33

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Mot-clé
Date

Cadre juridique de l’Union pour enrayer et renverser la déforestation dont l’Union est responsable à l’échelle mondiale

14-10-2020

La consommation de l’Union joue un rôle non négligeable dans la déforestation mondiale, qui se poursuit sans relâche et contribue considérablement au changement climatique et à la perte de biodiversité. Lors de la période de session d’octobre II, le Parlement votera à propos d’un rapport d’initiative législative qui demande à la Commission de prendre des mesures réglementaires dans ce domaine et propose un cadre juridique de l’Union fondé sur une obligation de diligence pour les entreprises qui mettent ...

La consommation de l’Union joue un rôle non négligeable dans la déforestation mondiale, qui se poursuit sans relâche et contribue considérablement au changement climatique et à la perte de biodiversité. Lors de la période de session d’octobre II, le Parlement votera à propos d’un rapport d’initiative législative qui demande à la Commission de prendre des mesures réglementaires dans ce domaine et propose un cadre juridique de l’Union fondé sur une obligation de diligence pour les entreprises qui mettent des produits sur le marché de l’Union.

Coronavirus and the trade in wildlife

04-05-2020

Nearly three quarters of emerging infectious diseases in humans are caused by zoonotic pathogens. The majority of them originate in wildlife. Human activities, such as trade in wildlife, increase opportunities for animal–human interactions and facilitate zoonotic disease transmission. Several significant diseases, including Ebola and the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak, have been traced, in part, to substantial animal-human contact along the trade chain. Current information suggests ...

Nearly three quarters of emerging infectious diseases in humans are caused by zoonotic pathogens. The majority of them originate in wildlife. Human activities, such as trade in wildlife, increase opportunities for animal–human interactions and facilitate zoonotic disease transmission. Several significant diseases, including Ebola and the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak, have been traced, in part, to substantial animal-human contact along the trade chain. Current information suggests that the Covid-19 pandemic may have started from a local Chinese wildlife market. Wildlife trade, though difficult to quantify, is one of the most lucrative trades in the world. It is regulated under the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES), an international agreement to which the European Union (EU) and its Member States are parties. Through a permit system, CITES aims to ensure that international trade in listed species is sustainable, legal and traceable. Curbing illegal trade, however, remains a challenge. In 2016, the EU adopted an action plan on wildlife trafficking, which runs until 2020 and is currently under evaluation. The European Parliament supports its renewal and the strengthening of its provisions. The coronavirus crisis has thrown into sharp focus the threat of disease transmission posed by trade in and consumption of wild animal species, prompting calls for bans on wildlife trade and closure of wildlife markets. Others advocate better regulation, including enhanced health and safety and sanitation measures. With matters relating to zoonotic diseases outside CITES' mandate, some have suggested the development of a new international convention to address the issue. To reduce the risks of future outbreaks, many recommend an integrated approach, which would notably also cover nature preservation and restoration.

Water reuse: Setting minimum requirements

20-04-2020

Although freshwater is relatively abundant in the European Union (EU), water stress occurs in many areas, particularly in the Mediterranean region and parts of the Atlantic region, with environmental and economic impacts. In May 2018, the European Commission put forward a proposal for a regulation setting EU-wide standards that reclaimed water would need to meet in order to be used for agricultural irrigation, with the aim of encouraging greater use of reclaimed water and contributing to alleviating ...

Although freshwater is relatively abundant in the European Union (EU), water stress occurs in many areas, particularly in the Mediterranean region and parts of the Atlantic region, with environmental and economic impacts. In May 2018, the European Commission put forward a proposal for a regulation setting EU-wide standards that reclaimed water would need to meet in order to be used for agricultural irrigation, with the aim of encouraging greater use of reclaimed water and contributing to alleviating water scarcity. The Commission estimates that the proposal could increase water reuse in agricultural irrigation from 1.7 billion m³ to 6.6 billion m³ per year, thereby reducing water stress by 5 %. The European Parliament adopted its first-reading position on 12 February 2019, and the Council agreed on a general approach on 26 June 2019. Trilogue negotiations concluded with a provisional agreement on 2 December. The agreed text, endorsed by the ENVI committee on 21 January 2020, was adopted at first reading by the Council on 7 April. It now returns to the Parliament for final adoption at second reading. Second edition of a briefing originally drafted by Didier Bourguignon. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Preparing the post-2020 biodiversity framework

09-01-2020

In October 2020, the parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the main international agreement on biodiversity protection, will meet in Kunming (China) to agree on a post-2020 global biodiversity framework, with conservation and restoration goals for the next decade. A party to the CBD, the European Union (EU) aims 'to lead the world' at this conference (COP15), as it did at the Paris climate conference. A debate is scheduled in view of the COP15 during Parliament's ...

In October 2020, the parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the main international agreement on biodiversity protection, will meet in Kunming (China) to agree on a post-2020 global biodiversity framework, with conservation and restoration goals for the next decade. A party to the CBD, the European Union (EU) aims 'to lead the world' at this conference (COP15), as it did at the Paris climate conference. A debate is scheduled in view of the COP15 during Parliament's January I plenary session.

Hearings of the Commissioners-designate: Virginijus Sinkevičius - Environment, Oceans and Fisheries

26-09-2019

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication ...

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication skills'. At the end of the hearings process, Parliament votes on the proposed Commission as a bloc, and under the Treaties may only reject the entire College of Commissioners, rather than individual candidates. The Briefing provides an overview of key issues in the portfolio areas, as well as Parliament's activity in the last term in that field. It also includes a brief introduction to the candidate.

EU sports policy: Going faster, aiming higher, reaching further

20-09-2019

Sport has a growing impact both on the European Union (EU) economy and on society as a whole. Over 7 million people work in sport-related jobs, and sport-related goods and services amount to nearly 3 % of total EU gross value added. It was not until 2009, with the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, that the Union received a clear mandate to build up and implement an EU-coordinated sports policy supported by a specific budget, and to develop cooperation with international bodies in the area of ...

Sport has a growing impact both on the European Union (EU) economy and on society as a whole. Over 7 million people work in sport-related jobs, and sport-related goods and services amount to nearly 3 % of total EU gross value added. It was not until 2009, with the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, that the Union received a clear mandate to build up and implement an EU-coordinated sports policy supported by a specific budget, and to develop cooperation with international bodies in the area of sport. However, EU competence in sport is limited and only allows the EU to support, coordinate or complement sports policy measures taken by national governments. This rules out the adoption of legislation or any other legally binding measure. The EU has therefore opted to act via 'soft' policy tools, such as guidelines, recommendations and – most importantly – funding, to support its sport-related objectives. Over the years, the EU has been actively involved in tackling transnational issues such as doping, match-fixing and lack of physical activity. In recent years, various health-related EU initiatives have grown increasingly popular. In 2018, the European Week of Sport attracted nearly 14 million people to over 50 000 events across Europe, with the Western Balkans and the countries from the Eastern Partnership joining the initiative in 2019. The #BeActive Night, a new feature first introduced in 2018, will continue encouraging participants to discover and try the different sports activities available in their area. None of this would have been possible without the introduction of a specific budget for sport, in which the European Parliament played a key role. As the popularity of sport-related initiatives grows, so do the Commission's plans and ambitions for the broader role of sport in society. The executive's proposal for the 2021-2027 Erasmus programme confirms this ambition. Accordingly, the amount available for Erasmus would be doubled, to reach €30 billion, with €550 million dedicated to sport.

Les politiques de l’Union – Au service des citoyens : Protection de l’environnement

28-06-2019

Depuis 1972, l’Union européenne améliore le bien-être des Européens grâce à sa politique environnementale. Aujourd’hui, l’objectif de la politique environnementale de l’Union est de veiller à ce qu’en 2050, nous vivions bien, dans les limites de notre planète. Pour atteindre cet objectif, l’Union s’efforce d’assurer une transition vers une économie sobre en carbone et efficace dans l’utilisation des ressources, de préserver la diversité biologique et de protéger la santé humaine au moyen de normes ...

Depuis 1972, l’Union européenne améliore le bien-être des Européens grâce à sa politique environnementale. Aujourd’hui, l’objectif de la politique environnementale de l’Union est de veiller à ce qu’en 2050, nous vivions bien, dans les limites de notre planète. Pour atteindre cet objectif, l’Union s’efforce d’assurer une transition vers une économie sobre en carbone et efficace dans l’utilisation des ressources, de préserver la diversité biologique et de protéger la santé humaine au moyen de normes législatives relatives à la qualité de l’air, aux substances chimiques, au climat, à la nature, aux déchets et à l’eau. Bien que cette politique apporte des bénéfices concrets (tels que le vaste réseau de zones protégées Natura 2000, la réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre, le développement du recyclage des ressources et la plus grande propreté de l’air et de l’eau), les perspectives pour l’environnement en Europe dans vingt ans s’assombrissent. Toutefois, la transition vers le développement durable pourrait offrir un certain nombre d’avantages au-delà de la protection de l’environnement, en matière tant d’emploi et d’activité économique que de bien-être et de santé. Lors d’un récent sondage effectué pour le Parlement européen, trois citoyens de l’Union sur quatre se sont déclarés en faveur d’un renforcement de l’action de l’Union en matière de protection de l’environnement. Depuis 2014, des efforts ont été déployés dans un certain nombre de domaines, dont la gestion des déchets (nouveaux objectifs en matière de recyclage, restrictions de l’usage des sacs en plastique, mesures concernant les plastiques et mesures de lutte contre les déchets marins, par exemple), le climat (objectifs d’émissions de gaz à effet de serre à l’horizon 2030 et mesures de décarbonation du secteur des transports, par exemple), la nature (principalement en vue d’améliorer la mise en œuvre des règles de l’Union en matière de protection de la diversité biologique) et la qualité de l’air (nouvelles règles relatives aux quantités maximales de cinq polluants atmosphériques majeurs que les pays de l’Union sont autorisés à rejeter dans l’atmosphère). Le Parlement européen a plaidé pour des politiques ambitieuses dans nombre de ces domaines. Les dépenses de l’Union européenne en matière d’environnement et de climat devraient augmenter à l’avenir. Tandis que la Commission propose de faire passer de 20 % à 25 % la part des dépenses de l’Union consacrée aux objectifs en matière de climat, le Parlement demande que cette part soit portée à 30 %. Les politiques devraient se concentrer, dans les années à venir, sur l’action en matière de climat, sur la protection de la nature, sur la qualité de l’air, sur l’économie circulaire et sur les pesticides. Le présent document est une mise à jour d’une note plus ancienne, publiée avant les élections européennes de 2019.

EU fertilising products

26-06-2019

Fertilising products are used to improve plant growth, mainly in agriculture, enabling higher crop yields. However, they are associated with some challenges as regards security of supply, the environment and health. Although the 2003 Fertilisers Regulation, which aimed at ensuring an internal market in fertilisers, has been effective, it mainly addresses mineral fertilisers and deters the introduction of new types of fertilisers. In March 2016, the Commission put forward a legislative proposal on ...

Fertilising products are used to improve plant growth, mainly in agriculture, enabling higher crop yields. However, they are associated with some challenges as regards security of supply, the environment and health. Although the 2003 Fertilisers Regulation, which aimed at ensuring an internal market in fertilisers, has been effective, it mainly addresses mineral fertilisers and deters the introduction of new types of fertilisers. In March 2016, the Commission put forward a legislative proposal on fertilising products, as announced in the circular economy action plan. The proposal modernises the conformity assessment and market surveillance in line with the ‘new legislative framework’ for product legislation, covers a wider range of fertilising products (including those manufactured from secondary raw materials), and sets limits for the presence of heavy metals and contaminants in fertilising products. After completion of the legislative procedure, the final act was signed on 5 June 2019. The regulation will apply in full from 16 July 2022. Fifth edition of a briefing originally drafted by Didier Bourguignon. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Single-use plastics and fishing gear: Reducing marine litter

17-06-2019

Most of the plastic in our oceans originates from land-based sources. On European beaches, plastics make up 80-85 % of marine litter, which is considered a major threat to marine and coastal biodiversity. Marine litter also costs the European Union economy an estimated €259 million to €695 million per year. In May 2018, the European Commission put forward a legislative proposal seeking to address the issue of marine litter from plastics. The proposal would introduce a series of measures regarding ...

Most of the plastic in our oceans originates from land-based sources. On European beaches, plastics make up 80-85 % of marine litter, which is considered a major threat to marine and coastal biodiversity. Marine litter also costs the European Union economy an estimated €259 million to €695 million per year. In May 2018, the European Commission put forward a legislative proposal seeking to address the issue of marine litter from plastics. The proposal would introduce a series of measures regarding the top 10 single-use plastics found on European beaches, as well as fishing gear, with a view to reducing their impact on the environment and ensuring a functional internal market. After completion of the legislative procedure, the final act was signed by the presidents of the co-legislators (European Parliament and Council) on 5 June 2019, and published in the Official Journal of the European Union on 12 June 2019. Member States have two years (i.e. until 3 July 2021) to transpose the new directive into national law. Fourth edition of a briefing originally drafted by Didier Bourguignon. document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Fertilisants porteurs du marquage CE

20-03-2019

En mars 2016, la Commission européenne a présenté une proposition sur les fertilisants, qui élargirait le cadre de la législation existante, notamment pour inclure les engrais organiques et à base de déchets, et imposerait des limites de métaux lourds et de substances contaminantes dans les fertilisants. Lors de sa deuxième session plénière de mars, le Parlement européen doit voter sur l’accord atteint après les négociations en trilogue sur ce dossier.

En mars 2016, la Commission européenne a présenté une proposition sur les fertilisants, qui élargirait le cadre de la législation existante, notamment pour inclure les engrais organiques et à base de déchets, et imposerait des limites de métaux lourds et de substances contaminantes dans les fertilisants. Lors de sa deuxième session plénière de mars, le Parlement européen doit voter sur l’accord atteint après les négociations en trilogue sur ce dossier.

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