23

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Mot-clé
Date

The powers of the European Parliament

04-11-2019

Since its inception in 1951, the European Parliament has come a long way. Initially a consultative body composed of delegations of national parliaments, it became a directly elected institution, obtained budgetary and legislative powers, and now exercises influence over most aspects of EU affairs. Together with representatives of national governments, who sit in the Council, Parliament co-decides on European legislation, in what could be seen as a bicameral legislature at EU level. It can reject ...

Since its inception in 1951, the European Parliament has come a long way. Initially a consultative body composed of delegations of national parliaments, it became a directly elected institution, obtained budgetary and legislative powers, and now exercises influence over most aspects of EU affairs. Together with representatives of national governments, who sit in the Council, Parliament co-decides on European legislation, in what could be seen as a bicameral legislature at EU level. It can reject or amend the European Commission's proposals before adopting them so that they become law. Together with the Council of the EU, it adopts the EU budget and controls its implementation. Another core set of European Parliament prerogatives concerns the scrutiny of the EU executive – mainly the Commission. Such scrutiny can take many forms, including parliamentary questions, committees of inquiry and special committees, and scrutiny of delegated and implementing acts. Parliament has made use of these instruments to varying degrees. Parliament has the power to dismiss the Commission (motion of censure), and it plays a significant role in the latter's appointment process. Parliament has a say over the very foundations of the EU. Its consent is required before any new country joins the EU, and before a withdrawal treaty is concluded if a country decides to leave it. Most international agreements entered into by the EU with third countries also require Parliament's consent. Parliament can initiate Treaty reform, and also the 'Article 7(1) TEU' procedure, aimed at determining whether there is a (risk of) serious breach of EU values by a Member State.

Hearings of the Commissioners-designate: Maroš Šefčovič – Vice-President: Interinstitutional Relations and Foresight

26-09-2019

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication ...

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication skills'. At the end of the hearings process, Parliament votes on the proposed Commission as a bloc, and under the Treaties may only reject the entire College of Commissioners, rather than individual candidates. The Briefing provides an overview of key issues in the portfolio areas, as well as Parliament's activity in the last term in that field. It also includes a brief introduction to the candidate.

How EU Treaties are changed

20-09-2019

The EU's founding Treaties have been revised by the Member States in numerous rounds of reforms. Such Treaty revision is a way to ensure that EU primary law evolves, adapts, and responds to new developments and changing needs. The last comprehensive Treaty reform dates back to the Lisbon Treaty, which entered into force on 1 December 2009. While another comprehensive Treaty change is not yet on the agenda, the recent debates on the 'Future of Europe' triggered a number of reform proposals, some of ...

The EU's founding Treaties have been revised by the Member States in numerous rounds of reforms. Such Treaty revision is a way to ensure that EU primary law evolves, adapts, and responds to new developments and changing needs. The last comprehensive Treaty reform dates back to the Lisbon Treaty, which entered into force on 1 December 2009. While another comprehensive Treaty change is not yet on the agenda, the recent debates on the 'Future of Europe' triggered a number of reform proposals, some of which would necessitate revision of the EU Treaties. Such revision is governed by Article 48 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU), which provides for two main procedures: the ordinary and the simplified revision procedures. The former applies to the TEU, to the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (TFEU) and to the Euratom Treaty; the latter only to part of the TFEU.

(Non-)replacement of Commissioners elected to EP

03-07-2019

Having been elected to the European Parliament, two current members of the College of Commissioners have resigned as Commissioners in order to take up their seats. As a general rule, a vacancy caused in this way needs to be filled by a new Commissioner of the same nationality – unless the Council unanimously decides otherwise. On 16 June 2019, given the short duration of the remainder of the current Commission’s mandate, the Commission President, Jean-Claude Juncker, proposed not to replace the departing ...

Having been elected to the European Parliament, two current members of the College of Commissioners have resigned as Commissioners in order to take up their seats. As a general rule, a vacancy caused in this way needs to be filled by a new Commissioner of the same nationality – unless the Council unanimously decides otherwise. On 16 June 2019, given the short duration of the remainder of the current Commission’s mandate, the Commission President, Jean-Claude Juncker, proposed not to replace the departing Commissioners.

Réglementation concernant les groupes politiques au Parlement européen

05-06-2019

Les députés au Parlement européen peuvent former des groupes politiques, qui s’organisent non selon la nationalité, mais selon l’affiliation politique. Depuis les premières élections directes de 1979, le nombre de groupes politiques a oscillé entre sept et dix. À la suite des élections de 2019, le nombre, la taille et la composition des groupes politiques devraient continuer à varier en raison de la dissolution éventuelle de certains d’entre eux ou, à l’inverse, de la création de nouveaux groupes ...

Les députés au Parlement européen peuvent former des groupes politiques, qui s’organisent non selon la nationalité, mais selon l’affiliation politique. Depuis les premières élections directes de 1979, le nombre de groupes politiques a oscillé entre sept et dix. À la suite des élections de 2019, le nombre, la taille et la composition des groupes politiques devraient continuer à varier en raison de la dissolution éventuelle de certains d’entre eux ou, à l’inverse, de la création de nouveaux groupes. Le nombre minimal de députés nécessaires pour constituer un groupe politique est de vingt-cinq, qui doivent être élus dans au moins un quart des États membres (soit, à l’heure actuelle, sept États membres). Les députés qui n’appartiennent à aucun groupe politique sont qualifiés de «députés non inscrits». Bien que les groupes politiques jouent un rôle très important dans la vie du Parlement, les députés au Parlement européen, qu’ils agissent seuls ou de concert, disposent eux aussi de nombreux droits, y compris en ce qui concerne l’exercice d’un contrôle sur d’autres institutions de l’Union, notamment la Commission. Toutefois, l’appartenance à un groupe politique revêt une importance particulière pour ce qui concerne la répartition des postes clés au sein des structures politiques et organisationnelles du Parlement, comme les présidences des commissions et des délégations et les mandats de rapporteur sur les dossiers importants. De plus, les groupes politiques reçoivent un financement plus important pour leur personnel et leurs activités parlementaires que les députés non inscrits. Le financement des groupes politiques est toutefois distinct du financement accordé aux partis et fondations politiques européens qui, s’ils se conforment à l’exigence de s’enregistrer en tant que tels, peuvent demander un financement au Parlement européen.

Adaptation d’actes juridiques aux articles 290 et 291 du traité FUE

10-04-2019

En créant les actes délégués et les actes d’exécution, le traité de Lisbonne (2007) a réformé le système permettant d’habiliter la Commission à adopter des mesures non législatives. Toutefois, une certaine catégorie d’actes antérieurs au traité de Lisbonne, qui font référence à ce que l’on appelle la «procédure de réglementation avec contrôle» (PRAC), n’a pas été alignée sur le nouveau système. À la suite de propositions de la Commission datant de décembre 2016, un certain nombre d’actes faisant ...

En créant les actes délégués et les actes d’exécution, le traité de Lisbonne (2007) a réformé le système permettant d’habiliter la Commission à adopter des mesures non législatives. Toutefois, une certaine catégorie d’actes antérieurs au traité de Lisbonne, qui font référence à ce que l’on appelle la «procédure de réglementation avec contrôle» (PRAC), n’a pas été alignée sur le nouveau système. À la suite de propositions de la Commission datant de décembre 2016, un certain nombre d’actes faisant référence à la PRAC doivent désormais être alignés sur le traité de Lisbonne, tandis que d’autres font encore l’objet de négociations. Le Parlement européen a conclu un accord avec le Conseil sur 64 actes et devrait se prononcer sur ces propositions lors de la session plénière d’avril II.

Election of the President of the European Commission: Understanding the Spitzenkandidaten process

05-04-2019

The European Parliament has long sought to ensure that, by voting in European elections, European citizens not only elect the Parliament itself, but also have a say over who would head the EU executive – the European Commission. What became known as the 'Spitzenkandidaten process' is a procedure whereby European political parties, ahead of European elections, appoint lead candidates for the role of Commission President, with the presidency of the Commission then going to the candidate of the political ...

The European Parliament has long sought to ensure that, by voting in European elections, European citizens not only elect the Parliament itself, but also have a say over who would head the EU executive – the European Commission. What became known as the 'Spitzenkandidaten process' is a procedure whereby European political parties, ahead of European elections, appoint lead candidates for the role of Commission President, with the presidency of the Commission then going to the candidate of the political party capable of marshalling sufficient parliamentary support. The Parliament remains firmly committed to repeating the process in 2019 and, with EP elections now only weeks away, attention has shifted to the European political parties. A number of parties have nominated lead candidates, and this briefing gives an overview of their nominees, as well as looking more broadly at the process. This is a revised and further updated edition of an earlier briefing; previous edition from February 2019.

Révision de l’initiative citoyenne européenne

06-03-2019

L’initiative citoyenne européenne (ICE) existe depuis près de sept ans et les règles de son fonctionnement font aujourd’hui l’objet d’une révision. À l’issue des négociations interinstitutionnelles, le Parlement et le Conseil sont parvenus à un accord provisoire concernant la proposition de la Commission visant à réviser l’ICE. Cet accord doit maintenant être approuvé par les colégislateurs, et le Parlement européen devrait voter sur la proposition lors de sa première période de session de mars.

L’initiative citoyenne européenne (ICE) existe depuis près de sept ans et les règles de son fonctionnement font aujourd’hui l’objet d’une révision. À l’issue des négociations interinstitutionnelles, le Parlement et le Conseil sont parvenus à un accord provisoire concernant la proposition de la Commission visant à réviser l’ICE. Cet accord doit maintenant être approuvé par les colégislateurs, et le Parlement européen devrait voter sur la proposition lors de sa première période de session de mars.

Revising the European Citizens' Initiative

04-03-2019

The ECI enables European citizens to invite the Commission to table a proposal for a legal act. The detailed rules for such initiatives are laid down in a 2011 regulation, whose main stated aim is encouraging citizens’ participation in the political life of the European Union (EU). However, since the regulation became applicable in April 2012, numerous actors have raised concerns regarding the instrument’s functioning and have called for reform, aiming to simplify the existing procedures and increasing ...

The ECI enables European citizens to invite the Commission to table a proposal for a legal act. The detailed rules for such initiatives are laid down in a 2011 regulation, whose main stated aim is encouraging citizens’ participation in the political life of the European Union (EU). However, since the regulation became applicable in April 2012, numerous actors have raised concerns regarding the instrument’s functioning and have called for reform, aiming to simplify the existing procedures and increasing the tool’s usability. On 13 September 2017, the Commission presented a legislative proposal which would update the tool and replace the existing regulation on the European Citizens’ Initiative. Following interinstitutional negotiations between September and December 2018, the co-legislators reached provisional agreement on the proposal for revision of the ECI. The agreed text now needs to be approved by the Parliament and Council. Third edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Examen de la mise en œuvre de certaines dispositions du traité

06-02-2019

Le 22 janvier 2019, la commission des affaires constitutionnelles du Parlement européen a adopté trois rapports d’initiative, consacrés à la mise en œuvre des dispositions du traité concernant la citoyenneté de l’Union, la coopération renforcée et le pouvoir de contrôle politique du Parlement sur la Commission. Le Parlement devrait débattre de ces rapports lors de sa période de session de février.

Le 22 janvier 2019, la commission des affaires constitutionnelles du Parlement européen a adopté trois rapports d’initiative, consacrés à la mise en œuvre des dispositions du traité concernant la citoyenneté de l’Union, la coopération renforcée et le pouvoir de contrôle politique du Parlement sur la Commission. Le Parlement devrait débattre de ces rapports lors de sa période de session de février.

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