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Crypto-assets - Key developments, regulatory concerns and responses

07-04-2020

This study, prepared by Policy Department A, sets out recent developments regarding crypto-assets. These relate mainly to the continuing use of crypto-assets for money laundering and terrorist financing, the massive growth of private “tokens” used to raise funds, and to the emergence of stablecoins and central bank digital currencies. The study, furthermore, addresses key regulatory concerns, taking into account these recent developments, and suggests regulatory responses.

This study, prepared by Policy Department A, sets out recent developments regarding crypto-assets. These relate mainly to the continuing use of crypto-assets for money laundering and terrorist financing, the massive growth of private “tokens” used to raise funds, and to the emergence of stablecoins and central bank digital currencies. The study, furthermore, addresses key regulatory concerns, taking into account these recent developments, and suggests regulatory responses.

Ulkopuolinen laatija

Prof. Dr. Robby HOUBEN and Alexander SNYERS

El Derecho de excepción, una perspectiva de Derecho comparado - España: Estado de alarma

06-04-2020

Este documento se integra en una serie de análisis que pretenden, desde la perspectiva del Derecho Comparado, presentar el Derecho de excepción en diferentes Estados, con especial atención a aquellos fundamentos jurídicos en que se basan las medidas de emergencia que pueden adoptar ante crisis, como puede ser la crisis sanitaria provocada por la pandemia del COVID-19. El presente análisis tiene como objeto el caso de España.

Este documento se integra en una serie de análisis que pretenden, desde la perspectiva del Derecho Comparado, presentar el Derecho de excepción en diferentes Estados, con especial atención a aquellos fundamentos jurídicos en que se basan las medidas de emergencia que pueden adoptar ante crisis, como puede ser la crisis sanitaria provocada por la pandemia del COVID-19. El presente análisis tiene como objeto el caso de España.

Ulkopuolinen laatija

El presente documento ha sido elaborado por don Gabriel Lecumberri Beascoa, bajo la supervisión del Prof. Dr. Ignacio Díez Parra, Jefe de la Unidad “Biblioteca de Derecho Comparado", Dirección General de Servicios de Investigación Parlamentaria (DG EPRS), Secretaría General del Parlamento Europeo.

Handbook on the incompatibilities and immunity of the Members of the European Parliament

16-03-2020

Upon request by the Committee on Legal Affairs, this handbook, provided by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, summarises, in its first part, the EU legal framework on the incompatibilities and immunity of Members of the European Parliament. Based on national reports, the second part of the handbook gives an overview, for each EU Member State, of the relevant national provisions on the composition of national governments and parliaments as well as those on national ...

Upon request by the Committee on Legal Affairs, this handbook, provided by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, summarises, in its first part, the EU legal framework on the incompatibilities and immunity of Members of the European Parliament. Based on national reports, the second part of the handbook gives an overview, for each EU Member State, of the relevant national provisions on the composition of national governments and parliaments as well as those on national parliamentary immunities. This handbook will be updated regularly based on information received; please hold as reference the date of edition.

Promoting product longevity

16-03-2020

Product longevity can play a useful role in achieving the Paris Agreement goals – material efficiency is an important contributor to energy efficiency and is also important in its own right. The product safety and compliance instruments available at European level can contribute to these efforts, if wisely applied.

Product longevity can play a useful role in achieving the Paris Agreement goals – material efficiency is an important contributor to energy efficiency and is also important in its own right. The product safety and compliance instruments available at European level can contribute to these efforts, if wisely applied.

Ulkopuolinen laatija

J. Scott MARCUS et al.

La ratification des traités internationaux, une perspective de droit comparé - Belgique

03-03-2020

Cette étude fait partie d’un projet plus global qui a le but d’analyser depuis une perspective de droit comparé la ratification des traités internationaux dans différents États. L'objet de cette étude est d’examiner la ratification des traités internationaux en droit belge, en particulier le régime juridique applicable, la procédure et une estimation des temps nécessaires pour la ratification. Pour ce faire, après une introduction générale, sont examinées les dispositions législatives et réglementaires ...

Cette étude fait partie d’un projet plus global qui a le but d’analyser depuis une perspective de droit comparé la ratification des traités internationaux dans différents États. L'objet de cette étude est d’examiner la ratification des traités internationaux en droit belge, en particulier le régime juridique applicable, la procédure et une estimation des temps nécessaires pour la ratification. Pour ce faire, après une introduction générale, sont examinées les dispositions législatives et réglementaires régissant la procédure d’adoption des traités, la répartition des compétences entre les différents acteurs impliqués, ainsi que les étapes principales de la procédure de conclusion des traités. D'un côté la Belgique est un produit du droit international. Sa genèse explique sa grande réceptivité pour le droit international. D'un autre côté, le fédéralisme est pour ce Royaume un véritable prisme à travers lequel ne peuvent dorénavant échapper la politique et le droit et les relations internationales n'y font pas exception. Ainsi, l’ordre juridique belge s’est doté d’une conception particulièrement poussée de l’adage in foro interno, in foro externo, conception qui permet aux différentes entités fédérées du pays de conclure à leur niveau leurs propres traités, et corrélativement d’entretenir des relations internationales. Certes que la règle de droit international selon laquelle « l’État est un et un seul sur la scène internationale » agissait comme tempérament. On doit toutefois constater que les prérogatives de « surveillance » de l’autorité fédérale sur les entités fédérées sont limitées, et que leur application concrète peut s’avérer à la fois politiquement que juridiquement difficile. Cette étude prétend être utile aux différents organes du Parlement européen, afin de dévoiler une vision complète du processus de ratification par l’État en analyse (en le cas d’espèce la Belgique). Cela permettra par exemple aux organes du Parlement de fixer leurs calendriers de travaux, en tenant compte d’une estimation du temps dont la contrepartie aura besoin pour compléter la ratification d’un futur traité.

Ulkopuolinen laatija

Ce document a été rédigé par Prof. Dr. Christian Behrendt, Professeur ordinaire, de l’Université de Liège et de la Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, à la demande de l’Unité Bibliothèque de droit comparé, Direction générale des services de recherche parlementaire (DG EPRS), Secrétariat général du Parlement européen.

European arrest warrant

19-02-2020

The European Arrest Warrant has led to simplified and faster surrender procedures for suspects and sentenced persons. However, trust in the system needs to be enhanced through proper implementation and further harmonisation of substantive and procedural criminal law.

The European Arrest Warrant has led to simplified and faster surrender procedures for suspects and sentenced persons. However, trust in the system needs to be enhanced through proper implementation and further harmonisation of substantive and procedural criminal law.

EU trade and transport of live animals

07-02-2020

Every year, millions of live animals are transported within and outside European Union (EU) territory for trade purposes. EU legislation regulates the protection of animals during transport, but reports of breaches of the rules and accidents raise doubts on the transport of live animals and have rekindled the debate on the need to improve the current legislation.

Every year, millions of live animals are transported within and outside European Union (EU) territory for trade purposes. EU legislation regulates the protection of animals during transport, but reports of breaches of the rules and accidents raise doubts on the transport of live animals and have rekindled the debate on the need to improve the current legislation.

Fact-finding visit to Bulgaria

05-02-2020

The PETI Committee decided to organise a fact-finding visit to Bulgaria as a result of a relatively large number of petitions it has received from Bulgarian citizens on the Bulgarian Code of Civil Procedure (CCP). Petitioners allege breaches of consumer rights, corruption, the role of bailiffs, violation of the right to a fair trial, and breaches of Directive 93/13/EEC on unfair terms in consumer contracts. The aim of the visit is to hear the petitioners and to investigate and discuss the subject ...

The PETI Committee decided to organise a fact-finding visit to Bulgaria as a result of a relatively large number of petitions it has received from Bulgarian citizens on the Bulgarian Code of Civil Procedure (CCP). Petitioners allege breaches of consumer rights, corruption, the role of bailiffs, violation of the right to a fair trial, and breaches of Directive 93/13/EEC on unfair terms in consumer contracts. The aim of the visit is to hear the petitioners and to investigate and discuss the subject matter of the petitions with the Bulgarian authorities.

Equal pay for equal work: Binding pay transparency measures

15-01-2020

Pay transparency legislation facilitates effective application of the equal pay principle as it reveals potential gender bias in pay structures, and contributes to raising awareness about the gender pay gap. This paper identifies key concepts in the debate and maps out the state of play in Member States and at EU level.

Pay transparency legislation facilitates effective application of the equal pay principle as it reveals potential gender bias in pay structures, and contributes to raising awareness about the gender pay gap. This paper identifies key concepts in the debate and maps out the state of play in Member States and at EU level.

Ulkopuolinen laatija

Joanna Hofman, Madeleine Nightingale, Michaela Bruckmayer, Pedro Sanjuro

Research for PECH Committee - Seafood Industry Integration in all EU Member States with a coastline

18-12-2019

This study researched the drivers and mechanisms of both structural and non-structural horizontal and vertical integration in the seafood industry in all Member States with a coastline. The objective of the study was to identify trends among the Member States. The observed trends generally fall into three broad, inter-linked categories: regulatory environment, natural resources and firm performance.

This study researched the drivers and mechanisms of both structural and non-structural horizontal and vertical integration in the seafood industry in all Member States with a coastline. The objective of the study was to identify trends among the Member States. The observed trends generally fall into three broad, inter-linked categories: regulatory environment, natural resources and firm performance.

Ulkopuolinen laatija

Ward Warmerdam, Barbara Kuepper, Jeroen Walstra, Mara Werkman, Milena Levicharova, Linnea Wikström, Daniel Skerrit, Laura Enthoven, Robin Davies

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