment of member states to CSDP also remains vital.

Autor externo

Eva GROSS (Free University of Brussels, Belgium) and Marine JACOB (TEPSA, BELGIUM - for the workshop report at annex)

Maritime piracy originating in Somalia

09-03-2012

Maritime piracy around Somalia is costing billions and hurting global trade. In the context of one of the world's poorest countries, international responses have not been completely effective.

Maritime piracy around Somalia is costing billions and hurting global trade. In the context of one of the world's poorest countries, international responses have not been completely effective.