50

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

On the path to 'strategic autonomy': The EU in an evolving geopolitical environment

28-09-2020

In confronting the EU with an unprecedented crisis, the coronavirus outbreak is testing the bloc's unity, but may also accelerate the construction of EU strategic autonomy, as the roadmap for recovery is implemented. Political will, still in the making, and the capacity to act are key prerequisites for achieving effective European strategic autonomy. The EU is increasingly at risk of becoming a 'playground' for global powers in a world dominated by geopolitics. Building European strategic autonomy ...

In confronting the EU with an unprecedented crisis, the coronavirus outbreak is testing the bloc's unity, but may also accelerate the construction of EU strategic autonomy, as the roadmap for recovery is implemented. Political will, still in the making, and the capacity to act are key prerequisites for achieving effective European strategic autonomy. The EU is increasingly at risk of becoming a 'playground' for global powers in a world dominated by geopolitics. Building European strategic autonomy on a horizontal – cross-policy – basis would strengthen the EU's multilateral action and reduce dependence on external actors, to make the EU less vulnerable to external threats; while promoting a level playing field that benefits everyone. The EU could thus reap the full dividend of its integration and possibly benefit from greater economic gains. To build European strategic autonomy, the EU may choose to use the still 'under-used' or 'unused' potential of the Lisbon Treaty, with the European Council having a key role to play in triggering some of the Treaty provisions, particularly in foreign and security policy. European strategic autonomy may also result from a deepening of the EU integration process. Nevertheless, it remains to be seen whether the Member States will wish to grasp the opportunity offered by the Conference on the Future of Europe to deepen the European project.

PESCO: Ahead of the strategic review

16-09-2020

Permanent structured cooperation (PESCO) was launched in December 2017 with the participation of 25 EU Member States. It operates on the basis of concrete projects and binding commitments, several of which are geared towards strengthening the EU defence sector. PESCO members are committed to increasing national defence budgets and defence investment expenditure, and to investing more in defence research and technology. In addition, they have pledged to develop and provide 'strategically relevant' ...

Permanent structured cooperation (PESCO) was launched in December 2017 with the participation of 25 EU Member States. It operates on the basis of concrete projects and binding commitments, several of which are geared towards strengthening the EU defence sector. PESCO members are committed to increasing national defence budgets and defence investment expenditure, and to investing more in defence research and technology. In addition, they have pledged to develop and provide 'strategically relevant' defence capabilities and to act jointly and make use of the financial and practical support provided by the European Defence Fund. Finally, they are committed to contributing to projects that boost the European defence industry and the European defence technological and industrial base. Discussions on long-awaited rules on third-country participation in PESCO projects are ongoing in September 2020. A strategic review of PESCO should take place by the end of 2020. The review will assess PESCO's strengths and weaknesses and it is expected to provide new information aimed at improving the implementation and development of new EU defence capabilities and capacities through PESCO. Critics argue that the end goal of PESCO projects has still to be contextualised within the wider debate on an EU strategic culture and a concrete vision about the ambition of EU security and defence policy. They also emphasise the need to align PESCO priorities with those identified by parallel EU defence initiatives, as well as with the capability needs of the EU. The European Parliament is expected to vote on a resolution on PESCO in October 2020.

The future of multilateralism and strategic partnerships

11-09-2020

The coronavirus pandemic of 2020 has exacerbated global geopolitical trends, including the struggle to uphold multilateralism in a climate of growing nationalism, protectionism and rising great power competition. At the same time, it has demonstrated the need for multilateral cooperation for the effective mitigation of cross-border threats, including health crises. Within this environment, the European Union (EU), a multilateral entity in itself, has illustrated the relevance of cooperation. Beyond ...

The coronavirus pandemic of 2020 has exacerbated global geopolitical trends, including the struggle to uphold multilateralism in a climate of growing nationalism, protectionism and rising great power competition. At the same time, it has demonstrated the need for multilateral cooperation for the effective mitigation of cross-border threats, including health crises. Within this environment, the European Union (EU), a multilateral entity in itself, has illustrated the relevance of cooperation. Beyond its internal strengthening, the EU has set the defence and reform of multilateralism as one of its key priorities under the current European Commission. This will require a more coordinated and autonomous EU foreign policy, a smart approach towards the escalating US–China rivalry, reinvigorated cooperation with major democracies, and mobilisation of the EU's foreign policy tools, widely defined. As coronavirus leaves parts of the world more fragile and vulnerable, it also precipitates the need for a reformed multilateral system 'fit for purpose' and able to address the challenges of the future. Thinking through new practices to enrich multilateralism will be important for the further development of international cooperation.

Paix et sécurité en 2020: Panorama et perspectives de l’action de l’Union européenne

10-09-2020

La présente étude est le troisième volet des perspectives de l'Union pour la paix et la sécurité élaborées par le Service de recherche du Parlement européen. L’objectif de cette série est d’analyser et d’expliquer la contribution de l’Union européenne à la promotion de la paix et de la sécurité sur la scène internationale, grâce aux différentes dimensions de sa politique extérieure. Cette étude offre un panorama des questions y afférentes et un état de la situation actuelle. Elle présente tout d’ ...

La présente étude est le troisième volet des perspectives de l'Union pour la paix et la sécurité élaborées par le Service de recherche du Parlement européen. L’objectif de cette série est d’analyser et d’expliquer la contribution de l’Union européenne à la promotion de la paix et de la sécurité sur la scène internationale, grâce aux différentes dimensions de sa politique extérieure. Cette étude offre un panorama des questions y afférentes et un état de la situation actuelle. Elle présente tout d’abord la notion de paix et décrit la nature changeante de l’environnement géopolitique, au regard de l'évolution des rapports de force à l’échelle mondiale et des répercussions de la Covid- 19. Elle s'inscrit ensuite dans la logique des séries annuelles en se concentrant sur la promotion de la paix et de la sécurité dans l’action extérieure de l’Union. En établissant un lien avec l’Indice Normandie, qui mesure les menaces pour la paix et la démocratie à l’échelle mondiale sur la base de la stratégie globale de l’Union, chaque chapitre de l’étude analyse une menace spécifique pour la paix et passe en revue les actions déployées par l’Union pour conjurer les risques y afférents. L'étude traite notamment des conflits violents, de la prolifération des armes de destruction massive, du changement climatique, des cyberattaques, de la désinformation et du terrorisme. La recherche de la paix dans l’Union est vue comme un objectif ancré dans plusieurs domaines d'action de l’Union, notamment le développement, le soutien à la démocratie, l’aide humanitaire, la sécurité et la défense. L’étude conclut sur les perspectives pour l’avenir. Une étude parallèle, publiée séparément, est consacrée plus spécifiquement aux efforts de paix de l’Union européenne au Sahel. Les deux études ont été rédigées en vue de leur présentation au Forum mondial Normandie pour la paix, qui se tiendra en octobre 2020.

Évaluer les menaces à la paix et à la démocratie au niveau mondial: Indice Normandie 2020

10-09-2020

L’Indice Normandie, qui en est à sa deuxième année, vise à mesurer le niveau des menaces pesant sur la paix, la sécurité et la démocratie dans le monde. Présenté pour la première fois au Forum mondial «Normandie pour la paix» en juin 2019, il résulte d’un partenariat noué entre le Parlement européen et la Région de Normandie. L’indice a été conçu et préparé par le service de recherche du Parlement européen (EPRS), en collaboration avec et sur la base de données fournies par l’Institute for Economics ...

L’Indice Normandie, qui en est à sa deuxième année, vise à mesurer le niveau des menaces pesant sur la paix, la sécurité et la démocratie dans le monde. Présenté pour la première fois au Forum mondial «Normandie pour la paix» en juin 2019, il résulte d’un partenariat noué entre le Parlement européen et la Région de Normandie. L’indice a été conçu et préparé par le service de recherche du Parlement européen (EPRS), en collaboration avec et sur la base de données fournies par l’Institute for Economics and Peace. Ce document présente les résultats de l’exercice 2020 et explique la manière dont l’indice peut être utilisé pour comparer le niveau de paix – défini sur la base de la performance d’un pays donné par rapport à une série de menaces identifiées – d’un pays ou d’une région du globe à l’autre. Le document est complété par 40 études de cas consacrées chacune à un pays, sur la base de l’indice. Ce document fait partie de la contribution de l’EPRS au Forum mondial Normandie pour la paix 2020. Il est accompagné de deux études, l'une sur la contribution de l'Union européenne à la paix et à la sécurité en 2020, l’autre sur le soutien apporté par l’Union européenne à la paix au Sahel.

CSDP missions and coronavirus

15-06-2020

As Covid-19 adds increased pressure on international security, the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) missions and operations have been adapted and contributed to the mitigation of the effects of the pandemic in host countries.

As Covid-19 adds increased pressure on international security, the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) missions and operations have been adapted and contributed to the mitigation of the effects of the pandemic in host countries.

Conséquences du coronavirus en matière de politique étrangère

11-06-2020

La crise de la COVID-19 a eu des conséquences économiques, sociales, politiques et géopolitiques qui toucheront inévitablement des aspects essentiels de la politique étrangère de l’Union. Parmi eux figurent notamment les relations avec les grandes puissances, plusieurs aspects de l’aide humanitaire, du développement et du maintien de la paix, ainsi que la lutte contre la désinformation et les cyberattaques. La crise a également accentué le débat sur l’avenir du multilatéralisme, un enjeu essentiel ...

La crise de la COVID-19 a eu des conséquences économiques, sociales, politiques et géopolitiques qui toucheront inévitablement des aspects essentiels de la politique étrangère de l’Union. Parmi eux figurent notamment les relations avec les grandes puissances, plusieurs aspects de l’aide humanitaire, du développement et du maintien de la paix, ainsi que la lutte contre la désinformation et les cyberattaques. La crise a également accentué le débat sur l’avenir du multilatéralisme, un enjeu essentiel de la politique étrangère de l’Union européenne. Lors de la période de session de juin, il est prévu que le Parlement entende une déclaration du haut représentant sur la question.

Global and regional governance: Initial response to the COVID-19 pandemic

01-04-2020

On 11 March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the spread of COVID-19 to be a pandemic, confirming the global impact of the disease. Across the world, regional and global international organisations are stepping up coordination to confront the medical crisis and mitigate its effects on economies, societies and individuals.

On 11 March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the spread of COVID-19 to be a pandemic, confirming the global impact of the disease. Across the world, regional and global international organisations are stepping up coordination to confront the medical crisis and mitigate its effects on economies, societies and individuals.

United States: Export Control Reform Act (ECRA)

22-11-2019

Against the backdrop of the growing relevance of certain new technologies for security and defence, the United States of America introduced the Export Control Reform Act (ECRA) in 2018. The Act aims to restrict the export of emerging and foundational technologies that can potentially be used for civilian and military purposes ('dual use technologies') and that have not been subject to export control in the past. The adoption of the Act coincides with growing concerns about China's access to critical ...

Against the backdrop of the growing relevance of certain new technologies for security and defence, the United States of America introduced the Export Control Reform Act (ECRA) in 2018. The Act aims to restrict the export of emerging and foundational technologies that can potentially be used for civilian and military purposes ('dual use technologies') and that have not been subject to export control in the past. The adoption of the Act coincides with growing concerns about China's access to critical new technologies. The first set of controls, targeting various 'emerging technologies' that China has stated a desire to develop, will take effect in 2020. Controls on 'foundational technologies' should come later, although specific details about which technologies will be included in this category are not yet available. Functionally, ECRA represents a modification of the existing US Export Administration Regulations (EAR). Under the EAR, the Bureau of Industry and Security assigns an Export Control Classification Number to each technology, which determines the specific restrictions that apply to it. There has been significant debate around ECRA in the USA. Industry leaders have expressed concern about their level of input in the process and have urged the government to clarify its definitions of emerging and foundational technologies. Overall, stakeholders emphasise that aspirations to safeguard national security must be balanced with support for economic growth and innovation. The timing of ECRA coincides with the review of dual-use export controls in the European Union (EU). There have been calls for increased dialogue with the USA and other crucial partners on export control, as well as for a coordinated EU response to ECRA.

Impeachment of the United States President

24-10-2019

On 24 September 2019, the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi (Democrat, California), announced the launch of an impeachment inquiry into President Donald Trump, the fourth President in the history of the United States to face the prospect of such an inquiry. The US Constitution provides for an impeachment process, but interpretations of the relevant clauses vary, creating controversy.

On 24 September 2019, the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi (Democrat, California), announced the launch of an impeachment inquiry into President Donald Trump, the fourth President in the history of the United States to face the prospect of such an inquiry. The US Constitution provides for an impeachment process, but interpretations of the relevant clauses vary, creating controversy.

Evénements à venir

26-10-2020
European Gender Equality Week - October 26-29, 2020
Autre événement -
FEMM TRAN LIBE BECA AIDA INTA CULT EMPL DROI SEDE DEVE
26-10-2020
Joint LIBE - FEMM Hearing on Trafficking in human beings
Audition -
LIBE FEMM
27-10-2020
Hearing on Rebuilding fish stocks in the Mediterranean: next steps
Audition -
PECH

Partenaires