22

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

Social and employment policies in Europe

10-09-2020

Whilst the disruption caused by the coronavirus crisis has affected all segments of society, some groups and geographic areas have been impacted more seriously than others. The crisis has opened up the opportunity to rethink how and what could be done differently and more efficiently over the longer term in the social and employment field at European level, including the possibility of putting social and economic considerations and rights on a more equal footing within the Union's governance framework ...

Whilst the disruption caused by the coronavirus crisis has affected all segments of society, some groups and geographic areas have been impacted more seriously than others. The crisis has opened up the opportunity to rethink how and what could be done differently and more efficiently over the longer term in the social and employment field at European level, including the possibility of putting social and economic considerations and rights on a more equal footing within the Union's governance framework. Focusing on the European Green Deal as the new growth strategy and strengthening the single market, of which social inclusion and fairness are an organic part, can help to tackle the root causes of the trends highlighted ever more strongly by the coronavirus triple crisis: health, economic and environmental. Some measures might imply changes to the Treaty base of the Union, but many can already be carried out within the current legal framework, where the European Union (EU) can function as a 'holding space' for experimentation and reform and pave the way to a truly resilient, sustainable and fair system. Such a system would then not only be able to absorb shocks but also to grow from them.

A more resilient, sustainable and fair Europe after coronavirus?

25-06-2020

The triple-crisis – the pandemic's public health and economic consequences intertwined with the underlying environmental crisis – may lead to increasing divergence, instead of convergence and cohesion among Member States, regions, generations and different groups of society across the EU and globally. However, if handled with a longer-term perspective with the aim of achieving a more resilient, sustainable and fair EU – the crisis also offers the opportunity to turn the three into the guiding principles ...

The triple-crisis – the pandemic's public health and economic consequences intertwined with the underlying environmental crisis – may lead to increasing divergence, instead of convergence and cohesion among Member States, regions, generations and different groups of society across the EU and globally. However, if handled with a longer-term perspective with the aim of achieving a more resilient, sustainable and fair EU – the crisis also offers the opportunity to turn the three into the guiding principles of the recovery. This applies as much for the content of the policies as for the process of their design and implementation, both in the short and longer terms.

La gouvernance sociale dans l’Union européenne: Gérer des systèmes complexes

12-05-2020

Si la gouvernance économique au sein de l’Union relève d’un cadre réglementé et contraignant, il n’existe pas de cadre équivalent pour la gouvernance sociale. À l’heure actuelle, la gouvernance sociale régit principalement le domaine des affaires non contraignantes et non réglementées, bien qu’elle soit également dotée de mécanismes de gouvernance contraignants. La présente publication vise à fournir un aperçu des aspects sociaux de la gouvernance de l’Union. Elle examine les mécanismes et les instruments ...

Si la gouvernance économique au sein de l’Union relève d’un cadre réglementé et contraignant, il n’existe pas de cadre équivalent pour la gouvernance sociale. À l’heure actuelle, la gouvernance sociale régit principalement le domaine des affaires non contraignantes et non réglementées, bien qu’elle soit également dotée de mécanismes de gouvernance contraignants. La présente publication vise à fournir un aperçu des aspects sociaux de la gouvernance de l’Union. Elle examine les mécanismes et les instruments de gouvernance sociale de l’Union existants, ainsi que leur état actuel, les débats qui les entourent et les évolutions possibles.

Collective intelligence at EU level: Social and democratic dimensions

31-03-2020

Humans are among the many living species capable of collaborative and imaginative thinking. While it is widely agreed among scholars that this capacity has contributed to making humans the dominant species, other crucial questions remain open to debate. Is it possible to encourage large groups of people to engage in collective thinking? Is it possible to coordinate citizens to find solutions to address global challenges? Some scholars claim that large groups of independent, motivated, and well-informed ...

Humans are among the many living species capable of collaborative and imaginative thinking. While it is widely agreed among scholars that this capacity has contributed to making humans the dominant species, other crucial questions remain open to debate. Is it possible to encourage large groups of people to engage in collective thinking? Is it possible to coordinate citizens to find solutions to address global challenges? Some scholars claim that large groups of independent, motivated, and well-informed people can, collectively, make better decisions than isolated individuals can – what is known as 'collective intelligence.' The social dimension of collective intelligence mainly relates to social aspects of the economy and of innovation. It shows that a holistic approach to innovation – one that includes not only technological but also social aspects – can greatly contribute to the EU's goal of promoting a just transition for everyone to a sustainable and green economy in the digital age. The EU has been taking concrete action to promote social innovation by supporting the development of its theory and practice. Mainly through funding programmes, it helps to seek new types of partners and build new capacity – and thus shape the future of local and national innovations aimed at societal needs. The democratic dimension suggests that the power of the collective can be leveraged so as to improve public decision-making systems. Supported by technology, policy-makers can harness the 'civic surplus' of citizens – thus providing smarter solutions to regulatory challenges. This is particularly relevant at EU level in view of the planned Conference on the Future of Europe, aimed at engaging communities at large and making EU decision-making more inclusive and participatory. The current coronavirus crisis is likely to change society and our economy in ways as yet too early to predict, but recovery after the crisis will require new ways of thinking and acting to overcome common challenges, and thus making use of our collective intelligence should be more urgent than ever. In the longer term, in order to mobilise collective intelligence across the EU and to fully exploit its innovative potential, the EU needs to strengthen its education policies and promote a shared understanding of a holistic approach to innovation and of collective intelligence – and thus become a 'global brain,' with a solid institutional set-up at the centre of a subsidised experimentation process that meets the challenges imposed by modern-day transformations.

Report on employment and social policies in the euro area

07-10-2019

At the beginning of the European Semester cycle, in November, the Council adopts euro-area recommendations and conclusions on the annual growth survey and the alert mechanism report. In advance of this the Employment and Social Affairs Committee, as of last year, prepares a report on employment and social policies in the euro area. This year's report puts great emphasis on the urgent need to address persistent inequalities across regions, generations and genders. It calls for social priorities to ...

At the beginning of the European Semester cycle, in November, the Council adopts euro-area recommendations and conclusions on the annual growth survey and the alert mechanism report. In advance of this the Employment and Social Affairs Committee, as of last year, prepares a report on employment and social policies in the euro area. This year's report puts great emphasis on the urgent need to address persistent inequalities across regions, generations and genders. It calls for social priorities to be placed on a par with economic ones and for the implementation rate of the country specific recommendations to be stepped up in the euro area and beyond. Parliament is due to debate the report during the October I plenary part-session.

A new directive on work-life balance

29-07-2019

Despite significant progress for some social groups in the area of work-life balance, there has been a general trend of decline since 2011, and progress amongst Member States has been uneven. This proposed directive (complemented with non-legislative measures) should lead to the repeal of the existing Framework Agreement on Parental Leave, made binding by Council Directive 2010/18/EU (the Parental Leave Directive). The new directive contains proposals for paternity, parental and carers' leave. Stakeholders ...

Despite significant progress for some social groups in the area of work-life balance, there has been a general trend of decline since 2011, and progress amongst Member States has been uneven. This proposed directive (complemented with non-legislative measures) should lead to the repeal of the existing Framework Agreement on Parental Leave, made binding by Council Directive 2010/18/EU (the Parental Leave Directive). The new directive contains proposals for paternity, parental and carers' leave. Stakeholders have been divided over the level of ambition of the proposed measures. Trilogue negotiations started in September 2018, and a provisional agreement among the three institutions was reached after the sixth trilogue meeting, in January 2019. The provisional agreement is less ambitious than the original Commission proposal and the Parliament’s position, which had, in some ways, gone further than the Commission. The text was approved by the Parliament’s Employment and Social Affairs Committee in February voted in plenary in April and adopted by the Council in June 2019. Member States have to transpose most of its provisions into national law by August 2022. Fourth edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Social protection in the EU: State of play, challenges and options

11-10-2018

Globalisation, technological change, an aging population and changes to the world of work have made securing social protection for all, i.e. economic and social security, a major challenge. When social protection systems work well, they can have a stabilising effect on the economy and promote socio-economic equality and stability. By contrast, inadequate or ineffective systems can exacerbate inequality. Indeed, improving the existing social protection systems is the priority of half of the principles ...

Globalisation, technological change, an aging population and changes to the world of work have made securing social protection for all, i.e. economic and social security, a major challenge. When social protection systems work well, they can have a stabilising effect on the economy and promote socio-economic equality and stability. By contrast, inadequate or ineffective systems can exacerbate inequality. Indeed, improving the existing social protection systems is the priority of half of the principles of the European Pillar of Social Rights – the European Commission's overarching social field initiative designed to serve as a compass for policies updating current labour market and welfare systems. While implementation of the 'social pillar' remains primarily the responsibility of the Member States, in close cooperation with the social partners, the European Commission has put forward several legislative and non-legislative initiatives to support this process in the area of social protection. These include the proposal for a recommendation on social protection for all, including non-standard workers, responding to calls from the European Parliament and the social partners and stakeholders. This proposal had the difficult task of addressing all the disagreements that had arisen during the two-phase consultation in the preparatory phase. While all parties seem to agree on the importance of adjusting social protection to the new realities of life and work, there are differences of opinion concerning the technicalities, such as the financing of schemes. This is in part a reflection of the current evidence that raises many questions as to the optimal response to the new challenges in very diverse systems of social protection across the Member States. The main trends currently include a combination of social protection and social investment, individualisation of social protection schemes and a potential move towards universal social protection, whereby social protection would be removed from the employment relationship. However, financing these schemes poses a challenge.

Les acteurs confessionnels et la mise en œuvre du socle européen des droits sociaux

19-06-2018

Le socle européen des droits sociaux a été proclamé et signé conjointement par la Commission européenne, le Parlement européen et le Conseil lors du sommet social de Göteborg, en novembre 2017. Les 20 principes et droits qui constituent le socle social sont fondés sur l’acquis social, c’est-à-dire sur le mandat social contenu dans les dispositions contraignantes du droit de l’Union, et devraient servir de «boussole» pour le renouveau des marchés du travail et des systèmes de protection sociale dans ...

Le socle européen des droits sociaux a été proclamé et signé conjointement par la Commission européenne, le Parlement européen et le Conseil lors du sommet social de Göteborg, en novembre 2017. Les 20 principes et droits qui constituent le socle social sont fondés sur l’acquis social, c’est-à-dire sur le mandat social contenu dans les dispositions contraignantes du droit de l’Union, et devraient servir de «boussole» pour le renouveau des marchés du travail et des systèmes de protection sociale dans l’ensemble de l’Union européenne. Leur mise en œuvre relève largement de la compétence des États membres, en coopération avec les partenaires sociaux et avec le soutien de l’Union européenne. Les organisations confessionnelles sont similaires à des organisations bénévoles, c’est-à-dire des associations de la société civile, des organisations du secteur tertiaire et des organisations à but non lucratif. Certaines s’inspirent de valeurs religieuses sans être officiellement liées à des institutions religieuses. Elles jouent un rôle important dans le traitement de problèmes sociaux, notamment pour les populations mal desservies. Elles coopèrent souvent avec des organisations laïques et contribuent à l’État-providence. Dans le contexte de l’Union, aucune distinction n’est établie entre organisations confessionnelles et organisations laïques lorsqu’il s’agit de l’élaboration des politiques, de la mise en œuvre ou du financement des programmes. Les organisations confessionnelles ont accueilli favorablement le socle social et souligné notamment le rôle qu’elles pourraient jouer en ce qui concerne sa mise en œuvre sur le terrain. Elles peuvent non seulement fournir des services mais aussi contribuer à la conception de stratégies et de mécanismes de financement en établissant des liens entre les acteurs locaux, nationaux et européens. Il existe néanmoins encore de nombreuses lacunes en ce qui concerne l’évaluation de leurs activités, ce qui rend difficile la quantification de leur contribution réelle au fonctionnement de l’État-providence.

EYE event - Equal opportunities: Forever poor or born to be free?

16-05-2018

The principle of equal opportunities for all is a corner stone of democracy. It implies that, on the basis of the principle of non-discrimination, all people should have opportunities in all areas of life, such as education, employment, advancement or distribution of resources, irrespective of their age, race, gender, religion, ethnic origin or any other individual or group characteristic unrelated to ability, performance or qualifications. All kinds of inequalities affect access to opportunities ...

The principle of equal opportunities for all is a corner stone of democracy. It implies that, on the basis of the principle of non-discrimination, all people should have opportunities in all areas of life, such as education, employment, advancement or distribution of resources, irrespective of their age, race, gender, religion, ethnic origin or any other individual or group characteristic unrelated to ability, performance or qualifications. All kinds of inequalities affect access to opportunities and can lead to more inequalities. As long as all have equal access to high-quality education, other public goods and services, finance and entrepreneurship, some level of inequality of outcomes is both economically inevitable and politically acceptable. Inequalities, including those of opportunities, are currently growing and young people are particularly hardly hit. There is hardly any public debate that does not touch on this issue as it is at the core of the current global challenges. What is really at stake and how is the European Union responding?

L’avenir de l’Europe: Les contours du débat actuel

12-04-2018

À la suite de la décision du Royaume-Uni de quitter l’Union européenne, prise à l’issue du référendum de juin 2016, l’Union a lancé une réflexion approfondie sur l’avenir de l’Europe, qui se poursuit au sein de divers forums et institutions. Le débat a pris un nouvel élan : l’accélération des négociations avec le Royaume-Uni sur son retrait de l’Union, les résultats électoraux dans certains États membres et les prochaines élections européennes de mai 2019 influent sur l’ampleur de la discussion et ...

À la suite de la décision du Royaume-Uni de quitter l’Union européenne, prise à l’issue du référendum de juin 2016, l’Union a lancé une réflexion approfondie sur l’avenir de l’Europe, qui se poursuit au sein de divers forums et institutions. Le débat a pris un nouvel élan : l’accélération des négociations avec le Royaume-Uni sur son retrait de l’Union, les résultats électoraux dans certains États membres et les prochaines élections européennes de mai 2019 influent sur l’ampleur de la discussion et la visibilité des positions des différents acteurs concernés. Dans ce contexte, depuis le début de l’année 2018, le Parlement européen organise des débats en plénière sur « L’avenir de l’Europe » avec des chefs d’État ou de gouvernement : le Premier ministre irlandais, Leo Varadkar, en janvier, le Premier ministre croate, Andrej Plenković, en février, et le Premier ministre portugais, António Costa, en mars. Le Président français, Emmanuel Macron, prononcera un discours lors de la période de session plénière d’avril 2018. Le Premier ministre belge, Charles Michel, et le Premier ministre luxembourgeois, Xavier Bettel, ont confirmé leur présence dans l’hémicycle, le premier au début du mois de mai, à Bruxelles, le second à la fin du mois de mai, à Strasbourg. La présente note d’information donne une vue d’ensemble de l’état d’avancement du débat en cours dans plusieurs domaines d’action majeurs, tels que l’avenir de l’Union économique et monétaire ou la dimension sociale de l’Union, ainsi que des évolutions récentes dans la politique européenne en matière de migration et dans le domaine de la sécurité et de la défense ; en outre, il comprend certaines analyses préliminaires concernant le futur cadre financier pluriannuel après 2020 et les discussions sur des questions institutionnelles plus larges. Voir également la publication conjointe, From Rome to Sibiu – The European Council and the Future of Europe debate (De Rome à Sibiu – Le Conseil européen et le débat sur la réforme de l’UE), PE 615.667.

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