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A Ten-Year-Long “EU Mediation Paradox”- When an EU Directive Needs To Be More …Directive

21-11-2018

Ten years since its adoption, the EU Mediation Directive remains very far from reaching its stated goals. This briefing summarises the main achievements and failures in the implementation at national level. In addition, it assesses the conclusions of previous research and of the European Parliament's resolution on the implmentation of the Mediation Directive.

Ten years since its adoption, the EU Mediation Directive remains very far from reaching its stated goals. This briefing summarises the main achievements and failures in the implementation at national level. In addition, it assesses the conclusions of previous research and of the European Parliament's resolution on the implmentation of the Mediation Directive.

Parlamendiväline autor

Giuseppe De Palo, Professor of Alternative Dispute Resolution Law and Practice at Mitchell Hamline School of Law, St Paul, U.S.A

Common minimum standards of civil proceedings

27-06-2017

Since 2015, Member States must accept most civil judgments from other EU countries without reviewing their content (abolition of exequatur). This has raised concerns about the need for ensuring that civil proceedings across the EU conform to common minimum standards. The European Parliament is due to vote in July on a report requesting the Commission table a proposal for a directive on such standards, which might be a first step towards a European Code of Civil Procedure.

Since 2015, Member States must accept most civil judgments from other EU countries without reviewing their content (abolition of exequatur). This has raised concerns about the need for ensuring that civil proceedings across the EU conform to common minimum standards. The European Parliament is due to vote in July on a report requesting the Commission table a proposal for a directive on such standards, which might be a first step towards a European Code of Civil Procedure.

The European Law Institute/UNIDROIT Civil Procedure Projects as a Soft Law Tool to Resolve Conflicts of Law

13-01-2017

Upon request by the JURI Committee this paper describes the European Law Institute/UNIDROIT Project for a text establishing Principles of Transnational Civil Procedure and subsequent efforts to establish a European set of procedures that would transcend national jurisdictional rules and facilitate the resolution of disputes arising from transnational commercial transactions. It is a rolling programme of rules, with comments designed to produce soft-law.

Upon request by the JURI Committee this paper describes the European Law Institute/UNIDROIT Project for a text establishing Principles of Transnational Civil Procedure and subsequent efforts to establish a European set of procedures that would transcend national jurisdictional rules and facilitate the resolution of disputes arising from transnational commercial transactions. It is a rolling programme of rules, with comments designed to produce soft-law.

The Mediation Directive

16-12-2016

Taking into account the limited objectives set within the Mediation Directive, namely to facilitate access to alternative dispute resolution and promote mediation that would operate in a balanced relationship with judicial proceedings, its implementation throughout the European Union has been rather successful and unproblematic. In some Member States, it has triggered the establishment of previously non-existent mechanisms and institutions; in others, it has ensured some alignment of procedural law ...

Taking into account the limited objectives set within the Mediation Directive, namely to facilitate access to alternative dispute resolution and promote mediation that would operate in a balanced relationship with judicial proceedings, its implementation throughout the European Union has been rather successful and unproblematic. In some Member States, it has triggered the establishment of previously non-existent mechanisms and institutions; in others, it has ensured some alignment of procedural law and various practices. The challenges lying ahead are linked to the limitations of comparing different national solutions without the benefit of coherent data on the use and impact of mediation, and to experience with the implementation of other European Union (EU) acts (such as the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Directive from 2013). The growing recognition of the usefulness of mediation as such will in any case be further strengthened by the continuous exchange of best practices in different national jurisdictions, supported by appropriate action at the European level.

Cross-border recognition of adoptions

30-11-2016

The European Added Value Assessment (EAVA) presents a qualitative analysis of possible policy options and quantitative estimates on the possible additional value of taking legislative action on the EU level related to cross-border recognition of adoptions.The EAVA identifies economic and social costs, and notably the costs related to the incomplete protection of rights of mobile EU citizens, which are born as a result of the absence of regulation on automatic recognition of adoption decisions at ...

The European Added Value Assessment (EAVA) presents a qualitative analysis of possible policy options and quantitative estimates on the possible additional value of taking legislative action on the EU level related to cross-border recognition of adoptions.The EAVA identifies economic and social costs, and notably the costs related to the incomplete protection of rights of mobile EU citizens, which are born as a result of the absence of regulation on automatic recognition of adoption decisions at the EU level. The substantive scope of the EAVA is limited to the issues related to the recognition of adoptions in EU Member States. The substantive family law issues, as well as issues related to the recognition of convention adoptions, within the meaning of the 1993 Hague Convention on Intercountry adoptions, are not covered in this assessment.  

Application of the European Order for Payment

25-11-2016

On 17 October 2016, Parliament's Legal Affairs Committee adopted a report on the application of the European Order for Payment procedure. The report is very critical of the Commission's belated implementation report and looks for the plenary to call upon the Commission to submit a fresh one.

On 17 October 2016, Parliament's Legal Affairs Committee adopted a report on the application of the European Order for Payment procedure. The report is very critical of the Commission's belated implementation report and looks for the plenary to call upon the Commission to submit a fresh one.

The Implementation of the Mediation Directive - Workshop on 29 November 2016

21-11-2016

The workshop, organised by the Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs upon request by the JURI Committee, will provide an opportunity to discuss the state of implementation of the Mediation Directive (2008/52/EC), in the light of the recently published European Commission report on the application of the Directive (COM (2016) 542) and in view of the European Parliament's Implementation Report. The papers included in this compilation examine the application of the Mediation ...

The workshop, organised by the Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs upon request by the JURI Committee, will provide an opportunity to discuss the state of implementation of the Mediation Directive (2008/52/EC), in the light of the recently published European Commission report on the application of the Directive (COM (2016) 542) and in view of the European Parliament's Implementation Report. The papers included in this compilation examine the application of the Mediation Directive in the Member States, as well as its relationship with both judicial proceedings and other forms of alternative and online dispute resolution. The papers propose possible avenues to improve the situation, in particular by promoting a better use of mediation and ADR and facilitating the intra-EU recognition of settlements.

Parlamendiväline autor

Giuseppe DE PALO, Leonardo D’URSO, Geoffrey VOS, Felix STEFFEK, Carlos ESPLUGUES, Jose Luis IGLESIAS and Jin Ho VERDONSCHOT

The European order for payment procedure: European Implementation Assessment

11-07-2016

This European Implementation Assessment aims to present an assessment of the functioning of the European order for payment procedure since its introduction, highlighting the main achievements of the procedure and the key implementation problems and concerns. Accordingly, this indepth analysis examines the European Commission's report on the application of the procedure and other published material on the subject by academics and practitioners, critically reviewing the overall findings. It has been ...

This European Implementation Assessment aims to present an assessment of the functioning of the European order for payment procedure since its introduction, highlighting the main achievements of the procedure and the key implementation problems and concerns. Accordingly, this indepth analysis examines the European Commission's report on the application of the procedure and other published material on the subject by academics and practitioners, critically reviewing the overall findings. It has been drafted to support the European Parliament's Committee on Legal Affairs' owninitiative Implementation Report on the EU order of payment procedure, rapporteur: Kostas Chrysogonos (GUE/NGL, Greece).

Adoption of children in the European Union

16-06-2016

Globally, there have been significant changes in the landscape of adoption over recent years, including fluctuations in the volume of adoptions, the countries involved and who is eligible to adopt. This paper aims to provide an overview of the adoption of children in the European Union (EU), focusing on trends in the number of domestic and intercountry adoptions and a comparison of the current adoption requirements in the individual Member States.

Globally, there have been significant changes in the landscape of adoption over recent years, including fluctuations in the volume of adoptions, the countries involved and who is eligible to adopt. This paper aims to provide an overview of the adoption of children in the European Union (EU), focusing on trends in the number of domestic and intercountry adoptions and a comparison of the current adoption requirements in the individual Member States.

Harmonized Rules and Minimum Standards in the European Law of Civil Procedure

15-06-2016

Since 1999, the European Union has gained considerable experience in harmonizing procedural law. The regulatory approaches range from the coordination of national procedures to the enactment of self standing procedures. However, the practical impact of the European instruments is still disappointing. In this respect, the European lawmaker should not only focus on rules, minimum standards and self standing procedures, but also regard the judicial systems of the EU member states. Implementing legislation ...

Since 1999, the European Union has gained considerable experience in harmonizing procedural law. The regulatory approaches range from the coordination of national procedures to the enactment of self standing procedures. However, the practical impact of the European instruments is still disappointing. In this respect, the European lawmaker should not only focus on rules, minimum standards and self standing procedures, but also regard the judicial systems of the EU member states. Implementing legislation of Member States is an important tool to improve the practical impact of the EU instruments. In addition, legislative approaches should be based on clear concept and aim to pursue clear objectives. In this respect, the concept of “procedural minimum standards” still deserves further clarification.

Parlamendiväline autor

Burkhard HESS (Max Planck Institute, Luxembourg)

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