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Artificial intelligence, data protection and elections

20-05-2019

The Facebook/Cambridge Analytica case in 2018, revealing alleged misuse of personal data for political advertising, demonstrated how the underlying values of the European data protection rules are essential for democracy. The EU has recently adopted a series of additional initiatives to support free and fair elections, reflected not least in European Parliament (EP) debates and resolutions.

The Facebook/Cambridge Analytica case in 2018, revealing alleged misuse of personal data for political advertising, demonstrated how the underlying values of the European data protection rules are essential for democracy. The EU has recently adopted a series of additional initiatives to support free and fair elections, reflected not least in European Parliament (EP) debates and resolutions.

The Audiovisual Media Services Directive

25-01-2019

Following political agreement with the Council, a vote in plenary on 2 October 2018 saw Parliament adopt the updated EU Audiovisual Media Services Directive, based on the proposal presented by the Commission on 25 May 2016. The overarching goal of the proposal was to bring about a balance between competitiveness and consumer protection. It therefore aimed to introduce flexibility when restrictions only applicable to TV are no longer justified, promote European films, protect minors and tackle hate ...

Following political agreement with the Council, a vote in plenary on 2 October 2018 saw Parliament adopt the updated EU Audiovisual Media Services Directive, based on the proposal presented by the Commission on 25 May 2016. The overarching goal of the proposal was to bring about a balance between competitiveness and consumer protection. It therefore aimed to introduce flexibility when restrictions only applicable to TV are no longer justified, promote European films, protect minors and tackle hate speech more efficiently. The proposal also reflected a new approach to online platforms. Following adoption of the revised directive, EU Member States now have to bring the new rules into national law by 19 September 2020. Sixth edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Sexism in advertising

05-03-2018

Women continue to be misrepresented in the media, which has negative consequences for the personal and professional development of both women and men. Due to its purpose and pervasiveness, advertising can be especially powerful in conveying messages, both positive and negative. The European Parliament has recognised the importance of combating sexism in advertising, and called on the Commission and the Member States to step up their efforts.

Women continue to be misrepresented in the media, which has negative consequences for the personal and professional development of both women and men. Due to its purpose and pervasiveness, advertising can be especially powerful in conveying messages, both positive and negative. The European Parliament has recognised the importance of combating sexism in advertising, and called on the Commission and the Member States to step up their efforts.

Audiovisuaali- ja mediapolitiikka

01-11-2017

EU:n audiovisuaalipolitiikasta on määräyksiä Euroopan unionin toiminnasta tehdyn sopimuksen (SEUT) 167 ja 173 artiklassa. Alan keskeinen säädös on audiovisuaalisia mediapalveluja koskeva direktiivi, jota tarkistetaan parhaillaan (2017). Luova Eurooppa -ohjelman Media-alaohjelma on unionin tärkein väline alan (erityisesti elokuva-alan) tukemiseksi. Euroopan unionin perusoikeuskirjan mukaan ”tiedotusvälineiden vapautta ja moniarvoisuutta kunnioitetaan”.

EU:n audiovisuaalipolitiikasta on määräyksiä Euroopan unionin toiminnasta tehdyn sopimuksen (SEUT) 167 ja 173 artiklassa. Alan keskeinen säädös on audiovisuaalisia mediapalveluja koskeva direktiivi, jota tarkistetaan parhaillaan (2017). Luova Eurooppa -ohjelman Media-alaohjelma on unionin tärkein väline alan (erityisesti elokuva-alan) tukemiseksi. Euroopan unionin perusoikeuskirjan mukaan ”tiedotusvälineiden vapautta ja moniarvoisuutta kunnioitetaan”.

Prospectuses for investors

29-03-2017

Prospectuses are legally required documents presenting the information necessary to enable investors to make an informed assessment of the situation of an issuer and of the rights attached to the securities issued. The EU's co-legislators have reached an agreement on the draft regulation to replace the current directive. This compromise is scheduled for a vote at the April I plenary session.

Prospectuses are legally required documents presenting the information necessary to enable investors to make an informed assessment of the situation of an issuer and of the rights attached to the securities issued. The EU's co-legislators have reached an agreement on the draft regulation to replace the current directive. This compromise is scheduled for a vote at the April I plenary session.

Prospectuses for investors

22-02-2017

On 30 November 2015, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation on prospectuses (legal documents that provide details about an investment offer in an easily analysable format) to replace Directive 2003/71/EC, as amended by Directives 2008/11/EC, 2010/73/EU and 2010/78/EU. The aims of the regulation are to contribute to further financial market integration and to improve investor protection in the European Union. The proposal broadens the scope of the legislation and introduces ...

On 30 November 2015, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation on prospectuses (legal documents that provide details about an investment offer in an easily analysable format) to replace Directive 2003/71/EC, as amended by Directives 2008/11/EC, 2010/73/EU and 2010/78/EU. The aims of the regulation are to contribute to further financial market integration and to improve investor protection in the European Union. The proposal broadens the scope of the legislation and introduces changes to how the prospectus is drawn up. On 3 June 2016, the Dutch EU Council Presidency published its proposal for a general approach on the Commission proposal and on 15 September 2016, the European Parliament adopted its amendments to the Commission proposal. Finally, on 16 December 2016, the European Parliament and the Council stroke a compromise on the prospectus Regulation, which is to be voted by the co-legislators. This briefing updates an earlier edition, of May 2016: PE 582.019.

Application of the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive: Overview of the Commission's May 2016 guidance document

18-01-2017

Consumers may find it difficult to identify potentially harmful or unfair practices when entering into a transactional relationship with traders. Similarly, businesses and enforcement authorities may sometimes have problems applying and interpreting EU legislation in relation to commercial practices. While it is the Court of Justice that has competence to interpret EU legislation, the European Commission published legally non-binding guidance on the implementation/application of the Directive on ...

Consumers may find it difficult to identify potentially harmful or unfair practices when entering into a transactional relationship with traders. Similarly, businesses and enforcement authorities may sometimes have problems applying and interpreting EU legislation in relation to commercial practices. While it is the Court of Justice that has competence to interpret EU legislation, the European Commission published legally non-binding guidance on the implementation/application of the Directive on Unfair Commercial Practices in May 2016, which aims to clarify some of the issues that have arisen since the adoption of the directive.

Audiovisual Media Services Directive: Implementation Appraisal

16-06-2016

Since its entry into force, the regulatory framework established by the Audiovisual Media Services Directive proved to be rather effective in achieving its goal of enabling the development and free circulation of audiovisual media services in the European Union. However, given the technological developments that led to a convergent audiovisual environment, it needs to be further adapted in order to better respond to market developments and new viewing patterns and habits. The European Parliament, ...

Since its entry into force, the regulatory framework established by the Audiovisual Media Services Directive proved to be rather effective in achieving its goal of enabling the development and free circulation of audiovisual media services in the European Union. However, given the technological developments that led to a convergent audiovisual environment, it needs to be further adapted in order to better respond to market developments and new viewing patterns and habits. The European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the European Committee of the Regions have asked for adaptations of the current regulatory framework in order to better reflect the implications of the new convergent media context. In particular, they called on the Commission to assess the current distinction of the regulatory framework between linear and non-linear services, to enforce the provisions related to minors and consumer protection, to ensure the respect of the freedom of media, to enforce the promotion of European works and to assess the implementation of self and co regulation arrangements. Implementation reports, evaluations and studies confirmed the need to address AVMSD related issues at EU level and pointed out that some of the rules are no longer fit for purpose in a changed digital context. The new proposal adopted by the Commission in May 2016, addresses several concerns raised by the Parliament including protection of minors, promotion of European audiovisual works and commercial communications.

EYE 2016 – Human rights: The online pursuit of life,

28-04-2016

The advance of online technologies and their penetration in our lives is challenging and changing today’s world in extraordinary ways. Younger generations, as the early adopters of online technologies, are arguably the generation most affected by these technological advances. Yet, the transition to online platforms and digitalisation have an impact on the most mundane aspects of our daily routines to the most heartfelt expression of our values – even when exercising our human rights; from the way ...

The advance of online technologies and their penetration in our lives is challenging and changing today’s world in extraordinary ways. Younger generations, as the early adopters of online technologies, are arguably the generation most affected by these technological advances. Yet, the transition to online platforms and digitalisation have an impact on the most mundane aspects of our daily routines to the most heartfelt expression of our values – even when exercising our human rights; from the way we buy our groceries, to the way we vote and express our political opinions. There are very vivid discussions about the future of online technologies and their impact on human rights – their scope and how we exercise them. It is your opportunity, young Europeans, to have your say and give your ideas. Here is some food for thought. This note has been prepared for the European Youth Event, taking place in Strasbourg in May 2016. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

The Audiovisual Media Services Directive: state of play

11-11-2015

The EU's audiovisual sector comprises over 100 000 companies and employs more than 760 000 people. Audiovisual media services however outrun market considerations by playing a central role in modern democratic societies, which accounts for the application of specific rules across the European Union (EU). Current transmission capacities have come a long way from the first linear broadcasts. The Internet, together with media convergence, is changing the way people use media. Although television is ...

The EU's audiovisual sector comprises over 100 000 companies and employs more than 760 000 people. Audiovisual media services however outrun market considerations by playing a central role in modern democratic societies, which accounts for the application of specific rules across the European Union (EU). Current transmission capacities have come a long way from the first linear broadcasts. The Internet, together with media convergence, is changing the way people use media. Although television is still the most popular medium in the EU and globally, internet comes close behind. This shift in media consumption holds both promises and challenges. The advent of internet-enabled TV faces regulators with complex dilemmas, such as protecting young people from harmful content and banning incitement to hatred, while still ensuring freedom of speech. The Audiovisual Media Services (AVMS) Directive covers all services with audiovisual content, including 'on-demand', and audiovisual advertising. However, it takes into account the degree of user control over the service and therefore on-demand services are subject to lighter regulation. Member States are encouraged to use co-regulation and/or self-regulation as complementary approaches to the Directive's provisions, in particular in relation to commercial communications and the protection of minors. The Commission's 2012 report on the implementation of the AVMS Directive concluded that in general, the EU regulatory framework performed well. The Commission is currently processing the results from a public consultation on the functioning of the Directive and is expected to present a proposal for a review by the end of 2015.

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