67

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Mot-clé
Date

State aid and the pandemic: How State aid can back coronavirus economic support measures

08-06-2020

The coronavirus pandemic and its financial and economic consequences have caused a major economic downturn, and the European Union (EU) has moved rapidly to respond with monetary and fiscal policy measures. The fiscal policy instruments deployed include the adaptation of State aid rules to the exceptional circumstances to allow Member States to support their economies by means of direct or indirect intervention. From a competition law point of view, measures that constitute State aid are in principle ...

The coronavirus pandemic and its financial and economic consequences have caused a major economic downturn, and the European Union (EU) has moved rapidly to respond with monetary and fiscal policy measures. The fiscal policy instruments deployed include the adaptation of State aid rules to the exceptional circumstances to allow Member States to support their economies by means of direct or indirect intervention. From a competition law point of view, measures that constitute State aid are in principle illegal, unless issued under an exemption, such as the De minimis Regulation or the General Block Exemption Regulation, subject to notification and European Commission approval. The State aid rules do, however, already allow for aid to compensate for damage caused by natural disasters and exceptional events, such as a pandemic. State aid can also be used to remedy serious disturbances to the economy. The temporary framework adopted by the Commission in March 2020 sets out temporary State aid measures that the Commission will consider compatible with the State aid rules, allowing Member States full flexibility in supporting their coronavirus-stricken economies. The temporary framework is in place to address Member States' various needs more effectively. The framework initially focused on measures to ensure liquidity. Since early April, it has been widened to include measures to support the economy and coronavirus-related medical investment, research and production, as well as measures to ease the social and tax liabilities of companies and the self-employed and measures to subsidise workers' wages. This is an update of a briefing published on 27 April 2020.

Carbon emissions pricing: Some points of reference

30-03-2020

The need to do more to mitigate climate change resulting from emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), in particular in terms of pricing, is widely accepted. Several countries around the globe are either planning to implement or have introduced carbon-emission pricing measures (i.e. taxing or internalising negative externalities), with varying scope (upstream, downstream), coverage (sector exclusions) and boundaries (subnational or national areas). The objective is to reduce emissions in line with medium-term ...

The need to do more to mitigate climate change resulting from emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), in particular in terms of pricing, is widely accepted. Several countries around the globe are either planning to implement or have introduced carbon-emission pricing measures (i.e. taxing or internalising negative externalities), with varying scope (upstream, downstream), coverage (sector exclusions) and boundaries (subnational or national areas). The objective is to reduce emissions in line with medium-term climate change mitigation pathways. There are broadly two approaches: the emissions trading system (cap and trade) and carbon taxing. The existing measures are assessed regularly so as to be made more effective as regards emission reductions. The number of jurisdictions having adopted or intending to adopt carbon pricing has increased but still remains limited, in particular as regards the level of emissions covered. One concern is to address 'carbon leakage', a term that describes shifts in economic activities and/or changes in investment configurations, directly or indirectly causing GHG emissions to be moved away from a jurisdiction with GHG constraints to another jurisdiction with fewer or no GHG constraints. Measures addressing carbon leakage have complementary objectives and outcomes that need to be addressed in their design. They address competitiveness and trade concerns, while their central raison d’être is climate change mitigation. They are now at the top of the EU agenda.

Comprendre la fiscalité environnementale

16-01-2020

Parmi les mesures visant à promouvoir un changement vers des choix plus respectueux de l’environnement figure la fiscalité environnementale, en complément des autres instruments disponibles pour effectuer l’adaptation nécessaire pour faire face aux défis environnementaux et climatiques. La fiscalité environnementale, dans son principe, a pour but d’inclure dans les prix le coût des atteintes à l'environnement (dites externalités négatives) afin de réorienter vers des choix de production et de consommation ...

Parmi les mesures visant à promouvoir un changement vers des choix plus respectueux de l’environnement figure la fiscalité environnementale, en complément des autres instruments disponibles pour effectuer l’adaptation nécessaire pour faire face aux défis environnementaux et climatiques. La fiscalité environnementale, dans son principe, a pour but d’inclure dans les prix le coût des atteintes à l'environnement (dites externalités négatives) afin de réorienter vers des choix de production et de consommation plus respectueux de l’environnement. La fiscalité environnementale couvre potentiellement tous les domaines de la protection et de la préservation de l’environnement. La lutte contre le changement climatique, les pollutions (de l'air et de l'eau notamment) et les pressions subies par l’environnement (usage des ressources, biodiversité en particulier) ainsi que les facteurs qui y contribuent (par exemple les émissions de gaz et l'utilisation de substances pouvant être dommageables) peuvent être l’objet des mesures fiscales. Ce sont des mesures générales ou sectorielles, dont l’application varie selon les États et leurs collectivités. Dans l’Union européenne, la politique environnementale et la politique fiscale déterminent les contours de l’action respective des États membres et de l’Union. Les mesures fiscales environnementales existantes ont une part modeste parmi les revenus fiscaux des États. Si les objectifs environnementaux sont généralement reconnus, l’application de mesures relevant de la fiscalité environnementale nécessite la prise en compte de divers aspects, notamment ceux relatifs à la compétitivité et l’équité afin d’assurer une lisibilité de la fiscalité environnementale apte à assurer son acceptabilité pour en faire un instrument effectif de la transition nécessaire.

Lutte contre la fraude à la TVA dans le domaine du commerce électronique

10-12-2019

Les modifications apportées au cadre réglementaire en matière de taxe sur la valeur ajoutée (TVA) pour le commerce électronique ont instauré le principe de destination pour les transactions transfrontières entre professionnels et consommateurs (B2C). L’identification des entreprises en ligne qui fournissent des biens et des services à des clients établis dans d’autres États membres sera essentielle pour garantir le respect des règles en matière de TVA et lutter contre la fraude à la TVA dans le domaine ...

Les modifications apportées au cadre réglementaire en matière de taxe sur la valeur ajoutée (TVA) pour le commerce électronique ont instauré le principe de destination pour les transactions transfrontières entre professionnels et consommateurs (B2C). L’identification des entreprises en ligne qui fournissent des biens et des services à des clients établis dans d’autres États membres sera essentielle pour garantir le respect des règles en matière de TVA et lutter contre la fraude à la TVA dans le domaine du commerce électronique. Le Parlement votera sur deux propositions de la Commission en plénière en décembre.

Understanding BEPS: From tax avoidance to digital tax challenges

21-10-2019

Action to fight corporate tax avoidance has been deemed necessary in the OECD forum and has received further impetus through the G20/OECD Base erosion and profit shifting action plan (known as BEPS). The 2015 BEPS action plan has 15 actions, covering elements used in corporate tax-avoidance practices and aggressive tax-planning schemes. The implementation of the BEPS action plan was designed to be flexible, as a consequence of its adoption by consensus. Recommendations made in BEPS reports range ...

Action to fight corporate tax avoidance has been deemed necessary in the OECD forum and has received further impetus through the G20/OECD Base erosion and profit shifting action plan (known as BEPS). The 2015 BEPS action plan has 15 actions, covering elements used in corporate tax-avoidance practices and aggressive tax-planning schemes. The implementation of the BEPS action plan was designed to be flexible, as a consequence of its adoption by consensus. Recommendations made in BEPS reports range from minimum standards to guidelines, as well as putting in place an instrument to modify the provisions of tax treaties related to BEPS practices. In addition, putting BEPS actions into practice has involved a growing number of countries, so as to provide a more inclusive framework able to involve more countries beyond the OECD and G20 members, and build on cooperation between international organisations. The application of BEPS actions and their follow-up involves issues that remain to be implemented or addressed. Here come in particular issues beyond the avoidance techniques that were addressed in the BEPS action plan, starting with addressing tax challenges of the digital economy, building on the BEPS action1 report that defined a calendar for providing an adaptation of international tax rules to the impact of digitalisation. Based on several intermediary reports, the OECD/G20 inclusive framework on BEPS issued a work programme to develop a consensus solution to the tax challenges arising from the digitalisation of the economy. Endorsed in June 2019 by the G20, this programme outlines the steps for modernising international tax rules. An annex to this document outlines the different international fora and instruments relevant to BEPS actions and the countries or organisations that participate in them or apply them. This briefing updates an earlier edition (PE 607.288), of June 2017.

EU listing of tax havens

21-10-2019

Broadly speaking, 'tax havens' provide taxpayers, both legal and natural persons, with opportunities for tax evasion or avoidance, while their secrecy and opacity also serves to disguise the origins of the proceeds of illegal and criminal activities. One might ask why establishing a list of tax havens or high-risk countries is useful. Drawing up such lists began with action to end harmful tax practices arising from the discrepancy between the global reach of financial flows and the geographically ...

Broadly speaking, 'tax havens' provide taxpayers, both legal and natural persons, with opportunities for tax evasion or avoidance, while their secrecy and opacity also serves to disguise the origins of the proceeds of illegal and criminal activities. One might ask why establishing a list of tax havens or high-risk countries is useful. Drawing up such lists began with action to end harmful tax practices arising from the discrepancy between the global reach of financial flows and the geographically limited scope of jurisdictions that match or exist inside national borders. However we refer to tax havens, they all have one thing in common: they allow individuals or organisations to escape from taxation. Distinctive characteristics of tax havens include low or zero taxation, fictitious residences (with no bearing on reality) and tax secrecy. The latter two are key methods for hiding ultimate beneficial owners. In the EU, the process of adopting a common list of non-cooperative tax jurisdictions was initiated as part of efforts to further good tax governance, and its external dimension. On 5 December 2017, the Council adopted a first common list resulting from the assessment of third countries against distinctive criteria. Pursuing the assessment process, the Council has updated the list on the basis of commitments received, while also reviewing countries that had not yet been assessed. This briefing updates an earlier one, from May 2018 – itself an updated and extended version of a briefing from December 2017: ‘Understanding the rationale for compiling “tax haven” lists', PE 614.633 – to take account of the changes in the lists since that date.

Les politiques de l’Union – Au service des citoyens: Lutte contre la fraude fiscale

28-06-2019

Au cours des cinq dernières années, la politique fiscale et la lutte contre la fraude fiscale ont été particulièrement mises en avant à la suite des fuites d’informations successives et des enquêtes journalistiques sur le sujet. L’hostilité envers les pratiques fiscales préjudiciables s’en est vue renforcée, notamment depuis la récession et les restrictions budgétaires qui en ont résulté. La lutte contre la fraude fiscale vise à recouvrer les recettes qui n’ont pas été versées aux pouvoirs publics ...

Au cours des cinq dernières années, la politique fiscale et la lutte contre la fraude fiscale ont été particulièrement mises en avant à la suite des fuites d’informations successives et des enquêtes journalistiques sur le sujet. L’hostilité envers les pratiques fiscales préjudiciables s’en est vue renforcée, notamment depuis la récession et les restrictions budgétaires qui en ont résulté. La lutte contre la fraude fiscale vise à recouvrer les recettes qui n’ont pas été versées aux pouvoirs publics. Elle a également pour objectif de faire en sorte que les fraudeurs ne bénéficient pas d’un avantage par rapport aux contribuables qui respectent leurs obligations, garantissant ainsi l’équité fiscale entre tous les contribuables. Les impôts non payés entraînent une réduction des budgets nationaux et du budget de l’Union européenne. Si l’ampleur des impôts non payés est, par nature, difficile à déterminer, les évaluations donnent à penser que les montants sont élevés. L’opinion des citoyens concernant l’engagement de l’Union dans la lutte contre la fraude fiscale s’est améliorée, mais, dans chaque État membre, une majorité de la population souhaite toujours voir cet engagement renforcé. Malgré cette amélioration, cet engagement reste toujours bien en deçà des attentes des citoyens. Les réponses apportées aux ordres de priorité et aux attentes des citoyens de l’Union peuvent encore être perfectionnées. La lutte contre la fraude fiscale compte parmi les objectifs communs des États membres et de l’Union. Relevant du domaine de la politique fiscale, cette lutte reste étroitement liée à la souveraineté des États membres, protégée par l’exigence de l’unanimité et par une procédure législative spéciale en vertu de laquelle les questions fiscales demeurent strictement sous le contrôle du Conseil. Tel a été le cas depuis les débuts de l’Union, malgré les propositions visant à modifier légèrement le cadre fiscal. Les lacunes ayant été déterminées avec plus de précision, les discussions ont été relancées lors des derniers discours sur l’état de l’Union prononcés par le président de la Commission européenne devant le Parlement européen. La lutte contre la fraude fiscale ne consiste pas seulement à lutter contre les comportements illégaux; il s’agit également de dissuader les fraudeurs et de prendre des mesures pour renforcer le respect des lois fiscales. Il est ainsi nécessaire de revoir en profondeur les dispositions fiscales afin de les améliorer en les adaptant à l’ampleur et aux caractéristiques de la fraude fiscale telle qu’elle existe et à mesure qu’elle évolue. En dépit des contributions notables apportées pendant la législature 2014-2019, il reste du travail à accomplir, notamment en raison de toutes les dispositions qui doivent être mises en œuvre, appliquées, contrôlées et, si nécessaire, mises à jour afin de s’adapter à la variabilité de la fraude fiscale et de suivre l’évolution numérique au niveau mondial. Le présent document est une mise à jour d’une note plus ancienne, publiée avant les élections européennes de 2019.

Detailed technical measures for the definitive VAT system for cross-border goods trade

20-06-2019

The common European value added tax (VAT) system was set up in 1967, and reformed in 1993, to adapt it to the entry into force of the European Union (EU) internal market. The existing rules governing intra Community trade were therefore intended to be transitory. While VAT has become an important source of revenue for both national governments and the EU budget, the current system is ill-adapted to the challenges of a modern economy. A substantial review was initiated as from 2016, to update the ...

The common European value added tax (VAT) system was set up in 1967, and reformed in 1993, to adapt it to the entry into force of the European Union (EU) internal market. The existing rules governing intra Community trade were therefore intended to be transitory. While VAT has become an important source of revenue for both national governments and the EU budget, the current system is ill-adapted to the challenges of a modern economy. A substantial review was initiated as from 2016, to update the EU VAT system and make it less vulnerable to fraud, as described in the April 2016 VAT action plan. The proposal, adopted on 25 May 2018, would amend the VAT Directive (Directive 2006/112/EC), to introduce detailed technical measures for the definitive VAT system for intra-EU business to business (B2B) trade in goods. The present proposal follows and complements the adoption of Council Directive (EU) 2018/1910 on 4 December 2018. The Parliament adopted its position on the proposal on 12 February 2019; the Council has yet to finalise its position. Third edition of a briefing originally drafted by Ana Claudia Alfieri, and subsequently updated by Laura Puccio. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Public country-by-country reporting by multinational enterprises

26-04-2019

Tax transparency has gained particular importance as a tool in the fight against tax avoidance and tax evasion, particularly in the field of corporate income tax and aggressive tax planning. Cooperation between tax authorities aims at allowing them to obtain information covering the global business of multinational enterprises (MNEs), and progress has already been made in this area. A further step in tax transparency would be to broaden it by providing publicly available information relating to tax ...

Tax transparency has gained particular importance as a tool in the fight against tax avoidance and tax evasion, particularly in the field of corporate income tax and aggressive tax planning. Cooperation between tax authorities aims at allowing them to obtain information covering the global business of multinational enterprises (MNEs), and progress has already been made in this area. A further step in tax transparency would be to broaden it by providing publicly available information relating to tax paid at the place where profits are actually made. Public country-by-country reporting (CBCR) is the publication of a defined set of facts and figures by large MNEs, thereby providing the public with a global picture of the taxes MNEs pay on their corporate income. The proposal is being considered by the European Parliament (EP) and the Council. In the EP, the amendments put forward by the ECON and JURI committees were voted on 4 July 2017. In the absence of a Council position enabling negotiations on the proposal, the Parliament adopted its position at first reading in plenary on 27 March 2019. Third edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Rapport de la commission spéciale TAX3

20-03-2019

La commission spéciale sur la criminalité financière, la fraude fiscale et l’évasion fiscale (TAX3) a été mise en place en mars 2018 afin de poursuivre et de compléter les travaux menés par le Parlement depuis 2014. Son rapport, soumis au débat de la plénière pendant la session parlementaire de mars II, s’appuie sur la pertinence au long cours de ces questions et sur les progrès réalisés, et tient compte du travail qui reste à accomplir pour lutter contre la criminalité financière, l’évasion fiscale ...

La commission spéciale sur la criminalité financière, la fraude fiscale et l’évasion fiscale (TAX3) a été mise en place en mars 2018 afin de poursuivre et de compléter les travaux menés par le Parlement depuis 2014. Son rapport, soumis au débat de la plénière pendant la session parlementaire de mars II, s’appuie sur la pertinence au long cours de ces questions et sur les progrès réalisés, et tient compte du travail qui reste à accomplir pour lutter contre la criminalité financière, l’évasion fiscale et la fraude fiscale. Il ouvre également la voie à d’autres mesures de surveillance et de suivi.

Evénements à venir

26-10-2020
European Gender Equality Week - October 26-29, 2020
Autre événement -
FEMM
26-10-2020
Joint LIBE - FEMM Hearing on Trafficking in human beings
Audition -
LIBE FEMM
27-10-2020
EPRS online Book Talk | Beyond Christendom - The politics of religion in Europe today
Autre événement -
EPRS

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