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Postitatud 29-05-2020

Blockchain for supply chains and international trade

29-05-2020

Blockchain could benefit supply chain management and international trade processes. See the new STOA study of potential use cases, their impacts, and potential policy responses. Blockchain technology could be valuable for supply chain management and international trade processes which require cooperation and trust between several actors arranged in complex relationships across different regulatory frameworks. Blockchain could facilitate of trade through a combination of digitalisation, information ...

Blockchain could benefit supply chain management and international trade processes. See the new STOA study of potential use cases, their impacts, and potential policy responses. Blockchain technology could be valuable for supply chain management and international trade processes which require cooperation and trust between several actors arranged in complex relationships across different regulatory frameworks. Blockchain could facilitate of trade through a combination of digitalisation, information exchange and automation, reducing costs and increasing transparency. Blockchain could facilitate SME’s access to trade and trade finance, as well as consumers’ access to product information with could enable more ethical and environmentally responsible choices. There are no major technical barriers to the use of some types of blockchain solution for some elements of trade. Many of the benefits of blockchain for trade derive from digitalisation, which could be achieved through other means. There remain substantial barriers to digitalisation of trade processes. Barriers to blockchain in supply chains and international trade include legal recognition, data localisation, identification of applicable laws, allocation of liability, and interoperability and standardisation across various economic operators and regulatory frameworks. 20 policy options for blockchain in supply chains and international trade including supporting customs facilitation, sustainable trade, SME involvement, leadership in standardisation, evidence-based policy and awareness raising.

Parlamendiväline autor

This study was written by Bertrand Copigneaux, Nikita Vlasov and Emarildo Bani of IDATE DigiWorld, Nikolay Tcholtchev and Philipp Lämmel of Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems, Michael Fuenfzig, Simone Snoeijenbos and Michael Flickenschild from Ecorys, and Martina Piantoni and Simona Frazzani from Grimaldi Studio Legale at the request of the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA) and managed by the Scientific Foresight Unit, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament.

Das Recht des Ausnahmezustands - Deutschland: Ungenutztes Notstandsrecht und Integration des Ausnahmefalls in das einfache Recht

29-05-2020

Dieses Dokument ist Teil einer Reihe von Analysen, mit denen das Notstandsrecht verschiedener Staaten aus rechtsvergleichender Sicht dargestellt werden soll, und zwar mit besonderem Augenmerk auf jenen Rechtsgrundlagen, auf denen die Notstandsmaßnahmen angesichts von Krisen wie der durch die COVID-19-Pandemie verursachten Gesundheitskrise beruhen. Die vorliegende Analyse hat den Fall Deutschland zum Gegenstand.

Dieses Dokument ist Teil einer Reihe von Analysen, mit denen das Notstandsrecht verschiedener Staaten aus rechtsvergleichender Sicht dargestellt werden soll, und zwar mit besonderem Augenmerk auf jenen Rechtsgrundlagen, auf denen die Notstandsmaßnahmen angesichts von Krisen wie der durch die COVID-19-Pandemie verursachten Gesundheitskrise beruhen. Die vorliegende Analyse hat den Fall Deutschland zum Gegenstand.

Credit Rating for Euro Area Member States and European supranational institutions

29-05-2020

This document presents the latest credit ratings issued by the three major Credit Rating Agencies for the Euro Area Member States and three European institutions that issue “EU bonds”: the EU Commission, the European Investment Bank and the European Stabilisation Mechanism. It provides an overview of the framework of sovereign credit ratings and shows their relationship with the financing costs of Euro Area Member States.

This document presents the latest credit ratings issued by the three major Credit Rating Agencies for the Euro Area Member States and three European institutions that issue “EU bonds”: the EU Commission, the European Investment Bank and the European Stabilisation Mechanism. It provides an overview of the framework of sovereign credit ratings and shows their relationship with the financing costs of Euro Area Member States.

Strengthening the Fundamental Rights Agency - The Revision of the Fundamental Rights Agency Regulation

15-05-2020

Since it was set up in 2007, the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has demonstrated its ability produce high-quality research, and to provide the EU institutions and the EU Member States implementing Union law with expert advice on fundamental rights issues. The regulatory framework under which the Agency operates, however, is not fully appropriate to discharge its mandate effectively. This in-depth study commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional ...

Since it was set up in 2007, the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has demonstrated its ability produce high-quality research, and to provide the EU institutions and the EU Member States implementing Union law with expert advice on fundamental rights issues. The regulatory framework under which the Agency operates, however, is not fully appropriate to discharge its mandate effectively. This in-depth study commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs identifies how it could be improved.

Parlamendiväline autor

Professor Olivier DE SCHUTTER

Postitatud 28-05-2020

Unlocking the potential of the EU Treaties: An article-by-article analysis of the scope for action

28-05-2020

The latest Eurobarometer surveys indicate that there is consistent support for more EU action in various policy areas, including preventing climate change, tackling irregular migration, designing a common foreign and security policy and preventing terrorism. Assuming that the Treaty of Lisbon will be the framework for EU action for the foreseeable future, this paper explores possibilities for broadening the scope of EU action in order to respond to these repeated calls from EU citizens. With a view ...

The latest Eurobarometer surveys indicate that there is consistent support for more EU action in various policy areas, including preventing climate change, tackling irregular migration, designing a common foreign and security policy and preventing terrorism. Assuming that the Treaty of Lisbon will be the framework for EU action for the foreseeable future, this paper explores possibilities for broadening the scope of EU action in order to respond to these repeated calls from EU citizens. With a view to reappraising the legal framework of the EU, it aims at identifying those legal bases in the Treaties that remain either under-used (in terms of the purposes they could be used to achieve) or completely unused. It analyses possible ways of delivering on EU policies, including in the development of common rules, providing enhanced executive capacity, better implementation of existing measures, targeted financing and increased efficiency. An overview table sets out possible initiatives, which are then explored in greater detail in 50 fiches, organised according to broad policy clusters reflecting the priorities of the von der Leyen Commission. Possible measures are mentioned in each fiche, along with the legal bases in the current Treaties on which action could potentially be based. It is a revised and expanded version of a paper published in January 2019, ahead of the European elections.

The coronavirus crisis: Options for economic recovery [What Think Tanks are thinking]

28-05-2020

As the coronavirus crisis keeps the world in its grip, analysts ponder what future measures could stimulate recovery from the deep recession expected in its aftermath, with a focus, in particular, on the European Commission’s plans and the growth-boosting fund recently proposed by France and Germany. Analysts also continue to contemplate what geopolitical order will emerge from the crisis, as well as the impact on individual regions such as Europe, Africa and Asia, or particular countries such as ...

As the coronavirus crisis keeps the world in its grip, analysts ponder what future measures could stimulate recovery from the deep recession expected in its aftermath, with a focus, in particular, on the European Commission’s plans and the growth-boosting fund recently proposed by France and Germany. Analysts also continue to contemplate what geopolitical order will emerge from the crisis, as well as the impact on individual regions such as Europe, Africa and Asia, or particular countries such as Saudi Arabia, Japan or Syria. This note offers links to recent commentaries and reports from international think tanks on coronavirus and related issues. Earlier publications on the topic can be found in the previous edition in this series, published by EPRS on 26 May.

Sustainable Consumption and Consumer Protection Legislation

15-05-2020

This paper analyses the contribution, or lack of contribution of, the current EU Consumer Protection Legislation to a sustainable consumption and a longer lifetime of products. In addition, it gives an overview of the most relevant best practices at national and international level and provides recommendations on the future development and possible reforms of European consumer protection legislation in order to contribute to a more sustainable consumption and a longer lifetime of products. This ...

This paper analyses the contribution, or lack of contribution of, the current EU Consumer Protection Legislation to a sustainable consumption and a longer lifetime of products. In addition, it gives an overview of the most relevant best practices at national and international level and provides recommendations on the future development and possible reforms of European consumer protection legislation in order to contribute to a more sustainable consumption and a longer lifetime of products. This document was commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the European Parliament’s Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO).

Parlamendiväline autor

Bert KEIRSBILCK, KU Leuven Evelyne TERRYN, KU Leuven Anaïs MICHEL, KU Leuven Ivano ALOGNA, BIICL

Understanding the EU's approach to cyber diplomacy and cyber defence

28-05-2020

Despite its expertise in cyber public awareness campaigns, research and development, and educational programmes, the EU is still subject to constant cyber attacks. The EU's response to a sophisticated cyber threat spectrum is comprehensive, but perhaps the most European aspect of its toolbox is cyber diplomacy. Cyber diplomacy aims to secure multilateral agreements on cyber norms, responsible state and non-state behaviour in cyberspace, and effective global digital governance. The goal is to create ...

Despite its expertise in cyber public awareness campaigns, research and development, and educational programmes, the EU is still subject to constant cyber attacks. The EU's response to a sophisticated cyber threat spectrum is comprehensive, but perhaps the most European aspect of its toolbox is cyber diplomacy. Cyber diplomacy aims to secure multilateral agreements on cyber norms, responsible state and non-state behaviour in cyberspace, and effective global digital governance. The goal is to create an open, free, stable and secure cyberspace anchored in international law through alliances between like-minded countries, organisations, the private sector, civil society and experts. Cyber diplomacy coexists with its sister strands of cyber defence, cyber deterrence and cybersecurity. Offensive cyber actors are growing in diversity, sophistication and number. Disruptive technologies powered by machine-learning and artificial intelligence pose both risks and opportunities for cyber defences: while attacks are likely to increase in complexity and make attribution ever more problematic, responses and defences will equally become more robust. Burning issues demanding the international community's attention include an emerging digital arms race and the need to regulate dual-use export control regimes and clarify the rules of engagement in cyber warfare. Multilateral cyber initiatives are abundant, but they are developing simultaneously with a growing push for sovereignty in the digital realm. The race for cyber superiority, if left unchecked, could develop into a greater security paradox. The EU's cyber diplomacy toolbox and its bi- and multilateral engagements are already contributing to a safer and more principled cyberspace. Its effectiveness however hinges on genuine European and global cooperation for the common cyber good. Ultimately, the EU's ambition to become more capable, by becoming 'strategically autonomous' or 'technologically sovereign', also rests on credible cyber defence and diplomacy.

The SURE: Main Features

28-05-2020

This document presents the main features of the Commission proposal for an European instrument for temporary support to mitigate unemployment risks in an emergency (SURE) and compares such facility with other financial assistance instruments already available in the European Union. It will be updated in light of relevant developments.

This document presents the main features of the Commission proposal for an European instrument for temporary support to mitigate unemployment risks in an emergency (SURE) and compares such facility with other financial assistance instruments already available in the European Union. It will be updated in light of relevant developments.

Country Specific Recommendations for 2020 - Commission draft texts and indication of policy areas addressed

27-05-2020

On 20 May 2020, the Commission underlined in its proposals for 2020 CSRs the need for a strong coordinated European economic response and policy coordination between EU Member States in face of the corona virus pandemic outbreak. These tables lay down the draft 2020 Country Specific Recommendations (CSRs) as proposed by the Commission on 20 May 2020, as well as, indicates the broad policy areas each of the CSRs are addressing, as assessed by EGOV.

On 20 May 2020, the Commission underlined in its proposals for 2020 CSRs the need for a strong coordinated European economic response and policy coordination between EU Member States in face of the corona virus pandemic outbreak. These tables lay down the draft 2020 Country Specific Recommendations (CSRs) as proposed by the Commission on 20 May 2020, as well as, indicates the broad policy areas each of the CSRs are addressing, as assessed by EGOV.

Eelseisvad üritused

03-06-2020
EPRS online Book Talk | One of Them: From Albert Square to Parliament Square
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EPRS
11-06-2020
CONT Public Hearing: Implementation of EU funds
Kuulamine -
CONT
11-06-2020
STOA Roundtable on Digital Sovereign Identity
Seminar -
STOA

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