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Child marriages: Still too many

01-06-2018

Although the official age of adulthood varies across countries, several international conventions, in line with the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which has been signed by 140 states, apply the definition of 'child marriage' to any couple where at least one member – usually the girl – is aged under 18. The practice of child marriage challenges both children's rights and gender equality, and exposes child brides to serious abuses and health risks. Child wives drop out of school and have ...

Although the official age of adulthood varies across countries, several international conventions, in line with the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which has been signed by 140 states, apply the definition of 'child marriage' to any couple where at least one member – usually the girl – is aged under 18. The practice of child marriage challenges both children's rights and gender equality, and exposes child brides to serious abuses and health risks. Child wives drop out of school and have little access to economic resources, which hinders potential development opportunities for their community. The European Union not only constantly condemns child marriage but also endeavours to tackle this practice through targeted aid programmes. The European Parliament will again voice its concerns about the issue during the European Development Days 2018.

Forced Marriage from a Gender Perspective

15-02-2016

This study provides an overview of the practice of forced marriage in the EU from a gender equality and women’s rights perspective. It analyses the definitions of forced marriage and puts forward a definition from a gender perspective. It also provides an overview of the relevant international/EU legislation, policies and deliberations, as well as national policies, civil law and criminal law (in the 12 Member State that criminalise forced marriage). For those Member States that criminalise forced ...

This study provides an overview of the practice of forced marriage in the EU from a gender equality and women’s rights perspective. It analyses the definitions of forced marriage and puts forward a definition from a gender perspective. It also provides an overview of the relevant international/EU legislation, policies and deliberations, as well as national policies, civil law and criminal law (in the 12 Member State that criminalise forced marriage). For those Member States that criminalise forced marriage, the study provides an assessment of the effectiveness and possible consequences of the implementation of the criminal legislation, including an analysis of data and case-law. The study includes a specific chapter focusing on forced marriage within Roma communities and five case-studies specifically focusing on Denmark, Germany, Spain, Slovakia and the UK. The study also puts forward recommendations for improving the response to forced marriage at EU and Member State level.

Parlamendiväline autor

Emma Psaila, Vanessa Leigh, Marilena Verbari, Sara Fiorentini, Virginia Dalla Pozza and Ana Gomez

Ending child, early and forced marriage

22-05-2015

Despite commitments at international, regional and national levels, child, early and forced marriage remain widespread across the world, curtailing the human rights of girls and women and hindering poverty reduction and development. Within the EU itself, forced marriage also remains a concern.

Despite commitments at international, regional and national levels, child, early and forced marriage remain widespread across the world, curtailing the human rights of girls and women and hindering poverty reduction and development. Within the EU itself, forced marriage also remains a concern.

Nigeria: Human rights situation

06-05-2015

Nigeria is plagued by numerous and pervasive human rights problems. It is Africa’s largest democracy and its constitution guarantees human rights, but enforcement in practice is still largely deficient in many areas. Many human rights violations have occurred in the context of violent conflict, especially the Boko Haram insurgency in the north-east.

Nigeria is plagued by numerous and pervasive human rights problems. It is Africa’s largest democracy and its constitution guarantees human rights, but enforcement in practice is still largely deficient in many areas. Many human rights violations have occurred in the context of violent conflict, especially the Boko Haram insurgency in the north-east.

Forced marriage in the EU - the legal situation

30-06-2011

Although forced marriage is contrary to law in all EU Member States (MS), their legal approaches vary. Some have criminalised it specifically, whilst others rely on civil law rules.

Although forced marriage is contrary to law in all EU Member States (MS), their legal approaches vary. Some have criminalised it specifically, whilst others rely on civil law rules.

Forced Marriages and Honour Killings

15-09-2008

This report aims at providing a comparative analysis of the ways in which forced marriages and honour killings are framed in the laws and practices taking place across the different Member States of the EU as well as in a selection of neighbouring countries. While statistical data on forced marriages and honour killings is often scarce, this report shows that these practices can be indeed found in a number of countries. At times of carrying the comparative analysis the legal context requires specific ...

This report aims at providing a comparative analysis of the ways in which forced marriages and honour killings are framed in the laws and practices taking place across the different Member States of the EU as well as in a selection of neighbouring countries. While statistical data on forced marriages and honour killings is often scarce, this report shows that these practices can be indeed found in a number of countries. At times of carrying the comparative analysis the legal context requires specific attention, not least for defining forced marriages but also for looking at the various steps which are taken to counter this phenomenon. Forcing someone to marry is a specific crime only in few EU Member States’ legal systems. Protection against forced marriage is however provided in a number of Member States by a broad range of activities including marriage law, immigration law, counselling, media presence and cooperation with civil society. When looking at the circumstances surrounding forced marriages, it appears that forced marriage has roots in traditional-patriarchical family structures, low-income situations and lack of education – not in a specific culture or religion. Further, existing data suggest that forced marriage can some times result in honour killings. The report also addresses the ways in which these domains are being addressed at EU level, as well as the limits and potential for future EU action.

Parlamendiväline autor

Gerhard Robbers (Université de Trêves)

The Increase in Kurdish Women Committing Suicide

04-06-2007

This study provides an in-depth analysis of the root causes of the increase in female suicides in the Kurdish community in Turkey and Iraq. It analyses the factors dominating women’s lives in those Kurdish regions which as such may be contributory factors to the suicide rate. Such factors include their socio-economic situation, their particular geo-political situation, the impact of long-term conflict, and the social and institutional obstacles to gender equality and Kurdish women’s rights. It also ...

This study provides an in-depth analysis of the root causes of the increase in female suicides in the Kurdish community in Turkey and Iraq. It analyses the factors dominating women’s lives in those Kurdish regions which as such may be contributory factors to the suicide rate. Such factors include their socio-economic situation, their particular geo-political situation, the impact of long-term conflict, and the social and institutional obstacles to gender equality and Kurdish women’s rights. It also compares the situation of Kurdish women to that of Afghani women.

Parlamendiväline autor

Projet kurde des droits de l'homme, Dublin

Economic Aspects of the Condition of Roma Women

01-05-2006

This study provides an overview of the economic situation of Roma women in 15 countries (Member States and candidate countries) presenting for each country the general situation of Roma and the specific position of Roma women and highlighting programmes and policies aiming at improving their situation.

This study provides an overview of the economic situation of Roma women in 15 countries (Member States and candidate countries) presenting for each country the general situation of Roma and the specific position of Roma women and highlighting programmes and policies aiming at improving their situation.

Parlamendiväline autor

Berliner Institut für Vergleichende Sozialforschung (BIVS)

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